Obama

A virtual museum of his presidency

Through a collection of deeply reported stories, videos, photographs, documents and graphics, experience Barack Obama’s historic time in office: as the first black president, as commander in chief, as a domestic and foreign policymaker, and as a husband and father.

Continue to the gallery of stories or keep reading: The president’s difficult relationship with war and his warriors.

Swipe to enter gallery of stories

Continue to
gallery of stories

Obama’s Legacy Commander in Chief

The president’s difficult relationship with war and his warriors

One of President Obama’s earliest actions during his administration was relieving Army Gen. David McKiernan as the commander of U.S. forces from Afghanistan, the first of many changes in military leadership.
Bruce Riedel, a former adviser to President Obama, discusses Obama’s surge in Afghanistan and whether he has been successful as a wartime president. (Whitney Shefte/The Washington Post)

President Obama had been in office for only five months when he relieved Army Gen. David McKiernan as the commander of U.S. forces in Afghanistan. The new president made the move on the recommendation of Defense Secretary Robert M. Gates, who told the president that he wanted “fresh thinking” and “fresh eyes” in Afghanistan. McKiernan was the first top wartime commander to be dismissed since Harry S. Truman’s removal of Gen. Douglas MacArthur in 1951.

“We have a new strategy, a new mission and a new ambassador. I believe that new military leadership is also needed,” Gates said at a hastily convened Pentagon news conference.

Gates elevated Gen. Stanley A. McChrystal, who had played a central role in Iraq leading U.S. Special Operations troops who conducted a relentless campaign to destroy the leadership of the al-Qaeda affiliate in Iraq, as well as Iranian-backed Shiite militia forces that were attacking U.S. troops.

U.S General David Mckiernan (C), head of NATO's International Security Assistance Force (ISAF), outgoing commander Major General Jeffrey J. Schloesser (L) from U.S. 101 Task Force  and incoming Major General Curtis M.Scaparrotti  from 82nd U.S. Task Force salute during the change of command ceremony between two U.S. military contingents at Bagram air base, north of Kabul June 3, 2009. REUTERS/Omar Sobhani    (AFGHANISTAN CONFLICT MILITARY POLITICS) - RTR247YG
Gen. David McKiernan, center, with Maj. Gen. Jeffrey J. Schloesser, left, and Maj. Gen. Curtis M. Scaparrotti, salutes during the change of command ceremony between two U.S. military contingents at Bagram Air Base in Afghanistan in June 2009. (Omar Sobhani/Reuters)
FILE - This Oct. 2, 2009 file photo provided by the White House, shows President Barack Obama meeting with Gen. Stanley McChrystal, the top commander in Afghanistan, aboard Air Force One in Copenhagen, Denmark. McChrystal has been summoned to Washington to explain derogatory comments about President Obama and his colleagues, administration officials said Tuesday. (AP Photo/White House, Pete Souza, File)
President Obama meets with Gen. Stanley A. McChrystal aboard Air Force One. (Pete Souza/White House via Associated Press)

McChrystal was summoned to meet with Obama on Air Force One in Copenhagen to discuss a major change in strategy in Afghanistan. Just days earlier, McChrystal had given a speech in London suggesting that a major military buildup was needed in the country. In a public question-and-answer session after the address, he had been dismissive of a scaled-down war plan, backed by Vice President Biden, to shift the focus of the American effort from defeating the Taliban to a narrower campaign aimed at hunting down al-Qaeda.

McChrystal’s remarks had infuriated some in the White House. His 25-minute talk with Obama in October 2009 was his first in-person meeting with the president since taking command that June. A month later, Obama authorized sending more than 33,000 new forces to Afghanistan, where they would conduct the broader campaign that McChrystal advocated, but Obama insisted that they would start to come home after 18 months.

Advertisement

The long review process sowed mistrust between the White House and the president’s top commanders. Many of Obama’s top aides believed that the military had boxed Obama into the larger troop surge. In his memoir, “Duty,” Gates accused the vice president of poisoning Obama’s relationship with his generals. “I thought Biden was subjecting Obama to Chinese water torture, every day saying ‘the military can’t be trusted,’ ” he wrote.

McChrystal was fired in June 2010, one year into his command, after he and his staff were quoted in a Rolling Stone magazine profile making derisive remarks about top White House officials, including Biden.

Obama replaced McChrystal with Gen. David H. Petraeus, who had risen to fame as the top commander in Iraq when President Bush shifted strategy and put Patraeus in charge of a surge in troops into the country.

A handout picture from the Multi National Force-Iraq shows US General David Petraeus (R) talking with US Democratic presidential candidate Barack Obama (L) as they fly over Baghdad during a helicopter tour on July 21, 2008. Obama welcomed today the security gains achieved by Baghdad in battling Al-Qaeda and Shiite militias, an Iraqi government statement said. AFP PHOTO/HO/MULTI NATIONAL FORCE-IRAQ  == RESTRICTED TO EDITORIAL USE == (Photo credit should read STAFF SGT LORIE JEWELL/AFP/Getty Images)
Obama and Gen. David H. Petraeus flew over Baghdad in a helicopter tour in July 2008. (Staff Sgt. Lorie Jewell/Agence France-Presse via Getty Images)

In 2008, Obama, still a candidate, flew over Baghdad with Petraeus and discussed the U.S. war strategy there with him. In Iraq, Obama and Petraeus were never completely in sync on strategy. Petraeus wanted to employ a large-scale counterinsurgency strategy in Afghanistan that involved protecting the Afghans from the Taliban, improving governance and rebuilding the country’s economy. Obama had his doubts about the costly approach.

In his memoir, Gates recounted a tense 2011 meeting with the president in the White House Situation Room: “As I sat there, I thought: The president doesn’t trust his commander, can’t stand Karzai, doesn’t believe in his own strategy and doesn’t consider the war to be his. For him, it’s all about getting out.”

US President Barack Obama speaks as ISAF Commander General John R. Allen (R) watches during the International Security Assistance Force meeting on Afghanistan during the 2012 NATO Summit May 21, 2012 at the McCormick Place convention center in Chicago. AFP PHOTO/Mandel NGAN        (Photo credit should read MANDEL NGAN/AFP/GettyImages)
Obama and Gen. John R. Allen at the International Security Assistance Force meeting on Afghanistan during the 2012 NATO summit in Chicago. (Mandel Ngan/Agence France-Presse via Getty Images)

Gen. John R. Allen took command in Afghanistan in July 2011. Faced with an order from Obama to withdraw 23,000 troops during his first year in command, Allen hastily transformed the U.S. military mission in Afghanistan. Instead of trying to continue large U.S. counterinsurgency operations advocated by his predecessors, he accelerated a handover of responsibility to Afghan security forces. He ordered American and NATO troops to push Afghans into the lead fighting roles across much of the country, even in insurgent-controlled areas. “My instruction to my commanders is to get the [Afghans] into the fight,” Allen told The Washington Post. “The sooner I can get them there, while I still have the time and the combat power, the more I can catch them if they fall.”

Ashton Carter, U.S. secretary of defense, from left, Marine General Joseph Dunford, commandant of the Marine Corps and U.S. President Barack Obama's nominee to be chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, Air Force General Paul Selva, head of the military's transportation command and Obama's nominee to be vice chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and Susan Rice, U.S. national security advisor, arrive to a nomination announcement in the Rose Garden of the White House in Washington, D.C., U.S., on Tuesday, May 5, 2015. In selecting Dunford, 59, Obama is turning to an experienced commander of ground forces as the administration is trying to combat Islamic State forces in Iraq and Syria while preparing for an orderly withdrawal from Afghanistan. Photographer: Andrew Harrer/Bloomberg *** Local Caption *** Ashton Carter; Joseph Dunford; Paul Selva; Susan Rice
Defense Secretary Ashton Carter, left, Marine Gen. Joseph Dunford and Air Force Gen. Paul Selva arrive for a nomination announcement in the White House Rose Garden in May 2015. (Andrew Harrer/Bloomberg News)

Gen. Joseph Dunford took over command from Allen in February 2013 and managed the withdrawal of American forces for his next 18 months in command. The Marine general earned respect at the White House through his efforts to balance the ongoing fight against the Taliban with the political demands of home, where officials were eager to curtail the military footprint before Obama’s departure in 2017. With some reluctance, Dunford signed off on the White House’s plan to cut the number of U.S. troops in Afghanistan to 1,000 by the end of 2017. Eventually, Taliban gains and the struggle of the Afghan Security Forces led Obama to abandon that plan. His latest approach called for reducing troop numbers in Afghanistan from 9,800 to about 5,500 in his final year in office. Dunford, who was appointed chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, was expected to play a critical role in helping determine whether such a withdrawal was still feasible.

KABUL, AFGHANISTAN - MARCH 2: An emotional General John F. Campbell (58) accepts thanks from his successor, General John Nicholson at the Change of Command ceremony on the day that both Campbell and Matt Sherman, his political advisor, leave their posts in Afghanistan, on March 2, 2016. After serving in his position as commander since August 2014, General Campbell hands command to General John 'Mick' Nicholson Jr. (Photo by Andrew Quilty for The Washington Post).
Gen. John Campbell accepts thanks from his successor, Gen. John W. “Mick” Nicholson Jr., at the change of command ceremony March 2. (Andrew Quilty for The Washington Post)

Gen. John Campbell led U.S. troops from July 2014 through March 2016. He played a critical role in helping to persuade Obama to drop his promise to end the Afghan war before he left office and reduce the American presence to a Kabul-based force of about 1,000 troops. Campbell led U.S. troops at a time when Afghan forces were pressed to do the vast majority of the fighting and often struggled to hold onto territory from the Taliban. Campbell was a forceful advocate for keeping the U.S. force at 9,800 troops. He also pressed for loosening some of the rules of engagement so that U.S. planes could provide more air power to the struggling Afghans. The requests were not welcomed by Obama. “We aren’t going to get more people — politically there’s no appetite because we are downsizing,” Campbell told The Washington Post in the spring of 2016. “So the only thing I can affect is my authority to strike different groups and my authority to provide different enablers to the Afghans.”

WASHINGTON, DC - JANUARY 28: Lt. General John W. Nicholson Jr., speaks during his confirmation hearing before the Senate Armed Services Committee on Capitol Hill, January 28, 2016 in Washington, DC. If confirmed by the US Senate, Gen. Nicholson will become General Commander, Resolute Support and Commander, United States Forces-Afghanistan.  (Photo by Mark Wilson/Getty Images)
Nicholson speaks during his confirmation hearing before the Senate Armed Services Committee in January 2016. (Mark Wilson/Getty Images)

Gen. John W. “Mick” Nicholson, who had served multiple tours in Afghanistan, took command in March of 2016 and assumed responsibility for helping the Afghan troops hold ground as he oversaw further American withdrawals from the country. Nicholson suggested that he wanted to keep 9,800 U.S. troops in Afghanistan through the end of the fighting season in the fall of 2016 and potentially longer. As Obama’s tenure drew to a close, Nicholson was still reviewing the American strategy in Afghanistan. It was not clear what kind of response his requests for maintaining higher troop levels would receive from the White House.

This story is part of a virtual museum of President Barack Obama’s presidency. In five parts — The First Black President, Commander in Chief, Obama’s America, Obama and the World and The First Family — we explore the triumphs and travails of his historic tenure.

Room One
The First Black President
Illustrations by James Steinberg
Read
A hopeful moment on race
Read story
Obama’s effort to heal racial divisions and uplift black America
Barack Obama's presidency signaled a "post-racial" America at first, but the racial conflict followed disproved that.

Barack Obama’s watershed 2008 election and the presidency that followed profoundly altered the aesthetics of American democracy, transforming the Founding Fathers’ narrow vision of politics and citizenship into something more expansive and more elegant. The American presidency suddenly looked very different, and for a moment America felt different, too.

The Obama victory helped fulfill one of the great ambitions of the civil rights struggle by showcasing the ability of extraordinarily talented black Americans to lead and excel in all facets of American life. First lady Michelle Obama, and daughters Sasha and Malia, extended this reimagining of black American life by providing a conspicuous vision of a healthy, loving and thriving African American family that defies still-prevalent racist stereotypes.

But some interpreted Obama’s triumph as much more.

SLUG: NA/OBAMA DATE: 10/31/08 CREDIT: Linda Davidson / staff/ The Washington Post LOCATION: Wicker Memorial Park, Gary, IN SUMMARY: Democratic Presidential candidate Barack Obama holds a rally in Gary, IN. PICTURED: Members of the crowd respond to Obama as he makes his way down the ropeline. Some seek to shake his hand, others want to touch his head, some just want a hug. StaffPhoto imported to Merlin on Fri Oct 31 23:06:03 2008
Members of the crowd in Gary, Ind., seek to shake the candidate's hand or touch his head as he thanks them for their support in October 2008. (Linda Davidson/The Washington Post)

The victory was heralded as the arrival of a “post-racial” America, one in which the nation’s original sin of racial slavery and post-Reconstruction Jim Crow discrimination had finally been absolved by the election of a black man as commander in chief. For a while, the nation basked in a racially harmonious afterglow.

A black president would influence generations of young children to embrace a new vision of American citizenship. The “Obama Coalition” of African American, white, Latino, Asian American and Native American voters had helped usher in an era in which institutional racism and pervasive inequality would fade as Americans embraced the nation’s multicultural promise.

Seven years later, such profound optimism seems misplaced. Almost immediately, the Obama presidency unleashed racial furies that have only multiplied over time. From the tea party’s racially tinged attacks on the president’s policy agenda to the “birther” movement’s more overtly racist fantasies asserting that Obama was not even an American citizen, the national racial climate grew more, and not less, fraught.

CHICAGO, ILLINOIS: NOVEMBER 6 -- President Barack Obama is re-elected to office in Chicago, Illinois, on Tuesday, November 6, 2012. (Photo by Nikki Kahn/The Washington Post)
President Obama is feted in Chicago on Nov. 6, 2012, the night he is elected to his second term as commander in chief. (Nikki Kahn/The Washington Post)

If racial conflict, in the form of birthers, tea partyers and gnawing resentments, implicitly shadowed Obama’s first term, it erupted into open warfare during much of his second. The Supreme Court’s 2013 decision in the Shelby v. Holder case gutted Voting Rights Act enforcement, throwing into question the signal achievement of the civil rights movement’s heroic period.

Advertisement

Beginning with the 2012 shooting death of black teenager Trayvon Martin in Florida, the nation reopened an intense debate on the continued horror of institutional racism evidenced by a string of high-profile deaths of black men, women, boys and girls at the hands of law enforcement.

The organized demonstrations, protests and outrage of a new generation of civil rights activists turned the hashtag #BlackLivesMatter into the clarion call for a new social justice movement. Black Lives Matter activists have forcefully argued that the U.S. criminal justice system represents a gateway to racial oppression, one marked by a drug war that disproportionately targets, punishes and warehouses young men and women of color. In her bestselling book “The New Jim Crow,” legal scholar Michelle Alexander argued that mass incarceration represents a racial caste system that echoes the pervasive, structural inequality of a system of racial apartheid that persists.

DENVER, COLORADO: OCTOBER 24 -- A fan hugs President Barack Obama as he works the rope line following a rally at City Park in Denver, Colorado, on Wednesday, October 24, 2012. (Photo by Nikki Kahn/The Washington Post)
A supporter hugs President Obama as he works the rope line following a rally in Denver in October 2012. (Nikki Kahn/The Washington Post)

Obama’s first-term caution on race matters was punctured by his controversial remarks that police “acted stupidly” in the mistaken identity arrest of Henry Louis Gates Jr., Harvard University’s prominent African American studies professor, in 2009. Four years later he entered the breach once more by proclaiming that if he had a son, “he’d look like Trayvon.”

In the aftermath of racial unrest in Ferguson, Mo., and Baltimore, and a racially motivated massacre in Charleston, S.C., Obama went further. In 2015, Obama found his voice in a series of stirring speeches in Selma, Ala., and Charleston, where he acknowledged America’s long and continuous history of racial injustice.

Policy-wise Obama has launched a private philanthropic effort, My Brother’s Keeper, designed to assist low-income black boys, and became the first president to visit a federal prison in a call for prison reform that foreshadowed the administration’s efforts to release federal inmates facing long sentences on relatively minor drug charges.

Despite these efforts, many of Obama’s African American supporters have expressed profound disappointment over the president’s refusal to forcefully pursue racial and economic justice policies for his most loyal political constituency.

From this perspective, the Obama presidency has played out as a cruel joke on members of the African American community who, despite providing indispensable votes, critical support and unstinting loyalty, find themselves largely shut out from the nation’s post-Great Recession economic recovery. Blacks have, critics suggested, traded away substantive policy demands for the largely symbolic psychological and emotional victory of having a black president and first family in the White House for eight years.

Advertisement

Others find that assessment harsh, noting that Obama’s most impressive policy achievements have received scant promotion from the White House or acknowledgment in the mainstream media.

History will decide the full measure of the importance, success, failures and shortcomings of the Obama presidency. With regard to race, Obama’s historical significance is ensured; only his impact and legacy are up for debate. In retrospect, the burden of transforming America’s tortured racial history in two four-year presidential terms proved impossible, even as its promise helped to catapult Obama to the nation’s highest office.

DES MOINES, IOWA: NOVEMBER 5 -- President Barack Obama wraps up his campaign with a final stop in downtown Des Moines, Iowa, on Monday, November 5, 2012. (Photo by Nikki Kahn/The Washington Post)
President Obama wraps up his campaign with a final stop in downtown Des Moines on Nov. 5, 2012. (Nikki Kahn/The Washington Post)

Obama’s presidency elides important aspects of the civil rights struggle, especially the teachings of the Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. King, for a time, served as the racial justice consciousness for two presidents — John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson. Many who hoped Obama might be able to serve both roles — as president and racial justice advocate — have been disappointed. Yet there is a revelatory clarity in that disappointment, proving that Obama is not King or Frederick Douglass, but Abraham Lincoln, Kennedy and Johnson. Even a black president, perhaps especially a black president, could not untangle racism’s Gordian knot on the body politic. Yet in acknowledging the limitations of Obama’s presidency on healing racial divisions and the shortcomings of his policies in uplifting black America, we may reach a newfound political maturity that recognizes that no one person — no matter how powerful — can single-handedly rectify structures of inequality constructed over centuries.

Peniel Joseph is professor of history and director of the Center for the Study of Race and Democracy and the LBJ School of Public Affairs at the University of Texas.

Next story from Obama’s Legacy
The speech on race that saved Obama’s candidacy
Barack Obama’s 2008 campaign was almost derailed after racially charged sermons by his former minister, Jeremiah Wright of Chicago's Trinity United Church of Christ were released. After initiall downplaying the controversy, Obama faced it head on during his "A more perfect union" speech given in Philadelphia at the National Consitution Center.
Read
A soliloquy in Philadelphia
Watch video
Read
The beer summit
Watch video

Being number one means nothing until there’s a number two.

L. Douglas Wilder
First black governor since Reconstruction
Read
The other trailblazers
Read story
Read
On a bridge in Selma
See photos

If I had a son, he would look like Trayvon.

Barack Obama
Read
In his own words
Watch video
Read
The backlash
Read story
Read
A new aesthetic
See photos

Some young Americans have known only one president in their lifetime.

So we asked their thoughts on President Obama as he leaves office.
Read
Kids on Obama
Watch video
Read
Crime, justice and race
Read story
Read
Obama in Africa
Read story
A record 69
of African Americans turned out to vote in 2008, surpassing white turnout rates for the first time.
Source: U.S. Elections Project analysis of U.S. Census Bureau data
Read
The Obama electorate
See graphics
Read
Your Obama presidency
Share your story
Room Two
Commander in Chief
Illustrations by Brian Stauffer
Perspectives on the president of a nation at war:

Has he failed to understand the nature of war or shown the virtues of patience to win the long game?

Read
On war and leadership
Read essays
Read
The parade of generals
Watch video

We won some good fights and we lost the war.

Thomas Gibbons-Neff
Former Marine infantryman
Read
A tour of duty
See photos
Read
One enemy after another
See graphics

No matter how justified, war promises human tragedy.

Barack Obama
Read
Words of war and peace
Watch video
Read
The last convoy
Read story
Read
The rise of ISIS
See photos
Read
Weighing intervention
Watch video
Read
An army of drones
Read story
Read
Struggle after service
Watch video
After the killing of Osama bin Laden,
69
of Americans approved of Obama’s efforts to stem terrorism.
Source: Washington Post-ABC News polls, 2011
Read
Fear at home
See graphics
Read
Your fight, your stories
Share your story
Room Three
Obama’s America
Illustrations by Thandiwe Tshabalala
Read
Eight turbulent years
Watch video

Anyone claiming that America’s economy is in decline is peddling fiction.

President Obama
Read
Economic brinksmanship
Read essay
Read
The price of Obamacare
Read story
Read
A new state of unions
See photo essay
Read
Shots fired
Watch video
Read
A cultural shift
Watch video
Read
‘Healing the planet’
Read essay

What is it like to be the last black president?

Zach Galifianakis
Host of “Between Two Ferns”
Read
Making presidential comedy
Watch video
Read
A mark in the wilderness
See graphics
While the nation’s economy recovered steadily, over
6 in 10
Americans said the country was on the wrong track.
Source: Washington Post-ABC News polls
Read
American reactions
See graphic
Read
Your America
Share your story
Room Four
Obama and the World
Illustrations by Jasu Hu
Read
Determined restraint
Read story
Read
For Muslims, unanswered prayers
Read story
Read
Open hand, clenched fist
Read Q&A
Read
Talking to Tehran
Watch video
Read
Closer now – and cigars!
Read story
In 2015 and 2016, an average
60
of people throughout the world had a favorable opinion of the United States.
Pew Research Center
Read
Standing in the world
See graphic
Read
Friends, adversaries
See photos
Read
A pivot to Asia
Read story
52 trips.
58 countries.
217 days
outside
the country.
Read
Air Force One miles
Read story
Read
Your worldview
Share your story
Room Five
The First Family
Illustrations by Erin K. Robinson
Read
The new modern family
Read essay

The Obama family has really uplifted the image of the black family from the moment we saw them.

Stacie Lee Banks, 53
Longtime Washingtonian
Read
White House, black women
Watch video
Read
The first lady’s last stand
Read essay

He does not walk. He strolls with a black man’s head-up posture.

Robin Givhan
Fashion critic, The Washington Post
Read
It’s an Obama thing
See photos
Read
In the cultural mix
Watch video
Read
White House parents
Read story
In fall 2009,
66
of Americans said they liked the way the Obama family leads their life in the White House.
Pew Research Center/National Public Radio poll
Read
The most popular of them all?
See graphics
Read
The O’Bidens
Read story
Read
The first dogs
Read story

Share this series

Obama’s Legacy
Read
Credits
Credits
Editing
  • Terence Samuel, project editor
  • Allison Michaels, project manager, digital editor
  • Shannon Croom, multiplatform editor
  • Courtney Rukan, multiplatform editor
  • Emily Chow, graphics assignment editor
Design and development
  • Seth Blanchard
  • Emily Yount
Illustrations
  • Suzette Moyer, art director
  • James Steinberg, illustrator (The First Black President)
  • Brian Stauffer, illustrator (Commander in Chief)
  • Thandiwe Tshabalala, illustrator (Obama’s America)
  • Jasu Hu, illustrator (Obama and the World)
  • Erin K. Robinson, illustrator (The First Family)
Video
  • Dalton Bennett
  • Gillian Brockell
  • Bastein Inzaurralde
  • Claritza Jimenez
  • Ashleigh Joplin
  • Whitney Leaming
  • Osman Malik
  • Zoeann Murphy
  • Erin O’Conner
  • Sarah Parnass
  • Mahnaz Rezaie
  • Jorge Ribas
  • Whitney Shefte
  • Peter Stevenson
Photo editing
  • Stephen Cook
  • Robert Miller
  • Kenneth Dickerman
  • Wendy Galietta
  • Bronwen Latimer
  • Dee Swann
Writing and reporting
  • Derek Chollet
  • Elliot Cohen
  • Christian Davenport
  • Ivo H. Daalder
  • Mike DeBonis
  • Karen DeYoung
  • Juliet Eilperin
  • Michael Fletcher
  • Thomas Gibbons-Neff
  • Robin Givhan
  • Will Haygood
  • Sari Horwitz
  • Greg Jaffe
  • Peniel Joseph
  • Paul Kane
  • Wesley Lowery
  • David Maraniss
  • Greg Miller
  • Steven Mufson
  • David Nakamura
  • John Pomfret
  • Missy Ryan
  • Peter Slevin
  • Kevin Sullivan
  • Krissah Thompson
  • Neely Tucker
  • William Wan
  • Vanessa Williams
Research and graphics
  • Darla Cameron
  • Scott Clement
  • Emily Guskin
  • Tim Meko
  • Stephanie Stamm
  • Aaron Steckelberg
  • Elise Viebeck