In televised presidential debates, a candidate’s demeanor and facial expressions can say as much as the words that candidate speaks. Below, we’ve taken stock of the debate by blending video frames of Donald Trump and Hillary Clinton. These combined images of each candidate take an “average” of their body language and facial expressions over the course of the debate.

Multiple seconds of footage...

...are blended together

into images like these:

Multiple seconds of footage...

...are blended together into images like these:

Multiple seconds of footage...

...are blended together into images like these:

How they listened

The still video images show Trump’s and Clinton’s smiles, grimaces and scoffs as their opponent spoke. They also show how the candidates changed during the course of the night.

4 MINUTES IN

15 MINUTES

Listening to

Clinton talk

about trade

deals

Interrupting

Clinton

while she spoke

about TPP

1 HOUR AND

27 MINUTES

50 MINUTES

Reacting to

Clinton’s‘ I prepared

to be president’

statement

Listening to

Clinton answer

his statement

about her not

having enough

stamina

2 MINUTES IN

25 MINUTES

Listening to

Trump’s opening

statements

about trade

Listening to

Trump talk about

why he hasn’t

released his

tax returns

1 HOUR AND

20 MINUTES

54 MINUTES

Reacting to

Trump’s claims

that her 2008

campaign began the

birther controversy

Listening to

Trump speaking

about foreign

policy

1 HOUR AND

25 MINUTES

1 HOUR AND

27 MINUTES

4 MINUTES IN

15 MINUTES

50 MINUTES

Listening to

Clinton talk

about trade

deals

Interrupting

Clinton

while she spoke

about TPP

Reacting to

Clinton’s‘ I prepared

to be president’

statement

Listening to

Clinton

talk about

NATO

Listening to

Clinton answer

his statement

about her not

having enough

stamina

1 HOUR AND

20 MINUTES

1 HOUR AND

30 MINUTES

2 MINUTES IN

25 MINUTES

54 MINUTES

Listening to

Trump’s opening

statements

about trade

Listening to

Trump talk about

why he hasn’t

released his

tax returns

Reacting to

Trump’s claims

that her 2008

campaign began the

birther controversy

Listening to

Trump speaking

about foreign

policy

Listening to

Trump comment

on her campaign’s

negative ads

against him

4 MINUTES IN

15 MINUTES

50 MINUTES

1 HOUR AND 25 MINUTES

1 HOUR AND 27 MINUTES

Listening to Clinton talk

about trade deals

Interrupting Clinton

while she spoke about TPP

Reacting to Clinton’s

‘I prepared to be

president’ statement

Listening to Clinton

talk about NATO

Listening to Clinton answer

his statement about her

not having enough stamina

2 MINUTES IN

25 MINUTES

54 MINUTES

1 HOUR AND 20 MINUTES

1 HOUR AND 30 MINUTES

Listening to Trump’s

opening statements

about trade

Listening to Trump talk

about why he hasn’t

released his tax returns

Reacting to Trump’s claims

that her 2008 campaign

began the birther controversy

Listening to Trump

speaking about

foreign policy

Listening to Trump

comment on her

campaign’s negative

ads against him

For Trump, snapshots of significant moments during the debate reveal his reserved demeanor out of the gate and, later, interruptions while Clinton was speaking. They also show how his body language changed as he became more agitated.

Clinton, on the other hand, remained relatively steady while listening to Trump, cracking a smile during the discussion about the birther controversy.

[ Men have opinions about area woman’s face during presidential debate]

Each candidate’s debate, by the minute

The grids below are made up of a composite image for just about every minute of the debate. They show how the candidates reacted to the debate discussion.

Clearer images of the candidates mean they were standing relatively still in the footage, often meaning they were listening to the other person speak. 

The clearer images of Clinton while Trump was speaking show that she didn’t move around much while the Republican nominee spoke.

Each image is a composite

of one minute of footage

Each row represents

about FIVE minutes

START OF

DEBATE

Clinton was the first to

make opening remarks.

Blurry images indicate a lot of movement

in the given minute of footage

Tax plan

Jabs about Trump’s taxes

Attacks Trump’s

business practices

Race relations

Criminal justice system and crime rates

‘I prepared to

be president’

Birther controversy

Plan to deal with ISIS

Clinton shimmies as Trump

attacks her temperament

Nuclear policy

Talks about standing

in the world

‘As soon as he travels to

112 countries ... Then he can

talk to me about stamina’

END OF

DEBATE

Each image is a

composite of one

minute of footage

Each row represents about 10 minutes

START OF

DEBATE

Clinton was the first to

make opening remarks.

Blurry images indicate a lot of movement

in the given minute of footage

Tax plan

Jabs about Trump’s taxes

Attacks Trump’s

business practices

Race relations

Criminal justice system and crime rates

Birther controversy

‘I prepared to

be president’

Plan to deal with ISIS

Clinton shimmies as Trump

attacks her temperament

Nuclear policy

END OF

DEBATE

Talks about standing

in the world

‘As soon as he travels to 112 countries ...

Then he can talk to me about stamina’

Each image is a

composite of one

minute of footage

Blurry images indicate

a lot of movement in the

given minute of footage

Each row represents about 15 minutes

START OF

DEBATE

Clinton was the first to

make opening remarks.

Tax plan

Jabs about Trump’s taxes

Attacks Trump’s

business practices

Race relations

Birther controversy

Criminal justice system and crime rates

‘I prepared to

be president’

Plan to deal with ISIS

Clinton shimmies as Trump

attacks her temperament

END OF

DEBATE

Nuclear policy

Talks about standing

in the world

‘As soon as he travels to 112 countries ...

Then he can talk to me about stamina’

While speaking, Clinton mostly remained upright, while Trump would sometimes lean down toward the microphone over the course of the night.

Most of Trump’s images contain significant blurring, showing his tendency to move around, drink water and make facial expressions even while he is not speaking. He also interrupted Clinton several times.

[ Trump starts subdued, then his cool quickly melts]

Each image is a composite

of one minute of footage

Each row represents

about FIVE minutes

START OF

DEBATE

Trump’s demeanor at the

start of the debate was subdued.

‘You’ve been doing

this for 30 years.’

Attacks

on TPP

‘No wonder you’ve been

fighting ISIS your entire adult life.

Economy and trade

Economy and trade

Defends not

releasing tax returns

‘Maybe [the contractor]

didn’t do a good job’

‘Law and order’

Agrees with Clinton on no-fly lists,

then brings up her ‘superpredator’ statement

Defends his role

in birther controversy

Talks about military endorsements

and recent cyberattacks

Blames Clinton for the

rise of the Islamic State

‘Nuclear is the single

greatest threat’

‘She doesn’t have

the stamina’

END OF

DEBATE

Each image is a

composite of one

minute of footage

Each row represents about 10 minutes

START OF

DEBATE

Trump’s demeanor at the

start of the debate was subdued.

Blurry images indicate a lot of movement

in the given minute of footage

‘You’ve been doing

this for 30 years.’

Attacks Clinton

on TPP

‘No wonder you’ve been fighting

ISIS your entire adult life.

Economy and trade

‘Maybe [the contractor]

didn’t do a good job’

Defends not

releasing tax returns

‘Law and order’

Agrees with Clinton on no-fly lists,

then brings up her ‘superpredator’ statement

Defends his role

in birther controversy

Talks about military endorsements

and recent cyberattacks

Blames Clinton for the

rise of the Islamic State

‘Nuclear is the single

greatest threat’

END OF

DEBATE

‘She doesn’t have

the stamina’

Each image is a

composite of one

minute of footage

Blurry images indicate

a lot of movement in the

given minute of footage

Each row represents about 15 minutes

START OF

DEBATE

‘You’ve been doing

this for 30 years.’

Trump’s demeanor at the

start of the debate was subdued.

Attacks Clinton

on TPP

‘No wonder you’ve been fighting

ISIS your entire adult life.

Economy and trade

‘Maybe [the contractor]

didn’t do a good job’

‘Law and order’

Defends not

releasing tax returns

Agrees with Clinton on no-fly lists,

then brings up her ‘superpredator’ statement

Defends his role

in birther controversy

Talks about military endorsements

and recent cyberattacks

Blames Clinton for the

rise of the Islamic State

END OF

DEBATE

‘Nuclear is the single

greatest threat’

‘She doesn’t have

the stamina’

The next opportunity for the rivals to face off is Sunday Oct. 9. That showdown comes with an added layer of complexity: Half of the questions will come directly from undecided voters in the debate hall. Candidates will need to be even more careful of how their demeanor comes across, and try not appear dismissive toward their questioners.

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