Mrs. Pearl, who survived a pogrom against Iraqi Jews in her youth, helped establish a foundation in memory of her son, a Wall Street Journal reporter abducted and beheaded by Islamic militants in Pakistan in 2002.
The nearly bloodless military coup restored democracy to Portugal after almost half a century of right-wing dictatorship and effectively ended Portugal’s colonial rule over the African nations of Angola, Mozambique and Guinea-Bissau.
Cicely Tyson, the pioneering actor who brought some of the first ennobling portrayals of African Americans to a vast television audience, gained an Oscar nomination for her performance as a sharecropper's wife in ''Sounder.''
A perennial trendsetter, Mr. Cardin, who died Dec. 29 at age 98, radically transformed men's and women's fashion in the 1960s with modern designs such as the Nehru jacket and the space-race-inspired bubble dress. He redefined the field of commercial branding by licensing his name to products including toiletries, jewelry, luggage, candy, wine and wigs.