Mr. Roemer, a congressman before he was elected governor in 1987, never held office again after he finished third in the 1991 race, having switched from the Democratic to the Republican Party that year. He came in behind populist Democrat Edwin Edwards, who was making a comeback bid after losing the governorship to Mr. Roemer four years earlier, and Republican David Duke, the ex-Ku Klux Klan leader. Edwards trounced Duke in the ensuing runoff, winning a fourth term.
Mr. Roemer, who became a banker in private life, ran unsuccessfully for governor again in 1995. He also ran a campaign for the presidency in 2012, criticizing special-interest politics. Though the effort drew little notice, it kept alive Mr. Roemer’s reputation as a reform-minded maverick.
Charles Elson Roemer III was born in Shreveport, La., on Oct. 4, 1943, and grew up on his family’s cotton plantation in north Louisiana’s Bossier Parish. He learned politics from his father, who served as Edwards’s chief budget officer in the 1970s.
Mr. Roemer received a bachelor’s degree from Harvard University in 1964 and a master’s degree from Harvard Business School three year later.
Elected to the U.S. House in 1980, Mr. Roemer forged a reputation as one of the “Boll Weevils” — conservative Southern Democrats who helped President Ronald Reagan pass legislation.
But no political label quite fit Mr. Roemer. Although he was reared in a politically active family and elected to four congressional terms, he ran for governor in 1987 as an outsider, crusading against special interests and bureaucracy.
His campaign, dubbed the “Roemer Revolution,” was perhaps best remembered for his vows to “scrub the budget” and “brick up the top three floors” of the Department of Education building.
He defeated Edwards, whose third term was marred by a sinking economy and federal trials in which he was acquitted but politically damaged.
Once elected, Mr. Roemer found the political going rough, perhaps in part due to his reputed abrasiveness.
“I did step on a lot of toes, but frankly all the toes were hanging out there naked. They needed it,” he said in a 1992 interview with the Associated Press.
His successes included passage of campaign contribution limits. He also signed into law a bill bringing riverboat casino gambling to the tourism-dependent state.
But, in the spring of 1989, voters defeated what would have been his hallmark initiative: a proposed constitutional amendment that would have overhauled the state tax structure, shifting the tax burden from businesses to individuals. The plan also included a $1.4 billion program to improve highways, airports and shipping ports that would have been funded by a gasoline tax increase of 4 cents a gallon.
Opponents called it a needless tax hike. Duke, the former Klansman who had won a state legislative seat in suburban New Orleans, rode opposition to the plan to statewide popularity that would help him gain a foothold in the governor’s race two years later.
Mr. Roemer’s tenure also coincided with often highly emotional debates over abortion, which took place as socially conservative Southern politicians hoped changes at the U.S. Supreme Court might result in the overturning of the Roe v. Wade decision.
Mr. Roemer declared himself an opponent of legal abortion, but his vetoes of tough antiabortion bills drew anger from social conservatives. Mr. Roemer insisted on stronger exceptions for rape and incest victims, and he wanted abortions allowed in cases of severe fetal deformities. Lawmakers overrode his 1991 veto — the first time a Louisiana governor suffered such a fate in the 20th century. The law was later ruled unconstitutional.
Duke, running as a Republican, and Edwards, a lifelong Democrat, each had strong, committed bases when they ran in the 1991 governor’s race. Mr. Roemer switched parties that year and had support from Republican President George H.W. Bush but finished third in the state’s nonpartisan primary. In the runoff, Edwards, despite a political lifetime of scandal, easily defeated the ex-Klansman. One Edwards bumper sticker read: “Vote for the crook. It’s important.”
Mr. Roemer would run again in 1995, but that race ultimately was won by businessman and state Sen. Mike Foster, another Democrat turned Republican.
Mr. Roemer ran for president in 2012, first as a Republican and then as a third-party candidate. He dropped out after 17 months, never polling above single digits.
At a December 2012 event with other former Louisiana governors, Mr. Roemer described inheriting a state teetering near bankruptcy in 1988, with high unemployment and the nation’s lowest bond rating.
“I would go home at night — and I’ve never said this publicly — and I would sit on the edge of my bed crying, after another 17-hour day,” he said.
Then, he joked that when he lost his reelection bid to Edwards, “I got back in that same bed and smiled.”
A complete list of survivors was not reported.
— Associated Press
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