foreign policy

Do you support a two-state solution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict?

Yes

Yes

Joe Biden

Former vice president

“Yes. A two-state solution is the only path to long-term security for Israel, while sustaining its identity as a Jewish and democratic state,” Biden told The Post. “It is also the only way to ensure Palestinian dignity and Palestinians’ legitimate interest in national self-determination. And it is a necessary condition to take full advantage of the opening that exists for greater cooperation between Israel and its Arab neighbors.”

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Joe Biden
Biden

Michael Bennet (Dropped out)

U.S. senator, Colorado

Bennet is no longer running for president. Bennet “believes any steps taken by the United States must improve security in the region and preserve a pathway to direct talks between the Israelis and the Palestinians with the longstanding, bipartisan goal of two states living side by side in peace and security,” a campaign spokesperson told The Post.

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Michael Bennet
Bennet

Mike Bloomberg (Dropped out)

Former New York mayor

Bloomberg is no longer running for president. Bloomberg supports a two-state solution, his campaign told The Post.

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Mike Bloomberg
Bloomberg

Cory Booker (Dropped out)

U.S. senator, New Jersey

Booker is no longer running for president. “I am committed to finding a two-state solution so that Palestinians and Israelis have the dignity and security they deserve,” Booker told The Post.

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Cory Booker
Booker

Steve Bullock (Dropped out)

Governor, Montana

Bullock is no longer running for president. “Israel is an American ally. That relationship is stronger than one president or one prime minister,” Bullock told The Post. “Our military and economic relationship is important to maintain — and we will continue to strengthen the trade relationship with Israel. Above all, we will continue to seek a peace process that guarantees Israel’s security and creates a two-state solution in the region that allows Israel and the Palestinian people to live side by side.”

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Steve Bullock
Bullock

Pete Buttigieg (Dropped out)

Former mayor, South Bend, Ind.

Buttigieg is no longer running for president. “Yes. The U.S. alliance with Israel and support for Israel’s security are fundamental tenets of U.S. national security policy, and will remain so if I am elected,” Buttigieg told The Post. “But this is not a zero-sum game. Israeli security and Palestinian aspirations are fundamentally interlinked. To visit the West Bank (as I did) and Gaza is to understand the fundamental need for a two-state solution which addresses the economic, security and moral rights of Palestinians who live there and Israeli citizens.”

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Pete Buttigieg
Buttigieg

Julian Castro (Dropped out)

Former mayor, San Antonio

Castro is no longer running for president. “I believe that only a two-state solution can serve as the foundation of a long-term peace while protecting the dignity, security, and freedom of both the Israeli and Palestinian people,” Castro told the Council on Foreign Relations.

Apr. 8: “In abandoning our position as a good faith partner in the Middle East peace process, the Trump admin has enabled reckless actions like this from Netanyahu. US support for a two-state solution is on the line in November 2020. ”

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Julian Castro
Castro

John Delaney (Dropped out)

Former U.S. representative, Maryland

Delaney is no longer running for president. “I do support a two-state solution but do not think it should be the position of the U.S. to predetermine what that agreement looks like,” Delaney told the Council on Foreign Relations. “The only way that lasting peace can be achieved in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict is if there are direct, bilateral negotiations between the two parties.”

Mar. 25: “I support a two-state solution and our alliance, and that is exactly what AIPAC has been fighting for, on a bipartisan basis, for decades.”

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John Delaney
Delaney

Tulsi Gabbard (Dropped out)

U.S. representative, Hawaii

Gabbard is no longer running for president. “Yes. I support peace negotiations that will result in self-determination, security and peace for the Israeli and Palestinian people alike,” Gabbard told The Post.

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Tulsi Gabbard
Gabbard

Kamala D. Harris (Dropped out)

U.S. senator, California

Harris is no longer running for president. Harris will “continue her unshakable support for Israel and work towards a two-state solution so that Palestinians and Israelis can govern themselves in security, dignity, and peace,” Harris's campaign website said.

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Kamala Harris
Harris

Amy Klobuchar (Dropped out)

U.S. senator, Minnesota

Klobuchar is no longer running for president. Klobuchar supports a two-state solution, her campaign told The Post.

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Amy Klobuchar
Klobuchar

Beto O'Rourke (Dropped out)

Former U.S. representative, Texas

O'Rourke is no longer running for president. O'Rourke supports a two-state solution, a campaign spokesperson told The Post. “A two-state solution that realizes the aspirations of the Palestinian people and addresses Israel’s legitimate security concerns is the only way to guarantee peace and the human rights and dignity of both Israelis and Palestinians,” he told the Council on Foreign Relations.

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Beto O'Rourke
O'Rourke

Deval Patrick (Dropped out)

Former governor, Massachusetts

Patrick is no longer running for president. Patrick supports a two-state solution, a campaign spokesperson told The Post. “Israel’s right to exist is beyond question. Israel is also a vital democratic ally in the Middle East. At the same time, the Palestinians’ right to self-determination within a democratic framework must be acknowledged and addressed. For that reason, I support a two-state solution to the Israeli-Palestinian stalemate, and would press for that with all of the diplomatic, educational, economic and social leverage available to the United States,” he told the Council on Foreign Relations.

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Deval Patrick
Patrick

Tim Ryan (Dropped out)

U.S. representative, Ohio

Ryan is no longer running for president. “Yes. There is no moral solution to this dispute that does not involve sovereign territory for both peoples,” Ryan told The Post.

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Tim Ryan
Ryan

Bernie Sanders (Dropped out)

U.S. senator, Vermont

Sanders is no longer running for president. Sanders supports a two-state solution, he told The Post. He backed a resolution in support of a two-state solution in June.

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Bernie Sanders
Sanders

Joe Sestak (Dropped out)

Former U.S. representative, Pennsylvania

Sestak is no longer running for president. “Yes. This is an imperative both for the long-term security of Israel and the needs of the Palestinian people,” Sestak told The Post.

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Joe Sestak
Sestak

Tom Steyer (Dropped out)

Billionaire activist

Steyer is no longer running for president. Steyer supports a two-state solution, he told The Post.

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Tom Steyer
Steyer

Elizabeth Warren (Dropped out)

U.S. senator, Massachusetts

Warren is no longer running for president. “Yes. I strongly support the two-state solution as the best way to address the Israeli-Palestinian conflict,” Warren told The Post.

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Elizabeth Warren
Warren

Marianne Williamson (Dropped out)

Author

Williamson is no longer running for president. Williamson supports a two-state solution, she told The Post. “The United States should have an equal and simultaneous support for both the legitimate security concerns of Israel, and the human rights, dignity and economic opportunities of the Palestinian people,” she told the Council on Foreign Relations.

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Marianne Williamson
Williamson

Andrew Yang (Dropped out)

Tech entrepreneur

Yang is no longer running for president. “The only acceptable end to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict involves a two-state solution that allows both the Israeli and Palestinian people to have sovereign land and self-determination,” he told the Council on Foreign Relations.

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Andrew Yang
Yang

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Background Since Bill Clinton’s presidency, U.S. leaders have advocated for the creation of an autonomous Palestinian state in the West Bank and Gaza, a proposal known as the two-state solution. The Trump White House took a different approach in 2017, with a senior official telling reporters that the United States is open to that solution but did not want to impose it on the region. In 2018, Trump said that he personally liked the two-state solution, but that he was not committed to it. "If the Israelis and the Palestinians want one state, that's okay with me. If they want two-state, that's okay with me. I'm happy if they're happy," he said.

The Post is sending detailed questionnaires to every Democratic candidate asking for their stances on various issues. See all the issues we’ve asked about so far.

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How candidate positions were compiled

The Washington Post sent a detailed questionnaire to every Democratic presidential campaign asking whether it supports various changes to U.S. foreign policy. Candidates with similar stances were organized into groups using a combination of those answers, legislative records, action taken in an executive role, and other public comments, such as policy discussion on campaign websites, social media posts, interviews, town hall meetings and other news reports and surveys. See something we missed? Let us know.

This page will update as we learn more about the candidates’ plans. We also will note if candidates change their position on an issue. At initial publication, this page included major candidates who had announced a run for president. If a candidate dropped out after a question was published here, their stance is included under the "Show former candidates" option. If they dropped out before a question was first published, the Post did not reach out to get their stance.

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Candidate illustrations by Ben Kirchner.