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Candidates who co-sponsored or endorsed the Green New Deal resolution.
Former vice president
“Biden believes the Green New Deal is a crucial framework for meeting the climate challenges we face. It powerfully captures two basic truths, which are at the core of his plan: (1) the United States urgently needs to embrace greater ambition on an epic scale to meet the scope of this challenge, and (2) our environment and our economy are completely and totally connected,” his climate change plan said. Biden adopts the rhetoric — and at times, the actual policy proposals — of the Green New Deal resolution.Candidate positions highlighted
U.S. senator, New Jersey
Booker “was an original cosponsor of the Green New Deal resolution in the Senate because he believes we need to act with an urgency and force that meets the scale of the challenge that we face,” his climate plan said. “As president, [Booker] will unite Americans to heal our atmosphere, our lands, and our communities with a bold vision for achieving a 100% clean energy economy quickly and equitably. Together, we will create millions of new high-paying jobs building the energy technologies, infrastructure, buildings, and vehicles of the future. We will invent new technologies and materials as innovative and resilient as we are. And we will be a moral leader on the world stage.”Candidate positions highlighted
Mayor, South Bend, Ind.
Buttigieg supports the Green New Deal resolution, he told The Post. “Now in terms of broader question about jobs. This is extremely important in the industrial Midwest where I live and again people need to see where they have a role in this future and a role beside that of victim,” Buttigieg told a CNN climate town hall. “A lot of the jobs that are being created in the green economy are also good paying union jobs. And not all of them are exotic, a lot of them are good old fashioned building trades jobs that we're going to need more of to do the retrofits to get the energy efficiency that we need. We can create tremendous economic opportunity but let's be honest about the fact that this also means transition for a lot of people.”Candidate positions highlighted
Former mayor, San Antonio
Castro supports the Green New Deal, he told The Post. “We will mobilize America around this mission for a historic investment in the American people and our planet. That’s the benefit of a Green New Deal: we will build a 100 percent clean energy economy that both combats the climate crisis and tackles structural inequality,” his climate plan said.
Jan. 12: “We're gonna say no to subsidizing big oil and say yes to passing a Green New Deal.”Candidate positions highlighted
Bill de Blasio (Dropped out)
Mayor, New York City
de Blasio is no longer running for president. “Yes, I support the Green New Deal resolution,” de Blasio told The Post. “In New York City we have already begun implementing a Green New Deal. Our Green New Deal policy centers on a mandate to reduce greenhouse gas emissions at city buildings, the equivalent of removing 1.3 million cars from the roads, while creating more than 25,000 high quality jobs. Along with other policies, the buildings mandate puts NYC on a path to reduce carbon emissions by 40% by 2030 and to carbon neutrality by 2050.”Candidate positions highlighted
U.S. representative, Hawaii
“I support the carbon neutrality goals of the Green New Deal and the awareness it has brought across the country on the critical issues of energy independence and the climate crisis, however, I do not support ‘leaving the door open’ to nuclear power unless and until there is a permanent solution to the problem of nuclear waste," Gabbard told The Post. "I believe we need to invest in 100% renewable and safe energy sources like wind, solar, and geothermal." Gabbard did not co-sponsor the Green New Deal resolution.Candidate positions highlighted
Kirsten Gillibrand (Dropped out)
U.S. senator, New York
Gillibrand is no longer running for president. Gillibrand “was one of the first supporters of the Green New Deal, a moonshot strategy that would take major steps to save our planet by investing in infrastructure, creating a green jobs economy and protecting clean air and water,” Gillibrand's campaign website said. She co-sponsored the Green New Deal resolution.Candidate positions highlighted
Kamala D. Harris
U.S. senator, California
Harris co-sponsored the Green New Deal resolution. “So, again, back to the United States Congress, here's my point. If they fail to act, as president of the United States, I am prepared to get rid of the filibuster to pass a Green New Deal,” Harris told a CNN climate town hall.
Apr. 24: “We must take climate change seriously and act with a sense of urgency. The clock is ticking and we can do something about it. I support the #GreenNewDeal because every day we wait is a day we fail future generations.”Candidate positions highlighted
Jay Inslee (Dropped out)
Governor, Washington state
Inslee is no longer running for president. “I applaud Sen. Markey and Rep. Ocasio-Cortez for introducing the Green New Deal resolution," Inslee told The Post. "I have rolled out an ambitious Climate Mission, a 10-year mobilization that would move America to 100% clean energy and create 8 million jobs in a clean energy economy. I'm honored that Rep. Ocasio-Cortez and many of the grassroots leaders behind the Green New Deal have praised my plan as the most comprehensive plan towards a clean energy future.”Candidate positions highlighted
U.S. senator, Minnesota
“My plan is definite that we have to go to carbon neutral by no later than 2050,” Klobuchar told a CNN climate town hall. “I'm a cosponsor of the Green New Deal, so I'd like to see it even sooner, right? But at the outset, when I look at the numbers, I think we should at least get this done — we have to by 2050. And we have to limit this to 2.7 degrees warming Fahrenheit or we're going to be in a whole lot more trouble than we are already are in today.”Candidate positions highlighted
Seth Moulton (Dropped out)
U.S. representative, Massachusetts
Moulton is no longer running for president. “I was one of the first to sign onto the resolution, but ... I have my own views on the details,” Moulton told The Post. “Rather than a jobs guarantee and forcing everyone onto Medicare-for-All ... we need policies like a skills guarantee, a carbon tax, and the Federal Green Corps, which is part of my vision for dramatically expanding national service.”Candidate positions highlighted
Former U.S. representative, Texas
O’Rourke “supports the Green New Deal’s ambition in terms of the speed, size, and scale of sacrifice needed,” a campaign spokesman told The Post, calling for “investments in renewable energy and ... transition away from greenhouse gas-emitting energy sources to reach the goal of net-zero emissions by 2050.”Candidate positions highlighted
U.S. senator, Vermont
Sanders “not only cosponsored the Green New Deal resolution in the Senate, he will fight to pass a Green New Deal to generate millions of jobs and save American families money by transforming our energy system away from fossil fuels to 100 percent energy efficiency and sustainable energy,” a campaign spokesman told The Post. ”A Green New Deal will protect workers and the communities in which they live to ensure a transition to family-sustaining wage, union jobs and a green, sustainable economy.”Candidate positions highlighted
“In addition to taking bold executive actions, I will challenge Congress to pass vital legislation to enact a Green New Deal and provide additional funding to protect the country against climate and weather-related natural disasters,” Steyer's climate plan framework said.Candidate positions highlighted
Eric Swalwell (Dropped out)
U.S. representative, California
Swalwell is no longer running for president. Swalwell co-sponsored the Green New Deal resolution.Candidate positions highlighted
U.S. senator, Massachusetts
“I am an original cosponsor of the Green New Deal resolution, which commits the United States to meet 100 percent of our power demand through clean, renewable, and zero-emission energy sources,” Warren told The Post.Candidate positions highlighted
“A Green New Deal would provide an overall strategy for how clean energy, sustainable infrastructure and transportation, and a national green jobs program can revitalize our economy and utilize our innovative and human capacity to benefit all our people,” Williamson's campaign site said. “While it doesn’t cover the whole range of measures we must undertake to reverse global warming, it is an important step, therefore I support it.”Candidate positions highlighted
“I love the vision of the Green New Deal,” Yang told a CNN climate town hall. “The framers of it have done us all a great service by energizing so many people around a vision. And, to me, the only issue I have with the Green New Deal is the timing of the timeline. I mean, they are right that we need to take urgent action, but the timeline that they have put out there would do away with commercial air travel and a lot of other things in a particular time frame, that, if we have a little bit more time, we can head in the same direction and achieve most of the same value.”Candidate positions highlighted
Prefers something else
Prefers something else
Others preferred a different plan, or cheered the ambition but questioned how realistic it was.
U.S. senator, Colorado
“The Green New Deal has lifted the climate change debate and set strong goals, both of which are critically important. But it also includes policies such as paid vacation and affordable housing, which we should evaluate on their own merits, but not in a climate plan,” Bennet told The Post. “My plan catalyzes $10 trillion in private sector investment at home and abroad; it sets the first and most ambitious goal in history to conserve 30% of our lands and oceans, and it achieves net zero emissions as fast as possible and no later than by 2050 ...”Candidate positions highlighted
“I believe US climate policy must be ambitious, durable, and that a bipartisan foundation is essential to meeting long term climate goals,” Bullock told The Post. “As for the particulars of the resolution introduced in Congress, we can do better with a more focused plan ... we should significantly increase renewable energy, reverse the Trump Administration’s cuts to fuel efficiency standards and expand them to address the 37% of emissions that come from transportation, improve energy efficiency which could account for 30% of our overall goal, and follow the IPCC’s recommendation to invest in carbon capture.”Candidate positions highlighted
Former U.S. representative, Maryland
Delaney does not support the Green New Deal, he told The Post. He has introduced a climate plan centered on a carbon tax.
Feb. 14: “The Green New Deal as it has been proposed is about as realistic as Trump saying that Mexico is going to pay for the wall. Let's focus on what's possible, not what's impossible. #GND #GreenNewDeal”Candidate positions highlighted
John Hickenlooper (Dropped out)
Former governor, Colorado
Hickenlooper is no longer running for president. “The resolution sets unachievable goals,” Hickenlooper wrote in a Post op-ed in March. “We do not yet have the technology needed to reach ‘net-zero greenhouse gas emissions’ in 10 years. That’s why many wind and solar companies don’t support it.”Candidate positions highlighted
Mayor, Miramar, Fla.
“I support the urgency and end goal of the Green New Deal,” Messam told The Post. “We absolutely need bold ideas that will meet the scale of this crisis, and I’m encouraged that the resolution is spurring a much-needed debate ... As a resident of Florida, a state directly affected by climate change, I will roll out my own policy, including renewable energy markers, to help Americans prepare for the future.”Candidate positions highlighted
U.S. representative, Ohio
“The Green New Deal Resolution does a great job of outlining the critical economic and environmental issues facing our nation, and how addressing the nexus of the two [is essential],” Ryan told The Post, but he said he does not support some aspects such as job guarantees and universal basic income.Candidate positions highlighted
Former U.S. representative, Pennsylvania
“I am supportive of the emissions targets included in the Green New Deal, but not every policy prescription in the resolution. I have a detailed plan to address climate change as part of my Plan for America, available on my website,” Sestak told The Post.Candidate positions highlighted
The Democratic takeover of the House refocused the climate conversation in Washington. Freshman Rep. Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez (D-N.Y.) along with Sen. Edward J. Markey (D-Mass.) introduced a nonbinding resolution calling for a Green New Deal, which aims to achieve a “fair and just transition” to net-zero emissions and ties climate action to other progressive goals such as universal health care and a jobs guarantee. The resolution, which became the subject of GOP mockery, has drawn criticism from labor leaders and some Democratic presidential hopefuls.
Climate change has emerged as a key issue in the race for the 2020 Democratic presidential nomination. Candidates frequently discuss climate change on the campaign trail and often face questions from the audience on how they will address the issue.
Where the candidates stand
Here’s where 2020 candidates stand on issues related to climate change, based on candidate statements, voting records and answers to a questionnaire we sent every campaign.
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A previous version of this article incorrectly categorized Elizabeth Warren and Julian Castro’s responses to the Paris climate agreement question.
How we compiled candidate positions
The Washington Post sent a detailed questionnaire to every Democratic campaign asking whether they support various climate change policies. We organized candidates with similar stances into groups using a combination of those answers, legislative records, action taken in an executive role and other public comments, such as policy discussion on campaign websites, social media posts, interviews, town halls and other news reports. See something that we missed? Let us know.
The page will update to reflect candidates’ positions as they become more clear. We expect candidates to develop more detailed policy positions throughout the campaign, and this page will update as we learn more about their plans. We will also note if candidates change their position on an issue. At initial publication, this page included major candidates who had announced a run for president or an exploratory committee by June 1. The Post will reach out to additional candidates as they enter the race and then include them here.
Recent changes on this page
Sept. 20 De Blasio dropped out of presidential race.
Sept. 10 Added positions for Steyer based on his climate plan, as well as quotes for several candidates on the fracking ban question.
Sept. 5 Adjusted Biden view on fracking following confirmation of his stance from the campaign.
Sept. 5 Included many stances and quotes from 10 candidates who participated in CNN’s climate town hall event.
Sept. 4 Adjusted Warren's position on fracking after a clarification from her campaign.
Sept. 4 Additional information added from the climate plans of several candidates, including many that include specific U.S. emissions targets. Moved Castro out of 'Unclear' to better characterize his position on fracking.
Sept. 3 Added Klobuchar's position on fossil fuel leasing on federal lands after she released a climate plan.
Aug. 28 Gillibrand dropped out of presidential race.
Aug. 23 Moulton dropped out of presidential race.
Aug. 22 Inslee dropped out of presidential race.
Aug. 19 Updated several positions for Castro based on a response from his campaign.
Aug. 15 Hickenlooper dropped out of presidential race.
Aug. 2 Added Booker quote on the Paris climate agreement, Biden quote on fracking.
July 30 Additional information on Gillibrand's support for a carbon tax. Added Sestak.
July 15 Updated categories on the fracking ban question after addition correspondence with several campaigns to clarify their stances.
July 8 Swalwell dropped out of presidential race.
June 25 Updated Inslee’s position on carbon pricing from “open to it” to “yes” after he released a policy proposal.
June 21 Updated Gabbard’s position on carbon pricing from “open to it” to “no” based on a response from her campaign.
June 21 Added Warren’s position on carbon pricing based on a response from her campaign.
June 20 Updated O’Rourke’s position on fracking from “don’t ban it, but regulate it better” to “ban it” and Hickenlooper’s position on fracking from “don’t ban it” to “don’t ban it, but regulate it better” based on response from the campaigns. Added positions for Hickenlooper and Yang on several issues based on responses from the campaigns.
June 13 Adjusted Hickenlooper's position on carbon pricing after he released his climate plan.
June 5 Adjusted O'Rourke position on the Green New Deal and added his specific U.S. target in the Paris agreement question, following campaign guidance.
June 4 Added Biden positions to several questions after he released his climate plan and his campaign confirmed his stances.
June 3 Moved Gabbard position on campaign carbon footprint and Harris stance on Paris agreement following additional campaign guidance.
June 3 Updated campaign carbon footprint question with additional categories to reflect variety of answers. Also added Harris answers on fossil fuel subsidies and leasing on public lands after her campaign indicated her co-sponsorship of relevant legislation.
June 3 Adjusted Sanders answer on the Paris agreement after clarification from his campaign.
June 3 Updated Bennet’s details on the Green New Deal and fracking based on more information from his campaign.
June 1 Adjusted Buttigieg's position on fracking given additional information from his campaign.
June 1 Adjusted Gabbard’s answers on the Green New Deal and the Paris climate agreement to reflect a clarification from her campaign and a specific pledge.
May 31 Page published.