Barbara Alston, who sang “Da Doo Ron Ron” and contributed lead vocals for several hit songs by the Crystals, one of the most beloved “girl groups” of the early 1960s, died Feb. 16 at a hospital in Charlotte. She was 74.
The cause was complications from the flu, said her daughter Donielle Prophete.
Ms. Alston was not yet 18 when she became a founding member of the Crystals, a quintet of Brooklyn high schoolers organized in 1961 by her uncle, Benny Wells. More interested in choreography than singing, she nevertheless served as the band’s first lead vocalist, backed by singers Dolores “Dee Dee” Kenniebrew, Mary Thomas, Patricia Wright and Myrna Giraud.
According to the reference source All Music, Ms. Alston was pushed to the fore by producer Phil Spector, who was searching for up-and-coming acts for his newly formed label, Philles Records, and overheard a Crystals rehearsal at the Brill Building, a music industry hub in Manhattan.
Then 21, Spector was beginning to develop the richly orchestrated “wall of sound” style that would make him one of the 20th century’s most acclaimed producers. For the group’s earliest pop hits, he surrounded Ms. Alston’s alto voice with lush strings and guitars in songs such as “There’s No Other Like My Baby,” which peaked at No. 20 on the Billboard charts in 1962, and “Uptown,” a Latin-tinged single about the “sweet” charms of urban tenements.
The band’s next single, “He Hit Me (It Felt Like a Kiss),” was a disastrous ode to domestic abuse co-written by Gerry Goffin and Carole King, who later said she regretted lending her name to the track. “ ‘He Hit Me’ was absolutely, positively the one record that none of us liked,” Ms. Alston once said. “We knew in our hearts that it was going to be a controversial piece and argued on several occasions with Phil about releasing it.”
Spector, who was later convicted of the 2003 murder of actress Lana Clarkson, prevailed but eventually pulled the single after some radio stations refused to play it.
The Crystals maintained a strained relationship with the producer, who shocked the group when he used their name on tracks sung by Darlene Love, including the No. 1 hit “He’s a Rebel” and its follow-up, “He’s Sure the Boy I Love.”
In later years, Prophete said, Ms. Alston sued Spector to receive her share of royalties from the Crystals, who regrouped in 1963 without Thomas and with Dolores “La La” Brooks as lead singer. They released hits including “Da Doo Ron Ron” and “Then He Kissed Me” before Ms. Alston left the group in 1965 to raise her son.
Barbara Ann Alston was born in Baltimore on Dec. 29, 1943, and grew up in Brooklyn. She won a talent show with a group called the Delphi Thezonians — “Gag!” she later wrote, “nobody remembers how we came up with that ridiculous name or what it even means” — before joining the Crystals, named for a daughter of songwriter Leroy Bates.
Her two marriages, to Daniel Prophete and Kenneth Pitter, ended in divorce. In addition to her daughter, of Charlotte, survivors include two children from her second marriage, Kemberly Pitter of Coconut Creek, Fla., and Kenneth Pitter Jr., of Parkland, Fla.; five grandchildren; and seven great-grandchildren.
Ms. Alston also had a son, Tony Alston, from a relationship with musician L.C. Cooke, the younger brother of singer Sam Cooke. Tony, who was transgender and sometimes went by Toni, was shot and killed in 2010. The killing remains unsolved.
Ms. Alston appeared in the original 1966 Broadway production of “Cabaret” as one of the Kit Kat Girls and later returned to the Crystals for a short-lived reunion. Otherwise, she stopped singing and held secretarial positions in New York and then in Charlotte, where she had lived since 1984.
She had originally planned to move to Atlanta, her daughter said, but her car broke down in Charlotte. She never left.