It has been 10 months since unsealed federal court documents revealed that U.S. immigration officials created a fake university to lure foreign-born college students who were trying to stay in the country on student visas that might not have been legal.
In January, eight people who allegedly worked as “recruiters” for the school and collectively helped at least 600 students remain in the country under false pretenses were charged with federal conspiracy. At the time, the Detroit News reported that dozens of University of Farmington students — many of them Indian nationals — were arrested for immigration violations and faced deportation.
Now, according to ICE, that number has jumped to about 250 students. Those arrests took place between January and July of this year, ICE said in a statement first reported by the Detroit Free Press and obtained by The Washington Post. Most of the arrests happened in February, immigration officials said.
Nearly 80 percent of those who were arrested chose to voluntarily leave the United States, according to the ICE statement. Another 10 percent of the University of Farmington students received a “final removal order,” officials said, either from an immigration judge or from U.S. Customs and Border Protection.
The final 10 percent of students have challenged their deportations, either by filing for legal relief or by contesting their removals with the Executive Office for Immigration Review, the statement said.
Seven of the eight recruiters, all in their 20s and 30s, have pleaded guilty and been sentenced to prison time, Detroit ICE spokesman Khaalid Walls told the Free Press. The newspaper reported the names of those recruiters and their sentences as follows: Barath Kakireddy, 29, of Lake Mary, Fla., 18 months; Suresh Kandala, 31, of Culpeper, Va., 18 months; Santosh Sama, 28, of Fremont, Calif., 24 months; Avinash Thakkallapally, 28, of Harrisburg, Pa., 15 months; Aswanth Nune, 26, of Atlanta, 12 months; Naveen Prathipati, 26, of Dallas, 12 months.
Prem Rampeesa, 27, was sentenced last week to one year in prison, though he has already served 295 days and will probably be released in two or three months and then deported back to India, his attorney Wanda Cal told the Free Press.
Phanideep Karnati, 35, of Louisville, will be sentenced in January 2020, the Free Press reported.
All eight recruiters will be deported once they have served their sentences, the U.S. attorney’s office for the Eastern District of Michigan said in an email.
The University of Farmington was created, ICE officials said in their statement, to provide the Department of Homeland Security with “first-hand evidence of fraud.”
“Undercover schools provide a unique perspective in understanding the ways in which students and recruiters try to exploit the non-immigrant student visa system,” ICE said in the statement.
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But Rahul Reddy, a Texas attorney involved with these students’ cases, told the Detroit News that U.S. officials running the fake University of Farmington operation preyed upon unsuspecting students.
“They should not punish these people who were lured into a trap,” Reddy said. “These people can’t even defend themselves properly because they’re not given the same rights in deportation proceedings.”
As The Post has previously reported, prosecutors argued in the court documents unsealed earlier this year that the students were well aware that the school was a fraud. They allegedly chose to enroll anyway, because doing so would allow them to remain in the country on F-1 nonimmigrant 1 visas, which allow foreign citizens to temporarily reside in the United States while studying at accredited academic institutions.
Walls, the Detroit ICE spokesman, told local news station WXYZ in January that the students had entered the United States legally on F-1 visas after being accepted to legitimate schools and had later transferred to the University of Farmington.
The eight recruiters allegedly helped create fraudulent records, including transcripts, that students could give to immigration authorities. Authorities said in the original charging documents that they collectively accepted more than $250,000 in kickbacks for their work, not realizing that the payments were actually coming from undercover agents who worked for Homeland Security Investigations, a division of ICE.
The undercover operation, called Paper Chase, ran for several years before the January indictments.
The Detroit News reported that the fake university was set up in 2015 but that HSI agents didn’t begin posing as university officials until 2017, according to the indictment.
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From the outside, the University of Farmington appeared legitimate, touting on its fake website the number of languages spoken by its president (four) and the number of classes taught by teaching assistants (zero). Photos of the campus showed students lounging around with books on a grassy quad or engaged in rapt conversation in its brightly lit modern library. Tuition was relatively reasonable — $8,500 a year for undergraduates and $11,000 a year for graduate students.
But there were no classes taking place at the university, which employed no instructors or professors. Its “campus” consisted of a small office in a corporate park in the northwestern Detroit suburb of Farmington Hills, Mich., with no quad or library in sight.
Prosecutors alleged that Farmington, which was set up by the government, was “being used by foreign citizens as a ‘pay to play’ scheme.” Students would pay thousands of dollars to the university, then provide immigration authorities with evidence that they were enrolled in a full-time educational program. They could then continue to live and work in the United States under a student visa.
The Department of Homeland Security’s list of certified schools where international students can enroll included the University of Farmington.
Reddy told the Free Press that the U.S. government “made a lot of money” off these foreign students.
In court last week, the attorney for Rampeesa, one of the student recruiters, said her client was “remorseful” and a “good person caught up in a bad situation,” the Free Press reported. He had initially come to the U.S. legally, reported the Free Press, and spent thousands of dollars to earn a master’s degree in 2016 from Northwestern Polytechnic University.
“He was desperate to find a way to stay in the United States,” Rampeesa’s attorney wrote in a sentencing memo, according to the Free Press.
Rampeesa believed he was working with university officials, though they were actually undercover immigration officials, the Free Press reported. He believed he was receiving tuition credits for recruiting other students, his attorney said.
“I am ashamed,” Rampeesa wrote in a letter that was read at his sentencing hearing, reported the Free Press. “I made a very bad decision,” he said, one that “bought shame to my family name.”
An earlier version of this story cited reporting from the Detroit Free Press that said Rampeesa spent $40,000 on tuition and fees at Northwestern Polytechnic University. The University says its records account for less than $20,000. Additionally, Northwestern Polytechnic University did not lose its accreditation, as a previous version stated. Rather, the accrediting board that oversees it was derecognized by the federal government for two years.