State Department volunteer wardens Berit Wick, left, and her husband, Dan Wick, center, talk with physician Martin Caravajal at a hospital in Cartagena, Colombia, that takes care of many American travelers. (Andrea Sachs /The Washington Post)

Seventy-three million Americans travel abroad every year. In the 2015 fiscal year, the State Department issued nearly 50,000 emergency passports, responded to 31,581 “welfare and whereabout” queries and scheduled 9,425 visits to Americans imprisoned overseas. More than 10,500 U.S. citizens also died on foreign soil. (The data includes tourists and expats.) The moral of the stats: Stuff — serious stuff — happens during international trips. The agency assists Americans in trouble, but we can also help ourselves. Several experts shared tips on how to travel smartly and safely. Heed their advice, so that you can avoid calling the embassy for H.E.L.P.

Tommy Phillips, warden in Yanbian, China

Download the State Department app, so that you can receive notifications — if the political climate changes or the place you are traveling to becomes dangerous — or any other pertinent information concerning your travel plans. Always have identification on you. Have your passport and a copy of your passport, kept in a different place, readily available. Have the phone number to the U.S. Embassy and also locate the nearest consulate office for the region you will be in. When traveling, be aware of your surroundings. U.S. citizens are not warmly welcomed by everyone in the world. Go out of your way to know local customs and learn a little bit of the language. Be respectful, because you are representing the United States when you are in another country. Most important, enjoy your traveling experience and have fun!

Jennifer O’Sullivan, warden in Siem Reap, Cambodia

The one thing I would recommend to U.S. citizens abroad, either temporary or long-term, is to register online with the local U.S. embassy. [The free program is called Smart Traveler Enrollment Program, or STEP.] This will ensure that they are kept up-to-date with any important information about that country and in an emergency situation, whether it be a natural disaster, health concern or upheaval of the government. The U.S. Embassy is excellent about keeping its citizens apprised via email.

Faith Birnstein, warden in Chongqing, China

In China, and in Chongqing specifically, I think that if Americans can adjust their expectations regarding the service industry standards, they will be less frustrated and more able to enjoy and appreciate some of the heartfelt services unique to here. For example, it may be difficult and frustrating to get a proper cup of tea or coffee with milk (to an American, a simple request), but the same staff who wasn’t helpful will then walk you to a bus stop, hail a taxi for you or go beyond common expectations to be hospitable. Chongqing people have spicy, warm hearts.

Berit and Dan Wick, wardens in Cartagena, Colombia

Always buy travel medical insurance. Know that most U.S. travel insurance companies are pay, submit claim and get reimbursed. Travel with multiple credit cards [in case you need to pay a hefty hospital bill upfront]. Never travel alone. Carry a list of medicines and your medical history. Watch out for others wanting to “help” you: Questionable translators, nurses or intermediaries will tack charges onto your bill without your consent. You’re going to a foreign country, so remember it’s not the United States, so many things may be different. You may need to fend for yourself in a different culture.

MJ Walker, a warden in Nigeria

The Department of State frequently updates the Worldwide Caution to provide information on the continuing threat of terrorist actions and violence against U.S. citizens and interests throughout the world. Recent terrorist attacks serve as a reminder that U.S. citizens need to maintain a high level of vigilance and take appropriate steps to increase their security awareness wherever they may travel. Given the frequency of natural disasters, it is simply good policy that American Citizens Services is aware that you are in the country and might need assistance. If they are not aware, they cannot assist you in the event of an emergency.

Additional tips

The State Department’s Bureau of Consular Affairs can help Americans in many situations, such as illness, violent crimes, lost passport and fatalities, but not all: The agency can’t get you out of jail, for instance, but the staff can drop off toiletries and advocate for humane treatment while you are incarcerated. If you run out of money abroad, the embassy can offer you a loan to get you home. However, it will cancel your passport until you repay the money. Leave an itinerary with a friend or family at home and check in with them frequently. Check your health insurance before you go to see if you are covered. Remember, Medicare does not extend beyond U.S. borders. Some credit cards cover disruptions of trips, as long as you booked the travel components on that card. Invest in a cellphone plan or a SIM card with international service.

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