Sessions, an immigration hawk, said the U.S. immigration courts had planned to suspend the program starting as early as next week. At a budget hearing before a Senate appropriations subcommittee, he signaled that he had received questions about pausing the program from lawmakers in both parties, including the subcommittee’s chairman, Sen. Jerry Moran (R-Kan.), and its ranking Democratic member, Sen. Jeanne Shaheen (N.H.).
“I have previously expressed some concerns about the program,” Sessions said. “I recognize that this committee has spoken on this matter, and, out of deference to the committee, I have ordered that there be no pause while the review is being conducted.”
Sessions said he also would not suspend a “help desk” run by the Vera Institute of Justice, the nonprofit entity that also holds the federal contract to run the Legal Orientation Program.
This month, the Executive Office for Immigration Review, which runs the Justice Department’s immigration courts, said the government intended to evaluate both programs’ cost-effectiveness and determine whether they duplicated other efforts to inform immigrants of their rights under U.S. law. The help desk offers tips to non-detained immigrants facing deportation proceedings in courts in Chicago, Miami, New York, Los Angeles and San Antonio.
Approximately 8 in 10 detainees in immigration court face a government prosecutor without a lawyer, according to Vera. The Legal Orientation Program sends lawyers and paralegals to detention centers to hold hour-long group sessions with detainees to explain their rights, how the court process works and their possible defenses to deportation. They also meet with detainees individually and refer them to free or low-cost lawyers, but do not represent them in court.
Vera said the $8 million-a-year program provides “fundamental” information to “hundreds of thousands” of detained immigrants who are not entitled to public defenders, and has saved the government millions of dollars by helping to move cases more quickly.
The immigration judges’ labor union, immigration lawyers and leading Democratic lawmakers had criticized plans to suspend the program.