education

Do you support using public money in the form of vouchers or tax credits for private or religious school education?

No

No

Michael Bennet

U.S. senator, Colorado

Bennet does not support using public money for private or religious education, he told The Post.

Candidate positions highlighted
Michael Bennet
Bennet

Cory Booker

U.S. senator, New Jersey

“No — the evidence has become clear that vouchers do not help — and in fact, hurt — the cause of educational equity,” Booker told The Post. “We must do everything we can, including pursuing smart reforms, to ensure that every kid, no matter their zip code, has access to an outstanding public school education.”

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Cory Booker
Booker

Steve Bullock

Governor, Montana

“Public money should be used to improve public schools, not diverted to private or religious institutions,” Bullock told The Post.

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Steve Bullock
Bullock

Julian Castro

Former mayor, San Antonio

Castro does not support using public money for private or religious education, he told The Post.

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Julian Castro
Castro

Kirsten Gillibrand (Dropped out)

U.S. senator, New York

Gillibrand is no longer running for president. Gillibrand does not support using public money for private or religious education, she told The Post.

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Kirsten Gillibrand
Gillibrand

John Hickenlooper (Dropped out)

Former governor, Colorado

Hickenlooper is no longer running for president. “No. I support parents in their commitment to select the best school for their student but would not support the use of publicly-funded vouchers for private or religious school education,” Hickenlooper told The Post.

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John Hickenlooper
Hickenlooper

Amy Klobuchar

U.S. senator, Minnesota

Klobuchar does not support using public money for private or religious education, she told The Post.

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Amy Klobuchar
Klobuchar

Wayne Messam

Mayor, Miramar, Fla.

Messam does not support using public money for private or religious education, he told The Post.

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Wayne Messam
Messam

Beto O'Rourke

Former U.S. representative, Texas

“No. Beto opposes private school vouchers. His priority will be to increase support for our public school system,” a campaign spokesperson told The Post.

Jul. 5: “We will not allow a single public tax dollar to be taken out of our public school classrooms, turned into vouchers, and sent to private schools. #NEARA19”

Candidate positions highlighted
Beto O'Rourke
O'Rourke

Tim Ryan

U.S. representative, Ohio

Ryan does not support using public money for private or religious education, he told The Post.

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Tim Ryan
Ryan

Bernie Sanders

U.S. senator, Vermont

Sanders does not support using public money for private or religious education, he told The Post.

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Bernie Sanders
Sanders

Joe Sestak

Former U.S. representative, Pennsylvania

Sestak does not support using public money for private or religious education, he told The Post.

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Joe Sestak
Sestak

Elizabeth Warren

U.S. senator, Massachusetts

“I believe tax dollars should stay in our public schools, period,” Warren told The Post.

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Elizabeth Warren
Warren

Marianne Williamson

Author

“No. Parents who want to send their children to private or religious schools are free to do so, but the government should not pay for it,” Williamson told The Post. “The government provides free education for all through public schools.”

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Marianne Williamson
Williamson

Unclear/no response

Unclear/no response

Joe Biden

Former vice president

Biden did not provide an answer to this question.

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Joe Biden
Biden

Pete Buttigieg

Mayor, South Bend, Ind.

Buttigieg did not provide an answer to this question.

Candidate positions highlighted
Pete Buttigieg
Buttigieg

Bill de Blasio (Dropped out)

Mayor, New York City

de Blasio is no longer running for president. De Blasio did not provide an answer to this question.

Candidate positions highlighted
Bill de Blasio
de Blasio

John Delaney

Former U.S. representative, Maryland

Delaney did not provide an answer to this question.

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John Delaney
Delaney

Tulsi Gabbard

U.S. representative, Hawaii

Gabbard did not provide an answer to this question.

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Tulsi Gabbard
Gabbard

Kamala D. Harris

U.S. senator, California

Harris did not provide an answer to this question.

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Kamala Harris
Harris

Jay Inslee (Dropped out)

Governor, Washington state

Inslee is no longer running for president. Inslee did not provide an answer to this question.

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Jay Inslee
Inslee

Seth Moulton (Dropped out)

U.S. representative, Massachusetts

Moulton is no longer running for president. Moulton did not provide an answer to this question.

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Seth Moulton
Moulton

Tom Steyer

Billionaire activist

Steyer did not provide an answer to this question.

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Tom Steyer
Steyer

Andrew Yang

Tech entrepreneur

Yang did not provide an answer to this question.

Candidate positions highlighted
Andrew Yang
Yang

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Background School vouchers have always been more popular among Republicans than Democrats, but some Democrats have supported them as a way to give poor children in unappealing schools more options.

How candidate positions were compiled

The Washington Post sent a detailed questionnaire to every Democratic presidential campaign asking whether it supports various changes to U.S. education policy. Candidates with similar stances were organized into groups using a combination of those answers, legislative records, action taken in an executive role and other public comments, such as policy discussion on campaign websites, social media posts, interviews, town hall meetings and other news reports. See something we missed? Let us know.

We expect candidates to develop more detailed policy positions throughout the campaign, and this page will update as we learn more about their plans. We also will note if candidates change their positions on an issue. At initial publication, this page included major candidates who had announced a run for president or an exploratory committee. The Post will contact additional candidates as they enter the race and include them here.

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