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May 26, 2017 | The Post reports Jared Kushner and Sergey Kislyak discussed the possibility of setting up a secret and secure communications channel between Trump’s transition team and the Kremlin, using Russian diplomatic facilities in an apparent move to shield their pre-inauguration discussions from monitoring, according to U.S. officials briefed on intelligence reports. Read full story

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Congress and U.S. intelligence agencies are scrutinizing connections between Russia and the Trump campaign as they investigate evidence that Russia interfered in the 2016 election. Here are members of Team Trump who are known to have Russian connections and the story lines that have made those ties relevant. This graphic will be updated with new developments.

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Team Trump Russian ties

Team Trump

Donald Trump

President of the United States and real estate developer. His business contacts in Russia date to the late 1980s.


1986 | Trump sits next to Russian Ambassador Yuri Dubinin at a luncheon hosted by Leonard Lauder, the oldest son of Estée Lauder who managed the sprawling cosmetic business at the time. Read more

1987 | Trump visits Moscow and tours various sites in an effort to strike real estate deals in Soviet-era Russia. He stays in a hotel overlooking the Kremlin, and tells Playboy that Russian jets escorted his own on the way to the airport. Read more

December 1988 | Trump invites Soviet leader Mikhail S. Gorbachev and his wife to visit Trump Tower in New York, but the meeting never materializes. Read more

1996 | Trump says he will hold a press conference with a Miami-based tobacco company in Moscow announcing plans to build an office and apartment complex similar to Trump Tower in New York. Read more

2005 | Trump gave the development company Bayrock a one-year deal to find a site for a Trump Tower. Felix Sater later testified that he identified a former pencil factory as a site for the project, before the deal fell apart. Read more

Nov. 9, 2013 | While in Moscow for his Miss Universe competition, Trump meets with Russian businessmen, including real estate developer Aras Agalarov, an ally of Russian president Vladimir Putin. Before the pageant, Trump said to MSNBC, "I do have a relationship" with Putin. Read more

May 2014 | Trump tells a group at the National Press Club that while he was in Moscow, he spoke with Putin "indirectly and directly."

April 2015 | Alexander Torshin, a former Russian senator from Putin's party who now heads Russia's central bank, told Bloomberg News that he had a friendly exchange with Trump at the annual meeting of the National Rifle Association of America. A White House official said Trump does not recall the exchange. Read more

July 2015 | At a town hall in Las Vegas, Trump tells an audience that he knew Putin. "I don't think you'd need the sanctions. I think that we would get along very, very well," he said. Read more

September 2015 | Putin and Trump are on the season premiere of "60 Minutes." Although Trump would later say in a debate, "I got to know him very well because we were both on '60 Minutes.' We were stablemates," Time magazine revealed that they were interviewed in separate cities. Read more

December 2015 | Putin says Trump is “colorful" and "talented." Trump calls the compliment an “honor.” Even as ties to Russia become a campaign issue in 2016, Trump refuses to renounce Putin: “A guy calls me a genius, and I’m going to renounce? I’m not going to renounce him.” (Putin has not publicly called Trump a genius.) Read more

April 2016 | Russian Ambassador Sergey Kislyak attends a speech in Washington in which Trump vows to seek better relations with Russia. The president of the think tank that invited Kislyak said he introduced the two in a receiving line. Read more

June 15, 2016 | In a private conversation among GOP leaders that included Speaker Paul D. Ryan (R-Wis.), House Majority Leader Kevin McCarthy suggested that Putin "pays" Trump. Read more

July 2016 | In news conferences and tweets, Trump says he has “nothing to do with Russia,” and "I don't know who Putin is. ... I've never spoken to him." He also tweeted, “For the record, I have ZERO investments in Russia.” At the same time, at a news conference, Trump encouraged the Russians to hack Hillary Clinton's email. Read more

Nov. 10, 2016 | Two days after the election, a Russian official tells a reporter in Moscow that the Kremlin had been in contact with Trump’s campaign. Trump spokesperson Hope Hicks denies it, saying, “There was no communication between the campaign and any foreign entity during the campaign.” Read more

Nov. 10, 2016 | President Barack Obama personally warns Trump against hiring Michael Flynn as his national security adviser when the two meet in the Oval Office, current and former administration officials said. Read more

Jan. 20, 2017 | Inauguration Day. Donald Trump is sworn in as the 45th president of the United States. He designates the day as “National Day of Patriotic Devotion.” Read more

Jan. 30, 2017 | Trump fires acting attorney general Sally Yates for not defending the travel ban. Just days before — on Jan. 26 and Jan. 27 — Yates warned White House counsel Don McGahn that Flynn was misleading Vice President Pence on his contacts with the Russian ambassador and that he could be blackmailed by Russia. Read more

Jan. 28, 2017 | President Trump and Putin speak on the phone for an hour. Read more

February 2017 | Trump pressures FBI Director James B. Comey to drop the investigation into former National Security Adviser Michael Flynn, according to the bureau chief's personal notes. People close to the matter said Comey kept detailed notes of his meetings with Trump. Read more

March 2017 | One of Trump's personal lawyers, Marc E. Kasowitz, is named to the legal team defending Russia’s largest state-run bank in a corporate-raiding case, BuzzFeed reports. Read more

March 2017 | In two separate appeals, Trump asks Daniel R. Coats, the director of National Intelligence, and Adm. Michael S. Rogers, the director of the National Security Agency, to publicly deny the existence of any evidence of Russia collusion. Coats and Rogers refused to comply with the requests. Read more

Week of May 1 | Comey reportedly sought more money and resources for the Russia investigation. The Washington Post reports this on May 10, a day after Trump fires Comey. Read more

May 8, 2017 | Trump tells Vice President Pence and others that he wants to fire Comey because of his grievences with the bureau head, one of which includes the belief that Comey was focusing too much on the Russia investigation rather than finding the cause of leaks to journalists. Read more

May 9, 2017 | Trump fires Comey, who was leading the investigation into Trump team's ties to Russia. The stunning decision sparked fears that the investigation might be upended now that Trump himself can handpick a new supervisor. Read more

May 10, 2017 | Trump meets with Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov at the White House. Lavrov's official photographer, who also works for the Russian news agency Tass, took photos of the foreign minster, Russian Ambassador Sergey Kislyak and Trump smiling and shaking hands in the Oval Office. Read more

May 11, 2017 | In an NBC interview, Trump reveals that Comey told him three times he was not under investigation. Read more

May 15, 2017 | The Post reports that Trump revealed highly classified information to the Russian foreign minister and ambassador in a White House meeting, according to current and former U.S. officials, who said Trump’s disclosures jeopardized a critical source of intelligence on the Islamic State. Read more

May 19, 2017 | The Post reports that a senior White House adviser close to President Trump is under scrutiny by investigators who are looking into the possible coordination between Russia and the Trump campaign, according to people familiar with the matter. Read more

Paul Manafort

A political consultant and lobbyist and former Trump campaign chairman, Manafort was also a former business associate of Rick Gates and Roger Stone. Manafort was involved in a couple of million-dollar investment deals with oligarchs linked to Putin. He also advised former Ukrainian President Viktor Yanukovych, who fled to Russia in 2014.


2005 | For nearly a decade starting in 2005, Manafort worked for people with ties to the party of Putin ally and Ukrainian Prime Minister Viktor Yanukovych — and for the party itself — in a successful effort to remake Yanukovych's image and return him to the presidency. Read more

2006 | Russian aluminum magnate Oleg Deripaska, who has close ties to Putin, becomes Manafort's client. He invests in Manafort's Cayman Islands fund, which bought assets primarily in Ukraine. (Later in court, Deripaska accuses Manafort and Rick Gates of defrauding him out of $19 million.) Read more

2006 | Manafort reportedly signs a $10 million annual contract with Deripaska to secretly advance the interests of Russian President Vladimir Putin, according to the Associated Press. He also proposed a strategy to undermine anti-Russian opposition in former Soviet republics. Before the March 2017 story, Manafort and the Trump administration had said Manafort never worked for Russian interests. Manafort and Deripaska denied that any work was done on behalf of Putin or the Russian government, and the AP account has not been confirmed. Read more

2008 | Manafort and associate Rick Gates agree to work on a Park Avenue development project with Ukrainian oligarch and steel tycoon Dmitry Firtash, but the project falls apart. Read more

May 19, 2016 | Manafort formally becomes Trump's campaign chairman and chief strategist. Trump's campaign manager, Corey Lewandowski, is fired June 20. Read more

Aug. 14, 2016 | A New York Times story alleges Manafort received $12.7 million in secret cash payments from Ukranian President Viktor Yanukovych's party between 2005 and 2012. The findings are dubbed the "secret ledger." Read more

Aug. 19, 2016 | Manafort, whose campaign role at this point had been eclipsed by Stephen K. Bannon and Kellyanne Conway, resigns at the request of Trump. Read more

March 21, 2017 | A Ukrainian lawmaker releases documents alleging that Manafort laundered payments from Yanukovych's party using offshore accounts in Belize and Kyrgyzstan. Manafort denied receiving those payments. Read more

March 24, 2017 | Paul Manafort volunteers to be interviewed before the House Intelligence Committee on Russia ties, says Chairman Devin Nunes (R-Calif.). Read more

April 12, 2017 | Manafort indicates he may register as a foreign agent for the work he’s done on behalf of political figures in Ukraine. Jason Maloni, his spokesman, said the work ended before Manafort began working for the Trump campaign and “was not conducted on behalf of the Russian government.” Read more

Ret. Lt. Gen. Michael Flynn

Former national security adviser and former director of the Defense Intelligence Agency. Flynn resigned as the NSC head after The Washington Post reported that he misled Vice President Mike Pence and others on the true nature of his contacts with Russian Ambassador Sergey Kislyak, saying he had not privately discussed U.S. sanctions.


2013 | Flynn meets Russian Ambassador Sergey Kislyak on a trip to Moscow. Read more

Dec. 10, 2015 | Flynn is paid more than $45,000 by Russian-government-backed RT for his participation in a Moscow panel honoring the news agency. At a related gala, he sat at the table of Russian President Vladimir Putin. Also in 2015, he was paid more than $22,000 by Russia-related entities for two speeches in Washington. Read more

November 2016 | Senior members of Trump’s transition team warn Flynn in late November that Russian Ambassador Sergey Kislyak’s conversations were almost certainly being monitored by U.S. intelligence agencies, officials said. But he chooses to make the phone call anyway, which eventually leads to his resignation. Read more

Before Nov. 8, 2016 | Flynn contacts Kislyak, according to Post reporting. It's not clear how often they communicated or what was discussed. Read more

December 2016 | Trump's son-in-law Jared Kushner, Flynn and Kislyak meet at Trump Tower for 20 minutes. This was just before the Obama administration sanctioned Russia for interfering in the 2016 election. Read more

Dec. 29, 2016 | Flynn places five phone calls to Kislyak, who was being monitored by U.S. intelligence agencies. The same day, President Obama announces the sanctions. Putin chooses not to retaliate. Read more

Jan. 12, 2017 | Post columnist David Ignatius reveals that conversations took place between Flynn and Kislyak. On Jan. 15, Vice President Mike Pence says on "Face the Nation" that Flynn had assured him that he and Kislyak did not discuss sanctions. Read more

Jan. 24, 2017 | Flynn tells FBI interviewers that he did not discuss sanctions with Kislyak, contradicting transcripts from intelligence officials who monitored the calls. Two days later, acting attorney general Sally Q. Yates tells the White House counsel that Flynn had discussed sanctions and could be vulnerable to blackmail by Russia. Trump fired Yates Jan. 30 for refusing to enforce his travel ban. Read more

Feb. 8, 2017 | Flynn tells a Post reporter that he did not discuss sanctions with Kislyak. The next day, he waffles; a spokesman says Flynn "couldn't be certain that the topic never came up." Also that day, Pence learns from a Post story that the White House knew in January that Flynn and Kislyak had discussed sanctions. Read more

Feb. 13, 2017 | Flynn is fired after news reports revealed that he misled Pence. Read more

March 7, 2017 | Flynn files paperwork to register as a foreign agent because of lobbying work potentially benefitting Turkey. Days later it is revealed that his lawyers twice alerted the White House counsel during the transition that Flynn may need to register, meaning the nation's top national security voice was also being paid to represent the interests of another country. Read more

March 28, 2017 | The Post reports that the Trump administration unsuccessfully tried to block Yates from testifying in a House Intelligence Committee hearing after her lawyer told the Justice Department that her testimony would probably contradict statements by White House officials. Committee chair and former Trump adviser Devin Nunes canceled the hearing. Read more

April 25, 2017 | The heads of the House Oversight Committee say Flynn likely broke the law by failing to disclose foreign income he earned from Russia and Turkey. Committee chairman Jason Chaffetz (R-Utah) and ranking Democrat Elijah E. Cummings (D-Md.) said they believe Flynn neither received permission nor fully disclosed income he earned for a speaking engagement in Russia and lobbying activities on behalf of Turkey when he applied to reinstate his security clearance, after viewing two classified memos and Flynn’s disclosure form in a private briefing. Read more

April 27, 2017 | The Pentagon’s inspector general will investigate whether Flynn failed to obtain proper approval to receive payments from foreign groups. Flynn was paid to appear with the Russian president during a dinner for RT, and he worked as a foreign agent representing Turkish interests in the fall. The Pentagon has advised retiring officers that they may be subject to a constitutional clause that prohibits top officials from receiving money or favors from foreign governments. Read more

May 5, 2017 | The Post reports that senior members of Trump’s transition team warned Flynn that Russian Ambassador Sergey Kislyak’s conversations were almost certainly being monitored by U.S. intelligence agencies, but he chose to call him anyway. The caution came a month before Flynn was recorded telling Kislyak that the Trump administration would address Moscow’s concerns about U.S. sanctions. Read more

May 10, 2017 | For the first time in the Senate's Russia investigation, the Senate Intelligence Committee subpoenas documents related to the Russia investigation from Flynn after he declines to hand them over. Read more

May 22, 2017 | Flynn invokes the Fifth Amendment, refusing to comply with a Senate Intelligence Committee subpoena for documents related to its investigation into Russian meddling. Read more

Carter Page

Former foreign policy adviser for the Trump campaign, energy executive and oil industry consultant. Page had worked in Moscow for years as a vice president with Merrill Lynch and made recent trips to Russia.


2004-2007 | Page runs the Moscow office of Merrill Lynch. He said he advised the state-run energy conglomerate Gazprom and other energy companies. However, Page's then-supervisor said Page's role was to execute deals rather than to negotiate or advise on them. Read more

March 2016 | Page is hired by the Trump team. In an interview with Bloomberg News, he says he owns shares of Gazprom and that his stock portfolio had suffered since the United States and Europe imposed economic sanctions on Russia. Read more

July 7, 2016 | Page gives a speech critical of U.S. policy toward Russia on a Moscow trip that had been approved by Trump's campaign manager on the condition that Page not formally represent the campaign. While there, Page allegedly met with Igor Sechin, a Putin confidant and chief executive of the energy company Rosneft, according to a dossier cited by Rep. Adam Schiff, the ranking Democrat on the House intelligence committee. Some of the information in the dossier has been verified by U.S. intelligence agencies, while other parts have proved false. Read more

July 18, 2016 | Russian Ambassador Sergey Kislyak speaks with Page and campaign adviser J.D. Gordon following a panel at the Republican National Convention, where Sen. Jeff Sessions (R-Ala.) had also met Kislyak. Read more

Sept. 26, 2016 | Page leaves the campaign after reports showed he met with Igor Sechin, the head of state-owned Russian oil giant Rosneft, and other high-ranking Russian officials during the campaign. Page denies meeting “any of those guys” and volunteers to testify in front of Congress to clear his name. Read more

April 3, 2017 | BuzzFeed reports Page met with a Russian agent named Victor Podobnyy in 2013 in New York at an energy conference, according to court filings. Page later tells The Washington Post that the reason his name came up in the court filings was because he was helping the Justice Department build its case against Evgeny Buryakov, an undercover Russian agent who was posing as a bank executive in New York at Vnesheconombank. Buryakov was later convicted of foreign espionage. Read more

April 11, 2017 | The Post reports that the FBI obtained a secret court order in 2016 to monitor Page's communications. A FISA court judge determined there was probable cause to believe Page was acting as a foreign agent. Officials said the court renewed the warrant more than once. Page is the only American known to have had his communications directly targeted with a FISA warrant as part of the Russia probe. He has denied any wrongdoing. Read more

Jeff Sessions

Attorney general. The former senator from Alabama and early Trump supporter recused himself from investigations related to the 2016 campaign after The Post found that, contrary to statements he made in his confirmation hearing, he had met with the Russian ambassador twice during the campaign.

Russian ties



July 18, 2016 | Sessions speaks with Russian Ambassador Sergey Kislyak at a panel hosted by the Heritage Foundation at the Republican National Convention. Read more

Sept. 8, 2016 | Sessions and Kislyak meet in his Senate office.

Jan 10, 2017 | In a Senate Judiciary Committee hearing on Sessions’s nomination to serve as attorney general, Sen. Al Franken (D-Minn.) asks about a CNN report on Russian ties to the Trump campaign that had come out that day. During Sessions's answer, he says, "I did not have communications with the Russians, and I’m unable to comment on it." Read more

Jan. 17, 2017 | Sen. Patrick J. Leahy (D-Vt.) asks Sessions in a letter: "Have you been in contact with anyone connected to any part of the Russian government about the 2016 election, either before or after Election Day?" Sessions responded, "no." Read more

March 1, 2017 | The Post reveals Sessions's two meetings with Kislyak. The next day, Sessions reverses his previous statements and — over Trump's objection — says he will recuse himself from investigations related to the campaign. Read more

May 24, 2017 | CNN reports that Sessions did not reveal his meetings with Kislyak when he applied for his security clearance to serve as attorney general. It was the same information Sessions omitted during his confirmation hearing. Read more

Jared Kushner

Trump's son-in-law and senior adviser, New York real estate developer. Kushner's circle of friends and business ties includes prominent Russians.


2015 | Kushner, his brother and a friend start Cadre, a real estate company. Among its investors is Russian tech investor Yuri Milner. Read more

Dec. 1 or Dec. 2, 2016 | Kushner, Flynn and Kislyak meet at Trump Tower for 20 minutes. According to intercepts of Russian communications, Kushner discussed with the Russian ambassador the possibility of setting up a secret communications channel between the Trump transition team and the Kremlin in an apparent move to hide the conversations from monitoring. Later that month, Kushner sends a deputy to meet with Kislyak. In the month of December, at Kislyak's request, Kushner met for about half an hour with Sergey N. Gorkov, chief of Vnesheconombank, which is on the U.S. sanctions list. Read more

Jan. 20, 2017 | Dasha Zhukova, wife of oligarch and Putin friend Roman Abramovich, attends the inauguration as a guest of Ivanka Trump.

March 27, 2017 | White House and Senate officials say Kushner will be available to interview with the Senate Intelligence Committee. Read more

May 25, 2017 | The Post reports Kushner's meetings in December with Kislyak and Gorkov are now under scrutiny as part of an escalating probe into Trump's campaign ties to the Kremlin. Kushner has not been accused of any wrongdoing, and the scrutiny does not mean that he will face any charges. Read more

May 26, 2017 | The Post reports Kushner requested a secret communications channel with Kislyak. Kislyak found this unusual. Read more

Donald Trump Jr.

Trump's eldest son. Trump Jr. is operating the family business while his father is in office.


February 2006 | Felix Sater says he escorted Ivanka Trump and Donald Trump Jr. around Moscow at Donald Trump's request. Read more

2008 | Trump tells a real estate conference, “Russians make up a pretty disproportionate cross-section of a lot of our assets,” according to trade publication eTurboNews. “We see a lot of money pouring in from Russia.” During the speech, Trump Jr. says he traveled to Russia six times in the previous 18 months. Read more

May 2016 | Alexander Torshin, a former Russian senator from Putin's party who is now a top official at Russia's central bank, told Bloomberg News that he dined with Donald Trump Jr. at an event at the annual National Rifle Association of America convention in Nashville. A White House official said the two interacted briefly but did not eat together. Read more

October 2016 | Trump visits France to speak to an obscure think tank with ties to Russia.

March 17, 2017 | Reuters reports that 63 people with Russian passports or addresses have invested nearly $100 million in seven Trump properties in South Florida. Read more

Rex Tillerson

Secretary of state and former chief executive of ExxonMobil. Tillerson developed extensive ties in Russia during his tenure with the oil giant.


1998 | Tillerson is appointed head of Exxon Neftegas Limited, which was in charge of the U.S. part of the huge Sakhalin-1 oil and gas project off the coast of Siberia. Read more

2004 | Tillerson becomes president of ExxonMobil around the same time Igor Sechin takes control of Russian oil giant Rosneft, the company in charge of the Russian part of the Sakhalin-1 project. Read more

2006 | Tillerson uses his relationship with Rosneft to fight off Gazprom, Russia's largest gas producer, from exerting control over the export of gas from Sakhalin-1. Read more

2011 | Tillerson and Sechin sign the first in a series of deals as part of a landmark “Strategic Cooperation Agreement” that involved drilling in the Russian Arctic and the Black Sea. The agreements led to Tillerson having several direct interactions with then-Prime Minister Vladimir Putin.

April 2012 | Tillerson and Sechin, then deputy prime minister, go on a publicity tour touting the ExxonMobil-Rosneft cooperation.

June 2012 | Tillerson and Sechin are in attendance when Putin inaugurates a new presidential commission on fuel and energy and the three meet again in Moscow later that year. A video shows Putin and Tillerson toasting each other with champagne.

2013 | Putin awards Tillerson the “Order of Friendship.” Read more

April 12, 2017 | Tillerson, in his official capacity as secretary of state, meets with Putin in Moscow to discuss Syria. “There is a low level of trust between our countries,” Tillerson said in a news conference with Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov. Read more

May 10, 2017 | Tillerson meets with Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov at the State Department. Lavrov is seen in the Oval Office laughing with Russian Ambassador Sergey Kislyak and Trump, a photo that ignites minor controversy. Read more

May 11, 2017 | Tillerson and Lavrov travel to Fairbanks, Alaska, for a meeting of the Arctic Council. Read more

Wilbur Ross

Commerce Secretary Ross holds a stake in the Bank of Cyprus, which has prominent Russian investors.


1990s | President Bill Clinton appointed Ross to the board of the U.S.-Russia Investment Fund, a USAID effort to bolster businesses in post-Cold-War Russia. Read more

February 2017 | In Ross's confirmation hearing, senators ask about his stake in the Bank of Cyprus and his relationship with Russian shareholders, including Putin friend Viktor Vekselberg, who was once on oil giant Rosneft's board of directors, and former KGB agent Vladimir Strzhalkovsky, a former vice chairman of the bank. Read more

Roger Stone

Longtime Trump friend, adviser and political consultant, former business partner of Paul Manafort. Stone claimed to have communicated indirectly with WikiLeaks before the website published emails that the intelligence community said were stolen by Russian agents.

Russian ties

Russian hackers


Aug. 10, 2016 | In a speech to a Florida Republican group, Stone said he'd been in contact with WikiLeaks leader Julian Assange through mutual friends. Read more

Aug. 21, 2016 | Stone tweets "Trust me, it will soon be Podesta's time in the barrel," referring to Clinton campaign chairman John Podesta. WikiLeaks released a trove of Podesta's emails in October.

March 11, 2017 | Stone admits corresponding via Twitter on Aug. 14 with Guccifer 2.0, a hacker involved in the WikiLeaks releases. But Stone denies colluding with the Russians. Read more

J.D. Gordon

Former Trump campaign adviser. The Republican strategist resisted adding anti-Russia language in the GOP platform and met with Kislyak at the convention.

Russian ties



July 18, 2016 | Russian Ambassador Sergey Kislyak speaks with Page and campaign adviser J.D. Gordon following a panel at the Republican National Convention, where Sen. Jeff Sessions (R-Ala.) had also met Kislyak. Read more

July 2016 | During the convention, a delegate’s proposal regarding U.S. support for Ukraine in its fight against Russian-backed rebels is softened before inclusion in the GOP platform. Campaign chairman Paul Manafort told NBC in August that the change “absolutely did not come from the campaign.” Read more

March 2017 | Gordon says that he had advocated for the Russia-friendly change in platform, believing it to match Trump’s views, and he had consulted about the matter with “campaign policy colleagues” before the convention.

Michael Caputo

Adviser to the Trump campaign for the New York primary. The public relations executive was once paid to improve Putin's image in the United States.


1994-2000 | Caputo moves to Russia shortly after the fall of the Soviet Union and is first employed by U.S. Agency for International Development. He then starts a public relations firm.

2000 | Caputo enters a contract with the Russian conglomerate Gazprom Media to improve Putin’s image in the United States. He told the Buffalo News that he was “not proud of the work today. But at the time, Putin wasn’t such a bad guy.” Read more

Rick Gates

Business associate of Manafort since 2006, Gates helped lead a nonprofit supporting Trump policies, America First. He took a leave of absence in March after The Washington Post reported on his business deals with Manafort.


2006 | Gates joins Manafort's firm after oligarch Oleg Deripaska is solicited to become a client. Deripaska invested in Manafort's Cayman Islands fund that bought assets primarily in Ukrainea. (Later, Deripaska accused Manafort and Gates in court of defrauding him out of $19 million.) Read more

2008 | Manfort and Gates agree to work on a Park Avenue development project with oligarch Dmitry Firtash, but the project falls apart.

2012-2014 | Gates arranges introductions for two Washington lobbying firms — the Podesta Group and Mercury LLC — to represent the European Center for a Modern Ukraine.

2014 | In Washington, Manafort and Gates promote the policy priorities of the political party of Ukrainian President Viktor Yanukovych, who fled to Russia.

March 2017 | In a brief interview with The Post, Gates describes his work as “supporting the private equity fund started by the firm and democracy building and party building in Ukraine.” Read more

March 23, 2017 | Gates was forced out of America First Policies for his ties to Manafort after the Associated Press reported that Manafort had worked for Russian government interests. Read more

Michael Cohen

A longtime Trump Organization lawyer, Cohen became personal counsel to the president following the inauguration. In late January, Cohen met with a Ukrainian lawmaker and agreed to ferry a Russian-backed peace plan for Ukraine to the White House. The New York Times reported Cohen said he left the plan in Flynn's office days before Flynn resigned as national security adviser. Cohen told The Washington Post he threw the plan in the trash.

Russian ties



Late January 2017 | Felix Sater, Michael Cohen and Andrii V. Artemenko meet in a luxury hotel in Manhattan to discuss Artmenko's proposed deal to end conflict over Russia's invasion of Ukraine. Sater later said he thought Cohen would hand the peace deal proposal to National Security Advisor Flynn himself. Cohen said he never intended to do so. Read more

Ivanka Trump

President Trump's older daughter has taken an office in the West Wing and a job as adviser and assistant to the president. She has met with foreign heads of state, including Justin Trudeau of Canada and Angela Merkel of Germany.

Russian ties

Russian business


February 2006 | Felix Sater, a Russian American who worked with Donald Trump on several projects and proposals, says Trump asked him to escort Ivanka Trump and Donald Trump Jr. around Moscow. Read more

Jan. 20, 2017 | Dasha Zhukova, wife of oligarch and Putin friend Roman Abramovich, attends the inauguration as a guest of Ivanka Trump. Read more

Felix Sater

The Russian-born Trump business partner tried to help get a deal for a Trump Tower in Moscow in 2005 and again in 2015. In January 2017, he helped bring a pro-Russia peace plan for Ukraine to Trump lawyer Michael Cohen. Trump has frequently said he doesn’t remember Sater, who was the managing director of Bayrock Group, the firm that developed Trump SoHo.


1974 | Felix Sater emmigrates from the Soviet Union. His family moves to Brighton Beach, N.Y.

1990s | In his 20s, Sater works as a stockbroker on Wall Street. He loses his trading license after he stabs a man in the face with the stem of a margarita glass during a bar fight. The incident leads to a year in prison.

1998 | Sater pleads guilty to one charge of racketeering for a stock fraud scheme that involved the Mafia. Sater becomes a confidential informant for the FBI and cooperates with federal prosecutors on national security and organized crime matters, which delays his sentencing and keeps his court records sealed.

2005 | Sater is part of the development company Bayrock Group located at Trump Tower. He, his Bayrock partners and Trump agree to explore developing a hotel in Moscow and the Trump International Hotel and Tower in Fort Lauderdale. The Moscow deal later fell through. Read more

February 2006 | Trump asks Sater to escort Donald Trump Jr. and Ivanka Trump around Moscow, according to Sater. “He asked if I wouldn’t mind joining them and looking after them while they were in Moscow,” Sater said. Read more

2007 | Sater testifies in a deposition that he had found Russian investors for the Trump Tower in Moscow. He also says the project had a site picked out, a shuttered pencil factory named after U.S. anarchists Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti. Read more

Sept. 19, 2007 | Sater, Trump and Bayrock founder Tevfik Arif attend the launch party for Trump SoHo, a hotel project on which they collaborated. Read more

2008 | Sater leaves Bayrock following stories that surface about his tumultuous past.

2009 | At a court hearing, FBI officials back up Sater’s claims that he was an informant. He’s fined $25,000 and avoids prison time. He also testifies that Bayrock was a company that he built with his “own two hands.” Read more

Nov. 5, 2013 | In sworn testimony, Trump claims he barely knows Sater and “wouldn’t know what he looked like.” As of April 2017, Sater's LinkedIn profile states that he was a Trump adviser for a year beginning in January 2010. Read more

2015 | At her Senate confirmation hearing to become U.S. attorney general, Loretta E. Lynch was asked why the government hid Sater’s court records. Lynch said Sater had “provided valuable and sensitive information” for more than a decade. Read more

Jan. 27, 2017 | Sater, Trump lawyer Michael Cohen and Ukrainian politician Andrii V. Artemenko meet privately in New York to discuss a peace proposal for Ukraine and lifting sanctions against Russia. Read more

George Papadopoulos

Sergei Millian, a key source for the "dossier" compiled by a former British spy, told certain individuals during the campaign that he was in touch with Papadopoulos, a campaign adviser. Papadopoulos met with foreign leaders and gave an interview criticizing U.S. sanctions on Russia.

Russian ties



March 21, 2016 | In a meeting with The Washington Post's editorial board, Trump reveals that George Papadopoulos is one of his foreign policy advisers. Trump describes Papadopoulos as "an energy and oil consultant," and says he's "an excellent guy." Read more

Erik Prince

Prince, a Trump business associate, brother of Education Secretary Betsy DeVos and the founder of notorious private security firm Blackwater, presented himself as an unofficial envoy of Trump in a meeting with a representative of Vladimir Putin in the Seychelles days before Trump's inauguration, according to U.S., European and Arab officials. The meeting was brokered by the United Arab Emirates who hoped to loosen Russian ties to Iran by strengthening ties between Russia and the United States.

Russian ties

Putin rep.


January 2017 | About Jan. 11, Prince presented himself as an unofficial envoy of Trump in a meeting with an anonymous representative of Russian President Vladimir Putin on the island of Seychelles, according to U.S., European and Arab officials as reported by The Post. The meeting was arranged by the United Arab Emirates and officials said a discussion topic was the prospect of persuading Moscow to loosen ties with Iran. Read more

Russian ties

Vladimir Putin

Russian president who U.S. intelligence agencies believe personally ordered the interference into the 2016 election, including penetrating the Democratic National Committee's computer systems and distributing fake news stories. Putin has consistently denied the allegations, calling the attacks a "political witch hunt."

Russian business interests

Historically, oligarchs have used relationships with foreign business leaders for political gain. Many of the Russian business people with whom Team Trump has various types of relationships are listed separately in this article.

Sergey Kislyak

Russian ambassador to the United States since 2008, a career diplomat not considered especially close to Putin.

Igor Sechin

Executive chairman of the Russian state oil giant Rosneft, former deputy prime minister in Putin's cabinet.

Ties to Team Trump



Russian hackers

The GRU, Russia’s military intelligence organization, is thought to have begun cyber operations aimed at influencing the U.S. presidential election by March 2016, according to the U.S. intelligence community. The GRU hacked the Democratic National Committee and also the personal email accounts of Democratic Party officials and political figures. By May, 2016, the GRU had stolen large volumes of data from the DNC. The GRU relayed that material to WikiLeaks, the anti-secrecy organization, the intelligence community concluded. Guccifer 2.0. is an online persona linked to the GRU and used perhaps by more than one individual to publicize hacked materials. Analysts are skeptical Guccifer 2.0 conducted the actual hacking, but agree with officials that the name was used as a front to disclose materials online.

Ties to Team Trump


Sergey N. Gorkov

Chief of Vnesheconombank,a Russian government-owned development bank that was placed on the U.S. sanctions list in 2014 after Russia annexed Crimea. Russian Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev sits on the bank's supervisory board.

Ties to Team Trump


Sergei Millian

The 38-year-old Belarusan American is believed to be the man behind one of the most salacious claims in the controversial dossier compiled by Christopher Steele: that Donald Trump hired prostitutes at the Moscow Ritz-Carlton and that the Kremlin has kept evidence of the encounter. Millian denies that he played this role.

Ties to Team Trump



Andrii V. Artemenko

The Ukrainian politician met with Trump's personal lawyer in New York to try to propose a peace deal for Ukraine.

Ties to Team Trump




Putin representative

A Russian representing President Vladimir Putin met with Blackwater founder Erik Prince, who said he represented Trump, in the Seychelles days before the inauguration, according to U.S., European and Arab officials. The meeting was arranged by the United Arab Emirates, who hoped to drive a wedge between Russia and Iran by facilitating a closer relationship between Russia and the United States.

Ties to Team Trump


Dmitry Firtash

Firtash is a Ukrainian oligarch and ally of former Ukrainian president Viktor Yanukovych, who fled to Russia in 2014. Firtash is wanted in the United States on corruption charges stemming from an FBI investigation that dates to 2006. He is accused of kicking back proceeds from gas deals to Gazprom, Russia's state-backed oil company. According to legal papers, Firtash was involved in real estate deals with Paul Manafort and his associate Rick Gates, including a failed Manhattan project in 2008.

Ties to Team Trump



Oleg Deripaska

Russian billionaire who paid millions to Manafort for management fees and is considered close to President Vladimir Putin. The AP first reported that Manafort proposed a strategy to Deripaska that included plans to influence politics and news coverage in favor of Putin. Deripaska has strongly denied the existence of this proposed Manafort strategy and has taken out ads in U.S. newspapers denying the AP's claims. White House press secretary Sean Spicer said Trump was unaware of Manafort’s business ties with Deripaska.

Ties to Team Trump


Victor Podobnyy

A Russian spy who met with Trump adviser Carter Page in January 2013 at an energy conference in New York. At the time, the Russians were seeking information on U.S. sanctions and on energy development. Page insists the information he passed to Podobnyy was immaterial, and he said he assisted prosecutors in the case.

Ties to Team Trump


Aras Agalarov

Billionaire developer Agalarov, known as "The Trump of Russia" because he likes to put his name on his properties, was among the investors who brought Trump's 2013 Miss Universe competition to Moscow. He told The Post he first met Trump during production of a music video in which Trump appeared with Agalarov's pop-singer son and some of the Miss Universe contestants. Agalarov served as liaison between Trump and Vladimir Putin, and the two had planned to meet at Trump's invitation the day before the pageant. (Putin cancelled the meeting.) Agalarov said he and Trump agreed to build a Trump Tower in Moscow, but the plan was never realized.

Ties to Team Trump


Viktor Vekselberg

A friend of Vladimir Putin, Ukrainian-born oil tycoon Vekselberg is a large shareholder in the Bank of Cyprus, in which Commerce Secretary Wilbur Ross also had a stake. Ross led a rescue of the once-troubled bank and served on the bank's board of directors.

Ties to Team Trump


Yuri Milner

Russian tech billionaire Yuri Milner is among the main investors in Cadre, a real estate startup created in 2015 by Jared Kushner, his brother and a friend.

Ties to Team Trump


Alexander Torshin

Alexander Torshin is a former Russian senator from Putin's party who is now a top official at Russia's central bank. A proponent of gun rights and aligning the Russian government with the Orthodox Church, he built relationships with top U.S. conservatives, meeting with them in Moscow and attending National Rifle Association meetings, where he said he interacted with Donald Trump and his son Donald Trump Jr. A White House official said President Trump does not recall the exchange. Torshin has faced allegations in Spain that he is involved with organized crime, which he has denied. He has not been charged.

Ties to Team Trump


Trump Jr.

Sources: Staff reports.

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