Frankenthaler’s “Jacob’s Ladder,” showcasing her signature style, reminds us that she gave birth to a whole school of painting.

This plain-spoken 1863 masterpiece is charged with moral anxiety.

Barkley Hendricks’s double portrait at Yale is one of the most arresting works by a once unfashionable artist

What, exactly, are the fishermen doing in this Vittore Carpaccio painting? No one really knows.

Some of the artist’s greatest paintings were inspired by views through windows — or, in this case, a windshield.

Kano Sansetsu’s painting of an ancient plum tree is a lesson in how to endure

Joan Semmel painted her own body from an entirely new perspective. Her own.

The Dutch painter's "Broadway Boogie-Woogie" shows how his art reduced empirical things to a binary language of vertical and horizontal lines.

Song Dynasty Emperor Huizong practically defined the canon of classical Chinese painting, but his reign was in other ways disastrous.

Joseph Ducreux painted himself mid-yawn in this popular painting at the Getty Museum in Los Angeles.

Caravaggio painted “The Denial of Peter” shortly before his mysterious death in 1610.

The Venezuelan artist, born in Paris, lost her mother to suicide when she was 11. She never sold “Mi Mama y Yo.”

'Bedtime' by Charles Sallée Jr. is a perennially popular work at the Cleveland Museum of Art.

Cy Twombly's 1968 "Synopsis of a Battle (Primary Title)" imagined Alexander the Great’s legendary victory as a hastily scrawled diagram.

The artist was living in an asylum when he painted “Cypresses," now on view at the Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Grace Hartigan painted the love of her life, Frank O’Hara, after his tragic death.

John White Alexander painted “Repose” in Paris under the influence of Whistler, and it's almost too seductive.

The great Indian artist Bichitr underscores the importance of otherworldly values in a celebrated painting at the Freer Gallery of Art.

Giacomo Balla painted “Dynamism of a Dog on a Leash” in response to a manifesto he had signed two years earlier.

This Francisco Zurbarán masterpiece, at the Norton Simon Museum, is the only still life he signed and dated

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