Only 20 bills regarding body cameras were passed in 14 states and the District of Columbia.

Introduced bills

Also passed bills

The most bills were introduced in Missouri, where 18-year-old Michael Brown was killed by police. All 11 measures died. Many bills died after police chiefs and unions mounted fierce campaigns against them.

people shot and killed by police this year lived in states where bills were introduced. See the police shootings database.

Nine states passed 10 bills that restrict or prohibit public access to body camera footage.

Restricted public access to footage

Made footage exempt from public access

Privacy concerns for those captured on video were cited in many of the bills that restricted public access to videos.

South Carolina legislators, who acted to mandate and fund cameras, also exempted recordings from public access.

people shot and killed by police this year lived in these states. See the police shootings database.

Seven states mandated the use of body cameras for some officers or provided funds to buy them.

Provided funding

Required officers to wear cameras

Provided funding and required cameras

Mandates for wearing body cameras were wide-ranging. In Utah, only officers serving arrest warrants must wear them. In Nevada, the law applies only to state police. In South Carolina, a police council will decide which officers must wear them.

“It protects the officer, the citizen and it protects the truth,” said state Sen. Gerald Malloy (D), primary sponsor of the bill passed in South Carolina. “It’s hard to get a perfect bill. You have to get a bill to pass.”

people shot and killed by police this year lived in these states. See the police shootings database.

Eight states directed police organizations to write body camera rules, while five states also set some statewide rules.

Required an organization to set policy

Also set policy

Although some bills established a few statewide rules — such as mandating how long video must be stored — local police departments were largely given the power to establish their own rules.

people shot and killed by police this year lived in these states. See the police shootings database.