The Washington PostDemocracy Dies in Darkness

Justice Dept. investigating sedition and conspiracy charges and any terror links to violent storming of U.S. Capitol

A search of the truck the goverment says is connected to Lonnie L. Coffman, 70, of Falkville, Ala. (U.S. Attorney's Office for the District of Columbia)

The Justice Department and FBI have created a sedition and conspiracy task force to pursue charges against participants in the storming of the U.S. Capitol and are investigating any links to domestic or foreign instigators, officials said Tuesday.

The investigation, one of the largest ever undertaken by the department, includes counterterrorism and counterintelligence facets and has led to charges against more than 70 people and identified 170 suspects to date, acting U.S. attorney Michael R. Sherwin of D.C. said. Those arrest figures are expected to increase into the hundreds, if not “exponentially.”

But Sherwin and Steven D’Antuono, head of the FBI’s Washington Field Office, said any impression that prosecutors have mostly charged misdemeanor Capitol trespassing and D.C. curfew offenses is misleading. They said the cases are only the beginning and that U.S. authorities are investigating everything including the plundering of congressional offices and digital devices, assaults on law enforcement officers, and theft of national security and defense information, in addition to felony murder and excessive use of force.

“The gamut of cases is mind-blowing,” Sherwin said.

Citing video footage and witness accounts that have not been made public, Sherwin added: “People are going to be shocked with egregious activity in the Capitol. No resources of the FBI or the U.S. attorney’s office will be untapped to determine if there was command and control, how it operated and how it executed these activities.”

Capitol and D.C. police were in openhanded combat with rioters, tear gas was used against police, and destructive devices and semiautomatic weapons have been recovered, he said.

The Jan. 6 storming of the Capitol by supporters of President Trump disrupted the electoral vote count of President-elect Joe Biden and led to the deaths of five people — including a rioter who was fatally shot and a police officer who died after suffering injuries at the scene.

Federal law makes conspiring to overthrow or oppose by force the authority of the U.S government punishable by up to 20 years in prison. Such seditious conspiracy includes using violence to prevent, hinder or the delay the execution of its laws. U.S. authorities have prosecuted such cases against Puerto Rican nationalists, white supremacists and Muslim extremists who plotted a 1993 attack on the World Trade Center in New York City.

A new grand jury was empaneled Friday and met Monday to hear new Capitol breach cases. Prosecutors also condemned violence against the news media, saying they would investigate and hold accountable those who assault, threaten or damage the property of journalists.

FBI focuses on whether some Capitol rioters intended to harm lawmakers or take hostages

Hours before officials spoke, the first public federal indictment in the Capitol breach was filed against an Alabama man who allegedly brought 11 molotov cocktails and five loaded weapons to the U.S. Capitol.

In an indictment dated Monday, Lonnie L. Coffman, 70, who was previously charged with two counts in a U.S. Capitol Police complaint, was charged with 16 counts of D.C. firearms violations and one federal firearms count. He also possessed a crossbow, several machetes, a stun gun and smoke devices, prosecutors said.

Coffman allegedly formulated the incendiary devices to be particularly lethal, prosecutors asserted, and “appears to have been motivated to conduct violence against our elected representatives.”

Coffman is accused of carrying 11 Mason jars with gasoline and melted Styrofoam — which an FBI affidavit said could produce a “napalm-like” explosion of sticky, flammable liquid. The affidavit also said he had a rifle, shotgun, two 9mm pistols, a .22-caliber pistol, five types of ammunition and a large-capacity magazine, all loaded and unregistered and unlicensed in the capital. Coffman had an apparent license to carry a pistol in Alabama, prosecutors said.

However, they asserted in court filings that the stockpile of weapons suggests “an intent [by Coffman] to provide them to others, as no one person could reasonably use so many at once.”

FBI report warned of ‘war’ at Capitol, contradicting claims there was no indication of looming violence

Exhibits filed by prosecutors seeking to detain Coffman show he allegedly possessed handwritten notes, including one quoting Abraham Lincoln who once wrote in opposition to slavery, “We The People Are The Rightful Masters Of Both The Congress And The Courts, Not To Overthrow The Constitution But To Overthrow The Men Who Pervert The Constitution.”

Prosecutors said the notes “raise alarm in the context of the Jan. 6 rioting and criminal infringement on our nation’s democratic process.” They showed others that contained purported contact information for “Conservative Talk Show Host Mark Levin,” “Shaun [sic] Hannity,” and “Senator Ted Cruz.”

Coffman did not enter a plea, and was ordered held without bond by a U.S. magistrate. Defense lawyer Tony Miles argued Coffman has no criminal record, is retired after a history of work, has family ties in Alabama and 10 years’ service in the U.S. Army.

Read prosecutors detention memorandum and see photo exhibits here

Prosecutors previously said Coffman was investigated because he was the registered owner of a red GMC pickup truck with Alabama plates parked near the Capitol. Officers allegedly found the molotov cocktail devices while investigating reports of suspected pipe bombs near the Republican National Committee headquarters on Capitol Hill and its Democratic counterpart minutes before the assault on the Capitol began.

Coffman was not charged in relation to those possible devices.

On Tuesday, the FBI reiterated it is offering a $50,000 reward for information regarding the pipe bombs, which Sherwin said were “real devices,” with igniters and timers.

“We don’t know obviously exactly why they did not go off,” Sherwin said, or whether there were “a diversionary type of a tactic used by some of these rioters.”

Other charges made public Tuesday included ones against Aaron Mostofsky, 34, the son of a Brooklyn judge who was photographed inside the Capitol wearing what appear to be several fur pelts, a U.S. Capitol Police bulletproof vest and a riot shield.

Two men who allegedly held zip ties in Capitol during riots being investigated by U.S. counterterrorism prosecutors

Mostofsky made an initial appearance in New York City on four charges, including entering restricted grounds, violent or disorderly conduct at the Capitol, and theft of government property exceeding $1,000, a felony that carries a statutory maximum penalty of 10 years in prison. Mostofsky was ordered released on a $100,000 bail bond Tuesday afternoon by U.S. Magistrate Sanket Bulsara in Brooklyn. He was given strict orders to remain in New York City and refrain from communicating with co-conspirators.

The New York Times reported that Mostofsky’s father is Kings County Supreme Court Judge Shlomo Mostofsky.

Aaron Mostofsky told the New York Post in a video inside the Capitol last week: “We were cheated. I don’t think 75 million people voted for Trump — I think it was close to 85 million. I think certain states that have been red for a long time turned blue and were stolen, like New York.”

Acting attorney general Jeffrey A. Rosen on Jan. 12 strongly condemned the U.S. Capitol attack, adding that the "wrongdoers will be held responsible." (Video: The Justice Department)

An FBI affidavit said Mostofsky also appeared to post on social media a self-taken video labeled, “DC bound stopthesteal,” and exchanged messages and photographs on Instagram describing his presence in the Capitol.

“If we find each other look for a guy looking like a caveman,” Mostofsky wrote a friend, the affidavit said, adding later, probably referring to the election, “Even a caveman knows it was stolen.”

The FBI added that after the election, Mostofsky posted on Facebook: “Since the republicans lost the house I have the following questions 1 when and where are we protesting/rioting . . . ”

In the video interview, FBI agent Michael Attard wrote, Mostofsky said he took the shield he found on the floor, and motioned to the vest, apparently indicated that he also found that item and took it. He said he returned a hat he found to a police officer “because that might be someone’s personal item,” the agent attested.

A new six-count indictment against previously charged Jacob Chansley, of Arizona, also added federal counts of civil disorder and disrupting an official proceeding. Chansley has been identified as the so-called “QAnon shaman,” who was photographed in horns, fur-lined headdress and face paint on the Senate dais. The offenses upon conviction carry up to a 20 year statutory maximum penalty.

Jennifer Jenkins contributed to this report.