Margaret E. Martin, 100, a statistician with the old Bureau of the Budget who did significant work in the development of labor and unemployment statistics and who was a past president of the American Statistical Association, died May 16 at Suburban Hospital in Bethesda. She had pneumonia and congestive heart failure, a nephew, Garry Stone, said.

Dr. Martin came to Washington in 1942 to work for the Bureau of the Budget’s Division of Statistical Standards. She helped develop the Current Population Survey, which is now produced by the U.S. Census Bureau and the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics and remains the federal government’s primary source of labor statistics.

In 1961 and 1962, she was assigned to a presidential committee analyzing the nation’s employment statistics.

From 1967 to 1973, Dr. Martin was assistant chief of the Statistical Policy Division of the Bureau of the Budget, which later became the Office of Management and Budget.

In 1973, she became executive director of the Committee on National Statistics at the National Academy of Sciences. She continued to work part time for the committee for several years after her retirement in 1978.

Margaret Elizabeth Martin was born in New York and was a 1933 graduate of Barnard College. She received a master’s degree in 1934 and a doctorate in 1942, both in economics, from Columbia University. She was an economist with the state of New York before moving to Washington.

Dr. Martin was the 1957-58 president of the Washington area chapter of the American Statistical Association and was national president in 1980.

She lived in Arlington County for many years before moving to the Collington Life Care community in Mitchellville. Among other offices she held at Collington, she chaired the fiscal review committee.

She enjoyed international travel and vacationing at a family cottage in Vermont.

Survivors include a sister.

— Matt Schudel