As hundreds of thousands of refugees have poured into Europe, some countries and regions have tried to pass legislation that specifically targets refugees and migrants. Here's a look at some of those policies that have been introduced in the last year.
Number of migrant-specific laws/policies by country
Making life hard for migrants
Localities try to dissuade migrants from settling in their areas in a variety of ways, ranging from advertising campaigns that try to persuade refugees to settle elsewhere to enacting policies that discriminate against Muslims. These are the types of laws and policies that areas have adopted:
Discouraging immigration 7
Public campaigns attempting to persuade migrants to settle elsewhere
Property seizure 4
Taking money, jewelry or other valuables from migrants
Border control 2
Physical impediments that make it difficult for migrants to travel
Laws that target Islamic traditions or practices
Restricting migrant access to public places
Identifying refugees 1
Requiring migrants to identify themselves
Profiling based on stereotypes 1
Policies that draw upon untrue stereotypes of migrants
Anti-migrant laws and policies
Some laws have been passed or proposed by governments, while other policies have been enacted by private contractors working on behalf of governments. While some legislation has been on the books for decades, the recent influx of refugees has fueled a new wave of anti-migrant laws.
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Germany tells refugees to integrate or go back
The country passed a law that requires reguees to learn German and integrate or lose residency.
A Danish city made it mandatory for public institutions to serve pork
The Danish city of Randers made it mandatory for public institutions, including cafeterias in kindergartens and day-care centers, to have pork dishes on their menus. The hope is to maintain a Danish identity in the face of increased emigration from Muslim countries, where many do not eat pork for religious reasons
Norway forced some refugees to cycle across the border to Russia in the dead of winter
After a number of refugees used a legal loophole to enter Norway on a bike, the Norwegian government deported them back to Russia. In some cases, the refugees cycled back into the Arctic north of Russia. Norway has since stopped the practice under pressure from Russia.