The world leaders involved in the Iran nuclear deal used their public power as a negotiation tool. Many of the requirements, “red lines” and other strongly worded provisions leaders insisted on do not appear in the final agreement.
Iran’s three facilities will remain open, but the Fordow enrichment facility would be converted to a research center and the Arak reactor would be redesigned so it could not produce weapons-grade plutonium. The word “dismantle” does not appear in the agreement.
Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, Iran’s supreme leader
Immediacy of sanctions relief
Khamenei (and other Iranian leaders) had repeatedly insisted that all economic sanctions must be lifted on the day any final deal was agreed to.
The International Atomic Energy Agency will be allowed to inspect all facilities. Disputes over access are submitted in an agreed resolution process. If Iran does not comply with the agency’s decisions, sanctions can be reimposed.
How badly a deal is needed
During negotiations, the Obama administration repeatedly used the phrase, “No deal is better than a bad deal.”