Donald D. Fowler, 100, a World Bank executive and public administration specialist who retired in 1977, died April 2 at his home in Alexandria.

The cause was an apparent heart attack and complications from a car accident about three weeks ago, said a daughter, Ann F. Henry.

Mr. Fowler was one of the first 40 employees of the World Bank, which he joined in 1946. He was chief of its organization and planning division and then personnel director. He retired as deputy director of the corporate secretary’s office.

He played a central role in developing the bank’s recruitment, training and compensation programs, including formation of a credit union for employees.

In retirement, he was a consultant for the African Development Bank and U.S. Department of Labor. In Alexandria, he served on community boards and commissions and received an honor from the mayor in 2012.

Donald Darwin Fowler was a native of Elk Point, S.D., and a 1935 graduate of the University of South Dakota, where he also received a master’s degree in political science in 1936. He was elected to the Phi Beta Kappa honor society.

In 1938, he received a master’s degree in public administration from Syracuse University and then spent several years as a personnel officer for the Tennessee Valley Authority in Knoxville, Tenn.

He was an Army veteran of World War II and retired from the Reserve in 1972 at the rank of colonel.

He was an elder of Westminster Presbyterian Church in Alexandria, and his memberships included the Cosmos Club in Washington. He wrote a memoir and books on genealogy.

His first wife, Gueneth Sidle, died in 1938 after several months of marriage. His second wife, Elizabeth “Betsy” Archer, died in 2011 after 69 years of marriage.

Survivors include three children from his second marriage, Elizabeth Fowler of San Francisco, Ann F. Henry of Newton, Mass., and Donald F. Fowler of Aarhus, Denmark; a brother; five grandchildren; and a great-granddaughter.

— Adam Bernstein