By the time it closed in 2007, the Medical Education for South African Blacks had collected more than $27 million in gifts and grants to train more than 10,000 physicians, dentists, nurses and hospital technicians.
The technique employs hypnosis to induce a calm state during labor and has been used by hundreds of thousands of women, including British royals Kate Middleton and Meghan Markle and actress Jessica Alba.
Cicely Tyson, the pioneering actor who brought some of the first ennobling portrayals of African Americans to a vast television audience, gained an Oscar nomination for her performance as a sharecropper's wife in ''Sounder.''
A perennial trendsetter, Mr. Cardin, who died Dec. 29 at age 98, radically transformed men's and women's fashion in the 1960s with modern designs such as the Nehru jacket and the space-race-inspired bubble dress. He redefined the field of commercial branding by licensing his name to products including toiletries, jewelry, luggage, candy, wine and wigs.