THE CHANGING AGE OF CHINA

From 1950 through the 1970s, children 10 or younger constituted a larger percentage of China’s expanding population than any other age group. By 2060, 70-year-olds will form the largest share.

Percentage of population by age bracket

Male

Female

100 years old

Age

50

0

1950

1960

1970

5%

5%

100 years old

Age

50

0

1980

1990

2000

5%

5%

100 years old

Age

50

0

2010

2020

2030

5%

5%

100 years old

Age

50

0

2040

2050

2060

5%

5%

NUMBER OF CHILDREN BORN PER WOMAN

Fertility rate

China

1962

 

6.1

The Communist Party of China and the State Council issue instructions advocating birth control.

World

5.0

1980

 

China’s one-child policy begins.

U.S.

3.3

2.5

2.0

1.7

1950

1970

1990

2010

TOTAL POPULATION

in billions

Between 1950 and 2010, China’s total population grew 150 percent. It is projected to peak in 2030.

1.5 (2030)

1.35

1.1

0.5

Projected

population

1950

2010

‘50

‘75

2100

DEATHS OF ONLY CHILDREN

in thousands

553

The estimated number of only children older than 10 who die or will die annually in China, leaving their parents childless.

346

225

182

138

104

78

2010

’15

’20

’25

’30

’40

’50

THE CHANGING AGE OF CHINA

Percentage of population by age bracket

Male

Female

From 1950 through the 1970s, children 10 or younger constituted a larger percentage of China’s expanding population than any other age group. By 2060, 70-year-olds will form the largest share.

Age

100 years old

50

0

1950

1960

1970

1980

1990

2000

5%

5%

5%

5%

Age

100 years old

70

50

0

2010

2020

2030

2040

2050

2060

5%

5%

5%

5%

NUMBER OF CHILDREN BORN PER WOMAN

Fertility rate up to 2010

China

1962

 

6.1

The Communist Party of China and the State Council issue instructions advocating birth control.

World

5.0

1975

China’s one-child policy begins.

2015

U.S.

China announces plans to abandon its one-child policy

3.3

2.5

2.0

2.0

1.7

1.9

PROJECTED

1950

1970

1990

2010

2030

2050

2070

2090

TOTAL POPULATION

DEATHS OF ONLY CHILDREN

in thousands

in billions

Between 1950 and 2010, China’s total population grew 150 percent. It is projected to peak in 2030.

The estimated number of only children older than 10 who die or will die annually in China, leaving their parents childless.

553

1.5 (2030)

1.35

1.1

346

0.5

225

Projected

population

182

138

104

78

2010

’15

’20

’25

’30

’40

’50

1950

2010

‘50

‘75

2100

Source: UN World Population Prospects, 2015 edition