From slurs to cities branded by histories of redlining and racial segregation, Black people live with the legacy of American racism every day.

How does this affect their health?

In her scholarly work at Rutgers University, Naa Oyo A. Kwate studies just that — and in a free talk on Thursday, she’ll put the history of those health disparities in context.

The talk, hosted online by the National Library of Medicine, will explore how racism has set the stage for a health-care system that blames individuals, not systems, for poor health. “Savages Cry Easily and Are Afraid of the Dark: What It Means to Talk about Race and African American Health”will cover the inequities that actually drive Black people’s health challenges.

Black people have a lower life expectancy than their White peers and experience higher rates of chronic illness, less access to health care, and earlier onset of disease. That disproportionate health-care burden is linked to structural inequities, including greater rates of poverty and unemployment, higher exposure to environmental health hazards and the stress of centuries of discrimination, segregation and bigotry.

Kwate, a psychologist by training and an associate professor of both Africana studies and human ecology, focuses on race, neighborhoods and the health of Black people in America. She researches how racism affects immune health and is interested in how racism manifests itself in the environment in which Black people live.

She also has done extensive research in the fast-food industry’s historical relationship with the Black community, and wrote “Burgers in Blackface,” a look at how restaurants used Black stereotypes to market and brand their wares.

The event is part of five free historical talks to be held throughout the year. This year’s presentations will cover such issues as women in medicine and smallpox vaccination. Each highlights the National Library of Medicine’s vast collection of historical materials relating to medicine.

To hear the talk, visit videocast.nih.gov at 2 p.m. Eastern on Thursday.