Total of all billion-dollar weather disasters

With Hurricane Katrina in 2005 and Hurricane Sandy in 2012, costs of weather disasters have skyrocketed in the past tumultuous decade. Hurricanes, the most expensive disasters, were more frequent and destructive since the turn of the millennium, adding to the spike in cost.

Hurricanes

Drought

Severe storms

Flooding

Winter storms

Wildfires

Freezing temperatures

Hover Tap for disaster-level data

Incidents

203

35

24

83

26

14

14

7

Cost

$1.2 trillion

$560.1B

$223.8B

$180.1B

$110.7B

$41.3B

$33.0B

$25.3B

Deaths

9,623

3,210

2,993

1,546

515

1,013

184

162

Hurricane Matthew

October 2016

Cost

$10.0B

Deaths

49

Sandy

October 2012

Cost

$68.3B

Deaths

159

Hurricane Isaac

August 2012

Cost

$2.9B

Deaths

9

Tropical Storm Lee

September 2011

Cost

$2.7B

Deaths

21

Hurricane Irene

August 2011

Cost

$14.4B

Deaths

45

Hurricane Ike

September 2008

Cost

$33.6B

Deaths

112

Hurricane Gustav

September 2008

Cost

$6.7B

Deaths

53

Hurricane Dolly

July 2008

Cost

$1.5B

Deaths

3

Hurricane Wilma

October 2005

Cost

$23.4B

Deaths

35

Hurricane Rita

September 2005

Cost

$22.8B

Deaths

119

Hurricane Katrina

August 2005

Cost

$153.8B

Deaths

1,833

Hurricane Dennis

July 2005

Cost

$3.1B

Deaths

15

Hurricane Jeanne

September 2004

Cost

$9.6B

Deaths

28

Hurricane Ivan

September 2004

Cost

$26.2B

Deaths

57

Hurricane Frances

September 2004

Cost

$12.5B

Deaths

48

Hurricane Charley

August 2004

Cost

$21.1B

Deaths

35

Hurricane Isabel

September 2003

Cost

$7.2B

Deaths

55

Hurricane Lili

October 2002

Cost

$1.5B

Deaths

2

Tropical Storm Allison

June 2001

Cost

$11.6B

Deaths

43

Hurricane Floyd

September 1999

Cost

$9.4B

Deaths

77

Hurricane Georges

September 1998

Cost

$8.9B

Deaths

16

Hurricane Bonnie

August 1998

Cost

$1.5B

Deaths

3

Hurricane Fran

September 1996

Cost

$7.7B

Deaths

37

Hurricane Opal

October 1995

Cost

$5.5B

Deaths

27

Hurricane Marilyn

September 1995

Cost

$3.3B

Deaths

13

Tropical Storm Alberto

July 1994

Cost

$1.6B

Deaths

32

Hurricane Iniki

September 1992

Cost

$5.3B

Deaths

7

Hurricane Andrew

August 1992

Cost

$46.4B

Deaths

61

Hurricane Bob

August 1991

Cost

$2.7B

Deaths

18

Hurricane Hugo

September 1989

Cost

$17.5B

Deaths

86

Hurricane Juan

October 1985

Cost

$3.4B

Deaths

63

Hurricane Gloria

September 1985

Cost

$2.0B

Deaths

11

Hurricane Elena

September 1985

Cost

$2.9B

Deaths

4

Hurricane Alicia

August 1983

Cost

$7.3B

Deaths

21

Hurricane Allen

August 1980

Cost

$1.8B

Deaths

13

Hurricanes

The most expensive and deadly type of climate disaster, tropical storms occur mostly in the Eastern Shore and states along the Gulf. Katrina initially made landfall in Florida as a Category 1 hurricane in 2005, evolving to a Category 3 as it moved through the Gulf Coast and caused devastating effects in New Orleans. In 2012, Hurricane Sandy rocked New York City and much of the Northeast as it merged with a developing Nor'easter, causing major network breakdowns and the New York Stock Exchange to close for two business days.

States affected

Incidents

35

Cost

$560.1 billion

Deaths

3,210

    Notable Hurricanes

  • Hurricane Matthew

    October 2016

    $10.0 billion

    49 deaths

  • Sandy

    October 2012

    $68.3 billion

    159 deaths

  • Hurricane Isaac

    August 2012

    $2.9 billion

    9 deaths

    35 Hurricanes

  • Hurricane Matthew

    October 2016

    $10.0 billion

    49 deaths

  • Sandy

    October 2012

    $68.3 billion

    159 deaths

  • Hurricane Isaac

    August 2012

    $2.9 billion

    9 deaths

  • Tropical Storm Lee

    September 2011

    $2.7 billion

    21 deaths

  • Hurricane Irene

    August 2011

    $14.4 billion

    45 deaths

  • Hurricane Ike

    September 2008

    $33.6 billion

    112 deaths

  • Hurricane Gustav

    September 2008

    $6.7 billion

    53 deaths

  • Hurricane Dolly

    July 2008

    $1.5 billion

    3 deaths

  • Hurricane Wilma

    October 2005

    $23.4 billion

    35 deaths

  • Hurricane Rita

    September 2005

    $22.8 billion

    119 deaths

  • Hurricane Katrina

    August 2005

    $153.8 billion

    1,833 deaths

  • Hurricane Dennis

    July 2005

    $3.1 billion

    15 deaths

  • Hurricane Jeanne

    September 2004

    $9.6 billion

    28 deaths

  • Hurricane Ivan

    September 2004

    $26.2 billion

    57 deaths

  • Hurricane Frances

    September 2004

    $12.5 billion

    48 deaths

  • Hurricane Charley

    August 2004

    $21.1 billion

    35 deaths

  • Hurricane Isabel

    September 2003

    $7.2 billion

    55 deaths

  • Hurricane Lili

    October 2002

    $1.5 billion

    2 deaths

  • Tropical Storm Allison

    June 2001

    $11.6 billion

    43 deaths

  • Hurricane Floyd

    September 1999

    $9.4 billion

    77 deaths

  • Hurricane Georges

    September 1998

    $8.9 billion

    16 deaths

  • Hurricane Bonnie

    August 1998

    $1.5 billion

    3 deaths

  • Hurricane Fran

    September 1996

    $7.7 billion

    37 deaths

  • Hurricane Opal

    October 1995

    $5.5 billion

    27 deaths

  • Hurricane Marilyn

    September 1995

    $3.3 billion

    13 deaths

  • Tropical Storm Alberto

    July 1994

    $1.6 billion

    32 deaths

  • Hurricane Iniki

    September 1992

    $5.3 billion

    7 deaths

  • Hurricane Andrew

    August 1992

    $46.4 billion

    61 deaths

  • Hurricane Bob

    August 1991

    $2.7 billion

    18 deaths

  • Hurricane Hugo

    September 1989

    $17.5 billion

    86 deaths

  • Hurricane Juan

    October 1985

    $3.4 billion

    63 deaths

  • Hurricane Gloria

    September 1985

    $2.0 billion

    11 deaths

  • Hurricane Elena

    September 1985

    $2.9 billion

    4 deaths

  • Hurricane Alicia

    August 1983

    $7.3 billion

    21 deaths

  • Hurricane Allen

    August 1980

    $1.8 billion

    13 deaths

West/ Northeast/ Southeast Drought

2016

Cost

$3.5B

Deaths

None

Western Drought

2015

Cost

$4.6B

Deaths

None

Western Drought

2014

Cost

$4.1B

Deaths

None

Western/ Plains Drought/ Heatwave

Spring to Fall 2013

Cost

$10.7B

Deaths

53

U.S. Drought/ Heatwave

2012

Cost

$31.5B

Deaths

123

Southern Plains/ Southwest Drought & Heat Wave

Spring to Summer 2011

Cost

$12.8B

Deaths

95

Southwest/ Great Plains Drought

2009

Cost

$3.9B

Deaths

None

U.S. Drought

2008

Cost

$7.8B

Deaths

None

Western/ Eastern Drought/ Heatwave

Summer to Fall 2007

Cost

$4.1B

Deaths

15

Midwest/ Plains/ Southeast Drought

Spring to Summer 2006

Cost

$7.1B

Deaths

None

Midwest Drought

Spring to Summer 2005

Cost

$1.8B

Deaths

None

Western/Central Drought/Heatwave

Spring to Fall 2003

Cost

$6.6B

Deaths

35

U.S. Drought

Spring to Fall 2002

Cost

$12.1B

Deaths

None

Western/ Central/ Southeast Drought/ Heatwave

Spring to Fall 2000

Cost

$7.0B

Deaths

140

Eastern Drought/ Heatwave

Summer 1999

Cost

$3.6B

Deaths

502

Southern Drought/ Heat Wave

Summer 1998

Cost

$5.2B

Deaths

200

Southern Plains Drought

Spring to Summer 1996

Cost

$2.8B

Deaths

None

Southeast Drought/ Heat Wave

Summer 1993

Cost

$2.2B

Deaths

16

U.S. Drought

Spring to Summer 1991

Cost

$5.3B

Deaths

None

Northern Plains Drought

Summer to Fall 1989

Cost

$5.8B

Deaths

None

U.S. Drought/Heatwave

Summer 1988

Cost

$40.8B

Deaths

454

Southeast Drought/Heatwave

Summer 1986

Cost

$4.0B

Deaths

100

Southeast Drought

Summer 1983

Cost

$7.3B

Deaths

None

Central/Eastern Drought/Heatwave

Summer to Fall 1980

Cost

$29.2B

Deaths

1,260

Drought

Droughts and heatwaves usually impact large swaths of the nation. In 1988, a drought caused widespread losses to agriculture; more recently, the drought in 2012 was the most extensive in the States since the 1930s. Although direct deaths top 100, indirect deaths because of heat stress is still unknown.

States affected

Incidents

24

Cost

$223.8 billion

Deaths

2,993

    Notable Drought

  • West/ Northeast/ Southeast Drought

    2016

    $3.5 billion

    No deaths

  • Western Drought

    2015

    $4.6 billion

    No deaths

  • Western Drought

    2014

    $4.1 billion

    No deaths

    24 Drought

  • West/ Northeast/ Southeast Drought

    2016

    $3.5 billion

    No deaths

  • Western Drought

    2015

    $4.6 billion

    No deaths

  • Western Drought

    2014

    $4.1 billion

    No deaths

  • Western/ Plains Drought/ Heatwave

    Spring to Fall 2013

    $10.7 billion

    53 deaths

  • U.S. Drought/ Heatwave

    2012

    $31.5 billion

    123 deaths

  • Southern Plains/ Southwest Drought & Heat Wave

    Spring to Summer 2011

    $12.8 billion

    95 deaths

  • Southwest/ Great Plains Drought

    2009

    $3.9 billion

    No deaths

  • U.S. Drought

    2008

    $7.8 billion

    No deaths

  • Western/ Eastern Drought/ Heatwave

    Summer to Fall 2007

    $4.1 billion

    15 deaths

  • Midwest/ Plains/ Southeast Drought

    Spring to Summer 2006

    $7.1 billion

    No deaths

  • Midwest Drought

    Spring to Summer 2005

    $1.8 billion

    No deaths

  • Western/Central Drought/Heatwave

    Spring to Fall 2003

    $6.6 billion

    35 deaths

  • U.S. Drought

    Spring to Fall 2002

    $12.1 billion

    No deaths

  • Western/ Central/ Southeast Drought/ Heatwave

    Spring to Fall 2000

    $7.0 billion

    140 deaths

  • Eastern Drought/ Heatwave

    Summer 1999

    $3.6 billion

    502 deaths

  • Southern Drought/ Heat Wave

    Summer 1998

    $5.2 billion

    200 deaths

  • Southern Plains Drought

    Spring to Summer 1996

    $2.8 billion

    No deaths

  • Southeast Drought/ Heat Wave

    Summer 1993

    $2.2 billion

    16 deaths

  • U.S. Drought

    Spring to Summer 1991

    $5.3 billion

    No deaths

  • Northern Plains Drought

    Summer to Fall 1989

    $5.8 billion

    No deaths

  • U.S. Drought/Heatwave

    Summer 1988

    $40.8 billion

    454 deaths

  • Southeast Drought/Heatwave

    Summer 1986

    $4.0 billion

    100 deaths

  • Southeast Drought

    Summer 1983

    $7.3 billion

    No deaths

  • Central/Eastern Drought/Heatwave

    Summer to Fall 1980

    $29.2 billion

    1,260 deaths

Rockies and Northeast Severe Weather

July 2016

Cost

$1.5B

Deaths

None

Rockies/ Central Tornadoes and Severe Weather

May 2016

Cost

$1.1B

Deaths

None

Plains Tornadoes and Central Severe Weather

May 2016

Cost

$1.7B

Deaths

2

South/ Southeast Tornadoes

April 2016

Cost

$2.4B

Deaths

6

North/ Central Texas Hail Storm

April 2016

Cost

$3.5B

Deaths

None

North Texas Hail Storm

March 2016

Cost

$2.1B

Deaths

None

Southern Severe Weather

March 2016

Cost

$1.2B

Deaths

1

Southeast and Eastern Tornadoes

February 2016

Cost

$1.0B

Deaths

10

Texas Tornadoes and Midwest Flooding

December 2015

Cost

$2.0B

Deaths

50

Central and Northeast Severe Weather

June 2015

Cost

$1.2B

Deaths

1

Southern Plains Tornadoes

May 2015

Cost

$1.3B

Deaths

4

South/ Southeast Severe Weather

April 2015

Cost

$1.3B

Deaths

None

Midwest/ Ohio Valley Severe Weather

April 2015

Cost

$1.6B

Deaths

2

Rockies/ Plains Severe Weather

September 2014

Cost

$1.4B

Deaths

None

Rockies/ Central Plains Severe Weather

June 2014

Cost

$1.8B

Deaths

2

Rockies/ Midwest/ Eastern Severe Weather

May 2014

Cost

$3.8B

Deaths

None

Midwest/ Southeast/ Northeast Tornadoes and Flooding

April 2014

Cost

$1.6B

Deaths

33

Plains Severe Weather

April 2014

Cost

$1.4B

Deaths

None

Ohio Valley Tornadoes

November 17, 2013

Cost

$1.1B

Deaths

8

Midwest Severe Weather

August 6 to 7, 2013

Cost

$1.0B

Deaths

None

Midwest/ Plains/ Northeast Tornadoes

May 27 to 31, 2013

Cost

$1.9B

Deaths

10

Midwest/ Plains/ East Tornadoes

May 18 to 22, 2013

Cost

$2.5B

Deaths

27

Midwest/ Plains Severe Weather

April 7 to 11, 2013

Cost

$1.4B

Deaths

1

Southeast Severe Weather

March 18, 2013

Cost

$2.1B

Deaths

1

Plains/ East/ Northeast Severe Weather

June 29 to July 2, 2012

Cost

$3.0B

Deaths

28

Rockies/ Southwest Severe Weather

June 6 to 12, 2012

Cost

$2.7B

Deaths

None

Southern Plains/ Midwest/ Northeast Severe Weather

May 25 to 30, 2012

Cost

$2.4B

Deaths

1

Midwest/ Ohio Valley Severe Weather

April 28 to May 1, 2012

Cost

$3.5B

Deaths

1

Midwest Tornadoes

April 13 to 14, 2012

Cost

$1.2B

Deaths

6

Texas Tornadoes

April 2 to 3, 2012

Cost

$1.1B

Deaths

None

Southeast/ Ohio Valley Tornadoes

March 2 to 3, 2012

Cost

$3.3B

Deaths

42

Midwest/Southeast Severe Weather

August 2011

Cost

$1.2B

Deaths

None

Rockies and Midwest Severe Weather

July 10 to 14, 2011

Cost

$1.1B

Deaths

2

Midwest/ Southeast Tornadoes and Severe Weather

June 18 to 22, 2011

Cost

$1.4B

Deaths

3

Midwest/ Southeast Tornadoes

May 22 to 27, 2011

Cost

$9.7B

Deaths

177

Southeast/ Ohio Valley/ Midwest Tornadoes

April 25 to 28, 2011

Cost

$10.9B

Deaths

321

Ohio Valley/South Tornadoes

April 2011

Cost

$1.1B

Deaths

None

Midwest/ Southeast Tornadoes

April 14 to 16, 2011

Cost

$2.2B

Deaths

38

Southeast/ Midwest Tornadoes

April 8 to 11, 2011

Cost

$2.4B

Deaths

None

Midwest/ Southeast Tornadoes

April 4 to 5, 2011

Cost

$3.0B

Deaths

9

Arizona Severe Weather

October 2010

Cost

$4.2B

Deaths

None

Midwest/ Northeast Severe Storms and Flooding

July 2010

Cost

$1.0B

Deaths

None

Oklahoma, Kansas, and Texas Tornadoes and Severe Weather

May 2010

Cost

$3.6B

Deaths

3

Colorado Hail Storm

July 2009

Cost

$1.1B

Deaths

None

Midwest, South and East Severe Weather

June 2009

Cost

$1.5B

Deaths

None

South/ Southeast Severe Weather & Tornadoes

April 2009

Cost

$1.6B

Deaths

6

Midwest/ Southeast Tornadoes

March 2009

Cost

$1.8B

Deaths

None

Southeast/ Ohio Valley Severe Weather

February 2009

Cost

$1.9B

Deaths

10

Midwest/ Mid-Atlantic Severe Weather

June 2008

Cost

$1.6B

Deaths

18

Midwest Tornadoes and Severe Weather

May 2008

Cost

$3.4B

Deaths

13

Southern Severe Weather

April 2008

Cost

$1.1B

Deaths

2

Southeast Tornadoes

March 2008

Cost

$1.2B

Deaths

5

Southeast Tornadoes and Severe Weather

February 2008

Cost

$1.3B

Deaths

57

East/ South Severe Weather and Flooding

April 2007

Cost

$2.9B

Deaths

9

Midwest Tornadoes

April 2006

Cost

$2.9B

Deaths

27

Midwest/ Southeast Tornadoes

April 6 to 8, 2006

Cost

$1.9B

Deaths

10

Severe Storms and Tornadoes

March 2006

Cost

$1.5B

Deaths

10

Severe Storms, Hail, Tornadoes

May 2004

Cost

$1.3B

Deaths

4

Severe Weather

July 2003

Cost

$1.3B

Deaths

7

Midwest/Plains Severe Weather

July 2003

Cost

$1.1B

Deaths

7

Severe Storms/ Tornadoes

May 2003

Cost

$5.4B

Deaths

51

Severe Storms/ Hail

April 2003

Cost

$2.6B

Deaths

3

Severe Storms and Tornadoes

April 2002

Cost

$2.8B

Deaths

7

Midwest/Ohio Valley Hail and Tornadoes

April 2001

Cost

$4.2B

Deaths

3

Oklahoma and Kansas Tornadoes

May 1999

Cost

$2.9B

Deaths

55

Severe Storms, Tornadoes

June 1998

Cost

$1.6B

Deaths

20

Minnesota Severe Storms/Hail

May 1998

Cost

$2.4B

Deaths

1

Western/ Eastern Severe Weather and Flooding

Winter to Spring 1998

Cost

$1.5B

Deaths

132

Mississippi and Ohio Valley Severe Weather and Flooding

March 1997

Cost

$1.5B

Deaths

67

South Plains Severe Weather

May 1995

Cost

$8.7B

Deaths

32

Midwest/Plains Tornadoes

April 1994

Cost

$1.6B

Deaths

3

Severe Storms, Hail

June 1992

Cost

$1.2B

Deaths

None

Hail, Tornadoes

April 1992

Cost

$1.6B

Deaths

None

Severe Storms

March 1992

Cost

$1.3B

Deaths

None

Severe Storms, Tornadoes

March 1991

Cost

$1.1B

Deaths

None

Colorado Hail Storm

July 1990

Cost

$1.4B

Deaths

None

Severe Storms

May 1989

Cost

$1.1B

Deaths

21

Western Severe Storms and Flooding

February 1986

Cost

$1.1B

Deaths

13

Severe Storms and Hail

June 1984

Cost

$1.2B

Deaths

1

Tornadoes, Severe Storms, Floods

Spring 1984

Cost

$1.1B

Deaths

80

Severe storms

June 1982

Cost

$1.2B

Deaths

30

Midwest/Plains/Southeast Tornadoes

April 1982

Cost

$1.2B

Deaths

33

Severe Storms, Flash Floods, Hail, Tornadoes

May 1981

Cost

$1.1B

Deaths

20

Severe storms

The instance of costly storms has increased in recent years. Of the 70 severe storms that have cost more than $1 billion since 1980, 44 have occurred since 2005. Tornadoes in the Midwest in 2011 cost $11 billion, the most expensive event since 1980.

States affected

Incidents

83

Cost

$180.1 billion

Deaths

1,546

    Notable Severe storms

  • Rockies and Northeast Severe Weather

    July 2016

    $1.5 billion

    No deaths

  • Rockies/ Central Tornadoes and Severe Weather

    May 2016

    $1.1 billion

    No deaths

  • Plains Tornadoes and Central Severe Weather

    May 2016

    $1.7 billion

    2 deaths

    83 Severe storms

  • Rockies and Northeast Severe Weather

    July 2016

    $1.5 billion

    No deaths

  • Rockies/ Central Tornadoes and Severe Weather

    May 2016

    $1.1 billion

    No deaths

  • Plains Tornadoes and Central Severe Weather

    May 2016

    $1.7 billion

    2 deaths

  • South/ Southeast Tornadoes

    April 2016

    $2.4 billion

    6 deaths

  • North/ Central Texas Hail Storm

    April 2016

    $3.5 billion

    No deaths

  • North Texas Hail Storm

    March 2016

    $2.1 billion

    No deaths

  • Southern Severe Weather

    March 2016

    $1.2 billion

    1 death

  • Southeast and Eastern Tornadoes

    February 2016

    $1.0 billion

    10 deaths

  • Texas Tornadoes and Midwest Flooding

    December 2015

    $2.0 billion

    50 deaths

  • Central and Northeast Severe Weather

    June 2015

    $1.2 billion

    1 death

  • Southern Plains Tornadoes

    May 2015

    $1.3 billion

    4 deaths

  • South/ Southeast Severe Weather

    April 2015

    $1.3 billion

    No deaths

  • Midwest/ Ohio Valley Severe Weather

    April 2015

    $1.6 billion

    2 deaths

  • Rockies/ Plains Severe Weather

    September 2014

    $1.4 billion

    No deaths

  • Rockies/ Central Plains Severe Weather

    June 2014

    $1.8 billion

    2 deaths

  • Rockies/ Midwest/ Eastern Severe Weather

    May 2014

    $3.8 billion

    No deaths

  • Midwest/ Southeast/ Northeast Tornadoes and Flooding

    April 2014

    $1.6 billion

    33 deaths

  • Plains Severe Weather

    April 2014

    $1.4 billion

    No deaths

  • Ohio Valley Tornadoes

    November 17, 2013

    $1.1 billion

    8 deaths

  • Midwest Severe Weather

    August 6 to 7, 2013

    $1.0 billion

    No deaths

  • Midwest/ Plains/ Northeast Tornadoes

    May 27 to 31, 2013

    $1.9 billion

    10 deaths

  • Midwest/ Plains/ East Tornadoes

    May 18 to 22, 2013

    $2.5 billion

    27 deaths

  • Midwest/ Plains Severe Weather

    April 7 to 11, 2013

    $1.4 billion

    1 death

  • Southeast Severe Weather

    March 18, 2013

    $2.1 billion

    1 death

  • Plains/ East/ Northeast Severe Weather

    June 29 to July 2, 2012

    $3.0 billion

    28 deaths

  • Rockies/ Southwest Severe Weather

    June 6 to 12, 2012

    $2.7 billion

    No deaths

  • Southern Plains/ Midwest/ Northeast Severe Weather

    May 25 to 30, 2012

    $2.4 billion

    1 death

  • Midwest/ Ohio Valley Severe Weather

    April 28 to May 1, 2012

    $3.5 billion

    1 death

  • Midwest Tornadoes

    April 13 to 14, 2012

    $1.2 billion

    6 deaths

  • Texas Tornadoes

    April 2 to 3, 2012

    $1.1 billion

    No deaths

  • Southeast/ Ohio Valley Tornadoes

    March 2 to 3, 2012

    $3.3 billion

    42 deaths

  • Midwest/Southeast Severe Weather

    August 2011

    $1.2 billion

    No deaths

  • Rockies and Midwest Severe Weather

    July 10 to 14, 2011

    $1.1 billion

    2 deaths

  • Midwest/ Southeast Tornadoes and Severe Weather

    June 18 to 22, 2011

    $1.4 billion

    3 deaths

  • Midwest/ Southeast Tornadoes

    May 22 to 27, 2011

    $9.7 billion

    177 deaths

  • Southeast/ Ohio Valley/ Midwest Tornadoes

    April 25 to 28, 2011

    $10.9 billion

    321 deaths

  • Ohio Valley/South Tornadoes

    April 2011

    $1.1 billion

    No deaths

  • Midwest/ Southeast Tornadoes

    April 14 to 16, 2011

    $2.2 billion

    38 deaths

  • Southeast/ Midwest Tornadoes

    April 8 to 11, 2011

    $2.4 billion

    No deaths

  • Midwest/ Southeast Tornadoes

    April 4 to 5, 2011

    $3.0 billion

    9 deaths

  • Arizona Severe Weather

    October 2010

    $4.2 billion

    No deaths

  • Midwest/ Northeast Severe Storms and Flooding

    July 2010

    $1.0 billion

    No deaths

  • Oklahoma, Kansas, and Texas Tornadoes and Severe Weather

    May 2010

    $3.6 billion

    3 deaths

  • Colorado Hail Storm

    July 2009

    $1.1 billion

    No deaths

  • Midwest, South and East Severe Weather

    June 2009

    $1.5 billion

    No deaths

  • South/ Southeast Severe Weather & Tornadoes

    April 2009

    $1.6 billion

    6 deaths

  • Midwest/ Southeast Tornadoes

    March 2009

    $1.8 billion

    No deaths

  • Southeast/ Ohio Valley Severe Weather

    February 2009

    $1.9 billion

    10 deaths

  • Midwest/ Mid-Atlantic Severe Weather

    June 2008

    $1.6 billion

    18 deaths

  • Midwest Tornadoes and Severe Weather

    May 2008

    $3.4 billion

    13 deaths

  • Southern Severe Weather

    April 2008

    $1.1 billion

    2 deaths

  • Southeast Tornadoes

    March 2008

    $1.2 billion

    5 deaths

  • Southeast Tornadoes and Severe Weather

    February 2008

    $1.3 billion

    57 deaths

  • East/ South Severe Weather and Flooding

    April 2007

    $2.9 billion

    9 deaths

  • Midwest Tornadoes

    April 2006

    $2.9 billion

    27 deaths

  • Midwest/ Southeast Tornadoes

    April 6 to 8, 2006

    $1.9 billion

    10 deaths

  • Severe Storms and Tornadoes

    March 2006

    $1.5 billion

    10 deaths

  • Severe Storms, Hail, Tornadoes

    May 2004

    $1.3 billion

    4 deaths

  • Severe Weather

    July 2003

    $1.3 billion

    7 deaths

  • Midwest/Plains Severe Weather

    July 2003

    $1.1 billion

    7 deaths

  • Severe Storms/ Tornadoes

    May 2003

    $5.4 billion

    51 deaths

  • Severe Storms/ Hail

    April 2003

    $2.6 billion

    3 deaths

  • Severe Storms and Tornadoes

    April 2002

    $2.8 billion

    7 deaths

  • Midwest/Ohio Valley Hail and Tornadoes

    April 2001

    $4.2 billion

    3 deaths

  • Oklahoma and Kansas Tornadoes

    May 1999

    $2.9 billion

    55 deaths

  • Severe Storms, Tornadoes

    June 1998

    $1.6 billion

    20 deaths

  • Minnesota Severe Storms/Hail

    May 1998

    $2.4 billion

    1 death

  • Western/ Eastern Severe Weather and Flooding

    Winter to Spring 1998

    $1.5 billion

    132 deaths

  • Mississippi and Ohio Valley Severe Weather and Flooding

    March 1997

    $1.5 billion

    67 deaths

  • South Plains Severe Weather

    May 1995

    $8.7 billion

    32 deaths

  • Midwest/Plains Tornadoes

    April 1994

    $1.6 billion

    3 deaths

  • Severe Storms, Hail

    June 1992

    $1.2 billion

    No deaths

  • Hail, Tornadoes

    April 1992

    $1.6 billion

    No deaths

  • Severe Storms

    March 1992

    $1.3 billion

    No deaths

  • Severe Storms, Tornadoes

    March 1991

    $1.1 billion

    No deaths

  • Colorado Hail Storm

    July 1990

    $1.4 billion

    No deaths

  • Severe Storms

    May 1989

    $1.1 billion

    21 deaths

  • Western Severe Storms and Flooding

    February 1986

    $1.1 billion

    13 deaths

  • Severe Storms and Hail

    June 1984

    $1.2 billion

    1 death

  • Tornadoes, Severe Storms, Floods

    Spring 1984

    $1.1 billion

    80 deaths

  • Severe storms

    June 1982

    $1.2 billion

    30 deaths

  • Midwest/Plains/Southeast Tornadoes

    April 1982

    $1.2 billion

    33 deaths

  • Severe Storms, Flash Floods, Hail, Tornadoes

    May 1981

    $1.1 billion

    20 deaths

Louisiana Flooding

August 2016

Cost

$10.0B

Deaths

13

West Virginia Flooding and Ohio Valley Tornadoes

June 2016

Cost

$1.0B

Deaths

23

Houston Flooding

April 2016

Cost

$2.7B

Deaths

8

Texas and Louisiana Flooding

March 2016

Cost

$2.3B

Deaths

5

South Carolina and East Coast Flooding

October 2015

Cost

$2.0B

Deaths

25

Texas and Oklahoma Flooding and Severe Weather

May 2015

Cost

$2.6B

Deaths

31

Michigan and Northeast Flooding

August 2014

Cost

$1.0B

Deaths

2

Colorado Flooding

September 10 to 16, 2013

Cost

$1.5B

Deaths

9

Illinois Flooding and Severe Weather

April 16 to 19, 2013

Cost

$1.1B

Deaths

4

Missouri River flooding

May to June 2011

Cost

$2.1B

Deaths

5

Mississippi River flooding

April to May 2011

Cost

$3.2B

Deaths

7

East/ South Flooding and Severe Weather

May 2010

Cost

$2.5B

Deaths

32

Northeast Flooding

March 2010

Cost

$1.7B

Deaths

11

Midwest Flooding

Summer 2008

Cost

$11.2B

Deaths

24

Northeast Flooding

June 2006

Cost

$1.8B

Deaths

20

Texas Flooding

October 1998

Cost

$1.4B

Deaths

31

Northern Plains Flooding

Spring 1997

Cost

$5.6B

Deaths

11

West Coast Flooding

December 1996 to January 1997

Cost

$4.5B

Deaths

36

Pacific Northwest Severe Flooding

February 1996

Cost

$1.5B

Deaths

9

California Flooding

January to March 1995

Cost

$4.0B

Deaths

27

Texas Flooding

October 1994

Cost

$1.6B

Deaths

19

Midwest Flooding

Summer 1993

Cost

$35.1B

Deaths

48

Southern Flooding

May 1990

Cost

$1.8B

Deaths

13

Western Storms & Flooding

December 1982 to March 1983

Cost

$3.6B

Deaths

50

Gulf States Storms and Flooding

December 1982 to January 1983

Cost

$3.6B

Deaths

45

Southern Severe storms and Flooding

April 1980

Cost

$1.3B

Deaths

7

Flooding

The most expensive flooding disasters have occurred in the Midwest. In 1993, severe flooding caused by persistent rain plagued the Midwest while much of the Southeast experienced a heatwave. Seven federal agencies were involved in the disaster relief effort.

States affected

Incidents

26

Cost

$110.7 billion

Deaths

515

    Notable Flooding

  • Louisiana Flooding

    August 2016

    $10.0 billion

    13 deaths

  • West Virginia Flooding and Ohio Valley Tornadoes

    June 2016

    $1.0 billion

    23 deaths

  • Houston Flooding

    April 2016

    $2.7 billion

    8 deaths

    26 Flooding

  • Louisiana Flooding

    August 2016

    $10.0 billion

    13 deaths

  • West Virginia Flooding and Ohio Valley Tornadoes

    June 2016

    $1.0 billion

    23 deaths

  • Houston Flooding

    April 2016

    $2.7 billion

    8 deaths

  • Texas and Louisiana Flooding

    March 2016

    $2.3 billion

    5 deaths

  • South Carolina and East Coast Flooding

    October 2015

    $2.0 billion

    25 deaths

  • Texas and Oklahoma Flooding and Severe Weather

    May 2015

    $2.6 billion

    31 deaths

  • Michigan and Northeast Flooding

    August 2014

    $1.0 billion

    2 deaths

  • Colorado Flooding

    September 10 to 16, 2013

    $1.5 billion

    9 deaths

  • Illinois Flooding and Severe Weather

    April 16 to 19, 2013

    $1.1 billion

    4 deaths

  • Missouri River flooding

    May to June 2011

    $2.1 billion

    5 deaths

  • Mississippi River flooding

    April to May 2011

    $3.2 billion

    7 deaths

  • East/ South Flooding and Severe Weather

    May 2010

    $2.5 billion

    32 deaths

  • Northeast Flooding

    March 2010

    $1.7 billion

    11 deaths

  • Midwest Flooding

    Summer 2008

    $11.2 billion

    24 deaths

  • Northeast Flooding

    June 2006

    $1.8 billion

    20 deaths

  • Texas Flooding

    October 1998

    $1.4 billion

    31 deaths

  • Northern Plains Flooding

    Spring 1997

    $5.6 billion

    11 deaths

  • West Coast Flooding

    December 1996 to January 1997

    $4.5 billion

    36 deaths

  • Pacific Northwest Severe Flooding

    February 1996

    $1.5 billion

    9 deaths

  • California Flooding

    January to March 1995

    $4.0 billion

    27 deaths

  • Texas Flooding

    October 1994

    $1.6 billion

    19 deaths

  • Midwest Flooding

    Summer 1993

    $35.1 billion

    48 deaths

  • Southern Flooding

    May 1990

    $1.8 billion

    13 deaths

  • Western Storms & Flooding

    December 1982 to March 1983

    $3.6 billion

    50 deaths

  • Gulf States Storms and Flooding

    December 1982 to January 1983

    $3.6 billion

    45 deaths

  • Southern Severe storms and Flooding

    April 1980

    $1.3 billion

    7 deaths

Central and Eastern Winter storm, Cold Wave

February 2015

Cost

$3.1B

Deaths

30

Midwest/ Southeast/ Northeast Winter Storm

January 2014

Cost

$2.2B

Deaths

16

Groundhog Day Blizzard

February 1 to 3, 2011

Cost

$1.9B

Deaths

36

Central and Eastern Winter Storm

mid-January 1999

Cost

$1.2B

Deaths

None

Central and Eastern Winter Storm

January 1999

Cost

$1.4B

Deaths

25

Northeast Ice Storm

January 1998

Cost

$2.1B

Deaths

16

Blizzard/ Floods

January 1996

Cost

$4.6B

Deaths

187

Southeast Ice Storm

February 1994

Cost

$4.9B

Deaths

9

Winter Storm, Cold Wave

January 1994

Cost

$1.6B

Deaths

70

East Coast Blizzard and Severe Weather

March 1993

Cost

$9.2B

Deaths

270

Northeast Winter Storm

December 1992

Cost

$4.3B

Deaths

19

Winter Storm, Cold Wave

December 1989

Cost

$1.4B

Deaths

100

Winter Storm, Cold Wave

January 1985

Cost

$1.8B

Deaths

150

Midwest/Southeast/Northeast Winter Storm, Cold Wave

January 1982

Cost

$1.6B

Deaths

85

Winter storms

There were eight winter storms in the 1990s that cost more than $1 billion. Mostly affecting the Northeast, the most expensive storm hit Florida in March 1993 with tornadoes, winds and heavy snow.

States affected

Incidents

14

Cost

$41.3 billion

Deaths

1,013

    Notable Winter storms

  • Central and Eastern Winter storm, Cold Wave

    February 2015

    $3.1 billion

    30 deaths

  • Midwest/ Southeast/ Northeast Winter Storm

    January 2014

    $2.2 billion

    16 deaths

  • Groundhog Day Blizzard

    February 1 to 3, 2011

    $1.9 billion

    36 deaths

    14 Winter storms

  • Central and Eastern Winter storm, Cold Wave

    February 2015

    $3.1 billion

    30 deaths

  • Midwest/ Southeast/ Northeast Winter Storm

    January 2014

    $2.2 billion

    16 deaths

  • Groundhog Day Blizzard

    February 1 to 3, 2011

    $1.9 billion

    36 deaths

  • Central and Eastern Winter Storm

    mid-January 1999

    $1.2 billion

    No deaths

  • Central and Eastern Winter Storm

    January 1999

    $1.4 billion

    25 deaths

  • Northeast Ice Storm

    January 1998

    $2.1 billion

    16 deaths

  • Blizzard/ Floods

    January 1996

    $4.6 billion

    187 deaths

  • Southeast Ice Storm

    February 1994

    $4.9 billion

    9 deaths

  • Winter Storm, Cold Wave

    January 1994

    $1.6 billion

    70 deaths

  • East Coast Blizzard and Severe Weather

    March 1993

    $9.2 billion

    270 deaths

  • Northeast Winter Storm

    December 1992

    $4.3 billion

    19 deaths

  • Winter Storm, Cold Wave

    December 1989

    $1.4 billion

    100 deaths

  • Winter Storm, Cold Wave

    January 1985

    $1.8 billion

    150 deaths

  • Midwest/Southeast/Northeast Winter Storm, Cold Wave

    January 1982

    $1.6 billion

    85 deaths

Western/ Southeast Wildfires

Summer to Fall 2016

Cost

$2.0B

Deaths

21

Western and Alaskan Wildfires

Summer to Fall 2015

Cost

$3.1B

Deaths

12

Western Wildfires

Summer to Fall 2012

Cost

$1.8B

Deaths

8

Texas, New Mexico, Arizona Wildfires

Summer to Fall 2011

Cost

$1.5B

Deaths

5

Western Wildfires

Summer to Fall 2009

Cost

$1.1B

Deaths

10

U.S. Wildfires

Fall 2008

Cost

$1.3B

Deaths

16

Western Wildfires

Summer 2007

Cost

$3.1B

Deaths

12

Numerous Wildfires

2006

Cost

$1.8B

Deaths

28

California Wildfires

Fall 2003

Cost

$5.1B

Deaths

22

Western Fire Season

Fall 2002

Cost

$1.5B

Deaths

21

Western Fire Season

Spring to Summer 2000

Cost

$1.5B

Deaths

None

Western Fire Season

Summer to Fall 1994

Cost

$1.1B

Deaths

None

California Wildfires

Fall 1993

Cost

$2.3B

Deaths

4

Oakland Firestorm

October 1991

Cost

$5.8B

Deaths

25

Wildfires

Most wildfires occur in California and the western states. The firestorm in Oakland, Calif., occurred because low humidity and high winds, resulting in a cost of $6 billion, the most expensive wildfire since 1980.

States affected

Incidents

14

Cost

$33.0 billion

Deaths

184

    Notable Wildfires

  • Western/ Southeast Wildfires

    Summer to Fall 2016

    $2.0 billion

    21 deaths

  • Western and Alaskan Wildfires

    Summer to Fall 2015

    $3.1 billion

    12 deaths

  • Western Wildfires

    Summer to Fall 2012

    $1.8 billion

    8 deaths

    14 Wildfires

  • Western/ Southeast Wildfires

    Summer to Fall 2016

    $2.0 billion

    21 deaths

  • Western and Alaskan Wildfires

    Summer to Fall 2015

    $3.1 billion

    12 deaths

  • Western Wildfires

    Summer to Fall 2012

    $1.8 billion

    8 deaths

  • Texas, New Mexico, Arizona Wildfires

    Summer to Fall 2011

    $1.5 billion

    5 deaths

  • Western Wildfires

    Summer to Fall 2009

    $1.1 billion

    10 deaths

  • U.S. Wildfires

    Fall 2008

    $1.3 billion

    16 deaths

  • Western Wildfires

    Summer 2007

    $3.1 billion

    12 deaths

  • Numerous Wildfires

    2006

    $1.8 billion

    28 deaths

  • California Wildfires

    Fall 2003

    $5.1 billion

    22 deaths

  • Western Fire Season

    Fall 2002

    $1.5 billion

    21 deaths

  • Western Fire Season

    Spring to Summer 2000

    $1.5 billion

    No deaths

  • Western Fire Season

    Summer to Fall 1994

    $1.1 billion

    No deaths

  • California Wildfires

    Fall 1993

    $2.3 billion

    4 deaths

  • Oakland Firestorm

    October 1991

    $5.8 billion

    25 deaths

Spring Freeze

April 2007

Cost

$2.3B

Deaths

None

California Freeze

January 2007

Cost

$1.6B

Deaths

1

California Freeze

December 1998

Cost

$3.7B

Deaths

None

California Freeze

December 1990

Cost

$6.3B

Deaths

None

Florida Freeze

December 1989

Cost

$3.9B

Deaths

10

Florida Freeze

January 1985

Cost

$2.7B

Deaths

None

Freeze, Cold Wave

December 1983

Cost

$4.8B

Deaths

151

Freezing temperatures

Since 1980, the most expensive freezes have occurred in Florida and California. In 1990, a $6 billion freeze spread across California's Central and Southern San Joaquin valleys, causing widespread crop loss.

States affected

Incidents

7

Cost

$25.3 billion

Deaths

162

    Notable Freezing temperatures

  • Spring Freeze

    April 2007

    $2.3 billion

    No deaths

  • California Freeze

    January 2007

    $1.6 billion

    1 death

  • California Freeze

    December 1998

    $3.7 billion

    No deaths

    7 Freezing temperatures

  • Spring Freeze

    April 2007

    $2.3 billion

    No deaths

  • California Freeze

    January 2007

    $1.6 billion

    1 death

  • California Freeze

    December 1998

    $3.7 billion

    No deaths

  • California Freeze

    December 1990

    $6.3 billion

    No deaths

  • Florida Freeze

    December 1989

    $3.9 billion

    10 deaths

  • Florida Freeze

    January 1985

    $2.7 billion

    No deaths

  • Freeze, Cold Wave

    December 1983

    $4.8 billion

    151 deaths