President Trump removed chief strategist Stephen K. Bannon from the White House. Bannon, who played a key role in Trump’s 2016 election campaign, is the latest conservative to be dismissed.

[Trump gets rid of Stephen Bannon, a top proponent of his nationalist agenda]

We organized the high-profile members of Trump's West Wing staff into six key groups, based on their backgrounds and allegiances. Many are members of two or three of these groups. If we imagine those factions and the intersections between them as a Metro map, this is how it would look:

Resigned, fired, or moved

to a different position

New York

elite

Trump

loyalists

A. Scaramucci

Ivanka Trump

Trump

campaign

Jared Kushner

Hope

Hicks

Gary Cohn

Keith

Schiller

Dina

Powell

Dan

Scavino Jr.

Donald

McGahn

Republican

establishment

Stephen K.

Bannon

Tom Bossert

Stephen

Miller

Mike Pence

Reince

Priebus

Sarah H.

Sanders

Mike

Dubke

Kellyanne

Conway

Sean

Spicer

Michael

Flynn

John F. Kelly

H.R. McMaster

Trump

loyalists

New York

elite

Resigned, fired,

or moved to a

different position

Anthony Scaramucci

Trump

campaign

Ivanka Trump

Jared Kushner

Military

Hope Hicks

H.R. McMaster

Gary Cohn

Keith Schiller

John F. Kelly

Dan Scavino Jr.

Dina Powell

Michael

Flynn

Donald McGahn

Conservatives

Tom Bossert

Stephen K.

Bannon

Stephen

Miller

Sarah H.

Sanders

Kellyanne

Conway

Mike Pence

Reince

Priebus

Sean

Spicer

Mike

Dubke

Republican establishment

Some of the most important positions in the heart of the White House have changed hands in the first months of the administration. In many of those cases, the people with the strongest links to the Republican establishment have been the ones forced to leave, including Reince Priebus, Sean Spicer and Mike Dubke.

Establishment Republicans have left key positions

Trump ousted Priebus, who previously led the Republican National Committee, as White House chief of staff in late July. He replaced him with Homeland Security Secretary John F. Kelly. The major shake-up was designed to bring order and military precision to a West Wing beset by chaos, infighting and few tangible accomplishments. On March 30, Katie Walsh, deputy chief of staff and a Republican operative, also left the White House to run a pro-Trump outside group. Read more: Trump names Homeland Security Secretary John Kelly as White House chief of staff, ousting Reince Priebus

Reince Priebus

Chief of staff

Jan. 20 to July 28

Resigned/Fired

John F. Kelly

Chief of staff

Since July 28

Jan. 20

March 30

July 28

Resigned/Fired

Reince Priebus

Chief of staff

John F. Kelly

Chief of staff

Four people have held the essential job of communications director in the first months of Trump’s term. Before he took office, Trump said that Jason Miller, a political operative who previously worked on Sen. Ted Cruz’s presidential campaign, was his pick for the position. Two days later, Miller resigned. Press secretary Sean Spicer then did double duty, filling both roles until Michael Dubke was named to the position in March. When Dubke resigned in June, Spicer filled in again. Spicer quit when Trump named New York financier Anthony Scaramucci to the post, but Scaramucci’s tenure was a short 10 days and the job is now vacant again. Spicer’s position as press secretary was then offered to Sarah Huckabee Sanders, who had been working as his deputy.

Mike Dubke

Comm. Director

March 6 to June 2

Resigned

Sean Spicer

Press secretary

Jan. 20 to July 21

Resigned

Acted as Comms.

Director in two

separate occasions

A. Scaramucci

Comm. Director

July 21 to July 31

Fired

VACANT

July 21

Jan. 20

March 6

June 2

July 31

Resigned

Press Secretary

Sean Spicer

Acting Comm. Director

Sean Spicer

Acting Comm. Director

Fired

Resigned

Mike Dubke

Comm. Director

Anthony Scaramucci

Comm. Director

Retired Lt. Gen. Michael Flynn was the first significant departure from the administration. He resigned in mid-February over revelations about his potentially illegal contacts with the Russian ambassador to the United States, and he is now under investigation. He was replaced by H.R. McMaster, another lieutenant general. Flynn’s deputy, conservative commentator K.T. McFarland, was forced out in May.

Michael Flynn

National Sec. Adviser

Jan. 20 to Feb. 13

Resigned

H.R. McMaster

National Sec. Adviser

Since Feb. 20

Feb. 13

Jan. 20

Feb. 20

May 19

Resigned

Michael Flynn

National security

adviser

H.R. McMaster

National security

adviser

Many of the other staff members fall into multiple categories, and in some cases one of the categories might have more weight than others. For instance, Kellyanne Conway has worked with several figures of the Republican Party, such as Newt Gingrich, but in this White House her image is more related to the Trump campaign, despite her initial endorsement of Cruz in the Republican primaries.

pence

Mike Pence

Vice president

  • rncEstablishment Republican

Started work: Jan. 20

Previous job: Governor of Indiana

Read more: Pence’s balancing act as Trump’s No. 2 shows signs of strain amid White House turmoil

kushner

Jared Kushner

Senior adviser

  • trumpTrump loyalist
  • nyNew York elite
  • campaignCampaign staff

Started work: Jan. 20

Previous job: Real estate developer

Read more: A high-stakes gamble: How Jared Kushner reacted to previous crises

ivanka

Ivanka Trump

Assistant to the president

  • trumpTrump loyalist
  • nyNew York elite
  • campaignCampaign staff

Started work: March 29

Previous job: Businesswoman

Read more: When Dad’s the president — a look inside Ivanka Trump’s complicated world

conway

Kellyanne Conway

Counselor to the president

  • conservativeConservative
  • campaignCampaign staff
  • rncEstablishment Republican

Started work: Jan. 20

Previous job: Trump campaign manager, Republican pollster

Read more: Kellyanne Conway’s alternative analysis of Trump’s Twitter habit

bannon

Stephen K. Bannon

Chief strategist

  • conservativeConservative
  • campaignCampaign staff

Started work: Jan. 20

Ended work: Aug. 18

Previous job: Media executive

Read more: During his political rise, Stephen K. Bannon was a man with no fixed address

sanders

Sarah Huckabee Sanders

Principal deputy press secretary; promoted to press secretary on July 21

  • campaignCampaign staff
  • conservativeConservative

Started work: Jan. 20

Previous job: Political aide for her father, Mike Huckabee, and campaign staff for Donald Trump

Read more: Sanders tries to turn page, but press sparring continues

cohn

Gary Cohn

Director of the National Economic Council

  • nyNew York elite

Started work: Jan. 20

Previous job: Goldman Sachs president

Read more: Within Trump’s inner circle, a moderate voice captures the president’s ear

hicks

Hope Hicks

Director of strategic communications; promoted to interim communications director on Aug. 18

  • trumpTrump loyalist
  • campaignCampaign staff

Started work: Jan. 20

Previous job: Trump campaign spokeswoman

Read more: Hope Hicks flies quietly in the eye of the Trump storm

schiller

Keith Schiller

Director of Oval Office operations

  • trumpTrump loyalist
  • campaignCampaign staff

Started work: Jan. 20

Previous job: Director of security for Trump Organization

Read more: The bodyguard chosen by Trump to deliver the ‘terminated’ letter to the FBI director

scavino

Dan Scavino Jr.

Social media director

  • trumpTrump loyalist
  • campaignCampaign staff

Started work: Jan. 20

Previous job: Ran social media for Trump's campaign

Read more: White House social-media director Dan Scavino violated Hatch Act with tweet targeting GOP congressman

stephen-miller

Stephen Miller

Senior policy adviser

  • conservativeConservative
  • campaignCampaign staff

Started work: Jan. 20

Previous job: Trump campaign staff

Read more: Stephen Miller: A key engineer for Trump’s ‘America first’ agenda

mcgahn

Donald McGahn

White House counsel

  • rncEstablishment Republican
  • campaignCampaign staff
  • trumpTrump loyalist

Started work: Jan. 20

Previous job: Campaign finance lawyer, political operative, and a Commissioner of the United States Federal Election Commission

Read more: Who is Donald McGahn, the fiery lawyer at the center of virtually every Trump controversy?

bossert

Thomas Bossert

Assistant to the president for homeland security and counterterrorism

  • rncEstablishment Republican

Started work: Jan. 20

Previous job: Served in the George W. Bush administration

Read more: Trump names Bush administration veteran Thomas Bossert to White House homeland security post

powell

Dina Powell

Senior counselor for economic initiatives; promoted to deputy national security adviser for strategy

  • nyNew York elite
  • rncEstablishment Republican

Started work: Jan. 20

Previous job: Managing director and partner at Goldman Sachs; served in the George W. Bush administration

Read more: Trump expands counselor Dina Powell’s role to include national security

About this story

Photos by The Washington Post, Getty Images, Associated Press. Icons by Bryn Taylor, Alex Tai for the Noun Project

Originally published Aug. 4, 2017.

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