Canadian country-folk singer Stompin’ Tom Connors, whose toe-tapping musical spirit and fierce patriotism established him as one of Canada’s biggest cultural sensations, died March 6 at his home in Peterborough, Ontario. He was 77.

His promoter, Brian Edwards, confirmed the death but did not disclose the cause.

The musician, rarely seen without his signature black cowboy hat and stomping cowboy boots, was best known for songs “Sudbury Saturday Night,” “Bud the Spud” and especially “The Hockey Song,” a fan favorite played at hockey arenas around North America. Those three songs are played at every Toronto Maple Leafs home game.

Although wide commercial appeal eluded Mr. Connors for much of his four-decade career, his songs are regarded as veritable national anthems thanks to their unabashed embrace of all things Canadiana.

Dubbed Stompin’ Tom for his habit of pounding the floor with his left foot during performances, Mr. Connors garnered a devoted following through straight-ahead country-folk tunes that drew inspiration from his extensive travels around Canada, dating back to his itinerant teenage years when he roamed the country working one job or another.

Stompin' Tom Connors performs at Live from Rideau Hall, a concert held at Rideau Hall in Ottawa Sunday, June 16, 2002. Canadian country-folk legend Stompin' Tom Connors, whose toe-tapping musical spirit and fierce patriotism established him as one of Canada's strongest cultural icons, has died. He was 77. (Jonathan Hayward/AP)

The country that Mr. Connors celebrated in song was strangely ignored by other Canadian songwriters, he often said.

“I don’t know why I seem to be the only one, or almost the only one, writing about this country,” Mr. Connors said in 2008. “This country is the most underwritten country in the world as far as songs are concerned. We starve. The people in this country are starving for songs about their homeland.”

Charles Thomas Connors was born in Saint John, New Brunswick, on Feb. 9, 1936, to an unwed teenage mother.

According to his autobiography, “Before the Fame,” he often lived hand-to-mouth as a youngster, hitchhiking with his mother from 3, begging on the street by 4.

At 8, he was placed in the care of the charity Children’s Aid and adopted a year later by a family in Skinners Pond, Prince Edward Island. He ran away four years later to hitchhike across Canada.

Mr. Connors bought his first guitar at 14 and picked up odd jobs as he wandered from town to town, at times working on fishing boats, as a grave digger, tobacco picker and fry cook.

Mr. Connors is said to have begun his musical career when he found himself a nickel short of a beer at the Maple Leaf Hotel in Timmins, Ontario, in 1964. The bartender agreed to give him a drink if he would play a few songs, and that turned into a 14-month contract to play at the hotel.

Three years later, Mr. Connors made his first album and achieved his first hit in 1970 with “Bud the Spud.”

Hundreds more songs followed, many based on actual events, people and towns he had visited.

He was appointed to the Order of Canada in 1996, one of the country’s highest honors. He also had his own postage stamp.

Survivors include his wife, Lena; four children; and several grandchildren.