See how to do these seven bone-strengthening exercises, demonstrated by D.C. personal trainer Jenny DeMarco. Not all exercises are suitable for people with osteoporosis. If you think you may have bone-density problems, check with a doctor before trying a new workout routine.
This hip rotation is geared toward special populations such as seniors, people with osteoporosis, joint problems or general deconditioning, but it can be performed by anyone.
1. Lift one leg into a 90-degree angle while maintaining alignment in your knee, hip and shoulder.
2. Rotate the hip out slowly and controlled while keeping your hips in neutral position. Hold each position for three to five seconds and work up to a specific number of repetitions. Then switch legs.
This incline pushup exercise is geared toward special populations such as seniors, people with osteoporosis, joint problems or general deconditioning, but it can be performed by anyone. It can be performed on anything that provides incline assistance, such as a bench, stairs or a chair.
1. Hands should be about shoulder-width apart. Keep the chest out, shoulders down and back, and the body in a straight line.
2. Engage the glutes and abs, and lower the chest down as far as possible without putting too much stress on the joints. At the bottom, fire up the chest and triceps, flex your back and push yourself back into the starting position. The body should stay in a straight line. If you need to start at a higher incline, try a wall. Then as you get stronger ,move your starting position lower.
This drinking bird exercise is designed for the general population. Holding a weight is optional; make sure you can do the exercise properly without weight before adding it.
1. With your chest out, shoulders down and back and neck in line with the spine, balance on one slightly bent leg.
2. With the standing leg slightly bent, start to swing the other leg under your body.
3. As you tip the torso forward, keep your rear back to ensure tension is on the hamstrings and glutes, not the lower back. Keep the chest out and shoulders down for the entire exercise; do not round your back. Keep your hips parallel to the ground to engage the core.
This chair squat exercise is geared toward special populations such as seniors, people with osteoporosis, joint problems or general deconditioning, but it can be performed by anyone. It can be performed with or without weights.
1. Begin with your feet a little wider than shoulder-width apart, with your chest out, shoulders down and back, core tight and hips in neutral position.
2. Pushing the butt back and bending at the knees, descend into a seated position. Engage the glutes and quads on the way down. Keep muscles engaged once in the seated position. Do not sit all the way back or bounce or rock to get back up from the seated position. If a chair is too difficult, begin on something higher and work your way down.
This single-leg balance reach exercise is geared toward special populations such as seniors, people with osteoporosis, joint problems or general deconditioning, but it can be performed by anyone.
1. Begin with your feet shoulder-width apart, and lift one leg in front of your body, pointing the toe of that foot. Maintain alignment in your knee, hip and shoulder. Make sure your hips stay level and facing forward.
2. Move the lifted leg slowly to the side of the body, holding at least one to two seconds.
3. Then move the lifted leg behind the body, holding that position for at least one to two seconds. Repeat until a specific number of reps or alternate sides.
This plank row exercise is designed for the general population.
1. Begin in plank position with hands on dumbbells or the floor, depending on wrist strength.
2. Keeping hips as parallel to the floor as possible, use your back and bicep to pull one dumbbell off of the floor. Keep the dumbbell close to the body and pull your elbow back as far as possible. Either alternate sides or do a specific number of reps on one side before switching to the opposite side.
3. A pushup between each dumbbell row is optional and can also be performed from the knees.
This pop squat exercise is designed for the general population. It’s a bone-strengthening plyometric movement that should be done repeatedly without rest for a specific amount of time. Plyometics are “jump drills” intended to create maximum power and speed. They require quick transitions between extending and contracting muscles.
1. Start in a standing position.
2. Jump out to a squatted position, then immediately pop back to standing. Make sure to land with your knees “soft” (bent), sit back in your heels with your knees behind your toes and land on the balls of your feet when you return to standing position.
Boston is a fitness trainer and freelance writer. She can be found at www.gabriellaboston.com.