He had made his final appearance on “60 Minutes” on Oct. 2.
Mr. Rooney was a best-selling author and syndicated columnist, but he was best known for his long and celebrated career as a TV essayist. Walter Cronkite, the late CBS News anchor, once described Mr. Rooney as an “Everyman, articulating all the frustrations with modern life that the rest of us Everymen (and Everywomen) suffer with silence or mumbled oaths.”
His three-minute segments on “60 Minutes,” which typically closed the program, brought him national recognition as the quintessential curmudgeon. For more than 30 years, he lent his exasperated take on whimsical topics — including the uselessness of the cotton insert in a bottle of pills and the sense of frustration when winter gloves go missing.
In a piece about office clutter, he sat at his desk and asked, “What’s a paperweight for, anyway? Papers don’t blow around in here. I can’t even open the window, what do I need to weigh papers down for?”
Mr. Rooney endeared himself to fans by being frank and down-to-earth, as in a 2008 piece about his distaste for modern art and its prevalence in public spaces. “When did bright-colored plastic cows, pigs and rabbits get to be art?” he began.
He called “Two Indeterminate Lines,” a New York street sculpture, “pretentious nonsense” and went on to note, “Does every open space have to be filled in? Is this really better looking than nothing would be? I don’t think so.”
Mr. Rooney occasionally weighed in on more serious topics, such as a 2003 segment about the war in Iraq.
“We didn’t shock them and we didn’t awe them in Baghdad,” Mr. Rooney said less than two weeks after the war began, citing a slogan used by the Bush administration to promote the invasion. “The phrase makes us look like foolish braggarts. The president ought to fire whoever wrote that for him.”
He said later in the same essay, “I wish my America had never gotten into this war. Now that we’re in it, I want us to win it.”
No matter the subject, his TV essays always served as a cultural touchstone. “In so many of his commentaries, he sort of encapsulates all of the changes that occurred in America during and after World War II,” said Ron Simon, a curator at the Paley Center for Media in New York. Mr. Rooney, Simon said, “is like the grandfather who remembers life without television.”
Mr. Rooney, a reporter for the Stars and Stripes newspaper during World War II, had worked at CBS for almost 30 years before joining “60 Minutes.” He joined the network in 1949 as a writer for “Arthur Godfrey’s Talent Scouts” and went on to write for “The Garry Moore Show” and various public affairs programs.
In 1964, he began a celebrated collaboration with CBS correspondent Harry Reasoner on a series of TV specials, including “An Essay on Doors” (1964), “An Essay on Hotels” (1966), “An Essay on Women" (1967) and “An Essay on Chairs” (1968), among others.
Mr. Rooney worked with Bill Cosby on CBS News’s “Of Black America” (1968) series, a project that focused on how blacks were portrayed in history books and Hollywood. His script for one installment, "Black History: Lost, Stolen or Strayed,” earned an Emmy Award.
In 1970, when CBS refused to air another of his specials, “An Essay on War,” Mr. Rooney quit the network. Executives told him they thought the piece was too long, but they also may have been worried about it expressing too boldly his doubts about the government’s involvement in the Vietnam War.
“A younger generation doesn’t understand why the United States went into Vietnam,” wrote Mr. Rooney, who had served in World War II. “Having gotten into the war, all it wanted to consider itself a winner was to get out. Unable to make things the way it wanted them, but unwilling to accept defeat, it merely changed what it wanted.”
He then took a job at PBS, where the piece eventually aired. He later worked at ABC before returning to CBS in 1972.
His grouchy, acerbic style was his signature, but it landed Mr. Rooney in trouble several times when his comments were perceived as insensitive or bigoted.
The most prominent example was when he was suspended from “60 Minutes” in 1990 after the Advocate, a national gay newspaper based in Los Angeles, quoted Mr. Rooney making derogatory comments about the intelligence of African Americans.
Mr. Rooney denied that he had made the remarks, and the conversation was not recorded. His suspension from “60 Minutes” was supposed to last three months, but CBS cut that short after a dramatic drop in the show’s ratings.
Around the same time, Mr. Rooney drew fire from gay rights supporters after he wrote a syndicated column in which he stated that he “wouldn’t want to spend much time in a small room” with gay people. In a subsequent “60 Minutes” essay, he likened “homosexual unions” to alcoholism and smoking, saying they were “self-induced” ills that could lead to early death.
Nevertheless, Mr. Rooney’s career bounced back quickly after the brief rash of negative publicity. His memoir “My War” (1995) became a bestseller, and he was given an Emmy Award for lifetime achievement in 2003. He received a prestigious Peabody Award for his hour-long CBS special “Mr. Rooney Goes to Washington” (1975), in which he professed to see “what a non-political reporter with no working knowledge of that place could find out about it.”
After interviewing an agency head who was at a loss to explain the purpose of his job, Mr. Rooney found a city not “being run by evil people, it’s being run by people like you and me. And you know how we have to be watched.”
Andrew Aitken Rooney was born Jan. 14, 1919, in Albany, N.Y. His father earned enough money as a salesman for the Albany Felt company to send his son to private school.
He attended Colgate University in Hamilton, N.Y., before joining the Army during World War II. When he arrived in London, Mr. Rooney talked his way into a job with Stars and Stripes despite limited journalism experience; he had been a copy boy at an Albany newspaper.
At Stars and Stripes, he met Cronkite, one of his closest friends, and Don Hewitt, who became the founding producer of “60 Minutes.”
In 1943, Mr. Rooney was one of a half-dozen correspondents who flew on one of the first U.S. bombing raids against Germany. He was also among the first Americans to visit a German concentration camp. He later co-wrote three books with Oram C. Hutton based on their wartime experiences, including “The Story of the Stars and Stripes.”
Mr. Rooney was married for 62 years to his high school girlfriend, Marguerite “Marge” Howard, until her death in 2004. Survivors include four children, Emily Rooney, a former executive producer of ABC’s “World News Tonight”; Brian Rooney, a former ABC News correspondent; Ellen Rooney, a photographer; and Martha Fishel, chief of the public service division of the U.S. National Library of Medicine at the National Institutes of Health; and five grandchildren.
After his many postwar years at CBS working on Godfrey’s program and others, Mr. Rooney transitioned to the news division in 1964. His “60 Minutes” segment, “A Few Minutes With Andy Rooney,” was launched in 1978 as a summer replacement for a partisan-bickering feature called “Point-Counterpoint.” He soon became a “60 Minutes” fixture.
Mr. Rooney’s pieces had a no-frills style: He was typically filmed in his office instead of a studio. The desk he sat behind was one that Mr. Rooney, an avid woodworker, had carved and built.
As for the crabby disposition that was always a hallmark of his style, Mr. Rooney told USA Today in 2010, “There’s an awful lot of nonsense in this world. I’m not shy about expressing a dislike when I feel it. If that’s grumpy, then I am.”