What is the worst thing about moving? It’s a tough call. Purging is stressful, packing is physically draining, moving your belongings is exhausting, and unpacking can be arduous — especially after all you’ve accomplished to just get to that point. Here are some tips to help simplify the process.

Review measurements

Whether you’re buying or renting, make sure you have accurate measurements of all the rooms and storage areas in your house. If you don’t have a floor plan with measurements, measure before you move. Think through where it makes most sense to place everything, whether it’s furniture or lightbulbs. If you don’t do any planning, items will either be stashed in the nearest cabinet or closet in a rush to empty moving boxes, or they’ll be unpacked but not put away — creating clutter in your new home. If you have a clear idea of where everything will go, there will be fewer decisions to make on moving day and less rearranging required in the weeks and months that follow.

Prep storage spaces

If there are any closets or other storage spaces that need painting, do that before you move in. You won’t want to do it after you’re settled. To expedite unpacking in the kitchen, install drawer and cabinet liners to protect surfaces before your move. This is a lot easier to do before you begin to unpack. If you’re absolutely certain where items such as silverware, spices and food will be stored, you can buy drawer dividers, a spice rack and pantry bins, but these can also be easily installed after the move. However, if you’re planning to use industrial shelving in an unfinished basement or garage, it is helpful to have those shelves built, and in place, before your move. Having surfaces ready to hold bins and boxes will make it easier to get everything off the floor, giving you space to maneuver.

Label the right way

Duck Brand recommends that boxes be labeled according to the rooms where they will be unpacked at the new house, instead of the location where the contents were stored in your previous home. Label the boxes both to indicate what is inside and where it will go. I realize this sounds elemental, but it is common for boxes to be labeled vaguely, with only the destination specified, and then no one can find a plate or a glass among the 30 boxes labeled “kitchen.” Place a box cutter in each room so that you’re not searching for the one or two pairs of scissors floating around the house. Put one or two empty boxes in each room to hold packing paper and bubble wrap as you unpack. Break down the other boxes as you empty them.

Only take what you want

Make arrangements to get rid of unwanted furniture and other household items well in advance of your move. It’s a waste of time and money to have movers haul items you ultimately don’t need or want. Even as you’re feeling overwhelmed by the multitude of decisions that moving requires, take some time to choose what will go with you and what you can part with ahead of time. Donation pickups, especially for bulky pieces of furniture, usually need to be made a few weeks in advance, so put this at the top of your to-do list after you’ve signed a contract on a new home.

Create a schedule

Create a plan for unpacking. It will be tiring work and will probably take longer than you think — at the very least a few days and probably a few weeks. Prioritize unpacking the most important items. Boxes for the kitchen, the bathrooms and linens for each bedroom should be unpacked first. And if you discover broken valuables, photograph them immediately so you can seek reimbursement from the moving company.

Reduce waste

Notify your new neighbors, friends and family that you have moving boxes to give away. This is a win-win for everyone — and the environment. There are also a number of companies, including U-Haul, BungoBox and Rentacrate that rent plastic boxes so you don’t need to invest in packing tape or cardboard boxes that you’ll only use once. They also drop off and pick up the plastic bins at your convenience.

Unpacking after a move is like running the last six miles of a marathon. If you’ve paced yourself and made a plan, you’ll feel triumphant and energized once the work is done. But if you’ve worn yourself out getting to the 20-mile mark and haven’t strategized about how to get over the finish line, you are likely to feel frustrated and overwhelmed.

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