— As people in Charleston watched the battle — sometimes from rooftops — Southern women wept for the Union men inside the burning fort.

— Fort Sumter’s commanding officer had taught the Confederate commander years earlier at West Point Military Academy.

— Confederate soldiers cheered the bravery of the fort’s Union defenders.

— Those defenders were so short of military supplies they used an officer’s extra socks and bags made from torn-up shirts to hold the powder needed for firing cannons.

— No one in the fort was killed during the 34-hour bombardment.