When Facebook chief executive Mark Zuckerberg testified on Capitol Hill in April, he replied to dozens of lawmakers’ questions by saying that he’d have his “team” get back to the politician with a full response. Since then, Facebook has been in conversations with the Hill. It has submitted answers to the Senate and to the House — shortly before a midnight deadline on June 29.

How has Facebook responded to those questions? And are they producing good conversations? The Washington Post tracked whether Facebook responded to those questions, and whether those who asked them are satisfied with the answers.

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Bias

How can Facebook determine that it ensures "that its users are being treated fairly and objectively by content reviewers”?

Facebook has taken many steps to address bias, including hiring Jon Kyl, former U.S. senator of Arizona, to advise on conservative bias. It has also made its guidelines public.

Asked by Rep. Cathy McMorris Rodgers (R-Wash.) Donations from Facebook: $4,500
Bias

Were those responsible for banning Diamond and Silk "held accountable in any way”?

Facebook "mishandled communication with Diamond and Silk for months" and apologized to them.

Asked by Rep. Steve Scalise (R-La.) Donations from Facebook: $19,500
Bias

Does Facebook consider itself a "neutral public forum"? If it is engaged in political speech, how does that affect its regulation under Section 230 of the Communications Decency Act?

Section 230 allows platforms to moderate content based on their own standards. Facebook does this.

Asked by Sen. Ted Cruz (R-Tex.)
Cambridge Analytica

What are the number and names of any firms to which Aleksandr Kogan sold information?

Kogan has said that he provided information to Prosociality, Well-Being Laboratory at the University of Cambridge and that his business provided some data to SCL Elections Ltd., Eunoia Technologies, and the Toronto Laboratory for Social Neuroscience at the University of Toronto. Kogan has claimed SCL was the only group that paid.

Asked by Rep. Jan Schakowsky (D-Ill.)
Cambridge Analytica

Can you say whether the people affected by the Cambridge Analytica breach were "concentrated" in specific states?

Facebook has provided a state-by-state breakdown of those affected.

Asked by Sen. Amy Klobuchar (D-Minn.) Donations from Facebook: $15,900
Cambridge Analytica

How many people were affected by the Cambridge Analytica breach, broken out by state? Specifically Nevadans?

Facebook provided a state-by-state breakdown. In Nevada, 631,032 people were affected.

Asked by Sen. Dean Heller (R-Nev.) Donations from Facebook: $14,400
Cambridge Analytica

Can you provide specifics about how Facebook employees worked with Cambridge Analytica in the run-up to the 2016 election?

Facebook worked with campaigns to optimize their use of the platform.

Asked by Sen. Maria Cantwell (D-Wash.) Donations from Facebook: $9,100
Cambridge Analytica

Does Aleksandr Kogan still have a Facebook account?

Kogan's personal accounts have been suspended.

Asked by Sen. Sheldon Whitehouse (D-R.I.) Donations from Facebook: $3,000
Cambridge Analytica

To which companies, besides Cambridge Analytica, did Kogan sell data?

SCL, Eunoia Technologies, a researcher at the Toronto Laboratory for Social Neuroscience at the University of Toronto.

Asked by Sen. Tammy Baldwin (D-Wis.) Donations from Facebook: $3,535
Data Collection

How many data points “Facebook has on the average non-Facebook user"?

Facebook does not create profiles of non-users or personalize their ads. However, it does receive some information to prevent fraud, such as data that identifies devices.

Asked by Rep. Ben Ray Luján (D-N.M.) Donations from Facebook: $6,000
Data Collection

How many Facebook “Like” buttons are there on non-Facebook Web pages?

The Like button appeared on 8.4 million websites covering 2.6 billion Web pages.

Asked by Rep. Debbie Dingell (D-Mich.) Donations from Facebook: $1,000
Data Collection

How many Facebook “Share” buttons are there on non-Facebook Web pages?

The Share button was on 931,000 websites covering 275 million Web pages.

Asked by Rep. Debbie Dingell (D-Mich.) Donations from Facebook: $1,000
Data Collection

How many chunks of Facebook pixel code are there on non-Facebook Web pages?

There were 2.2 million Facebook pixels installed on websites.

Asked by Rep. Debbie Dingell (D-Mich.) Donations from Facebook: $1,000
Data Collection

Would Facebook support default settings that limit data collection?

Facebook employees "regularly review and update" settings, and the company has in the past changed settings on posts to be for "friends" by default rather than make them public.

Asked by Rep. Frank Pallone Jr. (D-N.J.) Donations from Facebook: $6,000
Data Collection

Does Facebook believe that “consumers should be able to correct or delete inaccurate personal data that companies have obtained"?

Facebook is building a tool called "Clear History" that will allow users to see data used by websites and apps and delete it from their accounts.

Asked by Rep. Peter Welch (D-Vt.) Donations from Facebook: $8,500
Data Collection

How does Facebook work with the intelligence community to identify concerns, specifically “allowing those who seek to harm our nation's access to information such as the geographical location of members of our Armed Services”?

Facebook has a threat intelligence team dedicated to this problem, and has worked with military officials, service members and their families on best practices.

Asked by Rep. Richard Hudson (R-N.C.) Donations from Facebook: $4,000
Data Collection

Is “data that is mined for security purposes also used to sell as part of the business model”?

Facebook does not create profiles of non-users or personalize their ads. However, it does receive some information to prevent fraud, such as data that identifies devices.

Asked by Rep. Steve Scalise (R-La.) Donations from Facebook: $19,500
Data Collection

Will you provide examples of apps Facebook has banned?

Around 200 apps from developers including Kogan, AIQ have been suspended.

Asked by Sen. Charles E. Grassley (R-Iowa) Donations from Facebook: $5,000
Data Collection

Will you provide any results of past audits on apps to ensure the data were properly deleted?

Since 2006, Facebook has sent over 1,150 cease and desist letters to over 1,600 targets.

Asked by Sen. Charles E. Grassley (R-Iowa) Donations from Facebook: $5,000
Data Collection

How long does deleted data sit in backup copies?

In some cases, information can be preserved for an "extended period" if it is part of an investigation. Data from suspended accounts are kept for at least a year.

Asked by Sen. Cory Gardner (R-Colo.) Donations from Facebook: $11,900
Data Collection

How long is data retained after an account is deleted?

In some cases, information can be preserved for an "extended period" if it is part of an investigation. Data from suspended accounts are kept for at least a year.

Asked by Sen. Dean Heller (R-Nev.) Donations from Facebook: $14,400
Data Collection

Does Facebook collect data that's not "necessarily linked" to Facebook, but gleaned from devices used to access Facebook?

Facebook, like many companies, collects data on people who visit sites with their trackers.

Asked by Sen. Roy Blunt (R-Mo.) Donations from Facebook: $14,100
Diversity

How can Facebook foster a meeting of tech executives to “develop a strategy to increase racial diversity in the technology industry"?

Facebook listed many of its internal diversity efforts, and said, "We’re committed to building a more diverse, inclusive Facebook. Much like our approach to launching new products on our platform, we are willing to experiment and listen to feedback."

Asked by Rep. G.K. Butterfield (D-N.C.) Donations from Facebook: $5,500
Diversity

Will you allow civil rights organizations to audit Facebook's platform to make sure it's not discriminating against minorities and poor people?

Relman, Dane and Colfax will conduct a comprehensive civil rights assessment of Facebook's services and internal operations.

Asked by Sen. Cory Booker (D-N.J.) Donations from Facebook: $44,205
Misinformation

Can Facebook provide information on plans to deploy “new A.I. tools that can proactively catch fake accounts that Russia or others might create to spread misinformation”?

Facebook does not "share detailed descriptions of how our tools work" for security reasons, but removes accounts that violate its policies.

Asked by Rep. Eliot L. Engel (D-N.Y.)
Misinformation

What is Facebook’s role in addressing societal issues raised by information manipulation that “changes to individual privacy don't seem to be sufficient to address"?

Facebook currently has "various efforts towards this goal" including its tools and programs to combat abuse, identify and remove fake accounts and improve security.

Asked by Rep. Joe Kennedy (D-Mass.) Donations from Facebook: $4,000
Misinformation

How many automated bots that spread misinformation are there – apart from those created by the Russian-backed Internet Research Agency? Will you provide more specifics on the "tens of thousands of fake accounts" that you have dealt with?

At least 270 accounts have been removed.

Asked by Sen. Dianne Feinstein (D-Calif.) Donations from Facebook: $11,435
Misinformation

Is Facebook developing principles that are going to guide development of AI? What are those details and how will they help with this issue of misinformation?

Facebook believes AI's technical and ethical development go hand-in-hand. Four pillars of focus include "safety, fairness, transparency and accountability."

Asked by Sen. Gary Peters (D-Mich.) Donations from Facebook: $5,000
Political Ads

Can you provide details on why Facebook rejected an advertisement from a Michigan state senate candidate?

Facebook acknowledges "that an ad announcing the candidacy of Aric Nesbitt in Michigan was improperly rejected." The rejection was caused by an "automated systems error" and the system has since been turned off.

Asked by Rep. Fred Upton (R-Mich.) Donations from Facebook: $14,000
Political Ads

How can Facebook be confident that it has excluded entities outside of the United States from posting political ads?

People will need to provide a U.S. driver’s license or passport, last four digits of their Social Security number and a residential mailing address.

Asked by Sen. Tammy Baldwin (D-Wis.) Donations from Facebook: $3,535
Privacy

Would Mark Zuckerberg be open to change Facebook's "business model in the interest of protecting individual privacy” — and what that means?

Facebook's business is to sell advertising space, and is "building new experiences to help people understand how we collect and use data.'

Asked by Rep. Anna G. Eshoo (D-Calif.) Donations from Facebook: $39,800
Privacy

How does Facebook plan to implement the portion of Europe’s GDPR privacy law that allows people to “object to the processing of their personal data for marketing purposes"?

We are providing the same tools to people in U.S. as in Europe, under the GDPR.

Asked by Rep. Gene Green, (D-Tex.) Donations from Facebook: $1,000
Privacy

Is all of a user's information included in your "download your information" tool?

Facebook has expanded its "Download Your Information" tool, and introduced a tool called "Access Your Information" that gives more visibility into ad-related data.

Asked by Rep. Jerry McNerney (D-Calif.) Donations from Facebook: $3,000
Privacy

Is Facebook working on proposals to “better protect consumer privacy"?

Facebook is generally not opposed to regulation but wants to ensure it is the right regulation. It "would be happy to review any proposed legislation and provide comments."

Asked by Rep. Raul Ruiz (D-Calif.) Donations from Facebook: $3,750
Privacy

Can you provide more details on a bounty program as it relates to data misuse, not just unauthorized access to data?

The bounty program looks for first-hand reports where data has been "sold, stolen, or used for scams or political influence."

Asked by Sen. Jerry Moran (R-Kan.) Donations from Facebook: $7,500
Privacy

Can Facebook users aged 13-17 opt-in to Facebook's call and text tracking?

We do allow 13-17 year olds to opt in, though they have additional protections.

Asked by Sen. Roger Wicker (R-Miss.) Donations from Facebook: $10,000
Privacy

Can Facebook track users when they're logged-off? How does Facebook disclose that tracking?

Facebook, like many companies, collects data on people who visit sites with their trackers. It does not sell or share that information with third parties.

Asked by Sen. Roger Wicker (R-Miss.) Donations from Facebook: $10,000
Regulation

Would you support a rule that would require you to notify your users of a breach within 72 hours?

Facebook is "generally open to the idea of breach notification requirements," but it is a complex issue.

Asked by Sen. Amy Klobuchar (D-Minn.) Donations from Facebook: $15,900
Regulation

Will you submit proposed regulations for Facebook?

Facebook would be happy to review any proposed legislation and provide comments.

Asked by Sen. Lindsey O. Graham (R-S.C.) Donations from Facebook: $3,500
Regulation

What are "other specific requests that you agree to support as part of legislation," specifically regarding privacy?

Facebook would be happy to review any proposed legislation and provide comments.

Asked by Sen. Richard Blumenthal (D-Conn.) Donations from Facebook: $13,200
Regulation

Would Facebook share insight on a proposal to "create a stronger privacy right for the individual online through a law" or require a stronger "affirmative opt-in" to be a Facebook user?

Facebook would be pleased to discuss any specific proposals with staff.

Asked by Sen. Todd C. Young (R-Ind.) Donations from Facebook: $2,500
Russia

Has Facebook cooperated with valid law enforcement requests in Russia?

Facebook received 34 requests from the Russian government between 2013 and 2017. It did not provide data in response to those requests.

Asked by Rep. Adam Kinzinger (R-Ill.) Donations from Facebook: $8,500
Russia

Can you provide information on specific Russian-made Facebook Pages?

We would need more information in order to review the specific pages referenced at the hearing.

Asked by Sen. Patrick J. Leahy (D-Vt.) Donations from Facebook: $16,400
Other

What are Facebook’s plans to improve broadband in rural areas?

Facebook is "focused on developing next-generation technologies that can help bring the cost of connectivity down", and will brief Griffith's office.

Asked by Rep. H. Morgan Griffith (R-Va.) Donations from Facebook: $2,000
Other

Can Facebook send someone to a meeting in West Virginia to address the sale of opioids?

Yes, we will work with the administration to send a Facebook representative.

Asked by Sen. Shelley Moore Capito (R-W.V.) Donations from Facebook: $2,000
Regulation

What are Zuckerberg's and Facebook's thoughts after reviewing the BROWSER Act?

"Facebook is generally not opposed to regulation but wants to ensure it is the right regulation." Facebook will follow up with Lance's office.

Asked by Rep. Leonard Lance (R-N.J.)
Regulation

What are Zuckerberg's and Facebook's thoughts after reviewing the BROWSER Act?

"Facebook is generally not opposed to regulation but wants to ensure it is the right regulation." Facebook will follow up with Blackburn's office.

Asked by Rep. Marsha Blackburn (R-Tenn.) Donations from Facebook: $7,500
Regulation

Would you provide further suggestions for regulation of Facebook and privacy law that promises "permission has to be obtained before their information is used"?

Facebook is generally not opposed to regulation but wants to ensure it is the right regulation.

Asked by Sen. Edward J. Markey (D-Mass.)
Regulation

Would you share thoughts on details of a law for a children's privacy bill of rights?

Facebook would be happy to review any proposed legislation and provide comments.

Asked by Sen. Edward J. Markey (D-Mass.)
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Source: Answer tracking from Washington Post reporting. Donation amounts from the Center for Responsive Politics. Originally published June 26, 2018.

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