Martin E. Sloane, who championed against discrimination in employment and housing as a longtime official with the National Committee Against Discrimination in Housing, died Feb. 12 at the Washington Home hospice. He was 85.

The cause was pneumonia, said his daughter Phoebe Sloane.

Mr. Sloane worked with the rights group from 1973 to 1987, initially as general counsel and later as executive vice president. He testified before Congress on employment discrimination and equal education opportunities and wrote extensively in reports on residential segregation and mortgage credit discrimination.

Martin Everett Sloane was born in the Bronx. He was a 1949 graduate of New York University and received a master’s degree in English from the University of Michigan in 1950.

After serving in the Army Counter Intelligence Corps, he graduated from Columbia University Law School in 1958. Early in his career, he was chief of the housing section at the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights, a lawyer-adviser at the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development and an assistant staff director of the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights Office of Program and Policy Review.

He was a District resident and, in retirement, continued to advocate for fair housing by representing tenants in their grievances against the D.C. public housing agency.

Survivors include his wife of 61 years, Glenda Goldberg Sloane of Washington; three daughters, Jessica Sloane of Takoma Park, Md., Amy Sloane of New York and Phoebe Sloane of San Diego; a brother; and four grandchildren.

— Zach C. Cohen