foreign policy

Do you support ratification of the U.S.-Mexico-Canada trade agreement passed by the House?



Joe Biden

Former vice president

"Vice President Biden does not believe that USMCA is an ideal deal, but supports it given the improvements that the labor and progressive movements won to improve it,” a campaign spokesperson told The Post. “As president, he will make sure that labor and environmental advocates are at the table and would not sign additional agreements until we’ve made major investments in America’s workers and communities."

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Joe Biden

Michael Bennet (Dropped out)

U.S. senator, Colorado

Bennet is no longer running for president. Bennet voted for the House-passed version of USMCA. "Trump’s reckless trade war created uncertainty for farmers in Iowa and around the country. The updated USMCA will give them something they can rely on,” Bennet said on Dec. 24. “It will bring our trade policies into the 21st century and boost labor and environmental standards in North America. Workers were clearly at the table during these negotiations, and I plan to vote for the deal.”

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Michael Bennet

Mike Bloomberg (Dropped out)

Former New York mayor

Bloomberg is no longer running for president. “The 26-year-old North American Free Trade Agreement was due for an overhaul,” Bloomberg told The Post. “I support what Nancy Pelosi and the House Democrats did to successfully change President Trump’s original plans for the USMCA, improving it in vital respects — including lowering pollution and increasing resilient infrastructure, eliminating unfair hand-outs to big corporations, and secured provisions to lower drug costs and improve access to life-saving medicines, and giving the USMCA the strongest enforcement mechanisms of any U.S. trade agreement.”

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Mike Bloomberg

Pete Buttigieg (Dropped out)

Former mayor, South Bend, Ind.

Buttigieg is no longer running for president. Buttigieg supports the House-passed USMCA deal, he said at the January debate. “It is not perfect, but when you sit down with the people who are most impacted they share just how much harm has been done to them by things like the trade war — and just how much we can benefit, American consumers and workers and farmers,” Buttigieg said.

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Pete Buttigieg

John Delaney (Dropped out)

Former U.S. representative, Maryland

Delaney is no longer running for president. Delaney supports the USMCA, a campaign spokesperson told The Post.

Dec 19: “It's a good sign when the leading Republican and Democrat in the country are wrestling for credit on a bipartisan bill - that is the kind of political fighting we want - who gets credit for getting something DONE!”

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John Delaney

Tulsi Gabbard (Dropped out)

U.S. representative, Hawaii

Gabbard is no longer running for president. Gabbard voted in support of the deal in the House.

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Tulsi Gabbard

Amy Klobuchar (Dropped out)

U.S. senator, Minnesota

Klobuchar is no longer running for president. Klobuchar voted for the House-passed version of USMCA. “I'll go with my friend, Sherrod Brown, who has voted against every trade agreement that's come in front of him, and he's voting for this, and I am, too. And the reason I am voting for it is that I believe that we have a change with this agreement. I would not have voted for the agreement that President Trump put forward, but we've got better labor standards, better environmental standards, and a better deal when it comes to the pharmaceutical provision, which I also opposed,” Klobuchar said at the December Democratic debate.

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Amy Klobuchar

Deval Patrick (Dropped out)

Former governor, Massachusetts

Patrick is no longer running for president. Patrick supports the House-passed USMCA deal, a campaign spokesperson told The Post.

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Deval Patrick

Elizabeth Warren (Dropped out)

U.S. senator, Massachusetts

Warren is no longer running for president. Warren voted for the House-passed version of USMCA. “It’s gonna help open up some markets for farmers, they need that stability. It’s gonna help with enforceable labor standards and that’s gonna be useful, she told CBS Boston. Warren criticized earlier versions of the deal.

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Elizabeth Warren

Andrew Yang (Dropped out)

Tech entrepreneur

Yang is no longer running for president. Yang supports the USMCA deal passed by the House, a campaign spokesperson told The Post.

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Andrew Yang



Cory Booker (Dropped out)

U.S. senator, New Jersey

Booker is no longer running for president. After he dropped out of the presidential race, Booker voted against the House-passed version of USMCA. “I am opposed to President Trump’s new NAFTA deal,” Booker told Citizens Trade Campaign. “It should be renegotiated to strengthen labor protections and environmental standards, and improve access to prescription drugs.”

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Cory Booker

Bernie Sanders (Dropped out)

U.S. senator, Vermont

Sanders is no longer running for president. Sanders voted against the House-passed version of USMCA. “Now, I don't agree with the — your statement that people think this is going to be a great job creator. This is a modest improvement over what we have right now. It would allow, hopefully, Mexican workers to organize into unions, independent unions and be able to negotiate decent contracts,” Sanders said at the December Democratic debate. “But at the end of the day, in my view, it is not going to stop outsourcing. It is not going to stop corporations from moving to Mexico, where manufacturing workers make less than $2 an hour. What we need is a trade policy that stands up for workers, stands up for farmers. And, by the way, the word "climate change," to the best of my knowledge, is not discussed in this new NAFTA agreement at all, which is an outrage. So, no, I will not be voting for this agreement, although it makes some modest improvements.”

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Bernie Sanders

Tom Steyer (Dropped out)

Billionaire activist

Steyer is no longer running for president. "While USMCA is better for working families and our great partners in labor, I cannot support a deal that doesn’t mention climate and work to protect our planet for future generations,” Steyer told The Post. “Combating climate change must be central to any trade deal, because the threat is serious and it demands urgent, immediate action." Steyer previously told Politico that the revised USMCA deal was “a win for our great partners in labor and the American workers who fuel our economy.”

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Tom Steyer

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Background Both houses of Congress passed a reworked version of Trump’s U.S.-Mexico-Canada trade agreement (USMCA) with bipartisan support. Many candidates and House Democrats saw the original NAFTA replacement the president signed with neighboring leaders as unacceptable, as the party has grown skeptical of trade deals and their effects on U.S. workers. House Democrats, led by Speaker Nancy Pelosi, negotiated higher labor and environmental standards and stronger enforcement, eventually winning the support of many Democrats and labor leaders, including AFL-CIO President Richard Trumka.

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How candidate positions were compiled

The Washington Post sent a detailed questionnaire to every Democratic presidential campaign asking whether it supports various changes to U.S. foreign policy. Candidates with similar stances were organized into groups using a combination of those answers, legislative records, action taken in an executive role, and other public comments, such as policy discussion on campaign websites, social media posts, interviews, town hall meetings and other news reports and surveys. See something we missed? Let us know.

This page will update as we learn more about the candidates’ plans. We also will note if candidates change their position on an issue. At initial publication, this page included major candidates who had announced a run for president. If a candidate dropped out after a question was published here, their stance is included under the "Show former candidates" option. If they dropped out before a question was first published, the Post did not reach out to get their stance.

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Candidate illustrations by Ben Kirchner.