Martin Weiss, 93, who retired in 1985 as a geologist with the U.S. Geological Survey, died Jan. 1 at Inova Fairfax Hospital. He had renal failure and respiratory failure.

A son, Ron Weiss, confirmed the death.

Mr. Weiss, a Fairfax County resident, began his federal career in 1953 with the Geological Survey. He later was an oceanographer with National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration before returning to the Geological Survey, where he was involved in the drafting of environmental impact statements.

Martin Weiss was a New York City native, and he served in the Army Air Forces in North Africa and Europe during World War II. His decorations included the Bronze Star Medal. He was in the Air Force Reserve until 1961 and retired at the rank of major.

He was a graduate of City College of New York and received a master’s degree and a doctorate, both in paleontology, from the University of Michigan.

Survivors include his wife of 63 years, Irene Fogel Weiss of Fairfax County; three children, Philip Weiss of Woodstock, N.Y., and Lesley Weiss and Ron Weiss, both of Washington; a sister; and four grandchildren.

— Adam Bernstein