Happy National Hispanic Heritage Month! How much do you know about these important Latino Americans?

Hispanic Heritage Month celebrates the "histories, cultures and contributions of American citizens whose ancestors came from Spain, Mexico, the Caribbean and Central and South America," according to the official website. It lasts from September 15 to October 15, a time period that includes independence day celebrations in many Latin American countries. 


Jonathon Newton/ The Washington Post

Who was the first American astronaut of Latino descent?

Franklin Chang-Diaz

Serena Auñón-Chancellor

John Olivas

Ellen Ochoa


KK Ottesen/ for The Washington Post

Who was one of the co-founders of the National Farm Workers Association, a group that fought for the rights of farmworkers and came up with the famous rallying phrase "Si, se puede," or "Yes, we can."

Richard Chavez

Dolores Huerta

Sylvia Rivera

Sal Castro


Sarah L. Voisin/ The Washington Post

Who was the other co-founder of the National Farm Workers Association and participated in three water-only fasts to bring awareness to farmworker's issues?

Willie Velasquez

Fred Ross

Gloria Anzaldúa

Cesar Chavez


Matt McClain/ The Washington Post

Who was the first Supreme Court justice of Latino Heritage?

Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez

Sylvia Rivera

Sonia Sotomayor

Thurgood Marshall


Christi Goodwin/ The Washington Post

Which singer and political activist of Latino descent sang "We Shall Overcome" at the March on Washington in 1963?

Gloria Estefan

Celia Cruz

Joan Baez

Carlos Santana


Spencer Selvidge/ for The Washington Post

Which singer brought Tejano music to the mainstream?

Selena Quintanilla

Jennifer Lopez

Selena Gomez 

Gloria Estefan


Michael S. Williamson/ The Washington Post

Which trans woman of Puerto Rican descent was an active member of the Gay Liberation Front and was an advocate for trans rights?

Marsha P. Johnson

Victoria Cruz

Reina Gossett

Sylvia Rivera


John Minchillo/ The Associated Press

Who is the youngest woman to be elected to Congress?

Lisa Sánchez

Sylvia Garcia

Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez

Grace Napolitano


The Associated Press

Who was the first Latino baseball player to be inducted into the National Baseball Hall of Fame?

Rodolfo Gonzalez

Roberto Clemente

David Ortiz

Rafael Nadal


Associated Press

Who was the first Hispanic woman to win an Academy Award when she won best supporting actress for her role in "West Side Story?"

Salma Hayek

Beatriz Michelena

Rita Moreno

Carmen Miranda


Demetrius Freeman/ The Washington Post

Who became the first women and first person of Hispanic heritage to become the surgeon general of the United States?

Antonia C. Novello

Evangelina Rodriguez

Ileana Ros-Lehtinen

Gabriela Mistral


Goran Kosanovic/ for The Washington Post

This Black and Latino artist's painting "Untitled" sold for $110.5 million in 2017 and became the most expensive U.S.-produced painting ever sold. Who was this artist?

Frida Kahlo

Wifredo Lam

Ana Mendieta

Jean-Michel Basquiat



This Dominican American author became the first writer of color to win the prestigious Carnegie Medal for her debut novel, "The Poet X."

Salvador Plascencia

Elizabeth Acevedo

Sandra Cisneros

Lorna Dee Cervantes