“Maybe I’m naive,” Wyss said recently, “but the combination of giving enough money to a professional staff to do the right things and putting quite a bit of money into digital will eventually make a very profitable newspaper.” But those comments came weeks before he got a closer look at the project’s finances; his withdrawal was confirmed Saturday.
The leadership of the hedge fund, Alden Global Capital, never has much to say, but the company’s previous endeavors have amounted to stripping newspapers for parts. Some of the saddest stories in the decline of local journalism have come after Alden descends on a town.
Newsrooms cut to the bone at places like the Denver Post and the San Jose Mercury News can no longer provide robust news coverage to their communities, and there’s precious little strategic thinking about how to make the papers sustainable into the future.
At Alden, it’s not about the journalism. It’s all about the next profit-and-loss statement.
If the Bainum and others are successful with their offer — which must compete with a $630 million one from Alden — they ought to know a few things about owning a newspaper. So should any local investors to whom they hope to sell Tribune papers including the Orlando Sentinel and Allentown Morning Call.
I’m no billionaire and I’ve never owned anything more valuable than a house. But I can claim some expertise. For three decades I worked at the Buffalo News, then owned by one of the world’s perennially richest people, investor Warren Buffett. That includes the years I was the paper’s top editor and a corporate officer. (Buffett sold all of his papers last year to Lee Enterprises.)
And a few years before I came to work at The Washington Post in 2016, Jeff Bezos — now the world’s wealthiest person — paid $250 million for the struggling newspaper.
So here are my three best pieces of advice.
1. Stay out of the newsroom.
And I mean, way out. Completely out. Your editor is in charge of news — which, unfortunately, will inevitably include you and your businesses, and your family, and whatever skeletons you may have in your capacious closets.
The minute you start to tinker, the entire newsroom and then the entire world, will know about it, and your reputation will be shot. So will your newspaper’s credibility, which is its major asset.
I’m sure Jeff Bezos hasn’t enjoyed The Post’s thorough coverage of Amazon’s disputes with its workers, any more than he was thrilled by our coverage of the photographic indiscretions that preceded his very public divorce. But from everything I know, and everything just-retired Martin Baron has ever said, Bezos never tried to intervene or apply pressure.
Warren Buffett never did that either. Those of us on the editorial board certainly knew what his politics were, and what national candidates he backed, but we felt free to make our own endorsement calls.
2. Don't expect to make money any time soon.
Maybe ever. Your goals should be breaking even and doing something good for society. Even these goals are lofty in today’s local newspaper business, where a once-foolproof business model has been badly disrupted, as I detailed in my 2020 book, “Ghosting the News: Local Journalism and the Crisis of American Democracy.” Buffett himself in a 2019 interview with Yahoo Finance depressingly described how the business had changed over many decades: “It went from monopoly to franchise to competitive to . . . toast.”
Some local papers — including the Boston Globe and the Minneapolis Star-Tribune — are finding a path forward that includes a wealthy owner, high-quality journalism, a strong connection to the readership and a smart digital plan. The Post is financially successful these days, but that’s partly because of a business strategy that requires the scale of a national or even global audience — something most regional papers can’t aspire to.
3. Know that you've bought yourself a permanent headache.
News organizations are trouble. They regularly get sued, deservedly or not. Many of their employees are, by nature, malcontents.
I’ve often wondered if one of the world’s richest physicians, Patrick Soon-Shiong, has regretted his decision to buy the Los Angeles Times for $500 million in 2018. It’s been a struggle, as the paper itself reported in February:
“The Times was making progress with its revenue goals a year ago — until fears about the covid-19 pandemic obliterated the advertising market. The Times also grappled with internal turmoil last summer and a painful reckoning on its historic treatment of race in the newsroom and its news pages.”
Let’s hope, despite the rocky times, that Soon-Shiong still believes in newspapers.
Because here’s my final piece of advice to any would-be owners: By all means, go ahead and try. The mission is worth it.
This story has been updated.
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