The Senate voted 54-45 to confirm Supreme Court nominee Neil Gorsuch Friday after a contentious year-long battle to replace Antonin Scalia.

Along the way, Senate tradition took a major hit as all 52 Republicans voted to invoke the so-called nuclear option, which makes it easier for Supreme Court nominees to be confirmed. All 46 Democrats, plus the two independents who caucus with them, voted against the change.

After the rule change, 3 Democrats voted with the GOP to confirm Gorsuch. The senators — Heidi Heitkamp, Joe Manchin and Joe Donnelly — represent North Dakota, West Virginia, and Indiana, states that voted for Trump. Sen. Johnny Isakson (R-Ga.) was not present for the vote because he was recovering from surgery, though he released a statement in favor of Gorsuch’s confirmation.

Here’s how the series of votes unfolded:

1. Short of 60 debate-ending votes, Gorsuch was temporarily denied a confirmation vote

50 votes

60 votes

55

senators voted yes

45

voted no

Under the old rules, 60 senators had to agree to overcome a filibuster and force a final vote. In an unprecedented move, more than 40 Senate Democrats voted no on this first hurdle, temporarily blocking Gorsuch from getting a final confirmation vote.

Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell was among those who voted no. This allowed him, under Senate rules, to ask for another vote on ending debate after the filibuster rule was changed.

2. But Republicans voted to overturn that rule

50 votes

60 votes

48

senators voted yes

52

voted no

Republicans ended the filibuster for Supreme Court nominees, so the minority party will no longer be able to block a vote on their confirmation. Democrats took a similar step for most political and judicial nominees in 2013, but the 60-vote threshold for Supreme Court appointees was left intact until today.

3. Now, only 50 votes are needed to force a confirmation vote

50 votes

60 votes

55

senators voted yes

45

voted no

Three Democrats voted with the Republicans to advance the nomination to a vote after the rule change: Joe Donnelly (Ind.), Heidi Heitkamp (N.D.) and Joe Manchin III (W.Va.). Another Democrat, Sen. Michael F. Bennet (Colo.), supported the initial vote to end floor debate but voted against the second one, after the “nuclear option” was invoked.

4. His confirmation was finalized Friday

50 votes

60 votes

54

senators voted yes

45

voted no

1

did not vote

Gorsuch was confirmed with 54 votes, much lower than the 98 votes that Scalia got when he was confirmed 30 years ago. Historically, Supreme Court nominees have easily sailed past the 50-vote confirmation threshold. But these nominations have become more partisan over time, so the vote fell largely along party lines.

Here’s how each senator came down on the four votes:

Republicans

Those shown in bold represent states that voted for Clinton.

End debate on Gorsuch

Keep 60-vote rule

End debate on Gorsuch

Confirm Gorsuch

Mitch McConnell Ky. NO NO YES YES
Lamar Alexander Tenn. YES NO YES YES
John Barrasso Wyo. YES NO YES YES
Roy Blunt Mo. YES NO YES YES
John Boozman Ark. YES NO YES YES
Richard Burr N.C. YES NO YES YES
Shelley Moore Capito W.Va. YES NO YES YES
Bill Cassidy La. YES NO YES YES
Thad Cochran Miss. YES NO YES YES
Susan M. Collins Maine YES NO YES YES
Bob Corker Tenn. YES NO YES YES
John Cornyn Tex. YES NO YES YES
Tom Cotton Ark. YES NO YES YES
Mike Crapo Idaho YES NO YES YES
Ted Cruz Tex. YES NO YES YES
Steve Daines Mont. YES NO YES YES
Michael B. Enzi Wyo. YES NO YES YES
Joni Ernst Iowa YES NO YES YES
Deb Fischer Neb. YES NO YES YES
Jeff Flake Ariz. YES NO YES YES
Cory Gardner Colo. YES NO YES YES
Lindsey Graham S.C. YES NO YES YES
Chuck Grassley Iowa YES NO YES YES
Orrin G. Hatch Utah YES NO YES YES
Dean Heller Nev. YES NO YES YES
John Hoeven N.D. YES NO YES YES
James M. Inhofe Okla. YES NO YES YES
Johnny Isakson Ga. YES NO YES No vote
Ron Johnson Wis. YES NO YES YES
John Kennedy La. YES NO YES YES
James Lankford Okla. YES NO YES YES
Mike Lee Utah YES NO YES YES
John McCain Ariz. YES NO YES YES
Jerry Moran Kan. YES NO YES YES
Lisa Murkowski Alaska YES NO YES YES
Rand Paul Ky. YES NO YES YES
David Perdue Ga. YES NO YES YES
Rob Portman Ohio YES NO YES YES
James E. Risch Idaho YES NO YES YES
Pat Roberts Kan. YES NO YES YES
Mike Rounds S.D. YES NO YES YES
Marco Rubio Fla. YES NO YES YES
Ben Sasse Neb. YES NO YES YES
Tim Scott S.C. YES NO YES YES
Richard C. Shelby Ala. YES NO YES YES
Luther Strange Ala. YES NO YES YES
Dan Sullivan Alaska YES NO YES YES
John Thune S.D. YES NO YES YES
Thom Tillis N.C. YES NO YES YES
Patrick J. Toomey Pa. YES NO YES YES
Roger F. Wicker Miss. YES NO YES YES
Todd Young Ind. YES NO YES YES

Democrats

Those shown in bold represent states that voted for Trump.

End debate on Gorsuch

Keep 60-vote rule

End debate on Gorsuch

Confirm Gorsuch

Joe Donnelly Ind. YES YES YES YES
Heidi Heitkamp N.D. YES YES YES YES
Joe Manchin, III W.Va. YES YES YES YES
Michael F. Bennet Colo. YES YES NO NO
Tammy Baldwin Wis. NO YES NO NO
Richard Blumenthal Conn. NO YES NO NO
Cory A. Booker N.J. NO YES NO NO
Sherrod Brown Ohio NO YES NO NO
Maria Cantwell Wash. NO YES NO NO
Benjamin L. Cardin Md. NO YES NO NO
Thomas R. Carper Del. NO YES NO NO
Robert P. Casey, Jr. Pa. NO YES NO NO
Christopher A. Coons Del. NO YES NO NO
Catherine Cortez Masto Nev. NO YES NO NO
Tammy Duckworth Ill. NO YES NO NO
Richard J. Durbin Ill. NO YES NO NO
Dianne Feinstein Calif. NO YES NO NO
Al Franken Minn. NO YES NO NO
Kirsten E. Gillibrand N.Y. NO YES NO NO
Kamala D. Harris Calif. NO YES NO NO
Margaret Wood Hassan N.H. NO YES NO NO
Martin Heinrich N.M. NO YES NO NO
Mazie K. Hirono Hawaii NO YES NO NO
Tim Kaine Va. NO YES NO NO
Angus S. King, Jr.* Maine NO YES NO NO
Amy Klobuchar Minn. NO YES NO NO
Patrick J. Leahy Vt. NO YES NO NO
Edward J. Markey Mass. NO YES NO NO
Claire McCaskill Mo. NO YES NO NO
Robert Menendez N.J. NO YES NO NO
Jeff Merkley Ore. NO YES NO NO
Christopher Murphy Conn. NO YES NO NO
Patty Murray Wash. NO YES NO NO
Bill Nelson Fla. NO YES NO NO
Gary C. Peters Mich. NO YES NO NO
Jack Reed R.I. NO YES NO NO
Bernard Sanders* Vt. NO YES NO NO
Brian Schatz Hawaii NO YES NO NO
Charles E. Schumer N.Y. NO YES NO NO
Jeanne Shaheen N.H. NO YES NO NO
Debbie Stabenow Mich. NO YES NO NO
Jon Tester Mont. NO YES NO NO
Tom Udall N.M. NO YES NO NO
Chris Van Hollen Md. NO YES NO NO
Mark R. Warner Va. NO YES NO NO
Elizabeth Warren Mass. NO YES NO NO
Sheldon Whitehouse R.I. NO YES NO NO
Ron Wyden Ore. NO YES NO NO

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