What does this year’s Folklife Festival theme, “Peru: Pachamama,” mean? We had to look it up. See below for the answer and more words to help you navigate this year’s festival.

Alpaca: These adorable llama-like creatures produce exceptionally warm fleece that people in the Andes Mountains have used for centuries in their clothes. All day on Friday, you can meet six alpacas and take photos with them. Weavers from Cusco, Peru, will also perform a fiber blessing ceremony. La Plaza stage, Fri. & July 3, 12:30 p.m.

Cajon: A box drum, probably developed by enslaved Africans in Peru during a colonial ban on traditional music, since the instruments could be disguised as stools. Try one out for yourself. Wawawasi Kids Corner, Thu. & July 2, 4:15 p.m., July 5, 11 a.m.

Carapulcra: A slow-cooked pork stew featuring dehydrated potatoes. Pick some up at Kikiriki Peruvian Cuisine’s concession stand or learn how to make your own. El Fogon stage, Thu. & July 2, 4:15 p.m.

Charqui de raya: Stingray jerky, which is then made into stew, has been a staple of coastal Peru for thousands of years. Fisherman from Huanchaco will demonstrate the art of stingray drying. El Fogon stage, Fri. & July 3, 2:45 p.m.

Huayno: A popular form of Peruvian music that incorporates pre-Colombian, colonial and modern influences. The Trio de Estudiantina Municipal de Ayacucho will perform huayno songs several times daily.

Kancacho: A traditional Andean dish made of baked lamb, potatoes and hot sauce. Learn to make it. El Fogon stage, Thu., 2 p.m., Wed., 11 a.m., July 2, 2 p.m.

Marinera: One letter away from being pasta sauce, this courtship dance is performed to energetic, rhythmic guitar music. The ensemble Marinera Viva!!! performs multiple times daily.

Mate burilado: A pre-Hispanic gourd carving technique that captures the artist’s everyday life and family traditions. Learn how it’s done. Festival Marketplace, Thu., 2 p.m., July 2, 3:30 p.m.

Peruvian Paso horses: The national breed of Peru, these horses are known for their smooth gait, which is faster than a walk but less bouncy than a trot. As a result, they can cover long distances without tiring themselves or their riders. See them dance alongside flirtatious marinera dancers. La Plaza stage, Sun., 11 a.m.

Pachamama: An Andean earth-mother deity and also the festival’s theme, representing Peru’s interconnected cultures and ecology.

Q’eswachaka: More than 200 rope suspension bridges once spanned vertiginous canyons throughout the Andes mountains. The Q’eswachaka, in Huinchiri, Peru, is the last remaining one. The 90-foot span is rebuilt every year by the Quechua communities, using braided rope from native plant fibers. A crew of Quechua engineers will work on a 60-foot suspension bridge on the National Mall throughout the Folklife Festival. They will also be demonstrating traditional rope-making techniques. El Hablador stage, Sun. & July 5, 1:15 p.m.

Retablos: Portable altars made of wood and clay, these small works of art tell religious stories or show scenes from everyday life. Ceramics artisan Alfredo Lopez Morales will demonstrate the craft. Festival Marketplace, Fri. & July 2, 2:45 p.m.

Timbales: These shallow, high pitched drums usually come in pairs and are used in a variety of Latin music genres. See them in action at an evening concert featuring world-renowned Afro-Peruvian percussionist Alex Acuna. Ralph Rinzler Concert Stage, July 3, 7 p.m.

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