The California Angels' Don Baylor hits a grand slam in 1982 against the Brewers in Milwaukee. (John Swart/AP)

Don Baylor, the burly slugger who once held the major league record for being hit by pitches and later guided the expansion Colorado Rockies to the playoffs for the first time as manager of the year, died Aug. 7 at a hospital in Austin. He was 68.

The 1979 American League MVP died after a 14-year battle with multiple myeloma, Mr. Baylor’s family said in a statement released by the Angels, the franchise for which he played more than 800 games.

Mr. Baylor played in all 162 games for the California Angels in 1979 and led the majors with career bests of 139 RBIs and 120 runs. He also had career highs in homers (36) and hits (186) for the AL West champs, who lost to Baltimore in the AL Championship Series.

When Mr. Baylor retired, he had been hit by pitches a ­then-record 267 times and led the majors in that category seven times.

He was also known for speed as a younger player, including a career-high 52 steals with Oakland in 1976, and was a bruising base runner who loved to break up double plays. He finished with 285 steals.

The Yankees' Willie Randolph falls over the California Angels' Don Baylor in 1977 after throwing to first base to complete a double play in New York. (Ray Stubblebine/AP)

In his final three seasons, Mr. Baylor went to three straight World Series, winning the title and hitting one of his four postseason homers in Minnesota’s seven-game victory against St. Louis in 1987. He was on losing teams with Boston in 1986 and Oakland in 1988.

Mr. Baylor was the first manager of the Rockies and led the team in its third season in 1995 to his only playoff appearance as a manager. Colorado lost to Atlanta in four games in an NL Division Series.

Mr. Baylor spent six years with Colorado and two-plus seasons as manager of the Chicago Cubs, from 2000 to 2002. His career record as a manager was 627-689. He was most recently the hitting coach for the Angels and spent nearly 50 years in pro baseball.

Donald Edward Baylor was born in Austin on June 28, 1949. He was a second-round pick by Baltimore in 1967 and chose baseball over a chance to be the first black football player at the University of Texas. Two years later, the Longhorns became the last all-white team to win a national championship.

Mr. Baylor went to a junior college before joining the Orioles organization, made his big league debut in 1970 and spent six years with Baltimore.

After a year in the first of two stints with Oakland, Mr. Baylor played six seasons for the Angels.

Mostly a designated hitter but also an outfielder and first baseman, Mr. Baylor had at least 20 homers in three straight seasons for the New York Yankees before hitting 31 for the Red Sox in 1986. He was a career .260 hitter with 338 homers and 1,276 RBIs.

Don Baylor in 1992 after being named the first manager of the Colorado Rockies. (David Zalubowski/AP)