“We will be unable to avoid more drastic impacts that could have long lasting effects on our Northeast Corridor infrastructure and the national rail system,” Amtrak chief executive William J. Flynn said in the letter. “For example, insufficient funding levels could force Amtrak to reduce its workforce by an additional 2,400 jobs.”
Earlier this month, the company further slashed operations and furloughed 2,050 workers. Amtrak said the 11 percent reduction in its workforce came as a direct result of the coronavirus crisis, which has substantially cut into its revenue.
Amtrak said it needs up to $4.9 billion in federal assistance — including nearly $2.9 billion in supplemental funding — to help make up for losses caused by the pandemic and “stave off bankruptcy.”
The House included $2.4 billion in emergency supplemental funds for Amtrak in an updated version of the Heroes Act, which the Senate has not yet voted on.
“While we were grateful for this sign of support, at this time, there is no clear path to finalize such supplemental funding in Congress and the Administration,” Flynn said. “Therefore, given this uncertainty, as well as the low levels of ridership and revenue projected over the next few months, and the limited funding provided under the short-term continuing resolution (CR), Amtrak is in a very precarious position as we await final decisions on our funding levels.”
Ridership fell 97 percent in the weeks after the pandemic hit. Flynn said it and revenue remain down 75 percent compared with a year ago. The company has lowered its projections for recovery, now estimating ridership and revenue will improve to only about 40 percent of pre-pandemic levels this fiscal year.
“It is critical that the federal government act soon to preserve our nation’s passenger rail system,” Amtrak said in a statement earlier this week. The company urged Congress and the Trump administration to act on its emergency funding request “by no later than December of this year when the current stopgap measure that provides our annual funding is set to expire.”
The Rail Passengers Association joined the Transportation Communications Union and other labor and trade groups in a letter to House leadership earlier this week urging a stimulus package that includes Amtrak. The groups said Amtrak serves small communities across the country with few transportation alternatives and is an economic force in the 500 communities it serves.
“Amtrak’s long-distance network alone generates $4.8 billion in economic benefits to the U.S., which are widely distributed throughout America’s heartland,” the groups said in the letter. “And that does not even include additional billions generated by the State-supported trains or our nation’s economic aorta, the Northeast Corridor.”
More service and workforce reductions and the deferral of critical capital projects would result in fewer travel options for passengers in coming months, Amtrak warned.
The railroad said it also has identified $5.2 billion in capital projects that could be part the nation’s economic recovery. They include critical projects such as replacing bridges and tunnels in the Northeast Corridor and the purchase of new trains. The additional investment could result in the creation of 75,000 jobs, Amtrak said.
Scaling back capital projects would have “long lasting effects” on the rail network, the company said, including the reduction of 775 jobs. Among projects at risk of being scaled back or delayed are planned improvements at Washington’s Union Station and New York’s Penn Station and the replacement of the Civil War-era Baltimore and Potomac Tunnel.
An additional 1,625 jobs would be cut from state-funded routes, the company said.
Earlier this year, Amtrak received just over $1 billion as part of the first coronavirus relief package.