Latest: November 20

North Korea’s nuclear threat

Trump re-designates North Korea as a state sponsor of terrorism, a move aimed at increasing pressure over the country’s nuclear weapons and missile program. The George W. Bush administration removed Pyongyang from the list in 2008. Trump called the decision “a very critical step” that “should’ve happened a long time ago.”

See complete timeline

During the election, Donald Trump campaigned on an “America first” philosophy — less foreign intervention, fairer trade deals and stronger borders. The Trump administration has made changes on several U.S. policies related to those issues, in some cases reversing President Barack Obama’s signature achievements.

Cuba
Travel ban
Iran nuclear deal
Syrian civil war
Trans-Pacific Partnership
Paris agreement

Click to jump to a complete timeline for each issue.

Other Trump policy goals remain partially or fully unrealized.

North Korea’s nuclear threat
Russia
China
Afghanistan
War on ISIS
NAFTA
Mexico border wall
Israeli-Palestinian conflict
NATO

Click to jump to a complete timeline for each issue.

That doesn’t mean that Trump has been silent on these issues. The president often takes to Twitter to admonish China for its failure to deter North Korea’s nuclear advancement or criticize the prior administration’s Iran nuclear deal. But what is the Trump White House actually doing to follow up on its still unrealized promises?

The Washington Post will keep track of 15 national security and foreign policy issues Trump has highlighted. Read below how the administration has handled each one.

National security

Syrian civil war Trump’s policy

“My attitude towards Syria and Assad has changed very much.”

— President Trump, April 5, 2017

Obama was widely criticized for his inaction in the Syrian civil war. His failure to act on the “red line” ultimatum he declared against Syrian President Bashar al-Assad’s use of chemical weapons remains one of the most scarring events in his administration. In April, Trump was quick to react with a one-off strike of his own after the Syrian government killed scores of civilians in an apparent chemical attack. But the attack was mostly seen as a show of force rather than part of a broad strategy in the war-torn country.

Pentagon officials have emphasized they will keep the United States out of the conflict and have pushed back against a proposal, favored by some White House officials, to prevent Assad and his Iranian allies from moving toward parts of southern Syria occupied by the Islamic State. But the White House agreed in early July to cooperate with Russia in backing a civil war cease-fire in the southwestern corner of the country.

recent events

July 19 | Trump decides to end the CIA’s covert program of arming and training anti-Assad rebels in Syria, a move that is likely to please Russia. The program was part of a policy begun by the Obama administration in 2013 to pressure Syrian President Bashar al-Assad to step aside.

July 7 | The United States and Russia agree to collaborate on a cease-fire in southwest Syria.

June 26 | The White House issues a statement warning that Assad will pay a “heavy price” if he conducts another chemical attack. The statement says the United States has reason to believe Syria is preparing for another attack.

April 12 | Trump says he has “no plans” to send U.S. ground troops into Syria. Trump calls Assad an “evil person” and denounces Russia’s support for the regime.

April 11 | The Trump administration releases a U.S. intelligence report indicating that a Russian-made, Syrian-piloted aircraft dropped a munition with sarin nerve agent over Idlib province. The findings are meant to discredit Russia’s claims that the Syrian government did not use chemical weapons to attack its own people.

April 9 | Haley and Tillerson double-down on their criticisms of Assad and Russia’s role in Syria, but they stop short of calling for Assad’s imminent departure.

April 7 | Trump orders a strike on a Syrian airfield in retaliation for the chemical attack. Trump says the strikes were conducted as a “vital national security interest” to the United States to prevent the spread of chemical weapons. Russia blames the strike on Syrian rebels.

Aftermath of Syrian airstrikes

April 5 | Trump makes his first significant comments on the Syrian chemical weapon strike, saying: “It crossed a lot of lines for me. When you kill innocent children, innocent babies — babies, little babies — with a chemical gas that is so lethal . . . that crosses many, many lines, beyond a red line.”

April 4 | Scores of Syrians, including women and children, die in an apparent chemical attack by the Syrian military on the town of Khan Sheikhoun. Trump blames Assad’s alleged use of chemical weapons on Obama’s “weakness.”

March 30 | Nikki Haley, U.S. ambassador to the United Nations, says removing Assad from power is no longer a priority.

February 28 | Russia and China veto a U.N. Security Council resolution sponsored by the United States that would have imposed new sanctions on Syria for using chemical weapons. At the U.N., Haley strongly criticizes Russia, saying, “If you are allies with Russia and China, they will cover the backs of their friends who use chemical weapons to kill their own people.” Russia calls the statement “outrageous.”

See earlier events

North Korea’s nuclear threat Partially or fully unrealized policy

“We can’t let a madman with nuclear weapons let on the loose like that.”

— President Trump, April 29, 2017

The Obama administration used economic and diplomatic pressure in an effort to compel North Korea to give up its nuclear program. So far Trump has done the same, while warning of military action. Trump indicated he was counting on China, Pyongyang’s biggest trading partner, to use its influence to pressure North Korea. More recently, he has acknowledged that strategy has not succeeded and often taken to Twitter to chastise Beijing for not doing enough. Even as he has proclaimed an end to the Obama policy of “strategic patience” and pushed for new sanctions against North Korea, Trump has said that the solution is “not as simple as people would think.”

recent events

November 20 | Trump re-designates North Korea as a state sponsor of terrorism, a move aimed at increasing pressure over the country’s nuclear weapons and missile program. The George W. Bush administration removed Pyongyang from the list in 2008. Trump called the decision “a very critical step” that “should’ve happened a long time ago.”

September 21 | Trump announces an executive order that grants authority to the Treasury Department to enforce economic sanctions on North Korea and companies and individuals that do business with the rogue nation in Northeast Asia.

September 19 | Speaking at the U.N. General Assembly, Trump threatens to “totally destroy North Korea” as well as target rouge regimes. “Rocket Man is on a suicide mission for himself,” Trump said, referring to a nickname he gave North Korean leader Kim Jong Un on Twitter.

September 14 | North Korea fires another missile that flies over the Japanese island of Hokkaido. The missile was launched from a site near Pyongyang, according to South Korea’s joint chiefs of staff.

September 11 | The U.N. Security Council agrees unanimously to impose the toughest sanctions yet against North Korea. The sanctions intend to deprive the country of the income it needs to maintain its nuclear and ballistic missile program.

September 3 | North Korea carries out its sixth nuclear test -- the first since Trump took office. The reclusive nation claims the nuclear device was a hydrogen bomb capable of reaching the United States.

August 30 | “Talking is not the answer!” Trump tweets as Mattis meets with South Korea’s defense minister at the Pentagon. Mattis tells reporters: “We’re never out of diplomatic solutions.”

August 29 | In an unprecedented move, North Korea launches a ballistic missile that flies over Japan. In response, Trump says “all options are on the table.”

August 25 | North Korea launches three short-range missiles into the sea between the Korean Peninsula and Japan in what some say is a response to the ongoing military exercises between the United States and South Korea.

August 22 | The Treasury Department places sanctions on Chinese and Russian individuals and companies it said had conducted business with North Korea in an effort to further isolate the country.

August 17 | Secretary of State Rex Tillerson and Secretary of Defense Jim Mattis clarify that the Trump administration’s North Korea policy is focused on diplomatic and economic pressure.

August 10 | Trump escalates his rhetoric on North Korea, saying his earlier statement may not have been “tough enough.”

August 9 | Trump says he will “renovate and modernize” the U.S. nuclear aresenal. Officials say Trump’s threats to North Korea from the previous day were unscripted and spontaneous. North Korea says Trump lacks reason and that its plan to attack Guam will be complete by mid-August.

August 8 | Trump warns North Korea that it will be faced with “fire and fury” if continues to threaten the United States. It is his harshest language yet against the regime. North Korea responds by saying it is reviewing plans to target the U.S. territory Guam, according to state media.

August 8 | In a new confidential assessment, U.S. analysts say that North Korea has successfully produced a miniaturized nuclear warhead that can fit inside its missiles.

August 5 | The U.N. Security Council votes unanimously on a U.S.-sponsored resolution to impose new sanctions on North Korea.

August 1 | Secretary of State Rex Tillerson tells reporters “We are trying to convey to the North Koreans: ‘We are not your enemy, we are not your threat. But you are presenting an unacceptable threat to us, and we have to respond.’”

July 21 | The Trump administration announces a restriction on U.S. citizens traveling to North Korea in an apparent response to the detention of three U.S. citizens and the death of a young University of Virginia student.

July 5 | U.N. ambassador Nikki Haley calls the North Korean nuclear launch “a clear and sharp military escalation” and calls for new U.N. sanctions.

July 4 | North Korea launches a test of what appears to be an intercontinental ballistic missile. Military officials and missile experts confirm that Pyongyang can now strike targets thousands of miles away.

North Korea's ICBM test

June 30 | Trump denounces North Korea’s “reckless and brutal” regime alongside South Korean President Moon Jae-in in a show of solidarity, but doesn’t provide further details of U.S. policy.

June 29 | The Treasury Department announces new sanctions against North Korea targeting a Chinese bank that is accused of financing the regime. President Trump hosts South Korean President Moon Jae-in at the White House.

June 28 | National security adviser H.R. McMaster says Trump’s strategy toward North Korea is a different approach than previous administrations. “The president asked us to prepare a range of options, including a military option that no one wants to take,” McMaster said.

June 20 | Trump tweets that China has failed to rein in North Korea: “While I greatly appreciate the efforts of President Xi & China to help with North Korea, it has not worked out. At least I know China tried!” White House press secretary Sean Spicer says the U.S. is “moving further away” from direct engagement with Pyongyang following Warmbier’s death.

June 14 | Tillerson says the Trump administration has asked China to act against Chinese businesses and individuals helping North Korea to evade international sanctions.

June 13 | Warmbier, in a coma, is released by North Korea after being held for more than a year. Three other U.S. citizens remain in prison.

June 12 | Mattis declares North Korea the No. 1 threat that the United States faces, moving it above Russia. Meanwhile, Yun meets with three Americans still detained in North Korea while attempting to secure Warmbier’s release.

June 6 | Officials from North Korea’s Foreign Ministry meet Joseph Yun, the U.S. special representative to North Korea, in New York. The topic of discussion is the deteriorating health of Otto Warmbier, the University of Virginia student held in Pyongyang. Yun prepares to travel to North Korea with the intent to secure Warmbier’s release.

May 15 | The White House once again calls for tougher sanctions against North Korea following a ballistic missile test by the regime.

May 4 | Joseph Yun, the U.S. special representative to North Korea, meets top North Korean Foreign Ministry officials in Oslo, Norway. North Korea agrees to allow Swedish diplomats to visit with American detainees. The back-channel deal is a hopeful sign that relations might improve.

May 3 | Tillerson says the administration is just at the beginning stages of its campaign to pressure North Korea to give up nuclear weapons, and will negotiate with Pyongyang “when conditions are right.”

May 2 | Trump says he would be “honored” to meet Kim Jong Un, opening the potential of dialogue between the two leaders.

April 29 | A North Korean midrange ballistic missile fails shortly after launch.

April 28 | Approaching his 100th day in office, Trump says that conflict with North Korea is “immediate” but that he still seeks diplomacy.

April 27 | Trump praises Chinese President Xi’s approach to North Korea but warns of a possible “major, major conflict.”

April 27 | Trump insists South Korea should pay $1 billion for the missile defense system, aggravating the South Korean government. Trump has stated previously during the campaign that Seoul should pay more for its own defense.

April 26 | The U.S. military begins installing the controversial missile defense system THAAD in South Korea, despite protests from the likely winner of South Korea’s upcoming presidential election and criticism from China.

April 24 | Trump asks the U.N. Security Council to impose new sanctions on Pyongyang. China’s Xi urges restraint. Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin announces new sanctions against the Syrian government in response to the chemical weapons attack on April 4.

April 23 | North Korea detains another U.S. citizen at its airport, bringing the number of Americans held by the regime to four.

April 18 | Pictures posted by the U.S. Navy reveal that the USS Carlson was actually sailing away from the Korean Peninsula, contradicting claims that it was steaming north as a show of force against North Korea.

April 16 | North Korea fires a missile, but it fails.

April 15 | North Korea marks the birth anniversary of its founder with a massive military parade.

A timeline of North Korea nuclear tests

April 14 | The Trump administration adopts a new North Korea strategy calling for “maximum pressure and engagement,” but not regime change.

April 13 | Trump says that the North Korea nuclear issue is more complicated than he thought after talking to China’s Xi. “After listening for 10 minutes, I realized it’s not so easy. I felt pretty strongly that they had a tremendous power [over] North Korea. . . . But it’s not what you would think,” Trump told the Wall Street Journal.

April 12 | Trump says that the U.S. is sending a powerful “armada” of naval vessels to the Korean Peninsula.

April 11 | “North Korea is looking for trouble. If China decides to help, that would be great. If not, we will solve the problem without them! U.S.A.” Trump tweets

April 9 | The USS Carl Vinson aircraft carrier is dispatched toward the Korean Peninsula as a show of force.

April 4 | North Korea fires a missile on the eve of a summit between Trump and Chinese President Xi Jinping.

March 22 | North Korea fires a missile that explodes within seconds. It is a reassuring sign for observers who worry about the advancement of North Korea’s weapons program.

March 18 | North Korea conducts a rocket engine test “of historic significance.” The test coincides with Tillerson’s visit to China.

March 18 | China urges the United States to remain “coolheaded” over North Korea and not to turn its back on dialogue. Tillerson says that all options are on the table and that the Obama holdover policy of “strategic patience” is over.

March 17 | Trump criticizes China’s approach to curtailing North Korea’s nuclear threat in a tweet: “North Korea is behaving very badly. They have been ‘playing’ the United States for years. China has done little to help!”

March 16 | Secretary of State Rex Tillerson, on his first trip to Asia, says that 20 years of trying to persuade North Korea to abandon its nuclear program had failed and that he was visiting Asia “to exchange views on a new approach.”

March 12 | North Korea fires four ballistic missiles. Three land in waters near Japan.

North Korea's nuclear targets

March 10 | South Korean President Park Geun-hye is impeached. The attention turns to her likely successor, Moon Jae-in, and whether he can reset relations with North Korea and China.

March 7 | Against China’s wishes, the U.S. military begins deploying an advanced defensive missile system to South Korea. The Terminal High Altitude Area Defense (THAAD) system is designed to shoot down enemy ballistic missiles. China warns of “consequences” for South Korea and the United States over the deployment.

March 6 | The White House says Trump called the leaders of Japan and South Korea to reaffirm U.S. commitment to stand against North Korea following the provocation.

March 5 | North Korea launches four missiles. The regime claims it was practicing to hit U.S. military bases in Japan.

March 2 | Trump warns that the United States will take unilateral action against North Korea if China doesn’t step in to help. “China has great influence over North Korea. And China will either decide to help us with North Korea, or they won’t,” Trump said in an interview with the Financial Times.

February 18 | China says it’s cutting off coal imports from North Korea in accordance with U.N. Security Council sanctions. The move is aimed to persuade Pyongyang to abandon its nuclear and missile program.

February 12 | North Korea tests a new midrange ballistic missile in its first major challenge to Trump as president.

January 2 | Trump tweets: “North Korea just stated that it is in the final stages of developing a nuclear weapon capable of reaching parts of the U.S. It won’t happen!”

November 22, 2016 | Before Obama leaves office, he warns Trump that North Korea is one of the biggest national security challenges that will face the new administration.

See earlier events

Russia Partially or fully unrealized policy

“Great move on delay (by V. Putin) - I always knew he was very smart!”

— Donald Trump, December 30, 2016

The Trump administration’s approach to Russia remains in limbo, under the cloud of ongoing U.S. investigations into Russian meddling in the 2016 U.S. election. Moscow’s hopes that Trump would move to lift some of the heavy sanctions imposed by the Obama administration for Russian intervention in Ukraine have not been realized. Congress, and many within his own administration, are opposed to any easing of the measures. While criticizing Russia for its role in Syria, however, Trump has continued to advocate for U.S.-Russia cooperation against the Islamic State there. In his first face-to-face meeting with Russian President Vladimir Putin last month, he approved a collaborative plan for a limited cease-fire in the Syrian civil war.

recent events

October 27 | The State Department reveals 39 companies and government organizations that support Russia and warns that they could be hit with sanctions for doing significant business with the country.

August 31 | The Trump administration orders three Russian diplomatic facilities in San Francisco, New York and Washington closed following the expulsion of American diplomats from Russia. The State Department said the facilities, which are smaller than the main Russian Embassy in Washington, must shut down on Sept. 2.

August 22 | The Treasury Department places sanctions on Chinese and Russian individuals and companies it said had conducted business with North Korea in an effort to further isolate the country.

August 21 | The U.S. Embassy stops issuing visas to Russians as a diplomatic spat worsens.

August 2 | Trump reluctantly signs a bill imposing new sanctions on Russia. In a statement, Trump calls the bill “seriously flawed.”

July 31 | Trump remains quiet on the response to the explusion of U.S. diplomats.

July 30 | Putin orders the U.S. diplomatic missions in Russia to reduce their staff by 755 people in retaliation to the sanctions.

July 28 | In retaliation to the Russia sanctions bill, Moscow says it plans to seize two U.S. properties in Russia and orders a significant reduction of the American embassy staff. The measures are similar in structure to sanctions the Obama administration imposed on Russia in December 2016, though the number of American diplomats slated for expulsion appears to be far more sweeping.

July 27 | The Senate passes the Russia-Iran-North Korea sanctions bill.

July 25 | After striking a tentative deal to expand the Russia-Iran bill’s scope to include North Korea sanctions as well, the House forces the issue with a decisive, sweeping vote in favor of the legislation. The measure preserves Congress’ power to block the president on Russia sanctions changes, despite White House pressure. The sanctions include measures targeting Russia’s defense, intelligence, energy, railways, metals and mining sectors over Moscow’s interference in the wars in Ukraine and Syria, and alleged meddling in the 2016 U.S. elections.

July 18 | White House announces it will formally nominate former Utah governor Jon Huntsman as the U.S. ambassador to Russia. Russian politician Anatoly Antonov approved to serve as Russia’s ambassador to Washington.

July 18 | Trump met with Putin for an additional hour at a dinner for world leaders during the G-20 summit in Germany. The meeting was previously undisclosed. Trump left his seat to sit next to Putin, who was with his official interpreter.

July 17 | Russia continues to demand the return of two diplomatic compounds the United States seized in 2016 as punishment for Moscow’s intererence in the presidential election. Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov calls it “robbery in broad daylight.”

July 9 | Trump promises to “move forward in working constructively with Russia” after his meeting with Putin.

July 7 | Trump meets Russian President Vladimir Putin at the G-20 summit. Trump said he “strongly pressed” Putin twice about Russia’s interference in the U.S. election, but said Putin denied it.

June 29 | The Senate “fixes” the problems House leaders identified in the Russia sanctions bill, sending it back to the House. House Democrats are up in arms, as they feel the changes have cost them their ability to block the president from changing Russia policy.

June 20 | President Trump meets with Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko at the White House, as expanded sanctions against Russia are announced.

Trump’s ties to Russian interests

June 15 | The Senate overwhelmingly approves tougher sanctions against Iran and Russia, setting up a potential showdown with Trump. The measures include language that would prevent Trump from scaling back sanctions against Moscow without first seeking congressional approval – a provision the administration lobbies hard against. The Senate also included an amendment to the bill that reaffirms U.S. commitment to NATO. But the House argues there are procedural violations in the bill, setting off weeks of negotiations about how to change the bill.

May 25 | National Economic Council Director Gary Cohn, who briefed reporters aboard Air Force One en route to the G-7 meeting, said the president is “looking” at additional sanctions against Russia. “Right now,” he said, “we don’t have a position.”

May 16 | McMaster defends Trump’s disclosure of classified information, describing the conversation with Lavrov and Kislyak as “wholly appropriate.”

May 15 | National security adviser H.R. McMaster and Tillerson issue denials to allegations that Trump shared certain classified information with Lavrov and Kislyak.

May 10 | Trump meets with Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov and Russian Ambassador Sergey Kislyak in the Oval Office. The Post would later report that Trump revealed highly classified information in the meeting.

May 2 | Trump speaks by phone with Putin. The two leaders discuss the Syrian civil war, terrorism and North Korea. A day later, Putin says Trump told him that he supports establishing safe zones in Syria. “As far as I understood, the American administration supports these ideas,” Putin says.

April 13 | Trump tweets: “Things will work out fine between the U.S.A. and Russia. At the right time everyone will come to their senses & there will be lasting peace!” His optimistic tone runs counter to senior members of his national security team.

April 12 | Secretary of State Tillerson meets Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov in Moscow. At a joint news conference, they agree to improve their relations with bilateral dialogue. Tillerson later meets with President Putin at the Kremlin.

April 11 | The White House accuses Russia of attempting to cover up a Syrian chemical attack with the use of disinformation tactics.

April 10 | Trump administration officials demand Russia drops its support of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad.

April 9 | Trump tweets: “Sanctions were not discussed at my meeting with President Putin. Nothing will be done until the Ukrainian & Syrian problems are solved!”

February 2 | Ambassador to the United Nations Nikki Haley declares to the U.N. Security Council that sanctions against Russia for its intervention into Ukraine would not be lifted until Russia reverses its annexation of Crimea.

See earlier events

Afghanistan Partially or fully unrealized policy

“Our troops will fight to win.”

— President Trump, in a speech announcing a new strategy for Afghanistan, August 21, 2017

The 16-year war against the Taliban is at a stalemate, as the country’s security situation spirals out of control. Although Obama officially ended the U.S. combat mission there, more than 8,500 U.S. troops remain to train local forces and conduct counterterrorism operations. U.S. military officials have requested thousands of additional troops to help assist Afghan military forces as the Taliban have surged. In a speechin August, Trump announced a new strategy that would likely include an increase of 4,500 troops to the war effort. The new direction calls for an end to “nation-building” and puts more pressure on Pakistan and India to contribute more.

recent events

October 23 | Secretary of State Rex Tillerson makes an unannounced visit to Afghanistan after a series of Taliban attacks left nearly 200 dead in one of the bloodiest weeks of the year.

August 31 | The administration releases more details about the upcoming Afghan troop surge. The bulk of the 4,000 additional troops will be paratroopers, with additional air and marine support.

August 30 | The Pentagon acknowledges that the U.S. has roughly 11,000 total troops in Afghanistan, thousands more than the 8,400 cap set by the Obama administration.

August 21 | Trump reveals the administration’s new strategy for Afghanistan in a prime-time speech to the nation. The new approach includes a modest increase of several thousand troops. In the speech, Trump said the success of the new approach will be determined by conditions on the ground rather than on a specific deadline.

August 19 | While visiting Camp David, Trump says the administration has settled on a new strategy for Afghanistan.

August 16 | A Green Beret is killed fighting ISIS militants in eastern Afghanistan, bringing the number of U.S. service members killed in the war this year to 10.

August 4 | Reports emerge that Trump has threatened to fire Army Gen. John Nicholson, the top U.S. military official in Afghanistan. Nicholson is a highly regarded U.S. military commander who has worked closely with the Afghan military and civilian officials for the past 16 months. The reports also suggest Trump is delaying his war strategy, which is contributing to anxiety in Afghanistan.

August 2 | Two U.S. soldiers are killed in Afghanistan when their convoy is hit by a vehicle laden with explosives. The Taliban claims responsibility.

July 20 | President Trump suggests he might delay sending more troops to Afghanistan. When asked at the Pentagon if he would send more troops, Trump replies: “We’ll see. And we’re doing very well against ISIS. ISIS is falling fast.”

July 17 | U.S. airstrikes in Afghanistan return to the same level of intensity as 2012, according to military data.

July 4 | Top GOP senators, including Sen. John McCain and Sen. Lindsey Graham, call for more U.S. troops and an increased U.S. military presence in Afghanistan during their trip to Kabul.

June 29 | NATO’s secretary general says thousands of troops have been requested to help the Afghan military fight back against a resurgent Taliban. Mattis says he is confident he will receive commitments from other NATO countries for his upcoming strategy in the country.

June 18 | Taliban fighters storm a police base after detonating a suicide car bomb. The attack kills five members of security forces and several civilians.

June 17 | An Afghan soldier wounds seven U.S. soldiers after opening fire at an Afghan base. It is the second such insider attack in a week.

June 13 | Trump gives the Pentagon new authority to decide the troop levels in Afghanistan. The decision raises concerns among experts, who warn the White House and Congress should be careful not to give the Pentagon a blank check.

June 10 | An elite Afghan commando shoots and kills three U.S. troops.

May 31 | A powerful truck bomb decimates a high-security district of Kabul, killing at least 150 people and sparking days of protests.

April 24 | Defense Secretary Jim Mattis arrives in Kabul in a surprise visit to assess the situation. Afghanistan’s defense minister and Army chief resign.

April 24 | Gen. John Nicholson, who is in charge of U.S. forces in Afghanistan, appears to confirm that Russia is sending weapons to the Taliban. Russia denies it.

April 21 | Taliban fighters, disguised as Afghan personnel, kill more than 140 Afghan soldiers at a military base. It is a huge blow to the country’s security situation. The attack is the single deadliest carried out by the Taliban against the military in its 16 years of fighting.

April 16 | National security adviser H.R. McMaster arrives in Kabul, the first visit by a Trump administration official to Afghanistan.

April 13 | The U.S. military drops a 22,000-pound bomb on an Islamic State hideout in eastern Afghanistan. The bomb is one of the largest munitions in the U.S. military’s inventory.

April 8 | A U.S. soldier is killed by small-arms fire in fighting the Islamic State. It is the first combat death in Afghanistan in 2017.

March 19 | Three U.S. troops are wounded in apparent insider attack at an Afghan military base in Helmand province.

See earlier events

War on ISIS Partially or fully unrealized policy

″[ISIS is] a network of lawless savages that have slaughtered Muslims and Christians, and men, women and children of all faiths and beliefs.”

— President Trump, May 23, 2017

Trump said repeatedly during his campaign that he would replace the Obama administration’s strategy against the Islamic State, primarily in Syria and Iraq, with a far tougher policy that would quickly destroy the militants. So far, although he has expanded military authorities and added some additional Special Operations forces aiding U.S. proxies in Syria, Trump’s strategy is largely identical to that of his predecessor.

Iraqi security forces, with U.S. assistance on the ground and in the air, are on the verge of taking back the Iraqi city of Mosul in an offensive that began under Obama. A similar offensive in Raqqa, the Islamic State’s de facto capital in Syria, began this spring along the lines of plans drawn up by the Pentagon during the previous administration. U.S. and coalition airstrikes in the crowded urban environments of the two cities have led to an increasing number of civilian casualties, leaving the Pentagon struggling to explain a sudden surge in the death toll.

recent events

October 20 | A U.S.-backed force known as the Syrian Democratic Forces declares ISIS forces vanquished from the Islamic State’s onetime Syria capital of Raqqa, effectively declaring an end to the military operation there.

October 16 | Iraqi forces take control of Kirkuk, a city that had been under Kurdish security control before Islamic State’s rise.

October 5 | Iraqi forces have reclaimed the town of Hawijah from the Islamic State.

September 9 | U.S.-backed forces in Syria announce “Operation Jazeera Storm,” a new offensive to clear ISIS militants from the group’s most important remaining stronghold.

August 31 | Iraq’s prime minister says Tal Afar has been “fully liberated.”

August 30 | U.S.-led airstrikes block ISIS fighters traveling on a bus a convoy of hundreds of Islamic State fighters trying to escape to eastern Syria. The deal was negotiated by Lebanon’s Hezbollah movement.

August 20 | Iraqi’s prime minister says the operation to retake the northern town of Tal Afar from ISIS has begun.

July 11 | Iraqi Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi declares the nine-month battle for the city of Mosul officially over.

Battle of Mosul

June 6 | U.S.-backed forces begin the “long and difficult” battle to capture the northern Syrian city of Raqqa, the Islamic State’s de facto capital, the U.S.-led coalition fighting the extremist group said Tuesday.

The battle against ISIS in Raqqa

April 13 | The U.S. military drops a 22,000-pound bomb on an Islamic State hideout in eastern Afghanistan. The bomb is one of the largest munitions in the U.S. military’s inventory.

April 11 | A U.S. drone strike in Syria kills at least 18 allied members of the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF). It is the worst friendly-fire incident of the war against ISIS.

April 10 | The Pentagon struggles to respond as to why more civilians are dying in the campaign against ISIS. Some point to the fact that the fight has intensified; others say it’s Trump’s new strategy.

March 22 | Secretary of State Tillerson hosts a summit of 68 nations in Washington to discuss anti-ISIS strategy.

March 8 | Additional U.S. forces deploy to Syria to support the fight against the Islamic State in the Syrian city of Raqqa.

February 28 | In his address to Congress, Trump says he has directed the Pentagon to “demolish and destroy” the Islamic State.

February 20 | Mattis makes his first trip to Iraq as the defense secretary to determine what is needed in the campaign against the Islamic State. Mattis rejects Trump’s suggestion that the United States is after Iraq’s oil.

January 28 | Trump orders the Pentagon to deliver a plan within 30 days on how to defeat the Islamic State.

Who is fighting the Islamic state

See earlier events

Israeli-Palestinian conflict Partially or fully unrealized policy

“I want to see peace with Israel and the Palestinians.”

— President Trump, April 28, 2017

In Israel and the West Bank in May, Trump repeated his pledge to bring Israelis and Palestinians together in a peace deal, although no apparent progress was made on starting that process and the administration has given no indication of its strategy. Trump delighted Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, and probably discouraged Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas, by not mentioning a two-state solution as a goal. Trump’s peace negotiator, lawyer Jason Greenblatt, has made several trips to the region, in one case accompanied by presidential son-in-law Jared Kushner, to whom Trump has given overall supervision of the peace process.

recent events

August 25 | Jared Kushner, the president’s son-in-law and senior adviser, finishes his trip to the Middle East as part of a U.S. delegation to help broker peace talks. Kushner met with Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas. While the U.S. promised to continue talks, it did not commit to a two-state solution -- much to the frustration of the Palestinians.

August 5 | A former top aide to Benjamin Netanyahu agrees to testify against the Israeli Prime Minister as part of a corruption trial, making an indictment increasingly likely.

July 13 | Trump’s envoy to the Middle East announces a water-sharing agreement between Israel and Palestinians.

June 6 | The Trump administration warns that the United States could pull out of the U.N. Human Rights Council unless the body ends what Washington calls the whitewashing of dictators’ abuses and unfair attacks on Israel.

June 1 | President Trump signs the long-standing national security waiver delaying a move of the U.S. Embassy in Israel from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem.

May 23 | Trump tweets: “Israel, Saudi Arabia and the Middle East were great. Trying hard for PEACE. Doing well.”

May 23 | President Trump pays his respects at the Jewish Holocaust memorial Yad Vashem with Prime Minister Netanyahu. Trump visits Bethlehem in the West Bank to hold a bilateral meeting with Palestinian leader Mahmoud Abbas. Speaking to the press alongside Abbas, Trump condemns the fatal terrorist bombing of England’s Manchester Arena on the previous night, calling the perpetrators “losers.” Abbas calls for a two-state solution, but Trump does not mention it.

May 22 | Continuing his tour of the Middle East and Europe, President Trump is met in Tel Aviv by Israeli Prime Minister Netanyahu and President Reuven Rivlin. He visits the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem and becomes the first sitting U.S. president to visit the Western Wall.

May 3 | President Trump holds a bilateral meeting and joint news conference with Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas in Washington.

March 26 | Vice President Pence delivers an evening speech to the American Israel Public Affairs Committee (AIPAC) at Washington’s Verizon Center, reaffirming the United States’ commitments to Israeli defense and to preventing Iran’s nuclear program from producing a weapon.

February 15 | Trump meets Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu at the White House, and calls on Netanyahu to “hold back” the construction of settlements in the West Bank. Trump’s comments on the Israeli-Palestinian conflict prompt United Nations Secretary-General António Guterres to warn against any abandonment of the two-state solution.

February 2 | President Trump warns Israel that building new settlements in the West Bank “may not be helpful” for a peace deal.

December 28, 2016 | “We cannot continue to let Israel be treated with such total disdain and disrespect,” Trump tweets, adding that Israel should “stay strong” until he steps into office.

May 3, 2016 | Trump says Israel should keep building West Bank settlements.

March 21, 2016 | As a Republican presidential candidate, Trump declares: “We will move the American Embassy to the eternal capital of the Jewish people, Jerusalem.”

See earlier events

NATO Partially or fully unrealized policy

“I said it was obsolete. It’s no longer obsolete.”

— President Trump, April 12, 2017

During the campaign, Trump was a consistent critic of NATO, charging European members with not paying their fair share for their joint defense, and calling the 28-member (now 29) alliance “obsolete.” Although he has taken some steps to ameliorate the breach, Trump’s antagonism toward NATO has made European leaders wary of the commitment from the United States to help allies in collective defense, leading German Chancellor Angela Merkel to say Europe “must take our fate into our own hands.”

recent events

June 29 | NATO’s secretary general says thousands of troops have been requested to help the Afghan military fight back against a resurgent Taliban. Defense Secretary Jim Mattis says he is confident that he will receive commitments from other NATO countries for his upcoming strategy in the country.

June 28 | NATO allies announce plans to boost defense spending by 4.3 percent this year, partly a response to Trump’s pressure. “We have really shifted gears,” NATO’s secretary general says.

June 9 | Trump, standing alongside the president of Romania, publicly endorses NATO’s Article 5 collective defense commitment.

May 30 | Trump fans the flames of a feud between him and Merkel by tweeting: “We have a MASSIVE trade deficit with Germany, plus they pay FAR LESS than they should on NATO & military. Very bad for U.S. This will change.”

May 28 | German Chancellor Angela Merkel says Europe “really must take our fate into our own hands,” offering a stark declaration of a new chapter in U.S.-European relations.

May 25 | Trump criticizes NATO leaders in Brussels for not spending enough money on their own defense. There is widespread disappointment among NATO leaders when Trump does not explicitly reaffirm America’s commitment to Article 5, the joint defense pact that states an attack on one country is an attack on all.

April 12 | Trump said NATO is “no longer obsolete” during a joint news conference with Jens Stoltenberg, the NATO secretary general. The statement reverses his previous opinion on the alliance.

March 23 | In a Time interview, Trump repeats false claims that NATO is not focused on terrorism and says that he alone knew NATO members were not meeting their goals. The Obama administration has also pushed member countries to contribute more. “NATO, obsolete, because it doesn’t cover terrorism. They fixed that, and I said that the allies must pay. Nobody knew that they weren’t paying. I did. I figured it,” he said.

March 19 | Germany rejects Trump’s NATO claim. Germany’s defense says the country has “no debt account in NATO.”

March 18 | Trump says Germany owes America “vast sums of money” for NATO. The statement is inaccurate. All NATO countries have committed to spending 2 percent of their GDP on their defense budgets by 2024, but they do not owe the United States money.

February 6 | As president, Trump says he supports NATO but asks that members “make their full and proper financial contribution to the NATO alliance.”

January 15 | President-elect Trump calls NATO “obsolete,” alarming European allies. Trump repeats the claim that NATO is not focused on terror, a proven falsehood. NATO has sent troops to Afghanistan and has an established counterterrorism agenda.

January 12 | During his confirmation hearing, Defense Secretary-designee Jim Mattis says NATO is “the most successful military alliance probably in modern history, maybe ever.” The words contradict Trump’s message that NATO is out of date.

March 21, 2016 | In an interview with The Washington Post, Republican presidential nominee Trump calls NATO outdated and says allies should contribute more on defense spending. “I think NATO as a concept is good, but it is not as good as it was when it first evolved,” Trump says.

See earlier events

Trade

Cuba Trump’s policy

“It’s hard to think of a policy that makes less sense than the prior administration’s terrible and misguided deal with the Castro regime.”

— President Trump, June 16, 2017

The Obama administration announced in December 2014 that it would normalize ties with the Castro regime. Diplomatic relations, severed more than a half-century ago, were restored and new regulations expanded travel and trade. Trump, who promised to roll back the changes, initiated a partial reversal in June, although new regulations that would newly restrict American visits to the island and restrict certain kinds of commerce have not yet been promulgated.

recent events

November 8 | The Trump administration reverses some of Obama’s Cuba policies in a promised crackdown on travel and business with the island. Under the new rules, most individual visits to Cuba will no longer be allowed, and U.S. citizens will again have to travel as part of a licensed group, accompanied by a group representative. Americans will also be barred from staying at a long list of hotels and from patronizing restaurants, stores and other enterprises that the State Department has determined are owned by or benefit members of the Cuban government, specifically its security services.

October 31 | The Trump administraion announces it will defend the U.S. embargo of Cuba at the U.N., reversing an Obama policy

October 27 | In a prime time TV special, Cuba presents a detailed defense against the sonic attack charges from the U.S..

October 20 | Two more U.S. officials confirmed injured by mysterious attacks in Cuba.

October 3 | The State Department says it will expel 15 in response to months of unexplained injuries to U.S. diplomats.

September 29 | The State Department pulls nonessential personnel from its embassy in Havana, and warns Americans not to visit Cuba. The move comes after mysterious injuries and ailments continue to pile up at the embassy, which the State Department describes as “specific attacks” against U.S. diplomats.

August 9 | The U.S. announces that it expelled two Cuban diplomats in May after State Department employees suffered unexplained physical ailments.

June 16 | “I am canceling the last administration’s completely one-sided deal with Cuba,” Trump declares in Little Havana, outlining a new Cuba policy that seeks to limit financial deals with the government and places restrictions on travel to the island. The guidelines do not reverse all of Obama’s policies and would not take effect for month.

Trump’s new Cuba policy plan

January 12 | As one of his last acts in office, President Barack Obama ends the “wet foot, dry foot’” policy for Cubans.

January 11 | During his confirmation hearing, Secretary of State-nominee Rex Tillerson says Trump is planning to review the Cuba policy on Day One.

November 28, 2016 | Trump indicates his unhappiness with increased Cuba ties. He tweets: “If Cuba is unwilling to make a better deal for the Cuban people, the Cuban/American people and the U.S. as a whole, I will terminate deal.”

November 25, 2016 | Cuban revolutionary leader Fidel Castro dies. Following his death, then-Republican presidential candidate Trump releases a statement saying his administration would “do all it can to ensure the Cuban people can finally begin their journey toward prosperity and liberty.” He backs off from indicating whether he would break relations with Cuba.

October 12, 2016 | As a Republican presidential candidate, Trump declares on Twitter: “The people of Cuba have struggled too long. Will reverse Obama’s executive orders and concessions towards Cuba until freedoms are restored.”

See earlier events

Trans-Pacific Partnership Trump’s policy

“The Trans-Pacific Partnership is another disaster done and pushed by special interests who want to rape our country.”

— Donald Trump, June 28, 2016

The Obama administration made this trade agreement among 12 Pacific Rim nations a major priority, and signed the final proposal in 2016, after seven years of negotiations. But domestic political support for the agreement ― which would have removed thousands of tariffs between the countries, extended U.S. intellectual property protections and reduced China’s trade dominance in East Asia ― quickly flagged before ratification. Both Donald Trump and Democratic candidate Sen. Bernie Sanders railed against the TPP during the 2016 election, and as soon as Trump took power, he withdrew the United States from it.

recent events

July 5 | On the eve of the G-20 summit, the European Union and Japan agree “in principle” to a major free trade deal following four years of negotiations. The move is seen as indirectly criticizing Trump’s isolationist stance on global trade.

April 18 | Traveling in Tokyo, Pence indicates that the United States would be interested in negotiating a bilateral trade agreement with Japan.

January 23 | Trump signs an executive order ending the United States’ participation in the trade partnership. The move was seen as largely symbolic, as the trade deal had become increasingly unpopular with Congress. The United States’ exit makes ratification of the treaty by the other nations virtually impossible.

China Partially or fully unrealized policy

“Interesting how the U.S. sells Taiwan billions of dollars of military equipment but I should not accept a congratulatory call.”

— Donald Trump, December 2, 2016

Trump, as president-elect, left Beijing fuming when he accepted a congratulatory phone call from Taiwanese President Tsai Ing-wen. As president, Trump further antagonized China when his administration, following in the footsteps of its predecessors, approved a $1.4 billion arms deal with Taiwan. The Taiwan issue, along with North Korea and China’s ongoing territorial expansion in the South China Sea, has challenged the warmer relationship Trump hoped would blossom as he held multiple meetings with Chinese President Xi Jinping.

recent events

October 24 | China’s Communist Party formally elevates President Xi Jinping to the same status as party legends Mao Zedong and Deng Xiaoping.

October 20 | China’s President Xi Jinping gives a speech at a gathering of Communist Party leaders outlining a vision of total control.

August 22 | The Treasury Department places sanctions on Chinese and Russian individuals and companies it said had conducted business with North Korea in an effort to further isolate the country.

August 14 | Trump signs an executive memorandum ordering an investigation into China’s alleged theft of U.S. intellectual property.

July 5 | As the North Korea nuclear threat escalates, Trump tweets “Trade between China and North Korea grew almost 40% in the first quarter. So much for China working with us - but we had to give it a try!”

July 3 | China’s military vows to increase air and sea patrols after the warship incident. Beijing calls it a “military provocation.”

July 2 | The USS Stethem, an American warship, sails near a disputed island in the South China Sea. It is the second such operation under Trump, continuing Obama’s policy of challenging China’s territorial claims.

June 29 | The Treasury Department announces new sanctions against North Korea targeting a Chinese bank that is accused of financing the regime.

June 20 | Ford announces that it will build its next-generation small car in China instead of Michigan. The company had previously announced plans to move production to Mexico, drawing ire from the Trump administration.

June 20 | Trump tweets that China has failed to rein in North Korea: “While I greatly appreciate the efforts of President Xi & China to help with North Korea, it has not worked out. At least I know China tried!”

June 14 | Tillerson says the Trump administration has asked China to act against Chinese businesses and individuals helping North Korea to evade international sanctions.

May 25 | The USS Dewey, a Navy destroyer, sails close to a South China Sea island in a “freedom of navigation operation.”

May 12 | The Trump administration reaches a preliminary trade deal with China to ease market access for a variety of industries, most notably beef and poultry.

April 26 | The U.S. military begins installing the controversial missile defense system THAAD in South Korea, despite protests from the likely winner of South Korea’s upcoming presidential election and criticism from China.

April 12 | President Trump indicates that he would no longer seek to label China as a currency manipulator.

April 7 | Chinese President Xi Jinping and President Trump announce a 100-day plan to improve trade and cooperation between the two nations, concluding the U.S. visit.

April 6 | Chinese President Xi Jinping is met at Palm Beach International Airport by Secretary of State Tillerson, the start of a two-day visit at Mar-a-Lago.

March 20 | “The meeting next week with China will be a very difficult one in that we can no longer have massive trade deficits and job losses. American companies must be prepared to look at other alternatives,” Trump tweets.

March 17 | Trump criticizes China’s approach to curtailing North Korea’s nuclear threat in a tweet: “North Korea is behaving very badly. They have been ‘playing’ the United States for years. China has done little to help!”

March 15 | China’s premier told the United States on Wednesday that the country doesn’t want a trade war, but if one breaks out, U.S. companies would bear the brunt of it.

March 2 | Trump warns that the United States will take unilateral action against North Korea if China doesn’t step in to help. “China has great influence over North Korea. And China will either decide to help us with North Korea, or they won’t,” Trump said in an interview with the Financial Times.

February 24 | As Trump told Reuters that the Chinese were the “grand champions” of currency manipulation, Mnuchin was telling Bloomberg News that any decision to label China a manipulator would only follow a review by the Treasury Department.

February 18 | China says it’s cutting off coal imports from North Korea in accordance with U.N. Security Council sanctions. The move is aimed at persuading Pyongyang to abandon its nuclear and missile program.

February 4 | In Asia, Mattis says military action is not needed to counter Beijing’s actions in the South China Sea and that the United States should pursue diplomatic solutions.

See earlier events

NAFTA Partially or fully unrealized policy

“NAFTA is the worst trade deal maybe ever signed anywhere, but certainly ever signed in this country.”

— Donald Trump, September 26, 2016

The North American Free Trade Agreement ― which came into effect in 1994 under President Bill Clinton ― greatly reduces trade barriers among Mexico, the United States and Canada. Trump’s stance on NAFTA has seen major swings. He harshly criticized the agreement during his campaign, but early proposals suggested that the administration would seek only minor revisions. Trump then threatened to withdraw the United States entirely, but backed off following meetings with Canadian and Mexican leaders. He now is seeking to renegotiate aspects of the trade deal with them.

recent events

October 17 | The fourth round of NAFTA renegoitations ends in exasperation due to tough U.S. demands, ending chances that the new agreement could come before the end of the year.

August 16 | The first round of NAFTA renegotiations begin. The negotiations are scheduled to continue throughout the fall, and details of the revised agreement will largely be unavailable during the process. The aim is to complete the deal before early 2018, when campaignsing begins in Mexico to replace the term-limited Enrique Nieto.

May 18 | The administration formally notifies Congress of its intention to renegotiate the agreement, kicking off a 90-day consultation period. The administration says that negotiations will begin as early as Aug. 16.

April 27 | Facing pressure from Congress, members of his team and leaders from Mexico and Canada, Trump announces that he would not pull out of NAFTA “at this time” and instead would seek to renegotiate.

What it'll take to renegotiate NAFTA

April 26 | News breaks that Trump is considering signing an executive action to begin the process of withdrawing from NAFTA.

March 30 | A draft letter released to Congress outlines seemingly modest changes the administration hopes to make to NAFTA.

January 22 | Trump says he will begin renegotiating NAFTA when he meets with Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau and Mexican President Enrique Peña Nieto.

See earlier events

Border control

Travel ban Trump’s policy

“That’s right, we need a TRAVEL BAN for certain DANGEROUS countries, not some politically correct term that won’t help us protect our people!”

— President Trump, June 5, 2017

One week into office, Trump sparked protests nationwide by blocking U.S. entry of citizens from seven predominantly Muslim countries and at least temporarily halting entry of refugees, citing national security risks. His executive order was blocked by the courts and subsequently revised by the administration. Parts of the new ban, which only blocks six countries among other changes, have gone into effect, while the Supreme Court has said it will consider challenges to its legality this fall. The ban is key part of Trump’s immigration policy: He’s also promised to build a Mexico border wall, defund sanctuary cities and deport millions of criminal illegal immigrants.

recent events

October 24 | As the 120-day refugee ban comes to a close, the Trump administration announces that the U.S. will begin accepting refugees again, but with much tougher screenings for applicants from 11 “high-risk” countries.

October 18 | A federal judge in Maryland issues a halt on the latest version of President Trump’s entry ban, on the basis that Trump’s own words indicated that it was aimed towards Muslims. A U.S. district judge in Hawaii had issued a less complete block a day earlier.

September 27 | The State Department announces it will cap U.S. refugees at 45,000 in the next fiscal year, the lowest figure in decades. The cap goes into effect on Oct. 1, although the temporary travel ban will block any refugees without a “bona fide connection” to the U.S. until Oct. 24.

September 24 | On the day that portions of the revised travel ban were set to expire, the administration announces a third version of the ban that targets eight countries. Venezuela and North Korea are included, neither of which are predominantly Muslim. In response to the announcement, the Supreme Court delays its Oct 10. hearing on the ban.

Why Trump’s latest travel ban included these eight countries

September 11 | The Supreme Court puts a hold on a lower court decision that allowed 24,000 refugees with confirmed sponsors to enter the country. The Supreme Court will consider the merits of the full case on Oct. 10.

July 19 | The Supreme Court declines to overrule the Hawaii judge’s decision expanding the number of family relationships exempt from the travel ban.

July 13 | A Hawaii judge rules against the administration’s “narrowly defined list” of close relatives, allowing grandparents and other extended family from the affected countries to visit U.S. relatives.

Which family members can visit under the travel ban

June 29 | The State Department releases a list of “close relatives” that will be exempt from the ban. The list does not include grandparents, aunts/uncles and several other extended family relationships. The partial travel ban comes into effect at 8 p.m. EDT. Fiances/fiancees are added to the exempt list shortly afterwards.

June 26 | The Supreme Court partially reinstates the travel ban, giving an exception to “foreign nationals who have a credible claim of a bona fide relationship with a person or entity in the United States.” It agrees to hear arguments on the legality of the overall ban in the fall.

June 12 | The Ninth Circuit rules against Trump’s revised travel ban, on the grounds that it exceeds executive authority.

June 1 | The Justice Department appeals to the Supreme Court to reverse the Fourth Circuit ruling and reinstate President Trump’s travel ban.

May 25 | The Fourth Circuit rules against Trump’s revised travel, on the grounds that it violates the First Amendment prohibition on the establishment of a government religion.

March 29 | A Hawaii federal judge extends the stay on the revised travel ban. The next day, the Trump administration appeals to the Ninth Circuit.

March 15 | A Hawaii judge issues a temporary restraining order against the revised ban before it goes into effect. The next day, a Maryland judge issues a nationwide injunction, which the administration appeals to the Fourth Circuit in Virginia.

March 6 | Trump issues a revised travel ban to go into effect in 10 days. It removes Iraq from the list of affected countries and excludes green card holders, dual nationals, and those who have been granted asylum or refugee status. It also removes all language focused on religious persecution.

What Trump changed in the new travel ban

February 9 | The U.S. Court of Appeals for the 9th Circuit rejects the administration’s appeal of the Washington judge’s ruling.

February 3 | A Washington state judge temporarily blocks the travel ban nationwide.

January 29 | The administration issues a travel ban waiver for U.S. green-card holders from the banned countries. In a statement, Trump insists that “this is not a Muslim ban.”

January 28 | A New York judge issues an emergency stay, freeing those detained in airports because of the ban.

January 27 | Trump signs a “travel ban” executive action, blocking U.S. entry by residents of seven countries ― Iran, Iraq, Libya, Somalia, Sudan, Syria and Yemen ― for 90 days. The ban suspends refugee programs for 120 days and Syrian refugee programs indefinitely, and it gives priority for future refugee applications to persecuted religious minorities. In an interview, Trump specifically mentions Christian Syrians as a persecuted group that could receive preferential treatment. Protests erupt at airports nationwide as refugees and travelers are detained.

See earlier events

Mexico border wall Partially or fully unrealized policy

“We’re going to build a wall folks, don’t worry, we’re going to build a wall. That wall will go up so fast your head will spin.”

— Donald Trump, August 22, 2016

Building a southern border wall, funded by Mexico, was one of Trump’s most persistent and striking campaign promises. The vast budgetary and logistical hurdles involved in building a border wall reassure Mexican officials that the project is still a long way from reality.

recent events

October 16 | Prototypes of the Trump border wall begin to take shape this month in Tijuana, Mexico. Companies bidding for the project have until Oct. 26 to finish building them.

September 13 | Trump agrees to work with Democrats to craft legislation saving DACA ‘dreamers’ from deportation, without also providing wall funding. The next day Trump walks back rumors of the deal, and tweets “The WALL, which is already under construction in the form of new renovation of old and existing fences and walls, will continue to be built.”

August 31 | The Trump administration selects four companies to build prototypes of the border wall, out of over 200 that responded with proposals.

August 22 | During a rally in Phoenix, Trump threatens to shut down the government if border wall funding is not approved.

August 3 | The Post releases transcripts of President Trump’s Jan. 27 call with Mexican President Nieto. During the call Trump seems to acknowledge that demanding Mexico pay for the wall has backed him into a political corner, and asks that Nieto stop publicly stating that Mexico will not pay.

Trump's call with Mexico

July 11 | The House Appropriations Committee releases a bill to fund the Department of Homeland Security for fiscal year 2018. It includes $1.6 billion for the construction of a border wall.

June 21 | At a rally, Trump proposes adding solar panels to the border wall so that it “creates energy and pays for itself,” adding that “this way, Mexico will have to pay much less money.”

May 23 | The White House publishes President Trump’s first full budget proposal. Allocations include $1.6 billion for a Mexican border wall.

April 25 | Trump backs down, and Republican senators offer a new emergency budget without wall funding. Trump vows that “the wall’s going to get built.”

Trump's border wall

April 23 | The president demands that $1.5 billion in funding for the wall be included in an emergency budget being negotiated to avoid a government shutdown. Trump tweets: “Eventually, but at a later date so we can get started early, Mexico will be paying, in some form, for the badly needed border wall.”

February 22 | Secretary of State Tillerson and Secretary of Homeland Security Kelly visit Mexico. Trump signed an immigration order the previous day, ordering U.S. authorities to deport all who cross the border illegally.

February 10 | A leaked document from the Department of Homeland Security puts the price tag of Trump’s wall at $25 billion.

February 9 | Trump says the wall will cost $8 billion in an interview with MSNBC.

January 27 | Trump speaks with Peña Nieto for an hour over the phone. Mexico says the two agreed not to publicly discuss funding of the wall.

January 26 | Peña Nieto cancels his meeting with Trump. Later, the Trump administration proposes that the barrier be funded by a 20 percent import tax on goods from Mexico.

January 25 | Mexican President Enrique Peña Nieto responds to Trump in a televised address, saying Mexico will not pay for the wall. He faces pressure at home to cancel his scheduled meeting with Trump.

January 25 | Trump signs an executive order to begin “immediate construction of a physical wall on the southern border,” although no funding is appropriated.

January 11 | In a news conference, Trump says Mexico will “reimburse” the United States for the wall. “I want to get the wall started,” Trump said. “I don’t want to wait a year and a half until I make my deal with Mexico.”

See earlier events

International treaties

Iran nuclear deal Trump’s policy

“As I have said many times, the Iran deal was one of the worst and most one-sided transactions the United States has ever entered into.”

— President Trump, October 13, 2017

As a candidate and president, Trump said he would reexamine and possibly kill the Iran nuclear deal signed under Obama. The historic agreement negotiated by the United States, Britain, France, China, Russia, Germany and the European Union at least temporarily shut down Tehran’s nuclear weapons program in exchange for easing international sanctions. Republican lawmakers hoped Trump would quash the nuclear accord, and charge that Iran has violated non-nuclear prohibitions on aiding terrorism and developing ballistic missiles. Trump officially disavowed the international nuclear deal with Iran, but did not terminate an agreement. Instead, the president asked Congress to attach new caveats that could either alter the pact or lead to its rupture.

recent events

October 13 | Trump officially disavowed the international nuclear deal with Iran, but did not terminate an agreement he called weak and poorly constructed.

September 14 | The Trump administration waives nuclear-related sanctions on Iran. But in addition, it places sanctions on 11 companies and people linked to the country’s ballistic-missile program and cyberattacks.

September 13 | Ahead of his visit to the U.S., Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu demands that the nuclear deal be fixed or canceled.

August 31 | The International Atomic Energy Agency, which is in charge of monitoring Iran’s nuclear activities, certifies that the country is compliant with the Iran nuclear deal.

August 3 | In response to new U.S. sanctions announced in February, Iran Deputy Foreign Minister Abbas Araghchi states that “we believe that the nuclear deal has been violated, and we will react appropriately” on public television.

July 17 | The Trump administration grudgingly certifies that Iran is meeting its terms of the nuclear agreement. However, officials say Trump plans to impose more sanctions on Tehran for “malign activities.”

July 16 | Iran sentences a Chinese-American student accused of espionage to 10 years in prison. The Princeton graduate student was reportedly detained in 2016. The detension comes at a sensitive time in U.S.-Iranian relations.

July 13 | The Trump administration weighs plans to recertify Iran’s compliance with the nuclear deal. The recertification follows a heated internal debate between those who want to crack down on Iran now and Cabinet officials who are “managing other constituencies” such as European allies.

June 29 | U.S. Ambassador Nikki Haley criticizes Iran for its “destructive and destabilizing” actions while the E.U. and U.N. praise Tehran for implementing the nuclear deal.

May 20 | Iranian President Hassan Rouhani, one of the original architects of the nuclear deal, is re-elected. He has vowed to continue talks with the West regarding the agreement.

May 5 | All of Iran’s presidential candidates commit to upholding a nuclear deal with world powers.

April 19 | Secretary of State Rex Tillerson says the deal has failed to quash Iran’s ability and determination to develop atomic weapons.

April 18 | The State Department officially notified Congress that Iran has met all its commitments under the agreement, a certification required every 90 days. This is the first time the Trump administration has done so.

February 3 | The Trump administration sanctions Iran in response to its ballistic missile test. They apply to 25 people and entities.

February 2 | Trump sends a series of tweets saying Tehran should be thankful for a “terrible” nuclear deal.

February 1 | The Trump administration announces that it has put Iran “on notice” after its ballistic-missile launch. It marks the first public comments from the new administration concerning Iran. Officials say the statements are separate from the nuclear agreement.

November 17, 2016 | Mike Pompeo, who would become the CIA director, tweets: “I look forward to rolling back this disastrous deal with the world’s largest state sponsor of terrorism.”

See earlier events

Paris agreement Trump’s policy

“I was elected to represent the citizens of Pittsburgh, not Paris.”

— President Trump, June 1, 2017

Trump signaled a major break from the international push to reverse the effects of climate change on June 1, when he announced the United States’ withdrawal from the Paris climate agreement. The initial commitment was made by the Obama administration: a pledge to reduce 26 to 28 percent in greenhouse gas emissions by 2025. The United States will need to wait until 2020 to officially withdraw from the non-binding deal. Domestically, the administration is also attempting to roll back Obama’s Clean Power Plan to reduce carbon emissions from power plants.

recent events

June 29 | German Chancellor Angela Merkel vows to defend the Paris agreement ahead of the G20 summit in Hamburg, offering a rebuttal to Trump’s decision to pull out. “Whoever believes that the world’s problems can be solved by isolationism and protectionism is making an enormous error,” she said.

June 5 | The top diplomat at the U.S. embassy in Beijing resigns because of Trump’s decision to withdraw from the Paris climate accord.

June 1 | Trump announces his intent to withdraw from the Paris climate agreement. The decision prompts criticism around the world.

Paris climate agreement withdrawal

May 27 | Trump continues to disagree with a majority of G7 leaders on endorsing the Paris climate agreement.

May 26 | Trump refuses to commit to the Paris agreement at the G7 meeting in Taormina, Italy.

May 26, 2016 | Speaking in North Dakota, Trump promises to “cancel” the Paris climate agreement and withdraw funding from U.N. programs related to climate change.

See earlier events

Karen DeYoung contributed to this report.

About this story

Events and key issues compiled from staff reports and reporting from other outlets.

Originally published July 12, 2017.

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