Where 2020 Democrats stand on
Health care

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Do you support Medicare-for-all?

Supports some version of it

Supports some version of it

Tulsi Gabbard

U.S. representative, Hawaii

Gabbard co-sponsed the Medicare for All Act.

Feb. 2: “We have to fight to make sure that every single American gets the quality health care that they need through Medicare-for-all.”

Candidate positions highlighted
Tulsi Gabbard
Gabbard

Bernie Sanders

U.S. senator, Vermont

Thanks to his 2016 presidential run and 2017 proposal, Sanders’s Medicare-for-all has become one of the major litmus tests in the 2020 primary. He's running again, but this time many other candidates in the race support single-payer health care.

Feb. 19: “... the time is long overdue for the United States to join every other major country on Earth and guarantee health care to all people as a right ...”

Candidate positions highlighted
Bernie Sanders
Sanders

Elizabeth Warren

U.S. senator, Massachusetts

Warren co-sponsored Sen. Bernie Sanders’s Medicare-for-all bill in 2017 but has kept details broad on the campaign trail. She said there are “different ways” to get to “affordable health care for every American.” She also signed onto a bill to create a Medicaid-based public health-care option on state insurance marketplaces.

Feb. 14: “... of course we can afford to invest in making sure every American has health care.”

Candidate positions highlighted
Elizabeth Warren
Warren

Andrew Yang

Tech entrepreneur

Yang said he wants to “move in the direction of a single-payer system” either through expanding Medicare to everyone or creating a new system.

Feb. 16: “We need to provide high-quality health care to all Americans and a single-payer system is the most efficient way to accomplish that. ”

Candidate positions highlighted
Andrew Yang
Yang

Cory Booker (Dropped out)

U.S. senator, New Jersey

Booker is no longer running for president. Booker co-sponsored Sen. Bernie Sanders’s Medicare-for-all bill, but has said he wouldn’t do away with private health insurance. He has backed proposals to lower Medicare’s eligibility age to 50 and to create a Medicaid-based public health-care option on state insurance marketplaces.

March 11: “Medicare for All is the best way to ensure that every American has access to quality, affordable health care.”

Candidate positions highlighted
Cory Booker
Booker

Julian Castro (Dropped out)

Former mayor, San Antonio

Castro is no longer running for president. Castro has said Medicare “should be there for everybody,” but has not backed a particular bill or specific Medicare-for-all proposal.

Dec. 13: “I believe that we need Medicare-for-all.”

Candidate positions highlighted
Julian Castro
Castro

Bill de Blasio (Dropped out)

Mayor, New York City

de Blasio is no longer running for president. “Yes, I support moving America's health care system to a Medicare-for-all system,” de Blasio told The Post. “I believe healthcare is a human right and we must adopt a Medicare-for-all system to ensure that all Americans have access to high-quality health services no matter their means.”

Candidate positions highlighted
Bill de Blasio
de Blasio

Kirsten Gillibrand (Dropped out)

U.S. senator, New York

Gillibrand is no longer running for president. A co-sponsor of Sanders’s 2017 bill, Gillibrand has also backed proposals to lower Medicare’s age of eligibility to 50 and to create a Medicaid-based public health-care option on state insurance marketplaces.

Jan. 13: “Passing Medicare for All ... so families would never again have to worry about affording a trip to the doctor or the prescriptions they need.”

Candidate positions highlighted
Kirsten Gillibrand
Gillibrand

Kamala D. Harris (Dropped out)

U.S. senator, California

Harris is no longer running for president. Harris released a new health-care plan — her own version of Medicare-for-all that aims to move all Americans into a Medicare program after 10 years but would allow private, and more tightly regulated, plans to continue offering insurance — days before the second Democratic debate. She sparked a debate in January when she said she’d be willing to end private health insurance at a CNN town hall. She co-sponsored Sanders’s bill in 2017 and has also backed proposals to lower Medicare’s age of eligibility to 50 and to create a Medicaid-based public health-care option on state insurance marketplaces.

Feb. 15: “We need Medicare-for-all to bring dignity to millions.”

Candidate positions highlighted
Kamala Harris
Harris

Tim Ryan (Dropped out)

U.S. representative, Ohio

Ryan is no longer running for president. “We need to think big when it comes to making healthcare more accessible and affordable, which is why I am a long time supporter of Medicare for All,” Ryan told The Post. “But as we move towards that ultimate goal, we need to be realistic on how we get there. That is why I also support making modifications to the Affordable Care Act and adding public option that would allow Americans to buy into Medicare without eliminating private health insurance options until we as a country can implement Medicare for All in a way that will move our country forward." Ryan co-sponsored the Medicare for All Act.

Candidate positions highlighted
Tim Ryan
Ryan

Marianne Williamson (Dropped out)

Author

Williamson is no longer running for president. Williamson says she will “support high-quality universal coverage for every American, including a Medicare for all model.”

Feb. 21: “We’ve been trained to expect too little, reduced to haggling for things that should be considered everyone’s right.”

Candidate positions highlighted
Marianne Williamson
Williamson

Prefers a public option

Prefers a public option

Michael Bennet

U.S. senator, Colorado

"When you tell people the first thing about Medicare for All — either that it takes insurance away from 180 million Americans that have it through their employer or the taxes we would have to pay to afford that $30 trillion program — that 70 percent support falls to the mid-30s,” Bennet told CNN. “I think we need to level with the American people.”

Candidate positions highlighted
Michael Bennet
Bennet

Joe Biden

Former vice president

“I understand the appeal of Medicare-for-all, but folks supporting it should be clear that it means getting rid of Obamacare, and I’m not for that,” Biden said in a video. His health plan backs “giving Americans a new choice, a public health insurance option like Medicare.”

Candidate positions highlighted
Joe Biden
Biden

Mike Bloomberg

Former New York mayor

“The first step is to create a Medicare-like public option — health insurance that would be administered by the federal government but paid for by customer premiums,” Bloomberg's health plan said. “In rolling out this option, priority would go to the uninsured, including low-income people who are in states that haven’t expanded Medicaid under the ACA. A public insurance option would improve consumer choice and increase competition in the private insurance market, pushing down everyone’s premiums. People of modest means who buy the public option would be eligible for the same subsidies that would apply on the health insurance exchanges.” In January 2019, Bloomberg said Medicare-for-all "would bankrupt us for a very long time."

Candidate positions highlighted
Mike Bloomberg
Bloomberg

Pete Buttigieg

Former mayor, South Bend, Ind.

In a March 2019 CNN town hall, Buttigieg said the "best way" to move toward a Medicare-for-all system is to "take some flavor of Medicare, you make it available on the exchange as a kind of public option, and you invite people to buy into it." At the time of initial publication, his campaign said that Buttigieg's stance was a version of Medicare-for-all, though in December 2019 a spokesperson said that Buttigieg prefers a public option, rather than a version of Medicare-for-all.

Candidate positions highlighted
Pete Buttigieg
Buttigieg

John Delaney

Former U.S. representative, Maryland

Delaney supports universal health care but says Sen. Bernie Sanders’s Medicare-for-all bill is not the way. He has proposed his own system that leaves Medicare in place for people over 65 and creates a new public plan for people under 65.

Feb. 18: “I think we should have universal health care in this country but I don't think we should get there by making private insurance illegal.”

Candidate positions highlighted
John Delaney
Delaney

Amy Klobuchar

U.S. senator, Minnesota

Klobuchar prefers offering a Medicaid-type plan, embracing a bill to create a Medicaid-based public health-care option on state insurance marketplaces. She also signed onto a bill to lower the Medicare eligibilityage to 50.

Feb. 18: “It could be a possibility in the future. I'm just looking at something that will work now. ”

Candidate positions highlighted
Amy Klobuchar
Klobuchar

Deval Patrick

Former governor, Massachusetts

Patrick doesn't support Medicare-for-all "in the terms we've been talking about," he said in a Nov. 2019 CBS interview. He said he supports a public option. His campaign website called for “a health care system that provides access to high-quality, low-cost health services everywhere and for every single individual, bar none.”

Candidate positions highlighted
Deval Patrick
Patrick

Tom Steyer

Billionaire activist

“I support opening Medicare to all who want it,” Steyer told The Post. His campaign website said, “the American people deserve a health care system where everyone has access to quality, affordable, and secure health care. Tom supports a universal health care system, including a strong public option that aggressively competes with the private insurance marketplace, drives down costs, and expands coverage.”

Candidate positions highlighted
Tom Steyer
Steyer

Steve Bullock (Dropped out)

Governor, Montana

Bullock is no longer running for president. Bullock told The Post that he prefers something other than Medicare-for-all.

Candidate positions highlighted
Steve Bullock
Bullock

John Hickenlooper (Dropped out)

Former governor, Colorado

Hickenlooper is no longer running for president. Of Medicare-for-all, Hickenlooper said, "I reject the notion that it should become a litmus test of what it takes to be a good Democrat."

Feb. 14: “We are not going to stop until we get universal coverage.”

Candidate positions highlighted
John Hickenlooper
Hickenlooper

Jay Inslee (Dropped out)

Governor, Washington state

Inslee is no longer running for president. Inslee introduced a public option bill to offer a state-run health insurance plan.

Feb. 4: “Right now we need to embrace the things that we can have to move toward universal health coverage.”

Candidate positions highlighted
Jay Inslee
Inslee

Seth Moulton (Dropped out)

U.S. representative, Massachusetts

Moulton is no longer running for president. Moulton prefers updating Medicare through a public option and competition with private insurers, he said in a Facebook post.

April 22: “... as a recipient of single-payer healthcare through the VA, which has a history of problems, I don’t believe we should force everyone to accept a one-size-fits-all government plan.”

Candidate positions highlighted
Seth Moulton
Moulton

Beto O'Rourke (Dropped out)

Former U.S. representative, Texas

O'Rourke is no longer running for president. O'Rourke supports Medicare for America, a campaign spokesman told The Post, adding that “it is the surest way to get to guaranteed, universal coverage while dramatically decreasing out-of-pocket-costs. Under his plan, everyone without care would be enrolled in Medicare and those with insufficient care could choose Medicare. Those with employer-sponsored insurance can opt for Medicare. He believes that people who have insurance that works for them should be able to keep it.”

Candidate positions highlighted
Beto O'Rourke
O'Rourke

Eric Swalwell (Dropped out)

U.S. representative, California

Swalwell is no longer running for president. “I support coverage for all, i.e., Medicare for all who want it,” Swalwell told The Post. “This would serve as a public option for any American, operating alongside and competing with private insurance plans, in order to drive prices down for everyone. If you’re sick you should be seen, and if you’re seen you shouldn’t go broke.”

Candidate positions highlighted
Eric Swalwell
Swalwell

ShowHide former candidates

The major Democratic presidential contenders have been vocal about the need to expand health-care coverage for more Americans. But they are split on how, opening a key policy rift in the 2020 presidential campaign, particularly over the most ambitious of these plans: Medicare-for-all.

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Some Democrats have called for the United States to achieve Medicare-for-all through a single-payer system, in which all Americans would be enrolled automatically on a government plan. Other candidates have said that they believe Medicare-for-all is a good long-term goal, while stopping short of calling for a single-payer system. Others still believe in more modest measures to expand health insurance, believing Medicare-for-all could trigger a political backlash.

The debate over these plans — as well as their objective, details and impact on the health-care industry — is expected to play a major role animating the race for the Democratic presidential nomination.

What is Medicare-for-all?

Some versions would dramatically rethink how the nation’s insurance system works by replacing the current health insurance system with a single government-run system that provides insurance for all Americans.

Medicare-for-all would move the United States in the direction of a single-payer system, where the government steps in (rather than insurance companies) as the intermediary between patients and providers in health-care transactions.

SINGLE-PAYER PLAN

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For Americans who currently have private insurance through their employers, insurance companies are the intermediaries that pay providers (hospitals and doctors), and patients often cover a part of the cost with a co-pay.

HOW PRIVATE INSURANCE WORKS NOW

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HOW PRIVATE INSURANCE WORKS NOW

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HOW PRIVATE INSURANCE WORKS NOW

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In some versions of Medicare-for-all, the government would use taxes to pay for most medical services, but would allow private insurance for elective procedures.

MODIFIED SINGLE-PAYER PLAN

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elective coverage

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procedures

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complementary insurers

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Pays for treatment

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Patients

Providers

MODIFIED SINGLE-PAYER PLAN

Pay for elective coverage

Pay for procedures

Supplementary or

complementary insurers

Pay taxes

Pays for treatment

Government

Patients

Providers

MODIFIED SINGLE-PAYER PLAN

Pay for elective coverage

Pay for procedures

Supplementary or

complementary insurers

Pays for treatment

Pay taxes

Government

Patients

Providers

Many suggestions fit somewhere between the existing health system and a nationalized health-care program. Some candidates have embraced bills that would take more incremental steps toward universal coverage, like lowering the age of eligibility for Medicare, or a Medicaid-type plan that would allow states to sell government-backed Medicaid plans on individual insurance marketplaces.

Where the candidates stand

Here’s where 2020 candidates stand on Medicare-for-all and other health-care issues, based on candidate statements, voting records and answers to a questionnaire we sent every campaign.

Question 2 of 12

Essentially get rid of it

Essentially get rid of it

Bernie Sanders

U.S. senator, Vermont

“Yes, we should essentially eliminate private health insurance,” Sanders told The Post. “Private insurance as it exists today is nothing more than a confusing morass designed to make people jump through hoops before they can actually get the care they need.”

Candidate positions highlighted
Bernie Sanders
Sanders

Elizabeth Warren

U.S. senator, Massachusetts

Warren raised her hand when asked whether she would get rid of private coverage in favor of a government-run plan during the first Democratic debate.

June 26: “Yes, I would support government-run insurance. Health care is a basic human right, and we fight for basic human rights. We need #MedicareForAll.”

Candidate positions highlighted
Elizabeth Warren
Warren

Bill de Blasio (Dropped out)

Mayor, New York City

de Blasio is no longer running for president. de Blasio raised his hand when asked whether he would get rid of private coverage in favor of a government-run plan during the first Democratic debate. In the second Democratic debate, he argued that private insurers have hurt Americans, saying, “Why are we not going to be the party that does something bold, that says we don't need to be dependent on private insurance? We can have a system that actually covers everyone.”

Candidate positions highlighted
Bill de Blasio
de Blasio

It can stay, for now

It can stay, for now

Pete Buttigieg

Former mayor, South Bend, Ind.

The Buttigieg campaign told The Post private insurance can stay for now. “I don’t see why it requires that,” Buttigieg told ABC News’s George Stephanopoulos when asked if Medicare-for-all means ending private insurance.

Candidate positions highlighted
Pete Buttigieg
Buttigieg

Andrew Yang

Tech entrepreneur

“I believe that private health insurance should be allowed to continue to serve those who want to opt out of the public option,” Yang told The Post. “However, I expect the public option to be able to out-compete the private options and that most private options would disappear over time.”

Candidate positions highlighted
Andrew Yang
Yang

Kirsten Gillibrand (Dropped out)

U.S. senator, New York

Gillibrand is no longer running for president. Believes a Medicare-for-all system will eventually displace the private insurance industry. In a February interview on “Lovett or Leave It,” when asked if ending private insurance should be a goal for the party, Gillibrand said it “is a goal, and an urgent goal.” She said as the nation moves toward a Medicare-for-all system, “what’s going to happen is you’re going to create enormous competition and I don’t think for-profit providers are going to be able to compete … Through competition you will get to single payer.”

Candidate positions highlighted
Kirsten Gillibrand
Gillibrand

Marianne Williamson (Dropped out)

Author

Williamson is no longer running for president. “I’m open to the idea of supplemental insurance programs for additional health-care benefits for those who want it,” Williamson told The Post. “However, I want high-quality Medicare for All coverage for all Americans, to the point where supplemental coverage shouldn’t be a requirement.”

Candidate positions highlighted
Marianne Williamson
Williamson

We don’t need to get rid of it

We don’t need to get rid of it

Michael Bennet

U.S. senator, Colorado

“Now, what Democrats are saying is, 'If you like your insurance, we're going to take it away from you,' from 180 million people that get their insurance from their employer and like it or 20 million Americans who are on Medicare Advantage, and love it," Bennet said on NBC's Meet the Press. "That seems like a bad opening offer for me."

Candidate positions highlighted
Michael Bennet
Bennet

Joe Biden

Former vice president

Biden’s health-care plan said he plans to improve the Affordable Care Act “instead of starting from scratch and getting rid of private insurance.”

Candidate positions highlighted
Joe Biden
Biden

Mike Bloomberg

Former New York mayor

“I think you can have Medicare for all for people that are uncovered, but to replace the entire private system where companies provide health care for their employees would bankrupt us for a very long time,” Bloomberg said in Jan. 2019.

Candidate positions highlighted
Mike Bloomberg
Bloomberg

John Delaney

Former U.S. representative, Maryland

“I think eliminating private insurance would ultimately be bad for patients and bad for the quality of our health-care system overall,” Delaney told The Post. “My universal health-care plan guarantees all Americans coverage, but also allows people to purchase supplemental plans.”

Candidate positions highlighted
John Delaney
Delaney

Tulsi Gabbard

U.S. representative, Hawaii

“Medicare-for-all would provide quality health care for every single American, at a cheaper price to every one of us,” Gabbard said in an interview on ABC’s “The View.” “If folks want to get their own private insurance at the same time, they’re free to do that.”

Candidate positions highlighted
Tulsi Gabbard
Gabbard

Amy Klobuchar

U.S. senator, Minnesota

Klobuchar prefers offering a Medicaid-type plan, embracing a bill to create a Medicaid-based public health-care option on state insurance marketplaces.

Candidate positions highlighted
Amy Klobuchar
Klobuchar

Deval Patrick

Former governor, Massachusetts

Patrick doesn't support Medicare-for-all "in the terms we've been talking about," he said in a Nov. 2019 CBS interview. He said he supports a public option.

Candidate positions highlighted
Deval Patrick
Patrick

Tom Steyer

Billionaire activist

“I don’t believe that we need to tell people who are happy with their private health insurance that they can’t stay with it,” Steyer told The Post. “We can develop a public option that will provide better care at a lower cost so that people will choose that option.”

Candidate positions highlighted
Tom Steyer
Steyer

Cory Booker (Dropped out)

U.S. senator, New Jersey

Booker is no longer running for president. When asked by a reporter if he would get rid of private health care, Booker said: “Even countries that have vast access to publicly offered health care still have private health care, so no.”

Candidate positions highlighted
Cory Booker
Booker

Steve Bullock (Dropped out)

Governor, Montana

Bullock is no longer running for president. “Nearly 170 million Americans have private insurance through their employers,” Bullock told The Post. “We can do a lot to increase access and lower costs without eliminating a system that’s working for a lot of people. We have to move forward in a way that doesn’t undermine the personal health insurance of whichmany Americans have come to depend.”

Candidate positions highlighted
Steve Bullock
Bullock

Julian Castro (Dropped out)

Former mayor, San Antonio

Castro is no longer running for president. During a campaign event in Des Moines, Castro said he supports Medicare-for-all but wants people to have the option for supplemental private insurance, the Des Moines Register reported.

Candidate positions highlighted
Julian Castro
Castro

Kamala D. Harris (Dropped out)

U.S. senator, California

Harris is no longer running for president. Harris released a new health-care plan days before the second Democratic debate. “[W]e will allow private insurers to offer Medicare plans as a part of this system that adhere to strict Medicare requirements on costs and benefits,” the plan said. “Essentially, we would allow private insurance to offer a plan in the Medicare system ... If they want to play by our rules, they can be in the system. If not, they have to get out.” It is unclear how employer-sponsored plans would fare under her proposal. Previously she said during a January CNN town hall that she would “eliminate” private insurers. Harris provided conflicting responses on this question during and after the first debate.

Candidate positions highlighted
Kamala Harris
Harris

John Hickenlooper (Dropped out)

Former governor, Colorado

Hickenlooper is no longer running for president. “I probably would oppose Medicare-for-all just because there are over 150 million people, Americans who have some form of private insurance through their business, and the vast majority of them are happy with that," Hickenlooper said on MSNBC.

Candidate positions highlighted
John Hickenlooper
Hickenlooper

Jay Inslee (Dropped out)

Governor, Washington state

Inslee is no longer running for president. "I don't think it's necessary," Inslee told CNN when asked about eliminating private insurance.

Candidate positions highlighted
Jay Inslee
Inslee

Seth Moulton (Dropped out)

U.S. representative, Massachusetts

Moulton is no longer running for president. “I want Medicare, or better, a more modern version of Medicare, to be available to everybody. But I’m not going to force you off your private health if you like it,” Moulton told Good Morning America.

Candidate positions highlighted
Seth Moulton
Moulton

Beto O'Rourke (Dropped out)

Former U.S. representative, Texas

O'Rourke is no longer running for president. During a visit to Iowa, he said he supports the Medicare for America bill from Reps. Jan Schakowsky (D-Ill.) and Rosa DeLauro (D-Conn.). “What it does, it responds to the fact that so many Americans have said, ‘I like my employer-based insurance. I want to keep it,’” he said. “It complements what already exists with the need that we have for millions of Americans who do not have insurance and ensures that each of them can enroll in Medicare.”

Candidate positions highlighted
Beto O'Rourke
O'Rourke

Tim Ryan (Dropped out)

U.S. representative, Ohio

Ryan is no longer running for president. “I personally don’t believe we need to take people off their private health insurance if they enjoy it,” Ryan told CNN.

Candidate positions highlighted
Tim Ryan
Ryan

Joe Sestak (Dropped out)

Former U.S. representative, Pennsylvania

Sestak is no longer running for president. “It remains during the transition of choice by the public option as we cannot immediately remove 255 million Americans who depend upon healthcare in some way, today. As the transition toward single payer is done by this transition via the public option, private insurance remains for those who opt for it,” Sestak told The Post.

Candidate positions highlighted
Joe Sestak
Sestak

Eric Swalwell (Dropped out)

U.S. representative, California

Swalwell is no longer running for president. “Americans should have a choice between coverage provided by private companies and that provided by the government,” Swalwell told The Post. “While I do not want to bring an end to private insurance, I support coverage for all, which would be a public option that would drive down the pressure on the private insurers and ultimately lead to more affordable plans for all Americans.”

Candidate positions highlighted
Eric Swalwell
Swalwell

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Background Some current Medicare-for-all proposals, including those from Sen. Bernie Sanders (I-Vt.) and Rep. Pramila Jayapal (D-Wash.) virtually eliminate private insurance by providing basic coverage for prescriptions, medical, vision, dental and mental health care. Private insurance would exist only for supplemental care outside of these basic provisions.

Question 3 of 12

Yes

Yes, supports a public option

Michael Bennet

U.S. senator, Colorado

Bennet and Sen. Tim Kaine (Va.) introduced the Medicare-X Choice Act to create a public option for health insurance. "In rural communities, limited competition is leaving many Coloradans with fewer choices, and, in some cases, only one high-cost option" Bennet said. "Medicare-X is a plan that begins to fix this problem by giving families and individuals a meaningful and affordable alternative."

Candidate positions highlighted
Michael Bennet
Bennet

Joe Biden

Former vice president

“Whether you’re covered through your employer or on your own or not, you should have the choice to buy into a public option plan for Medicare — your choice,” Biden said at a campaign event. “If the insurance company isn’t doing right by you, you should have another choice,” his health-care plan said.

Candidate positions highlighted
Joe Biden
Biden

Mike Bloomberg

Former New York mayor

“The first step is to create a Medicare-like public option — health insurance that would be administered by the federal government but paid for by customer premiums,” Bloomberg's health plan said. “In rolling out this option, priority would go to the uninsured, including low-income people who are in states that haven’t expanded Medicaid under the ACA. A public insurance option would improve consumer choice and increase competition in the private insurance market, pushing down everyone’s premiums. People of modest means who buy the public option would be eligible for the same subsidies that would apply on the health insurance exchanges.”

Candidate positions highlighted
Mike Bloomberg
Bloomberg

Pete Buttigieg

Former mayor, South Bend, Ind.

The Buttigieg campaign told The Post he supports creating a public option for people to buy into Medicaid regardless of income.

Candidate positions highlighted
Pete Buttigieg
Buttigieg

John Delaney

Former U.S. representative, Maryland

“A key component of my universal health-care plan is that everyone is guaranteed coverage, but that we preserve choice and competition in the system,” Delaney told The Post. “There’s certainly some overlap between my approach and various public option bills.”

Candidate positions highlighted
John Delaney
Delaney

Tulsi Gabbard

U.S. representative, Hawaii

"All Americans should have access to affordable healthcare through Medicare or a public option," Gabbard's campaign website said.

Candidate positions highlighted
Tulsi Gabbard
Gabbard

Amy Klobuchar

U.S. senator, Minnesota

Klobuchar is a co-sponsor of Schatz's State Public Option Act.

Candidate positions highlighted
Amy Klobuchar
Klobuchar

Deval Patrick

Former governor, Massachusetts

Patrick doesn't support Medicare-for-all "in the terms we've been talking about," he said in a Nov. 2019 CBS interview. He said he supports a public option. His campaign website called for “a health care system that provides access to high-quality, low-cost health services everywhere and for every single individual, bar none.”

Candidate positions highlighted
Deval Patrick
Patrick

Bernie Sanders

U.S. senator, Vermont

“I think that until we manage to pass Medicare-for-all, we should be giving states the tools they need to provide affordable, comprehensive coverage to their residents,” Sanders told The Post.

Candidate positions highlighted
Bernie Sanders
Sanders

Tom Steyer

Billionaire activist

Steyer supports creating a government-backed health care option, he told The Post.

Candidate positions highlighted
Tom Steyer
Steyer

Elizabeth Warren

U.S. senator, Massachusetts

Warren is a co-sponsor of Schatz's State Public Option Act.

Candidate positions highlighted
Elizabeth Warren
Warren

Andrew Yang

Tech entrepreneur

“I agree with the goal of expanding health coverage provided by the government to more people,” Yang told The Post. “While I personally support the expansion of Medicare to cover all Americans, I’d be happy to work with anyone who is trying to achieve the same end goal -- getting health-care costs off of the backs of American businesses and citizens.”

Candidate positions highlighted
Andrew Yang
Yang

Cory Booker (Dropped out)

U.S. senator, New Jersey

Booker is no longer running for president. Booker is a co-sponsor of Schatz's State Public Option Act.

Candidate positions highlighted
Cory Booker
Booker

Steve Bullock (Dropped out)

Governor, Montana

Bullock is no longer running for president. “Yes. I believe that we can increase access and affordability by providing a public option for Americans who want to buy into government insurance, which will also ensure competition in the private market,” Bullock told The Post. “In Montana, we expanded Medicaid and brought coverage to 100,000 people, worked to lower prescription drug costs, and implemented a plan for high risk pools that lowered health care costs for others by 8 to 9%. I can bring that kind of success to the national level.”

Candidate positions highlighted
Steve Bullock
Bullock

Julian Castro (Dropped out)

Former mayor, San Antonio

Castro is no longer running for president. Castro supports creating a public option to expand health care, he told The Post.

Candidate positions highlighted
Julian Castro
Castro

Bill de Blasio (Dropped out)

Mayor, New York City

de Blasio is no longer running for president. “I support the State Public Option Act,” de Blasio told The Post.

Candidate positions highlighted
Bill de Blasio
de Blasio

Kirsten Gillibrand (Dropped out)

U.S. senator, New York

Gillibrand is no longer running for president. Gillibrand is a co-sponsor of Schatz's State Public Option Act.

Candidate positions highlighted
Kirsten Gillibrand
Gillibrand

Kamala D. Harris (Dropped out)

U.S. senator, California

Harris is no longer running for president. Harris is a co-sponsor of Schatz's State Public Option Act.

Candidate positions highlighted
Kamala Harris
Harris

John Hickenlooper (Dropped out)

Former governor, Colorado

Hickenlooper is no longer running for president. "As President, [Hickenlooper] is committed to ensure universal coverage by enabling people to buy into a public option such as Medicare," his campaign told The Post. "And would enhance that option to ensure people have a 'medical home' — a place they can turn to consistently for their health needs, with an emphasis on preventive and mental health care."

Candidate positions highlighted
John Hickenlooper
Hickenlooper

Jay Inslee (Dropped out)

Governor, Washington state

Inslee is no longer running for president. Inslee, who recently introduced a public option bill in his state, told CNN that health care should move toward universal coverage "like a public option."

Candidate positions highlighted
Jay Inslee
Inslee

Seth Moulton (Dropped out)

U.S. representative, Massachusetts

Moulton is no longer running for president. “Let’s strengthen the Affordable Care Act by introducing a modern public option, like an updated Medicare (which was designed in 1963), and let it compete with private plans to offer the best care at the lowest price to consumers,” Moulton said in a Facebook post.

Candidate positions highlighted
Seth Moulton
Moulton

Beto O'Rourke (Dropped out)

Former U.S. representative, Texas

O'Rourke is no longer running for president. O'Rourke supports creating a public option to expand health care, he told The Post.

Candidate positions highlighted
Beto O'Rourke
O'Rourke

Tim Ryan (Dropped out)

U.S. representative, Ohio

Ryan is no longer running for president. “There are ways to strengthen Obamacare, such as adding a public option, increasing subsidies to make coverage more affordable or lowering the age eligibility for Medicare,” Ryan said in a Facebook post.

Candidate positions highlighted
Tim Ryan
Ryan

Joe Sestak (Dropped out)

Former U.S. representative, Pennsylvania

Sestak is no longer running for president. Sestak supports creating a public option to expand health care, he told The Post.

Candidate positions highlighted
Joe Sestak
Sestak

Eric Swalwell (Dropped out)

U.S. representative, California

Swalwell is no longer running for president. “I support coverage for all, i.e., Medicare for all who want it,” Swalwell told The Post. “This would serve as a public option for any American, operating alongside and competing with private insurance plans, in order to drive prices down for everyone. If you’re sick you should be seen, and if you’re seen you shouldn’t go broke.”

Candidate positions highlighted
Eric Swalwell
Swalwell

Marianne Williamson (Dropped out)

Author

Williamson is no longer running for president. “I’m not opposed to that plan, but because Medicaid is not as comprehensive as Medicare, I’m putting my effort into Medicare-for-all,” Williamson told The Post.

Candidate positions highlighted
Marianne Williamson
Williamson

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Background As it exists now, state Medicaid programs are public health insurance programs for low-income individuals. In our questionnaire, we asked campaigns about a proposal from Sen. Brian Schatz (D-Hawaii) that would expand Medicaid by authorizing states to offer a buy-in option to anyone who wants the coverage, not just low-income people. Other candidates have also expressed support for creating a public option, such as a Medicare buy-in.

A January 2019 poll from the Kaiser Family Foundation found 75 percent of the public favors allowing people who don’t get insurance at work to buy insurance through a state Medicaid program.

Question 4 of 12

Yes

Yes, they should be covered

Michael Bennet

U.S. senator, Colorado

“Undocumented immigrants should have the option of purchasing health insurance on the exchange,” Bennet told The Post.

Candidate positions highlighted
Michael Bennet
Bennet

Joe Biden

Former vice president

“You cannot let people who are sick, no matter where they come from, no matter what their status, go uncovered,” Biden said during the first Democratic debate. He raised his hand when when asked whether his government plan would provide coverage for undocumented immigrants.

Candidate positions highlighted
Joe Biden
Biden

Bernie Sanders

U.S. senator, Vermont

Sanders told The Post, "My plan would cover all U.S. residents."

6/21/2019: “If you are a human being, regardless of your immigration status, you have a right to health care.”

Candidate positions highlighted
Bernie Sanders
Sanders

Tom Steyer

Billionaire activist

“Yes. Unfortunately, we have a broken immigration system. We have people living here, contributing to society, but are forced to live in the shadows,” Steyer told The Post. “Until we fix our immigration system, undocumented workers should have access to the health services that they require.”

Candidate positions highlighted
Tom Steyer
Steyer

Elizabeth Warren

U.S. senator, Massachusetts

Warren co-sponsored Sanders’ Medicare-for-all proposal, which would cover undocumented immigrants.

Candidate positions highlighted
Elizabeth Warren
Warren

Cory Booker (Dropped out)

U.S. senator, New Jersey

Booker is no longer running for president. "We need to make our health-care system more effective by passing Medicare-for-all, and we need to pass comprehensive immigration reform that creates a pathway to citizenship for those already living in the United States," Booker told the Post.

Candidate positions highlighted
Cory Booker
Booker

Julian Castro (Dropped out)

Former mayor, San Antonio

Castro is no longer running for president. Castro supports covering undocumented immigrants, he told The Post.

Candidate positions highlighted
Julian Castro
Castro

Bill de Blasio (Dropped out)

Mayor, New York City

de Blasio is no longer running for president. In January 2019, de Blasio announced an “NYC Care” plan to guarantee insurance to the city's undocumented immigrants.

Candidate positions highlighted
Bill de Blasio
de Blasio

Kirsten Gillibrand (Dropped out)

U.S. senator, New York

Gillibrand is no longer running for president. Gillibrand co-sponsored Sanders’ Medicare-for-all proposal, which would cover undocumented immigrants.

Candidate positions highlighted
Kirsten Gillibrand
Gillibrand

Kamala D. Harris (Dropped out)

U.S. senator, California

Harris is no longer running for president. Harris co-sponsored Sanders’ Medicare-for-all proposal, which would cover undocumented immigrants.

Candidate positions highlighted
Kamala Harris
Harris

Seth Moulton (Dropped out)

U.S. representative, Massachusetts

Moulton is no longer running for president. “Under current law hospitals in the US cannot refuse to treat patients who need care. This means that when an undocumented immigrant gets care they often do so in the emergency department. Hospitals are the highest cost providers and the bills are often too high for immigrants to afford,” Moulton told The Post. “In this way we already pay for health care for undocumented immigrants. My plan would be a public option. By opening it up to undocumented immigrants to purchase, more folks will be covered, the risk pool will be younger and healthier, and fewer hospital bills will go unpaid.”

Candidate positions highlighted
Seth Moulton
Moulton

Eric Swalwell (Dropped out)

U.S. representative, California

Swalwell is no longer running for president. “I support coverage for all,” Swalwell told The Post.

Candidate positions highlighted
Eric Swalwell
Swalwell

Marianne Williamson (Dropped out)

Author

Williamson is no longer running for president. Williamson told The Post, "Yes" when asked.

Candidate positions highlighted
Marianne Williamson
Williamson

Yes, with caveat

Yes, with caveat

Pete Buttigieg

Former mayor, South Bend, Ind.

“Undocumented immigrants should be able to buy coverage through the public option,” a Buttigieg campaign spokesman told The Post early in the campaign. Buttigieg later told The Post, “I would expect that you'd have to be a citizen to qualify for subsidies.” His campaign said that his plan “would provide subsidies to everyone who is eligible for them under the ACA, including US citizens and lawful permanent residents. It also expands on Obamacare by allowing all undocumented people to buy in to a public plan — and he will prioritize work towards a path to citizenship on day one in the White House so people can have the full benefits of being an American citizen."

Candidate positions highlighted
Pete Buttigieg
Buttigieg

Andrew Yang

Tech entrepreneur

"Undocumented immigrants who register for the path to citizenship would be eligible to participate in the health plan at some additional cost to them," Yang told The Post.

Candidate positions highlighted
Andrew Yang
Yang

No

No, they should not be covered

John Delaney

Former U.S. representative, Maryland

“I support comprehensive immigration reform with a path to citizenship. My universal health care plan would cover tax paying legal permanent residents,” Delaney told the Post.

Candidate positions highlighted
John Delaney
Delaney

Steve Bullock (Dropped out)

Governor, Montana

Bullock is no longer running for president. “Comprehensive immigration reform that protects our borders, helps the Dreamers who have known no other home than ours, and provides legal status and a path to citizenship for immigrants who have been part of the fabric of our country for many years is the best way to address health coverage for people who want to become American citizens,” Bullock told The Post. “We’ve got 100,00 people showing up at the border right now. If we decriminalize entry, if we give free healthcare to everyone, we’ll have multiples of that,” Bullock said at the second Democratic debate. “A sane immigration system needs a sane leader. And we can do that without decriminalizing and providing health care for everyone.”

Candidate positions highlighted
Steve Bullock
Bullock

Tim Ryan (Dropped out)

U.S. representative, Ohio

Ryan is no longer running for president. Ryan does not support covering undocumented immigrants, his campaign told The Post.

Candidate positions highlighted
Tim Ryan
Ryan

Joe Sestak (Dropped out)

Former U.S. representative, Pennsylvania

Sestak is no longer running for president. “No, but I do believe in their access to medical care that would take them to see a doctor in the emergency room; they must receive treatment,” Sestak told The Post. “I also expect to pass comprehensive immigration reform including a path to citizenship for currently undocumented immigrants, which would result in their being eligible for the same programs as U.S. citizens as they await citizenship.”

Candidate positions highlighted
Joe Sestak
Sestak

Unclear/No response

Unclear/No response

Mike Bloomberg

Former New York mayor

Bloomberg did not answer this question by publication.

Candidate positions highlighted
Mike Bloomberg
Bloomberg

Tulsi Gabbard

U.S. representative, Hawaii

While Rep. Gabbard is a co-sponsor of Jayapal’s Medicare for All legislation which would do just this, she does not have a specific position on this issue at this time, she told The Post.

Candidate positions highlighted
Tulsi Gabbard
Gabbard

Amy Klobuchar

U.S. senator, Minnesota

Klobuchar did not provide an answer to this question.

Candidate positions highlighted
Amy Klobuchar
Klobuchar

Deval Patrick

Former governor, Massachusetts

Patrick did not answer this question by publication.

Candidate positions highlighted
Deval Patrick
Patrick

John Hickenlooper (Dropped out)

Former governor, Colorado

Hickenlooper is no longer running for president. “No, not necessarily under a government-run health plan,” Hickenlooper told The Post on June 19. “I would support a public/private sector approach to achieve this goal as it relates to undocumented residents, including continued federal partnership with states that provide coverage for low-income children and prenatal care regardless of status, and enabling undocumented immigrants to have access to state health exchanges. Ultimately, the solution is comprehensive immigration reform with a pathway to citizenship.” But when asked whose plans would provide coverage for undocumented immigrations during the first Democratic debate, Hickenlooper raised his hand. He has not responded to a request for clarification.

Candidate positions highlighted
John Hickenlooper
Hickenlooper

Jay Inslee (Dropped out)

Governor, Washington state

Inslee is no longer running for president. Inslee did not provide an answer to this question.

Candidate positions highlighted
Jay Inslee
Inslee

Beto O'Rourke (Dropped out)

Former U.S. representative, Texas

O'Rourke is no longer running for president. O'Rourke did not provide an answer to this question.

Candidate positions highlighted
Beto O'Rourke
O'Rourke

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Background Some government health-care plans call for the federal government to fund the health insurance of the approximately 11 million undocumented people living in the United States.

Question 5 of 12

More than 12 weeks

More than 12 weeks

Bernie Sanders

U.S. senator, Vermont

“The evidence is clear: doctors, the World Health Organization, parents around the world, and other experts recommend at least 6 months of paid leave. As President, [Sanders] will guarantee 6 months paid family leave. The U.S. must end the national disgrace of being the only major country in the world not to offer paid family leave. We must guarantee all workers paid family and medical leave, paid sick leave, and paid vacation,” Sanders told The Post. He co-sponsored the FAMILY Act, which would guarantee up to 12 weeks of paid family leave to American workers.

Candidate positions highlighted
Bernie Sanders
Sanders

Tom Steyer

Billionaire activist

“The U.S. is the only industrialized nation in the world that does not extend leave to its citizens for the birth of a child, long term care needs or death. I will advocate for paid family leave legislation that will allow a minimum of 6 months paid family leave for all workers,” Steyer told The Post.

Candidate positions highlighted
Tom Steyer
Steyer

Andrew Yang

Tech entrepreneur

“We are one of only two countries in the world that does not guarantee paid family leave. Too many Americans have to choose between taking care of their families or getting a paycheck,” Yang's campaign told The Post. “Whether you are welcoming a child into the family, taking care of a sick loved one, or having to take personal medical time off, [Yang] believes that every working American should be guaranteed a minimum of six months of paid family leave.” Yang has called for “at least 9 months of paid family leave, distributed between parents however they see fit; or 6 months of paid leave for a single parent.”

Candidate positions highlighted
Andrew Yang
Yang

Cory Booker (Dropped out)

U.S. senator, New Jersey

Booker is no longer running for president. “I support at least six months of gender-neutral paid family and medical leave that provides up to full wage replacement for the lowest-income workers,” Booker told The Post. Booker's plan for workers backed the FAMILY Act and said he "supports efforts to expand paid family and medical leave proposals to help more low-income workers start with higher wage replacement rates. [Booker] would also fight for workers to be able to earn paid sick time, building on the Healthy Families Act.”

Candidate positions highlighted
Cory Booker
Booker

Kamala D. Harris (Dropped out)

U.S. senator, California

Harris is no longer running for president. “As President, [Harris] will work with Congress to create a national paid leave program to provide all workers with up to six months of paid family and medical leave,“ her campaign website said. Harris previously co-sponsored the FAMILY Act, which would guarantee up to 12 weeks of paid family leave to American workers.

Candidate positions highlighted
Kamala Harris
Harris

12 weeks

12 weeks

Michael Bennet

U.S. senator, Colorado

“America is the only advanced economy without paid family and medical leave. That’s shameful. As president, I will fight to immediately pass the FAMILY Act to provide 12 weeks of paid family and medical leave. We should consider extending the length of paid leave based on the evidence, but at the very least we should start with 12 weeks,” Bennet told The Post.

Candidate positions highlighted
Michael Bennet
Bennet

Joe Biden

Former vice president

“When I lost my first wife and baby daughter in a car accident, I became a single parent to my two young sons. I’ve taken care of an aging parent. I know how hard it is to raise a family, and what it’s like to take care of a sick family member. That’s why I was proud to fight for the Family and Medical Leave Act, landmark legislation that created important workplace protections and granted 12 weeks of leave to working families,” Biden told The Post. “But we need to go further — I believe the United States should guarantee 12 weeks of paid sick and family leave for workers. American workers deserve to know they can keep their families afloat if they have to take care of a sick family member.”

Candidate positions highlighted
Joe Biden
Biden

Mike Bloomberg

Former New York mayor

Bloomberg supports mandating 12 weeks of paid family leave, a campaign spokesperson told The Post. His company extended gender-neutral paid family leave to 26 weeks in 2019.

Candidate positions highlighted
Mike Bloomberg
Bloomberg

Pete Buttigieg

Former mayor, South Bend, Ind.

“As I discuss in my women’s policy, “Building Power,” I support providing 12 weeks of paid family leave for all workers by passing the FAMILY Act. I will also propose enhancements to the Act by ensuring that benefits for lower-income workers will be high enough, so they can afford to take leave, and no one will lose their job when they need time away to provide care,” Buttigieg told The Post. “Caregiving responsibilities for grandparents, grandchildren, siblings, and chosen family members will be included. My administration will also decouple medical leave benefits from family care and new child leave benefits to provide a longer total annual leave for workers who have both serious personal health issues and a family health issue or new child within the same year.”

Candidate positions highlighted
Pete Buttigieg
Buttigieg

Tulsi Gabbard

U.S. representative, Hawaii

Gabbard co-sponsored the FAMILY Act, which would guarantee up to 12 weeks of paid family leave to American workers.

Candidate positions highlighted
Tulsi Gabbard
Gabbard

Amy Klobuchar

U.S. senator, Minnesota

Klobuchar supports mandated paid family leave, she told The Post. Her plan for workers calls for “up to 12 weeks of paid family leave and allowing workers to earn paid sick leave.” Klobuchar co-sponsored the FAMILY Act, which would guarantee up to 12 weeks of paid family leave to American workers.

Candidate positions highlighted
Amy Klobuchar
Klobuchar

Deval Patrick

Former governor, Massachusetts

“Working with Congress, we will create a federal mandatory paid family and medical leave program modeled on those already in place or being rolled out in states like New York and Massachusetts,” Patrick's social infrastructure plan said. “Paid leave should include parental leave for birth or adoption as well as leave for illness or caring for a family member. The program will be universal and gender-neutral, providing up to twelve weeks of leave, in addition to the paid sick leave or vacation leave that all employers should also offer. ”

Candidate positions highlighted
Deval Patrick
Patrick

Elizabeth Warren

U.S. senator, Massachusetts

“I am a co-sponsor of the FAMILY Act, which guarantees 12 weeks of paid leave. I also have a plan to require federal contractors to extend a $15 minimum wage and benefits — including paid family leave, fair scheduling and collective bargaining rights — to all employees,” Warren told The Post.

Candidate positions highlighted
Elizabeth Warren
Warren

Steve Bullock (Dropped out)

Governor, Montana

Bullock is no longer running for president. “Ensuring adequate paid leave could reduce infant mortality by as much as 10 percent while improving maternal health outcomes. As president, I will fight to ensure at least 12 weeks of paid leave so that every worker can care for their families,” Bullock told The Post. Bullock's campaign website expressed support for the FAMILY Act and for “creating a national family and medical leave program covering 50 percent of wages for 12 weeks.”

Candidate positions highlighted
Steve Bullock
Bullock

Julian Castro (Dropped out)

Former mayor, San Antonio

Castro is no longer running for president. Castro's working families plan pledged “at least 12 weeks of paid family and medical leave for every American per year. We should compensate workers at least 66 percent of their salary during that period with a greater degree of wage replacement for low income workers.”

Candidate positions highlighted
Julian Castro
Castro

Joe Sestak (Dropped out)

Former U.S. representative, Pennsylvania

Sestak is no longer running for president. Sestak supports 12 weeks of paid family leave, he told The Post. “I will pass robust family and medical leave legislation, and do more to support people who work full-time at home caring for elderly or disabled loved ones,“ Sestak's women's rights plan said.

Candidate positions highlighted
Joe Sestak
Sestak

Marianne Williamson (Dropped out)

Author

Williamson is no longer running for president. “I support the FAMILY Act with three months of paid leave when a worker becomes a new parent, a caregiver for another family member, or ill themselves,” Williamson told The Post. “Eventually I would like to see paid leave extended to six months.”

Candidate positions highlighted
Marianne Williamson
Williamson

Fewer than 12 weeks

Fewer than 12 weeks

John Delaney

Former U.S. representative, Maryland

“The federal government should provide every American worker with 8 weeks of paid caregiving leave, which can be paid for by a small payroll tax increase without adding to the deficit,” Delaney told The Post. His campaign website said the plan “allows eligible individuals to take up to eight weeks of leave each year, receiving 60 percent of their monthly wage.”

Candidate positions highlighted
John Delaney
Delaney

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Background The Family and Medical Insurance Leave Act — introduced by former candidate Sen. Kirsten Gillibrand (D-N.Y.) and Rep. Rosa L. DeLauro (D-Conn.) — would create a fund to guarantee up to 12 weeks of partial income for workers to care for newborn children or family members with serious illnesses. Most 2020 candidates have backed the legislation, with some calling for a longer span of guaranteed paid leave. Republicans have proposed their own paid leave legislation that would allow workers to receive Social Security benefits early to offset time away from work.

Question 6 of 12

Yes

Yes, supports

Tulsi Gabbard

U.S. representative, Hawaii

Gabbard supports having the federal government produce and sell generic drugs to lower drug prices, her campaign told The Post.

Candidate positions highlighted
Tulsi Gabbard
Gabbard

Bernie Sanders

U.S. senator, Vermont

“Yes. The federal government must use every tool available to drastically lower drug prices for Americans,” Sanders told The Post.

Candidate positions highlighted
Bernie Sanders
Sanders

Elizabeth Warren

U.S. senator, Massachusetts

Warren introduced legislation that would have the government start manufacturing cheap generic drugs if prescription drug prices rise too high. She laid out her plan, which would have the government contract with a company, at an AARP/Des Moines Register forum in June. “Then we're going to turn around and make it available to the American people at cost-plus,” she said she said. “We do that a few times, and boy, the cost of prescriptions goes down and a whole bunch of drug companies who have been finagling around in the generics market suddenly see that their plan doesn’t work anymore.”

Candidate positions highlighted
Elizabeth Warren
Warren

Andrew Yang

Tech entrepreneur

Yang told The Post he supports having the federal government produce and sell generic drugs to lower drug prices.

Candidate positions highlighted
Andrew Yang
Yang

Bill de Blasio (Dropped out)

Mayor, New York City

de Blasio is no longer running for president. “The United States should be incentivizing the manufacturing and use of generic drugs, as a part of our overall strategy to increase the drug supply and lower prescription drug costs,” de Blasio told The Post.

Candidate positions highlighted
Bill de Blasio
de Blasio

Joe Sestak (Dropped out)

Former U.S. representative, Pennsylvania

Sestak is no longer running for president. “Yes; in cases where it makes sense for the federal government to do so — such as when the private sector stops producing a life-saving drug — I would support the government producing certain generic drugs,” Sestak told The Post.

Candidate positions highlighted
Joe Sestak
Sestak

Eric Swalwell (Dropped out)

U.S. representative, California

Swalwell is no longer running for president. “On government-produced drugs, we should have the flexibility in emergencies to do so,” Swalwell told The Post. “For example, insulin is at near-emergency levels of cost and access, with prices skyrocketing and more and more patients suffering ill effects from trying to use less of it. Government should have agility to address this.”

Candidate positions highlighted
Eric Swalwell
Swalwell

Marianne Williamson (Dropped out)

Author

Williamson is no longer running for president. Williamson told The Post she supports having the federal government produce and sell generic drugs to lower drug prices.

Candidate positions highlighted
Marianne Williamson
Williamson

No

No, does not support

Michael Bennet

U.S. senator, Colorado

“In addition to requiring the federal government to negotiate lower prices, our focus should be on addressing abuses of the patent system,” Bennet told The Post.

Candidate positions highlighted
Michael Bennet
Bennet

Pete Buttigieg

Former mayor, South Bend, Ind.

Buttigieg doesn’t support having the government produce or sell generics, his campaign told The Post.

Candidate positions highlighted
Pete Buttigieg
Buttigieg

John Delaney

Former U.S. representative, Maryland

Delaney told The Post, “I don’t think that’s the right answer for drug prices.”

Candidate positions highlighted
John Delaney
Delaney

Steve Bullock (Dropped out)

Governor, Montana

Bullock is no longer running for president. “No. Instead I will work to lower drug prices and ensure significant penalties of drugmakers who engage in profiteering,” Bullock told The Post.

Candidate positions highlighted
Steve Bullock
Bullock

John Hickenlooper (Dropped out)

Former governor, Colorado

Hickenlooper is no longer running for president. “No, but the government should mandate lower prices for drugs that were developed with public funds,” Hickenlooper told The Post.

Candidate positions highlighted
John Hickenlooper
Hickenlooper

Tim Ryan (Dropped out)

U.S. representative, Ohio

Ryan is no longer running for president. Ryan doesn’t support having the government produce or sell generics, his campaign told The Post.

Candidate positions highlighted
Tim Ryan
Ryan

Unclear/No response

Unclear/No response

Joe Biden

Former vice president

Biden’s health-care plan did not say he supports federal drug manufacturing, but it did include a proposal to give drug samples to private generic drug manufacturers. Biden did not provide an answer to this question.

Candidate positions highlighted
Joe Biden
Biden

Mike Bloomberg

Former New York mayor

Bloomberg did not answer this question by publication.

Candidate positions highlighted
Mike Bloomberg
Bloomberg

Amy Klobuchar

U.S. senator, Minnesota

Klobuchar did not provide an answer to this question.

Candidate positions highlighted
Amy Klobuchar
Klobuchar

Deval Patrick

Former governor, Massachusetts

Patrick did not answer this question by publication.

Candidate positions highlighted
Deval Patrick
Patrick

Tom Steyer

Billionaire activist

Steyer did not answer this question by publication.

Candidate positions highlighted
Tom Steyer
Steyer

Cory Booker (Dropped out)

U.S. senator, New Jersey

Booker is no longer running for president. Booker did not provide an answer to this question.

Candidate positions highlighted
Cory Booker
Booker

Julian Castro (Dropped out)

Former mayor, San Antonio

Castro is no longer running for president. Castro did not provide an answer to this question.

Candidate positions highlighted
Julian Castro
Castro

Kirsten Gillibrand (Dropped out)

U.S. senator, New York

Gillibrand is no longer running for president. Gillibrand did not provide an answer to this question.

Candidate positions highlighted
Kirsten Gillibrand
Gillibrand

Kamala D. Harris (Dropped out)

U.S. senator, California

Harris is no longer running for president. Harris did not provide an answer to this question.

Candidate positions highlighted
Kamala Harris
Harris

Jay Inslee (Dropped out)

Governor, Washington state

Inslee is no longer running for president. Inslee did not provide an answer to this question.

Candidate positions highlighted
Jay Inslee
Inslee

Seth Moulton (Dropped out)

U.S. representative, Massachusetts

Moulton is no longer running for president. Moulton did not provide an answer to this question.

Candidate positions highlighted
Seth Moulton
Moulton

Beto O'Rourke (Dropped out)

Former U.S. representative, Texas

O'Rourke is no longer running for president. O'Rourke would be open to having the federal government produce and sell generic drugs to lower drug prices, he said at an AARP/Des Moines Register forum.

Candidate positions highlighted
Beto O'Rourke
O'Rourke

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Background Sen. Elizabeth Warren (D-Mass.) and Rep. Jan Schakowsky (D-Ill.) have introduced legislation that, if passed, would have the government manufacture cheap generic drugs if prescription drug costs rise too high.

Question 7 of 12

Yes, legalize it federally

Yes, legalize it federally

Michael Bennet

U.S. senator, Colorado

“Yes. I support removing marijuana from the list of controlled substances, automatically expunging the convictions of those who have served federal time for marijuana use and possession offenses, and reinvesting in low-income and minority communities who have been disproportionately affected by decades of failed drug policy,” Bennet told The Post. “I also support policies to ensure companies in states where marijuana is currently legal can access the banking system. As a former school superintendent in a state that has legalized marijuana, I am also focused on policies to ensure young people do not have access to it as their brains develop.” Bennet co-sponsored the Marijuana Justice Act.

Candidate positions highlighted
Michael Bennet
Bennet

Pete Buttigieg

Former mayor, South Bend, Ind.

Buttigieg supports the federal legalization of recreational marijuana, a campaign spokesperson told The Post.

Candidate positions highlighted
Pete Buttigieg
Buttigieg

Tulsi Gabbard

U.S. representative, Hawaii

“The failed war on drugs is an attack on our values of freedom and fairness as Americans,” Gabbard's campaign website said. “In recent years, many states have taken initiative by legalizing marijuana, reforming drug laws and sentencing guidelines, and winding down the “War on Drugs.” Now it’s time for the federal government to do its part.” Gabbard co-sponsored the Marijuana Justice Act.

Candidate positions highlighted
Tulsi Gabbard
Gabbard

Amy Klobuchar

U.S. senator, Minnesota

Klobuchar supports federal legalization or recreational marijuana, a campaign spokesperson confirmed to The Post. Klobuchar previously told The Post that she supports “legalization of marijuana and believes that states should have the right to determine the best approach to marijuana within their borders.”

Candidate positions highlighted
Amy Klobuchar
Klobuchar

Deval Patrick

Former governor, Massachusetts

Patrick supports the federal legalization of recreational marijuana, a campaign spokesperson told The Post.

Candidate positions highlighted
Deval Patrick
Patrick

Bernie Sanders

U.S. senator, Vermont

“Yes. [Sanders] will take executive action to legalize marijuana by removing it from the Controlled Substances Act, expunge past convictions of marijuana-related offenses and ensure that victims of the War on Drugs are not passed over by the burgeoning marijuana industry,” a Sanders campaign spokesperson told The Post. “The criminalization of marijuana was a disaster, especially for African Americans and communities of color. We will ensure that revenue from marijuana is reinvested in communities hit hardest by the War on Drugs.” Sanders co-sponsored the Marijuana Justice Act.

Candidate positions highlighted
Bernie Sanders
Sanders

Tom Steyer

Billionaire activist

Steyer supports the federal legalization of recreational marijuana, he told The Post.

Candidate positions highlighted
Tom Steyer
Steyer

Elizabeth Warren

U.S. senator, Massachusetts

“Yes. I support the full legalization of marijuana and restorative justice for those unjustly jailed for minor marijuana crimes,” Warren told The Post. “We should delist marijuana as a Schedule I drug. I’ve also introduced legislation to keep the federal government from interfering in states that have legalized marijuana -- medical or recreational. And I support bringing marijuana businesses into the banking system and the tax system.” Warren co-sponsored the Marijuana Justice Act.

Candidate positions highlighted
Elizabeth Warren
Warren

Andrew Yang

Tech entrepreneur

“Yes. Marijuana is now legal for adult use in 11 states and the District of Columbia, and 33 states have legalized medical marijuana in some form. Yet, thousands of Americans are locked away due to marijuana-related offenses,” a Yang campaign spokesperson told The Post. “To resolve ambiguity and end the incarceration of majiuana users, we must legalize marijuana at the federal level, especially since we can’t seem to enforce our current laws in a non-racist manner.”

Candidate positions highlighted
Andrew Yang
Yang

Cory Booker (Dropped out)

U.S. senator, New Jersey

Booker is no longer running for president. “End the federal prohibition on marijuana and automatically expunge the records of those convicted on charges of marijuana use and possession,” Booker's Next Step criminal justice plan said. He introduced the Marijuana Justice Act.

Candidate positions highlighted
Cory Booker
Booker

Marianne Williamson (Dropped out)

Author

Williamson is no longer running for president. Williamson supports the federal legalization of recreational marijuana, she told The Post.

Candidate positions highlighted
Marianne Williamson
Williamson

Decriminalize and let states decide on legalization

Decriminalize and let states decide on legalization

Joe Biden

Former vice president

“Biden believes no one should be in jail because of cannabis use,” a campaign spokesperson told The Post. “As president, he will decriminalize cannabis use and automatically expunge prior cannabis convictions. And, he will support the legalization of cannabis for medical purposes, leave decisions regarding legalization for recreational use up to the states and reschedule cannabis as a schedule II drug so researchers can study its positive and negative impacts.”

Candidate positions highlighted
Joe Biden
Biden

Mike Bloomberg

Former New York mayor

Bloomberg supports decriminalizing marijuana and allowing states to decide on legalization, he told The Post. “In 2017, 72,000 Americans OD'd on drugs. In 2018, more people than that are ODing on drugs, have OD'd on drugs, and today incidentally, we are trying to legalize another addictive narcotic, which is perhaps the stupidest thing we've ever done,” Bloomberg said at a January 2019 event. “We've got to fight that, and that's another thing that Bloomberg philanthropies will work on in public health.”

Candidate positions highlighted
Michael Bloomberg
Bloomberg

John Delaney

Former U.S. representative, Maryland

“I support removing marijuana from Schedule I of the Controlled Substances Act, and I will direct federal prosecutors to review past cases and petition courts to expunge criminal records related to minor, non-violent marijuana offenses like simple possession,” Delaney told The Post. “I would put in place a federal regulatory structure for recreational marijuana and let states make their own decisions about legalization.” His campaign confirmed that he supports decriminalizing marijuana and allowing states to decide on legalization.

Candidate positions highlighted
John Delaney
Delaney

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Background Since the 1990s, dozens of states have legalized medical marijuana, with some going further in the last decade by legalizing recreational marijuana. This put state laws in opposition to federal ones, which count marijuana among the most dangerous drugs. President Barack Obama expressed a desire to regulate recreational marijuana like cigarettes or alcohol in late 2016, but his administration was generally reluctant to shift federal marijuana policy, frustrating activists.

As a candidate, Hillary Clinton backed moving marijuana from a Schedule I to a Schedule II drug, acknowledging the medical uses and allowing states to pursue recreational legalization. Following her loss, most Democratic candidates have rapidly embraced marijuana legalization, emphasizing the racial inequity in marijuana prosecutions.

Question 8 of 12

Yes

Yes, supports

Joe Biden

Former vice president

“To create more competition for U.S. drug corporations, the Biden Plan will allow consumers to import prescription drugs from other countries, as long as the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services has certified that those drugs are safe,” Biden's health-care plan said.

Candidate positions highlighted
Joe Biden
Biden

Pete Buttigieg

Former mayor, South Bend, Ind.

Buttigieg supports importing drugs from other countries, but “such importation must be done in a way that ensures safety and quality,” a campaign spokesman told The Post.

Candidate positions highlighted
Pete Buttigieg
Buttigieg

John Delaney

Former U.S. representative, Maryland

“We need to establish regulations to ensure safety, but I would support allowing imports from other nations like Canada, yes,” Delaney told The Post.

Candidate positions highlighted
John Delaney
Delaney

Tulsi Gabbard

U.S. representative, Hawaii

She has co-sponsored a drug importation bill, an identical version to Sanders’s bill, introduced in the House in January.

Candidate positions highlighted
Tulsi Gabbard
Gabbard

Amy Klobuchar

U.S. senator, Minnesota

Klobuchar is a co-sponsor of Sanders’s 2019 Affordable and Safe Prescription Drug Importation Act.

Candidate positions highlighted
Amy Klobuchar
Klobuchar

Deval Patrick

Former governor, Massachusetts

Patrick supports importing drugs from other countries, his campaign told The Post.

Candidate positions highlighted
Deval Patrick
Patrick

Bernie Sanders

U.S. senator, Vermont

“Yes. My Affordable and Safe Prescription Drug Importation Act with Rep. Elijah Cummings would allow Americans, wholesalers, and licensed U.S. pharmacies to import prescription drugs from Canada and other countries,” Sanders told The Post.

Candidate positions highlighted
Bernie Sanders
Sanders

Tom Steyer

Billionaire activist

Steyer supports importing drugs from other countries, he told The Post.

Candidate positions highlighted
Tom Steyer
Steyer

Elizabeth Warren

U.S. senator, Massachusetts

Warren told The Post she supports various drug pricing proposals, including the “importation of prescription drugs from other countries.” She is a co-sponsor of Sanders’s 2019 Affordable and Safe Prescription Drug Importation Act.

Candidate positions highlighted
Elizabeth Warren
Warren

Andrew Yang

Tech entrepreneur

“I would consider doing so if American companies were not able to provide drugs at fair prices to the American people,” Yang told The Post.

Candidate positions highlighted
Andrew Yang
Yang

Cory Booker (Dropped out)

U.S. senator, New Jersey

Booker is no longer running for president. Booker is a co-sponsor of Sanders’s 2019 Affordable and Safe Prescription Drug Importation Act.

Candidate positions highlighted
Cory Booker
Booker

Julian Castro (Dropped out)

Former mayor, San Antonio

Castro is no longer running for president. Castro supports importing drugs from other countries, he told The Post.

Candidate positions highlighted
Julian Castro
Castro

Bill de Blasio (Dropped out)

Mayor, New York City

de Blasio is no longer running for president. “Allowing prescription drugs to be purchased and imported will lower drug prescription drug costs,” de Blasio told The Post.

Candidate positions highlighted
Bill de Blasio
de Blasio

Kirsten Gillibrand (Dropped out)

U.S. senator, New York

Gillibrand is no longer running for president. Gillibrand supports importing generic drugs. She is a co-sponsor of Sanders’s 2019 Affordable and Safe Prescription Drug Importation Act.

Candidate positions highlighted
Kirsten Gillibrand
Gillibrand

Kamala D. Harris (Dropped out)

U.S. senator, California

Harris is no longer running for president. Harris is a co-sponsor of Sanders’s 2019 Affordable and Safe Prescription Drug Importation Act.

Candidate positions highlighted
Kamala Harris
Harris

Jay Inslee (Dropped out)

Governor, Washington state

Inslee is no longer running for president. Inslee supports importing drugs from other countries, he told The Post.

Candidate positions highlighted
Jay Inslee
Inslee

Beto O'Rourke (Dropped out)

Former U.S. representative, Texas

O'Rourke is no longer running for president. O'Rourke supports importing drugs from other countries, according to his campaign.

Candidate positions highlighted
Beto O'Rourke
O'Rourke

Tim Ryan (Dropped out)

U.S. representative, Ohio

Ryan is no longer running for president. Ryan supports importing drugs from other countries, his campaign told The Post.

Candidate positions highlighted
Tim Ryan
Ryan

Joe Sestak (Dropped out)

Former U.S. representative, Pennsylvania

Sestak is no longer running for president. “Yes, for those nations that have FDA-level of accountability,” Sestak told The Post.

Candidate positions highlighted
Joe Sestak
Sestak

Eric Swalwell (Dropped out)

U.S. representative, California

Swalwell is no longer running for president. “I support importing drugs if they meet safety standards and the manufacturers can be held liable,” Swalwell told The Post.

Candidate positions highlighted
Eric Swalwell
Swalwell

On a case-by-case basis

On a case-by-case basis

Michael Bennet

U.S. senator, Colorado

“To lower drug costs, we should require the federal government to negotiate lower prices, just as other countries have done to reduce the costs of prescription drugs,” Bennet told The Post.

Candidate positions highlighted
Michael Bennet
Bennet

Steve Bullock (Dropped out)

Governor, Montana

Bullock is no longer running for president. "Rather than focusing on importing drugs from other countries, we need to get our pharmaceutical companies to charge Americans less for vital medicines. If these efforts are unsuccessful, moving toward a safe drug reimportation program would remain an option," Bullock told The Post.

Candidate positions highlighted
Steve Bullock
Bullock

John Hickenlooper (Dropped out)

Former governor, Colorado

Hickenlooper is no longer running for president. Hickenlooper supports importing drugs from other countries on a case-by-case basis, he told The Post.

Candidate positions highlighted
John Hickenlooper
Hickenlooper

Marianne Williamson (Dropped out)

Author

Williamson is no longer running for president. “I would like American workers, and American companies to receive their fair share of health care expenditures. However, when dramatic savings can be found by exploring options from other countries, I understand the benefit of exploring those options on a case-by-case basis,” Williamson told The Post.

Candidate positions highlighted
Marianne Williamson
Williamson

Unclear/No response

Unclear/No response

Mike Bloomberg

Former New York mayor

Bloomberg did not answer this question by publication.

Candidate positions highlighted
Mike Bloomberg
Bloomberg

Seth Moulton (Dropped out)

U.S. representative, Massachusetts

Moulton is no longer running for president. Moulton did not provide an answer to this question.

Candidate positions highlighted
Seth Moulton
Moulton

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Background Some lawmakers have proposed allowing Americans to purchase medications from other countries as a way to lower consumer costs.

A February 2019 tracking poll from the Kaiser Family Foundation found 80 percent of the public favors allowing Americans to buy imported drugs from Canada.

Question 9 of 12

Yes

Yes, supports

Michael Bennet

U.S. senator, Colorado

Bennet's "campaign website touts his 'Medicare X' health care plan, saying it "empowers the federal government to negotiate lower prescription drug prices for the first time, bringing down costs for tens of millions of Americans." He co-sponsored the Empowering Medicare Seniors to Negotiate Drug Prices Act.

Candidate positions highlighted
Michael Bennet
Bennet

Joe Biden

Former vice president

“Because Medicare covers so many Americans, it has significant leverage to negotiate lower prices for its beneficiaries. And it does so for hospitals and other providers participating in the program, but not drug manufacturers. Drug manufacturers not facing any competition, therefore, can charge whatever price they choose to set. There’s no justification for this except the power of prescription drug lobbying,” Biden’s health-care plan said. “The Biden Plan will repeal the existing law explicitly barring Medicare from negotiating lower prices with drug corporations.”

Candidate positions highlighted
Joe Biden
Biden

Mike Bloomberg

Former New York mayor

Bloomberg “would work with Congress to authorize the secretary of Health and Human Services to negotiate drug prices with pharmaceutical companies,” his health plan said.

Candidate positions highlighted
Mike Bloomberg
Bloomberg

Pete Buttigieg

Former mayor, South Bend, Ind.

Buttigieg supports giving the government the ability to negotiate drug prices for Medicare, he told The Post.

Candidate positions highlighted
Pete Buttigieg
Buttigieg

John Delaney

Former U.S. representative, Maryland

"Yes. 100%," Delaney told The Post.

Candidate positions highlighted
John Delaney
Delaney

Tulsi Gabbard

U.S. representative, Hawaii

Gabbard is a co-sponsor of the Medicare Drug Price Negotiation Act.

Candidate positions highlighted
Tulsi Gabbard
Gabbard

Amy Klobuchar

U.S. senator, Minnesota

Klobuchar is a co-sponsor of the Affordable Medications Act. In January, she introduced the Empowering Medicare Seniors to Negotiate Drug Prices Act.

Candidate positions highlighted
Amy Klobuchar
Klobuchar

Deval Patrick

Former governor, Massachusetts

Patrick supports giving the government the ability to negotiate drug prices for Medicare, his campaign told The Post.

Candidate positions highlighted
Deval Patrick
Patrick

Bernie Sanders

U.S. senator, Vermont

In January, he introduced the Medicare Drug Price Negotiation Act. He is also a co-sponsor of the Affordable Medications Act.

Candidate positions highlighted
Bernie Sanders
Sanders

Tom Steyer

Billionaire activist

Steyer supports giving the government the ability to negotiate drug prices for Medicare, he told The Post.

Candidate positions highlighted
Tom Steyer
Steyer

Elizabeth Warren

U.S. senator, Massachusetts

Warren is a co-sponsor of the Affordable Medications Act. She is also a co-sponsor of Sanders’s latest Medicare Drug Price Negotiation Act.

Candidate positions highlighted
Elizabeth Warren
Warren

Andrew Yang

Tech entrepreneur

“Absolutely,” Yang told The Post.

Candidate positions highlighted
Andrew Yang
Yang

Cory Booker (Dropped out)

U.S. senator, New Jersey

Booker is no longer running for president. Booker is a Senate co-sponsor of the Affordable Medications Act. He is also a co-sponsor of Sanders’s latest Medicare Drug Price Negotiation Act.

Candidate positions highlighted
Cory Booker
Booker

Steve Bullock (Dropped out)

Governor, Montana

Bullock is no longer running for president. “Rising prescription drug costs have been a major factor in making health care unaffordable for many Americans,” Bullock told The Post. “The federal government should step in to negotiate lower costs for all of us.”

Candidate positions highlighted
Steve Bullock
Bullock

Julian Castro (Dropped out)

Former mayor, San Antonio

Castro is no longer running for president. Castro supports giving the government the ability to negotiate drug prices for Medicare, he told The Post.

Candidate positions highlighted
Julian Castro
Castro

Bill de Blasio (Dropped out)

Mayor, New York City

de Blasio is no longer running for president. “The federal government caving into big pharma by not allowing Medicare to negotiate lower drug prices is costing America's seniors billions of dollars per year,” de Blasio told The Post.

Candidate positions highlighted
Bill de Blasio
de Blasio

Kirsten Gillibrand (Dropped out)

U.S. senator, New York

Gillibrand is no longer running for president. Gillibrand is a Senate co-sponsor of the Affordable Medications Act. She is also a co-sponsor of Sanders’s latest Medicare Drug Price Negotiation Act.

Candidate positions highlighted
Kirsten Gillibrand
Gillibrand

Kamala D. Harris (Dropped out)

U.S. senator, California

Harris is no longer running for president. She has co-sponsored Sanders’s latest Medicare negotiation bill.

Candidate positions highlighted
Kamala Harris
Harris

John Hickenlooper (Dropped out)

Former governor, Colorado

Hickenlooper is no longer running for president. Hickenlooper supports giving the government the ability to negotiate drug prices for Medicare, he told The Post.

Candidate positions highlighted
John Hickenlooper
Hickenlooper

Jay Inslee (Dropped out)

Governor, Washington state

Inslee is no longer running for president. Inslee supports giving the government the ability to negotiate drug prices for Medicare, he told The Post.

Candidate positions highlighted
Jay Inslee
Inslee

Seth Moulton (Dropped out)

U.S. representative, Massachusetts

Moulton is no longer running for president. “Yes. As someone who benefits from negotiated drug prices at the VA, I face lower prices for my prescriptions. If it works for our veterans it should work for all Americans,” Moulton told The Post.

Candidate positions highlighted
Seth Moulton
Moulton

Beto O'Rourke (Dropped out)

Former U.S. representative, Texas

O'Rourke is no longer running for president. As a Texas congressman, he co-sponsored the Medicare Drug Price Negotiation Act.

Candidate positions highlighted
Beto O'Rourke
O'Rourke

Tim Ryan (Dropped out)

U.S. representative, Ohio

Ryan is no longer running for president. “Drug prices are out of control. We need to rein in Big Pharma's price gouging tactics and allow Medicare to negotiate drug prices,” Ryan said in a Facebook post.

Candidate positions highlighted
Tim Ryan
Ryan

Joe Sestak (Dropped out)

Former U.S. representative, Pennsylvania

Sestak is no longer running for president. Sestak supports giving the government the ability to negotiate drug prices for Medicare, he told The Post.

Candidate positions highlighted
Joe Sestak
Sestak

Eric Swalwell (Dropped out)

U.S. representative, California

Swalwell is no longer running for president. “I will do anything that is safe for patients — from negotiating prices to better enforcement of antitrust laws — to make prescription drugs more affordable, because prices are simply too high now for too many Americans,” Swalwell told The Post.

Candidate positions highlighted
Eric Swalwell
Swalwell

Marianne Williamson (Dropped out)

Author

Williamson is no longer running for president. "Yes," Williamson told The Post.

Candidate positions highlighted
Marianne Williamson
Williamson

Unclear/No response

Unclear/No response

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Background By law, the federal government is not allowed to negotiate lower prescription drug prices for seniors on Medicare, but lawmakers have pushed for legislation to give federal officials that ability, such as the Medicare Prescription Drug Price Negotiation Act in the House and the Affordable Medications Act in the Senate.

A February 2019 poll from the Kaiser Family Foundation found 86 percent of the public favors allowing the government to negotiate with drug companies to lower drug costs under Medicare.

Question 10 of 12

Yes

Yes, supports

Michael Bennet

U.S. senator, Colorado

Bennet supports this proposal, he told The Post.

Candidate positions highlighted
Michael Bennet
Bennet

Joe Biden

Former vice president

Biden’s health-care plan includes a public option “like Medicare” that appears to include all Americans, regardless of age.

Candidate positions highlighted
Joe Biden
Biden

Pete Buttigieg

Former mayor, South Bend, Ind.

Buttigieg supports allowing people ages 50 to 64 to buy into Medicare, he told The Post.

Candidate positions highlighted
Pete Buttigieg
Buttigieg

John Delaney

Former U.S. representative, Maryland

“My preference would be to leave Medicare alone and have people in the 50-64 range covered by my universal health-care plan,” Delaney told The Post. “Having said that, allowing people over 50 to buy into Medicare as part of improving the Affordable Care Act is a good idea.”

Candidate positions highlighted
John Delaney
Delaney

Tulsi Gabbard

U.S. representative, Hawaii

Gabbard supports allowing people ages 50 to 64 to buy into Medicare, her campaign told The Post.

Candidate positions highlighted
Tulsi Gabbard
Gabbard

Amy Klobuchar

U.S. senator, Minnesota

Klobuchar is a co-sponsor of Stabenow's Medicare at 50 Act.

Candidate positions highlighted
Amy Klobuchar
Klobuchar

Deval Patrick

Former governor, Massachusetts

Patrick supports allowing people ages 50 to 64 to buy into Medicare, his campaign told The Post.

Candidate positions highlighted
Deval Patrick
Patrick

Bernie Sanders

U.S. senator, Vermont

“My Medicare-for-all Act has a four-year transition. Year One involves lowering the Medicare age and improving Medicare benefits, including adding coverage for dental, vision and hearing aids,” Sanders told The Post. “So while I support getting more people onto Medicare, I believe it should be a first step towards further health reform.”

Candidate positions highlighted
Bernie Sanders
Sanders

Tom Steyer

Billionaire activist

Steyer supports allowing people ages 50 to 64 to buy into Medicare, he told The Post.

Candidate positions highlighted
Tom Steyer
Steyer

Elizabeth Warren

U.S. senator, Massachusetts

Warren supports allowing people ages 50 to 64 to buy into Medicare, her campaign told The Post.

Candidate positions highlighted
Elizabeth Warren
Warren

Andrew Yang

Tech entrepreneur

“I agree with the goal of expanding Medicare to be available to and cover more individuals, with the eventual goal of providing a competitive option to all Americans,” Yang told The Post.

Candidate positions highlighted
Andrew Yang
Yang

Cory Booker (Dropped out)

U.S. senator, New Jersey

Booker is no longer running for president. Booker is a co-sponsor of Stabenow's Medicare at 50 Act.

Candidate positions highlighted
Cory Booker
Booker

Steve Bullock (Dropped out)

Governor, Montana

Bullock is no longer running for president. “I support a public option allowing people to buy into Medicare,” Bullock told The Post.

Candidate positions highlighted
Steve Bullock
Bullock

Julian Castro (Dropped out)

Former mayor, San Antonio

Castro is no longer running for president. Castro supports allowing people ages 50 to 64 to buy into Medicare, he told The Post.

Candidate positions highlighted
Julian Castro
Castro

Bill de Blasio (Dropped out)

Mayor, New York City

de Blasio is no longer running for president. “I support lowering the Medicare eligibility age to 50,” de Blasio told The Post. “I would ensure during the transition to a Medicare-for-All structure we provide those over 50 with the opportunity to buy-into Medicare or if we are unable to accomplish a Medicare-for-All structure I support it as a way to build upon the Affordable Care Act to lower health care costs for millions of Americans. ”

Candidate positions highlighted
Bill de Blasio
de Blasio

Kirsten Gillibrand (Dropped out)

U.S. senator, New York

Gillibrand is no longer running for president. Gillibrand is a co-sponsor of Stabenow's Medicare at 50 Act.

Candidate positions highlighted
Kirsten Gillibrand
Gillibrand

Kamala D. Harris (Dropped out)

U.S. senator, California

Harris is no longer running for president. Harris is a co-sponsor of Stabenow's Medicare at 50 Act.

Candidate positions highlighted
Kamala Harris
Harris

John Hickenlooper (Dropped out)

Former governor, Colorado

Hickenlooper is no longer running for president. “Yes, everyone should be able to buy into a public option regardless of age,” Hickenlooper told The Post.

Candidate positions highlighted
John Hickenlooper
Hickenlooper

Jay Inslee (Dropped out)

Governor, Washington state

Inslee is no longer running for president. Inslee supports allowing people ages 50 to 64 to buy into Medicare, she told The Post.

Candidate positions highlighted
Jay Inslee
Inslee

Beto O'Rourke (Dropped out)

Former U.S. representative, Texas

O'Rourke is no longer running for president. O'Rourke supports allowing people ages 50 to 64 to buy into Medicare, he told The Post.

Candidate positions highlighted
Beto O'Rourke
O'Rourke

Tim Ryan (Dropped out)

U.S. representative, Ohio

Ryan is no longer running for president. “There are ways to strengthen Obamacare, such as adding a public option, increasing subsidies to make coverage more affordable or lowering the age eligibility for Medicare,” Ryan said in a Facebook post.

Candidate positions highlighted
Tim Ryan
Ryan

Joe Sestak (Dropped out)

Former U.S. representative, Pennsylvania

Sestak is no longer running for president. “Yes, but by the public option I propose for all Americans,” Sestak told The Post.

Candidate positions highlighted
Joe Sestak
Sestak

Eric Swalwell (Dropped out)

U.S. representative, California

Swalwell is no longer running for president. “I support coverage for all, i.e., Medicare for all who want it. This would serve as a public option for any American,” Swalwell told The Post. He co-sponsored the Medicare Buy-In and Health Care Stabilization Act of 2017, which would establish a Medicare buy-in option for people ages 50 to 64.

Candidate positions highlighted
Eric Swalwell
Swalwell

Marianne Williamson (Dropped out)

Author

Williamson is no longer running for president. “I’m not opposed to Senator Stabenow’s approach, but I find it not to be comprehensive enough, so I’m putting my effort into more ambitious, holistic approaches,” Williamson told The Post.

Candidate positions highlighted
Marianne Williamson
Williamson

Unclear/No response

Unclear/No response

Mike Bloomberg

Former New York mayor

Bloomberg “believes every American should have access to affordable medical care, and expanding Obamacare and Medicare is the best way to achieve universal coverage,” his campaign website said. His campaign did not clarify his position by publication.

Candidate positions highlighted
Mike Bloomberg
Bloomberg

Seth Moulton (Dropped out)

U.S. representative, Massachusetts

Moulton is no longer running for president. Moulton did not provide an answer to this question.

Candidate positions highlighted
Seth Moulton
Moulton

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Background Some lawmakers have proposed taking incremental steps to expanding health coverage by lowering the eligibility age and giving more people the option of buying into Medicare, the federal health insurance program for seniors – essentially, offering “Medicare-for-more.” Sen. Debbie Stabenow (D-Mich.) introduced the Medicare at 50 Act in February, legislation that was co-sponsored by a number of the Democratic contenders.

According to a Kaiser Family Foundation tracking poll from January 2019, 77 percent of the public favors allowing people ages 50 to 64 to buy insurance through Medicare.

Question 11 of 12

Yes

Yes

Michael Bennet

U.S. senator, Colorado

Bennet supports repealing the Hyde Amendment, a campaign spokesperson told The Post.

Candidate positions highlighted
Michael Bennet
Bennet

Joe Biden

Former vice president

“Yes. As president, Biden will protect and build on the progress we’ve made in ensuring access to free preventive care, including contraception, repeal the Hyde Amendment, codify Roe vs. Wade, and guarantee that access to quality affordable care — including reproductive health care — is a right, not a privilege, for everyone no matter their race or zip code,” a campaign spokesperson told The Post.

Candidate positions highlighted
Joe Biden
Biden

Mike Bloomberg

Former New York mayor

Bloomberg supports repealing the Hyde Amendment, he told The Post.

Candidate positions highlighted
Mike Bloomberg
Bloomberg

Pete Buttigieg

Former mayor, South Bend, Ind.

Buttigieg supports repealing the Hyde Amendment, a campaign spokesperson told The Post.

Candidate positions highlighted
Pete Buttigieg
Buttigieg

John Delaney

Former U.S. representative, Maryland

Delaney supports repealing the Hyde Amendment, he told The Post.

Candidate positions highlighted
John Delaney
Delaney

Tulsi Gabbard

U.S. representative, Hawaii

Gabbard supports using federal money to pay for abortion services, she told ThinkProgress.

Candidate positions highlighted
Tulsi Gabbard
Gabbard

Amy Klobuchar

U.S. senator, Minnesota

Klobuchar supports repealing the Hyde Amendment, she told The Post.

Candidate positions highlighted
Amy Klobuchar
Klobuchar

Deval Patrick

Former governor, Massachusetts

Patrick supports repealing the Hyde Amendment, a campaign spokesperson told The Post.

Candidate positions highlighted
Deval Patrick
Patrick

Bernie Sanders

U.S. senator, Vermont

“Yes. Under Medicare-for-all, the Hyde Amendment will be repealed and all comprehensive reproductive health services will be provided free at the point of service,” a campaign spokesperson told The Post. “[Sanders] will fight the unprecedented attack against women’s rights that we are seeing today.”

Candidate positions highlighted
Bernie Sanders
Sanders

Tom Steyer

Billionaire activist

Steyer supports repealing the Hyde Amendment, he told The Post.

Candidate positions highlighted
Tom Steyer
Steyer

Elizabeth Warren

U.S. senator, Massachusetts

“Yes, we must repeal the Hyde Amendment and the Trump Administration’s domestic gag rule and fully support Title X family planning funding,” Warren told The Post. “Everyone — no matter where they live, where they’re from, how much money they make, or the color of their skin — is entitled to the high-quality, evidence-based reproductive health care that is envisioned by Roe. Making that a reality starts with repealing the Hyde Amendment.”

Candidate positions highlighted
Elizabeth Warren
Warren

Andrew Yang

Tech entrepreneur

Yang “firmly believes that abortion is a personal decision that is to be made solely by a woman,” a campaign spokesperson told The Post.

Candidate positions highlighted
Andrew Yang
Yang

Cory Booker (Dropped out)

U.S. senator, New Jersey

Booker is no longer running for president. Booker supports repealing the Hyde Amendment, his reproductive rights plan said. “By ending the Hyde Amendment, we can take politicians out of decisions between women and their doctors and ensure that abortion care is accessible for all. The first budget I submit to Congress as president will not include Hyde,” the plan said.

Candidate positions highlighted
Cory Booker
Booker

Marianne Williamson (Dropped out)

Author

Williamson is no longer running for president. Williamson supports repealing the Hyde Amendment, she told The Post.

Candidate positions highlighted
Marianne Williamson
Williamson

Unclear/No response

Unclear/No response

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Background Passed in 1976, the Hyde Amendment prohibits the use of federal funding for abortion services on Medicaid, except in cases of rape, incest or when the health of the mother is at risk. A 2016 Politico-Harvard Public Health poll found that 58 percent of likely voters ahead of the 2016 election opposed changing the current policy to allow Medicaid funding for abortions, including 37 percent of Democratic voters.

Question 12 of 12

Yes

Yes

Michael Bennet

U.S. senator, Colorado

Bennet would repeal the Mexico City policy, a campaign spokesperson told The Post.

Candidate positions highlighted
Michael Bennet
Bennet

Joe Biden

Former vice president

“Yes. Biden will use executive action on his first day in office to withdraw the Mexico City 'global gag rule,'” a campaign spokesperson told The Post.

Candidate positions highlighted
Joe Biden
Biden

Pete Buttigieg

Former mayor, South Bend, Ind.

Buttigieg would repeal the Mexico City policy, a campaign spokesperson told The Post.

Candidate positions highlighted
Pete Buttigieg
Buttigieg

John Delaney

Former U.S. representative, Maryland

Delaney would repeal the Mexico City policy, he told The Post.

Candidate positions highlighted
John Delaney
Delaney

Amy Klobuchar

U.S. senator, Minnesota

Klobuchar would repeal the Mexico City policy, she told The Post.

Candidate positions highlighted
Amy Klobuchar
Klobuchar

Deval Patrick

Former governor, Massachusetts

Patrick would repeal the Mexico City policy, a campaign spokesperson told The Post.

Candidate positions highlighted
Deval Patrick
Patrick

Bernie Sanders

U.S. senator, Vermont

“Yes. As President, [Sanders] will use executive authority to undo the damage Trump has done to women’s reproductive freedom. This includes reversing the Trump Administration’s global and domestic gag rules, which are disgraceful assaults on women's rights,” a campaign spokesperson told The Post.

Candidate positions highlighted
Bernie Sanders
Sanders

Tom Steyer

Billionaire activist

Steyer would repeal the Mexico City policy, he told The Post.

Candidate positions highlighted
Tom Steyer
Steyer

Elizabeth Warren

U.S. senator, Massachusetts

“Yes, I will repeal the Trump Administration’s heartless global gag rule,” Warren told The Post.

Candidate positions highlighted
Elizabeth Warren
Warren

Andrew Yang

Tech entrepreneur

“Yes. The U.S. needs to be a global leader in promoting women’s rights,” a Yang campaign spokesperson told The Post.

Candidate positions highlighted
Andrew Yang
Yang

Cory Booker (Dropped out)

U.S. senator, New Jersey

Booker is no longer running for president. Booker would repeal the Mexico City policy, his reproductive rights plan said. “On Day One in office, [Booker] will rescind this dangerous policy and allow U.S. family planning funds to go to health centers performing essential reproductive health care,” the plan said. He “will also reinstate the U.S. contribution to the UNFPA, which provides aid for family planning and child and maternal health across the globe. Trump cut off all funding soon after taking office, hurting women and families not just here in the United States, but across the globe.”

Candidate positions highlighted
Cory Booker
Booker

Marianne Williamson (Dropped out)

Author

Williamson is no longer running for president. Williamson would repeal the Mexico City policy, she told The Post.

Candidate positions highlighted
Marianne Williamson
Williamson

Unclear/No response

Unclear/No response

Mike Bloomberg

Former New York mayor

Bloomberg did not answer this question by publication.

Candidate positions highlighted
Mike Bloomberg
Bloomberg

Tulsi Gabbard

U.S. representative, Hawaii

Gabbard did not answer this question by publication.

Candidate positions highlighted
Tulsi Gabbard
Gabbard

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Background Trump reinstated and broadened the Mexico City policy — instituted by Ronald Reagan and used by Republican presidents since — which restricts U.S. funding to foreign non-governmental organizations that “perform or actively promote” abortion. Opponents call it the “global gag rule” because it prevents U.S.-funded NGOs from using any funds (even those not provided by the U.S. government) to provide information about abortion.

How we compiled candidate positions

The Washington Post sent a detailed questionnaire to every Democratic campaign asking whether they support various health-care policies. We organized candidates with similar stances into groups using a combination of those answers, legislative records, action taken in an executive role and other public comments, such as policy discussion on campaign websites, social media posts, interviews, town halls and other news reports. See something that we missed? Let us know.

This page will update as we learn more about the candidates’ plans. We also will note if candidates change their position on an issue. At initial publication, this page included major candidates who had announced a run for president. If a candidate dropped out after a question was published here, their stance is included under the "Show former candidates" option. If they dropped out before a question was first published, the Post did not reach out to get their stance.

Candidate illustrations by Ben Kirchner.

Recent changes on this page

Jan. 17 Added Patrick's support for 12 weeks of paid family leave.

Jan. 13 Added Bloomberg's support for 12 weeks of paid family leave and repealing the Hyde Amendment.

Jan. 13 Booker dropped out of presidential race.

Jan. 13 Added marijuana legalization question from criminal justice survey. Added two abortion-related questions on the Hyde Amendment and Mexico City policy. Adjusted order of questions.

Jan. 10 Williamson dropped out of presidential race.

Jan. 2 Castro dropped out of presidential race.

Dec. 19 Added Bloomberg support for a public option and drug negotiation.

Dec. 19 Patrick’s campaign relayed his support for drug importation, negotiation and lowering the age of eligibility on Medicare.

Dec. 11 Added Bloomberg and Patrick.

Dec. 9 Adjusted the Medicare-for-all categories to reflect the plans released throughout the campaign. Moved Buttigieg and Steyer to supporting a public option based on their plans and campaign input. Also included Buttigieg's caveat on health care for undocumented immigrants.

Dec. 3 Harris dropped out of presidential race.

Dec. 2 Bullock dropped out of presidential race.

Dec. 1 Sestak dropped out of presidential race.

Nov. 21 Added paid family leave question from economic inequality survey. Adjusted order of questions.

Nov. 1 O'Rourke dropped out of presidential race

Oct. 27 Added responses from Steyer. Two Sestak answers are now included that were not displayed in a previous version due to a technical error.

Oct. 24 Ryan dropped out of presidential race.

Oct. 21 Removing Messam, who reported no spending in Q3 of 2019.

Sept. 20 De Blasio dropped out of presidential race.

Aug. 28 Gillibrand dropped out of presidential race.

Aug. 23 Moulton dropped out of presidential race.

Aug. 22 Inslee dropped out of presidential race.

Sept. 20 Updated Harris’s position on private insurance.

Aug. 15 Hickenlooper dropped out of presidential race.

Aug. 2 Added quotes from the first night of the second Democratic debate about Medicare-for-all and the role of private insurance.

July 31 Added quotes from the first night of the second Democratic debate about health care for undocumented immigrants.

July 30 Included information from Harris's new health-care proposal. Added Sestak.

July 15 Added Biden's positions from his health-care proposal.

July 8 Swalwell dropped out of presidential race.

July 2 Added de Blasio’s and Warren’s positions on private insurance based their answers during the first Democratic debate. Added Biden’s and adjusted Hickenlooper’s stances on coverage of undocumented immigrants based on their answers during the debate.

June 21 Added Warren's position on allowing people ages 50 to 64 to buy into Medicare based on a response from her campaign.

June 20 Added Bullock and de Blasio’s positions based on surveys returned from their campaigns. Added several positions for Castro, Gabbard, Hickenlooper and Inslee based on response from the campaigns.

June 17 Added Bennet's positions based on a survey returned from his campaign.

June 11 Included two additional stances for Moulton and made two changes for Buttigieg, following guidance from their campaigns.

May 16 Added stances for four recent entrants (Bennet, Biden, Moulton and Ryan) based on public statements, legislative records and some campaign input.

May 6 Added Castro’s position on covering undocumented immigrants.

May 6 Added Swalwell positions based on survey returned from his campaign.

April 9 Added Messam positions based on survey returned from his campaign.

April 3 Added O'Rourke positions based on survey returned from his campaign.

March 15 Added polling data from Kaiser Family Foundation.

March 14 Updated with additional information on Buttigieg positions from his campaign.

March 14 Page published.

Kevin Schaul

Kevin Schaul is a senior graphics editor for The Washington Post. He covers national politics and public policy using data and visuals.

Jeff Stein

Jeff Stein is a policy reporter for The Washington Post. He was a crime reporter for the Syracuse Post-Standard and, in 2014, founded the local news nonprofit the Ithaca Voice in Upstate New York. He was also a reporter for Vox.

Kevin Uhrmacher

Kevin Uhrmacher is a graphics editor for politics at The Washington Post. His work includes mapping trends in election results, analyzing data about President Trump’s political appointees and explaining the impact of congressional policies. He joined The Post in 2014 as a news designer.

Paulina Firozi

Paulina Firozi is a researcher helping to produce and write The Health 202 and The Energy 202. Before joining The Post in 2017, she was a social media curator at The Hill and previously interned for NPR Politics, USA Today, the Chicago Tribune and with The Post's local desk.

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