“I wasn’t scared. I be here by myself anyway,” Holton said in a telephone interview from the hospital. “I thought they forgot about me. I didn’t know about no fire.”
Mayor Muriel E. Bowser (D) and Fire Chief Gregory M. Dean blamed the building’s management company, which they said provided the city with an inaccurate report that all residents were safe. That report was a crucial factor in the decision last week by fire officials to suspend further searches of the Arthur Capper Senior Public Housing complex after initial chaotic rescues and evacuations.
Officials said they did not want to unnecessarily send firefighters into a building deemed in danger of collapse. “The building was considered unstable, and we weren’t missing anybody,” Dean said.
Julie Chase, a representative of the building’s owners, said Monday night that the management company is looking into the issues raised by the city. “We are relieved that everyone is accounted for,” Chase said. Officials at the management company, Edgewood Management, based in Gaithersburg, Md., did not return calls for comment.
“Right now, there are more questions than answers,” said D.C. Council member Charles Allen (D-Ward 6), who chairs the public safety committee and was critical of the management company. “They told us every person was accounted for, but for whatever reason, they didn’t count everybody.”
Noting complaints from residents that smoke detectors and sprinklers failed to fully operate, Allen said, “I remain stunned that we didn’t have loss of life.”
The city official called for a full internal review. “As with any major event, we need to answer what worked and what didn’t,” he said.
Fire officials agreed, saying the department would review its search procedures to determine whether their protocols should be changed and whether they relied too heavily on the accounting by Edgewood. The officials said that parts of the roof had begun to collapse and that it would have been a significant risk to send firefighters in to check that all 162 apartments and other rooms were clear.
After Holton was found on Monday, firefighters and federal agents with dogs searched the building and said they found no one else inside. Police with cadaver dogs started another search Monday evening.
The fire broke out about 3:20 p.m. Wednesday and burned into the following day, destroying much of the sprawling four-story complex near the Navy Yard. Firefighters rescued residents from the upper floors of the building, and Marines from a barracks blocks away joined the effort. Police officers and bystanders also helped with rescues, and firefighters helped some residents down on ladders as flames engulfed the top floor and attic space.
Allyn Kilsheimer, president of K.C.E Structural Engineers, said Monday that his crew discovered Holton as they searched unit by unit and swept the floor to ensure the building was safe for fire investigators. He said the man heard them as they were at his door and called out.
The door was swollen shut, and workers used crowbars to open it. Kilsheimer, hired by Edgewood Management, said his crew found the man later identified as Holton and carried him out on a chair. He was in good spirits and wanted to walk out on his own, Kilsheimer told reporters. He said the man joked, “I’m not going anyplace.”
Holton said from the hospital that he is “doing all right” and that he had his medication and bottled water during the ordeal. “I’m still hungry,” he said with a laugh.
Holton’s apartment has a view of an interior courtyard, not of the street that was filled with firetrucks. Holton said he heard someone banging on his door Wednesday — the day of the fire — but his door was stuck. “They were trying to get in, but they couldn’t get in,” he said. He had no idea who it was; several groups were inside the building helping to get residents out. His phone had died. Kilsheimer said the electricity was turned off Saturday night.
But Holton said he never became alarmed.
In describing their response to the blaze, fire officials said on Monday that they had performed a “primary” search of the building, which was done while firefighters were still pouring water on flames. That consisted of searching areas deemed most dangerous, in this case, the upper two floors, and checking as many rooms as possible. Dean described that as a “quick walk-through.” Holton lived in an area that was not near the main part of the fire.
Meanwhile, fire and city officials were talking with representatives from Edgewood Management, which had a tenant list. Bowser said the company informed the fire department that Holton “was on a list and he was accounted for.”
“We didn’t know he was in the building,” Bowser told reporters at a news conference on Monday.
Dean said a more extensive secondary search was not completed because of the perilous conditions inside the building. Fire officials said, for instance, that air-conditioning units weighing thousands of pounds were dangling from the ceiling.
Mark Treglio, director of strategic campaigns for the International Association of Fire Fighters, said there is “no cookie cutter” checklist for rescuers conducting primary searches in a burning building, as safety of firefighters is paramount. The fire’s size, intensity, location and a building’s structural integrity in the moment determine how rescuers manage the scene, he said.
“Every search for every fire is going to be dictated by the safety of the people looking for victims,” Treglio said. “You can’t send more people in there with a roof collapse. Or you just created X amount more people who need to be rescued.”
Laura Zeilinger, director of the D.C. Department of Human Services, said that Edgewood representatives told officials after Holton was found Monday that “they had not laid eyes on him personally.”
Bowser implored residents of the building, both those staying in city-provided housing and those staying with relatives, to get in touch with city officials “so we know exactly where you are.”