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What you need to know about Hillary Clinton’s emails

The State Department has finished releasing more than 30,000 emails from Hillary Clinton’s time as Secretary of State. Catch up on the controversy and read the emails below. Related story: Clinton, on her private server, wrote 104 emails the government says are classified

By The Washington Post
The authors who wrote emails now deemed classified

The Washington Post analyzed all 52,000 pages of Hillary Clinton’s correspondence released by the State Department over the past nine months. The Post found that 1,789 individual emails were classified as a result of the State Department’s review process. They were authored by 299 different people. The authors included Clinton and members of her inner circle, but also long-tenured diplomats and others. The 10 individuals who authored the most emails with classified redactions:

Each

represents

10 now-classified emails

authored by that person.

Jacob Sullivan

Director of policy planning

during Clinton’s tenure

215 emails

Was often a go-between for diplomats in the field and the secretary of state. After Clinton left the State Department in 2013, Sullivan became an aide to Vice President Biden. He is now a foreign policy adviser to Clinton's presidential campaign and a visiting lecturer at Yale Law School.

 

Jeffrey D. Feltman

Assistant secretary of state

for Near Eastern affairs

124

Feltman currently serves as the Under Secretary of Political Affairs at the United Nations. Before that, he was a foreign service officer since 1986. He served as U.S. ambassador to Lebanon from 2004 to 2008.

 

Hillary Clinton

Former secretary of state and

Democratic presidential candidate

104

William Burns

Deputy secretary of state

60

Burns served as a foreign service officer for 33 years before his retirement in 2014. Previously, he had been ambassador to Russia and Jordan and assistant secretary of state for Near Eastern affairs. He is currently the president of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.

 

David M. Hale

Special envoy, deputy envoy

for Middle East peace

53

A foreign service officer since 1984, Hale is currently the U.S. ambassador to Pakistan. He served in several roles involving the peace efforts in the Middle East under Clinton.

 

Daniel B. Shapiro

White House national security

staffer/U.S. ambassador to Israel

 

52

Shapiro has been the U.S. ambassador to Israel since 2011. Before that, he was on the national security staff at the White House. He has also been a congressional staffer, focusing on foreign affairs.

Melanne Verveer

U.S. ambassador for

global women’s issues

48

Verveer is currently the executive director of the Georgetown Institute for Women, Peace and Security. Close to Clinton, she served as chief of staff to Clinton while she was first lady.

 

Philip H. Gordon

Assistant secretary of state for

European and Eurasian affairs

45

After leaving his State Department post in 2013, Gordon worked as White House coordinator for the Middle East, North Africa, and the Gulf region until 2015. He is currently a senior fellow at the Council on Foreign Relations.

Cheryl D. Mills

Chief of staff

38

Mills was one of Clinton’s closest aides. A lawyer, Mills served as deputy White House counsel under President Bill Clinton. She then served as an administrator and counsel at New York University before working for Hillary Clinton's 2008 presidential campaign. She is currently in the private sector but remains a confidante to Clinton.

 

Huma Abedin

Deputy chief of staff

36

Abedin has worked for Clinton since serving as a White House intern assigned to her in 1996. She worked for Clinton while she was a senator from New York. She is the vice chairwoman of Clinton’s 2016 campaign and frequently travels with Clinton.

represents 10 now-classified emails authored by that person.

Each

Jacob Sullivan

Director of policy planning during Clinton’s tenure

215 emails

Was often a go-between for diplomats in the field and the secretary of state. After Clinton left the State Department in 2013, Sullivan became an aide to Vice President Biden. He is now a foreign policy adviser to Clinton's presidential campaign and a visiting lecturer at Yale Law School.

 

Jeffrey D. Feltman

Assistant secretary of state for Near Eastern affairs

124

Feltman currently serves as the Under Secretary of Political Affairs at the United Nations. Before that, he was a foreign service officer since 1986. He served as U.S. ambassador to Lebanon from 2004 to 2008.

 

Hillary Clinton

Former secretary of state and

Democratic presidential candidate

104

William Burns

Deputy secretary of state

60

Burns served as a foreign service officer for 33 years before his retirement in 2014. Previously, he had been ambassador to Russia and Jordan and assistant secretary of state for Near Eastern affairs. He is currently the president of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.

 

David M. Hale

Special envoy, deputy envoy for Middle East peace

53

A foreign service officer since 1984, Hale is currently the U.S. ambassador to Pakistan. He served in several roles involving the peace efforts in the Middle East under Clinton.

 

Daniel B. Shapiro

White House national security staffer/

U.S. ambassador to Israel

 

52

Shapiro has been the U.S. ambassador to Israel since 2011. Before that, he was on the national security staff at the White House. He has also been a congressional staffer, focusing on foreign affairs.

Melanne Verveer

U.S. ambassador for global women's issues

48

Verveer is currently the executive director of the Georgetown Institute for Women, Peace and Security. Close to Clinton, she served as chief of staff to Clinton while she was first lady.

 

Philip H. Gordon

Assistant secretary of state for European

and Eurasian affairs

45

After leaving his State Department post in 2013, Gordon worked as White House coordinator for the Middle East, North Africa, and the Gulf region until 2015. He is currently a senior fellow at the Council on Foreign Relations.

Cheryl D. Mills

Chief of staff

38

Mills was one of Clinton’s closest aides. A lawyer, Mills served as deputy White House counsel under President Bill Clinton. She then served as an administrator and counsel at New York University before working for Hillary Clinton's 2008 presidential campaign. She is currently in the private sector but remains a confidante to Clinton.

 

Huma Abedin

Deputy chief of staff

36

Abedin has worked for Clinton since serving as a White House intern assigned to her in 1996. She worked for Clinton while she was a senator from New York. She is the vice chairwoman of Clinton’s 2016 campaign and frequently travels with Clinton.

represents 10 now-classified emails authored by that person.

Each

Jacob Sullivan

Director of policy planning during Clinton’s tenure

215 emails

Was often a go-between for diplomats in the field and the secretary of state. After Clinton left the State Department in 2013, Sullivan became an aide to Vice President Biden. He is now a foreign policy adviser to Clinton's presidential campaign and a visiting lecturer at Yale Law School.

 

Jeffrey D. Feltman

Assistant secretary of state for Near Eastern affairs

124

Feltman currently serves as the Under Secretary of Political Affairs at the United Nations. Before that, he was a foreign service officer since 1986. He served as U.S. ambassador to Lebanon from 2004 to 2008.

 

Hillary Clinton

Former secretary of state and Democratic presidential candidate

104

William Burns

Deputy secretary of state

60

Burns served as a foreign service officer for 33 years before his retirement in 2014. Previously, he had been ambassador to Russia and Jordan and assistant secretary of state for Near Eastern affairs. He is currently the president of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.

 

David M. Hale

Special envoy, deputy envoy for Middle East peace

53

A foreign service officer since 1984, Hale is currently the U.S. ambassador to Pakistan.

He served in several roles involving the peace efforts in the Middle East under Clinton.

 

Daniel B. Shapiro

White House national security staffer/U.S. ambassador to Israel

52

Shapiro has been the U.S. ambassador to Israel since 2011. Before that, he was on the national security staff at the White House. He has also been a congressional staffer, focusing on foreign affairs.

Melanne Verveer

U.S. ambassador for global women's issues

48

Verveer is currently the executive director of the Georgetown Institute for Women, Peace and Security. Close to Clinton, she served as chief of staff to Clinton while she was first lady.

 

Philip H. Gordon

Assistant secretary of state for European and Eurasian affairs

45

After leaving his State Department post in 2013, Gordon worked as White House coordinator for the Middle East, North Africa, and the Gulf region until 2015. He is currently a senior fellow at the Council on Foreign Relations.

Cheryl D. Mills

Chief of staff

38

Mills was one of Clinton’s closest aides. A lawyer, Mills served as deputy White House counsel under President Bill Clinton. She then served as an administrator and counsel at New York University before working for Hillary Clinton's 2008 presidential campaign. She is currently in the private sector but remains a confidante to Clinton.

 

Huma Abedin

Deputy chief of staff

36

Abedin has worked for Clinton since serving as a White House intern assigned to her in 1996. She worked for Clinton while she was a senator from New York. She is the vice chairwoman of Clinton’s 2016 campaign and frequently travels with Clinton.

[Justice Dept. grants immunity to staffer who set up Clinton email server]

Where the controversy stands

What happened

Why it matters

What happened

Used private email server

Hillary Clinton used a private email server to carry out State Department business while she was Secretary of State. Some of her correspondence was between non-government email addresses.

Why it matters

Records not under government control

Records not involving government email addresses were not under government control, raising issues concerning security and the State Department’s ability to follow open records laws.

What happened

Chose not to keep “personal” emails

Clinton has given 30,000 work-related emails to both the State Department and the FBI. She said she chose not to keep 31,000 others she deemed personal.

[Clinton won’t say if her server was wiped]

Why it matters

Emails are possibly irrecoverable

Because Clinton gave the FBI her private server, technology experts may be able to retrieve portions of the emails she did not keep. If they cannot, there may be no way to know what emails Clinton did not turn over.

What happened

Sent information now classified

The emails were not marked as “classified” at the time but do contain information now considered classified, according to the intelligence community’s inspector general.

[Top secret emails were sent on Clinton’s private account, official says]

Why it matters

Material not allowed on non-approved systems

Federal rules prohibit sharing classified material on non-approved or personal systems. Regulations dictate the burden is on the sender of an email to classify its security clearance level.

[State discovers hundreds more Clinton emails for release to Benghazi panel]

The emails that were released