More than a dozen individuals have been charged by special counsel Robert S. Mueller III in an ongoing probe of possible Russian influence in the 2016 presidential election. Here’s what we know about the charges and who is involved.

Pleaded guilty




13 Russian










Alex Van

Der Zwaan

Pleaded guilty






Identity theft/

identity fraud



Such as false statements in documents or lies to federal agents.

Such as failure to file reports of foreign bank and financial accounts


Such as creating bank accounts with stolen identities

Such as conspiracy to defraud the United States

Paul Manafort

13 Russian nationals

Rick Gates

Michael Flynn

George Papadopoulos

Richard Pinedo

Alex Van Der Zwaan

The charges in the Mueller probe include four former Trump campaign officials, though none has been charged with colluding with Russians to affect the 2016 election. Others charged include a Russian group of Internet trolls — 13 individuals and three companies that allegedly operated a scheme to affect the election — and a London-based lawyer accused of lying to investigators.

Charged, pleaded not guilty

Paul Manafort

Manafort, a political consultant and Trump’s former campaign chairman, was charged in an indictment with 18 counts of financial crimes, including bank fraud, filing false tax forms and failing to report foreign bank accounts. He also faces a separate, smaller set of charges from an indictment filed in October. He has denied the charges. A new 32-page indictment filed against Manafort and his deputy Rick Gates on Feb. 22 alleges both men lied on their income-tax returns and conspired to commit bank fraud. If convicted, Manafort faces a de facto life prison sentence.

Conspiracy against the United States
Conspiracy to launder money
Failure to file reports of foreign bank and financial accounts (eleven counts)
Unregistered agent of a foreign principal
False and misleading FARA statements
False statements
Bank fraud and bank fraud conspiracy (nine counts)
Subscribing to false United States individual income tax returns (five counts)


Yevgeniy Vikotorovich Prigozhin and others

Prigozhin was one of 13 Russians indicted Feb. 16 on conspiracy charges stemming from what U.S. officials say was a years-long effort to create division among Americans and bolster Trump’s chances of winning the presidential election. Prigozhin has been identified by Russian media as an oligarch and the financial backer of the Internet Research Agency, a troll farm in St. Petersburg that carried out the propaganda campaign. He has been nicknamed “Putin’s chef” because of his close ties to Russian President Vladi­mir Putin. After his indictment, Prigozhin told a Russian news outlet that Americans “see what they want to see… If they want to see the devil, let them.” He has denied any involvement with the Internet Research Agency.

Conspiracy to defraud the United States
Conspiracy to commit wire fraud and bank fraud
Aggravated identity theft (six counts)

Charged, pleaded guilty

Rick Gates Cooperating

Gates has been Paul Manafort’s business associate since 2006 and worked as his deputy during Trump's presidential campaign. He also helped lead a nonprofit called America First Policies to bolster Trump’s agenda. Gates was charged in the special counsel’s 12-count indictment with conspiracy to launder money, making false statements and other charges. He pleaded guilty to two charges on Feb. 23.

Conspiracy to defraud the United States
False statements

Charged, pleaded guilty

Michael ­Flynn Cooperating

Former national security adviser Michael Flynn pleaded guilty on Dec. 1, 2017, to making false statements to the FBI about his discussions with Russian Ambassador Sergey Kislyak on sanctions on Russia and a U.N. resolution on Israel. According to court documents filed by the special counsel, Flynn had a conversation with Kislyak on Dec. 22 requesting Russia vote or delay a vote on a U.N. resolution about Israeli settlements. A week later, court documents say Flynn called Kislyak suggesting Russia to not retaliate for sanctions imposed by the Obama administration. The Russian ambassador called back saying Russia would not retaliate, records say.

Making false statements

Charged, pleaded guilty

George Papadopoulos Cooperating

Papadopoulos is a former foreign policy adviser to the Trump campaign. He pleaded guilty on Oct. 5 to lying to FBI agents about his interactions with Russians who claimed to have political “dirt” on Hillary Clinton. Documents released in late October showed that the White House was aware of his months-long efforts to arrange a meeting between Trump and Russian President Vladimir Putin. The White House has attempted to distance itself from Papadopoulos, claiming he was a “low level volunteer” on the campaign.

Making a false statement to FBI investigators

Charged, pleaded guilty

Richard Pinedo Cooperating

Pinedo, a 28-year-old businessman from California, pleaded guilty on Feb. 16 to identity fraud. Pinedo told prosecutors he created hundreds of bank accounts with stolen identities and sold those accounts to unidentified offshore users, which may include suspects connected with the Russia investigation. Pinedo has agreed to cooperate with investigators.

Charged, pleaded guilty

Alex Van Der Zwaan

The 33-year-old lawyer pleaded guilty on Feb. 20 to lying to the FBI over his contacts with former Trump campaign adviser Rick Gates, another defendant in the Mueller probe. Van der Zwaan was a London-based lawyer for the prestigious law firm Skadden, Arps, Slate Meagher & Flom, which worked with Paul Manafort and Gates when they served as political consultants in Ukraine. He is the son-in-law of German Khan, a billionaire and an owner of Alfa Group, Russia’s largest financial and industrial investment group. Van der Zwaan’s plea does not include any conditions for him to cooperate against others ensnared in the probe.

Making false statements

Devlin Barrett and Kevin Uhrmacher contributed to this report.


Source: Justice Department. Originally published Oct. 31, 2017.

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