The new air traffic control tower is seen at Frederick Municipal Airport in Frederick, Md., on March 28. (Ricky Carioti/The Washington Post)

The Federal Aviation Administration announced Friday that it will delay until June 15 the closure of 149 air-traffic control towers that were slated to be shut down starting Sunday.

The goal is to give communities additional time to decide whether they will assume the costs of operating the towers, the agency said.

The decision comes after a number of airports filed suit to block the shutdowns, but it is only a temporary reprieve. Communities that do not agree to pick up the costs of running the towers could still lose them.

Last month, the FAA announced it would close 149 towers run by FAA contractors because of mandatory budget cuts known as the sequester. The towers, at mostly small airports with fewer than 150,000 takeoffs and landings a year, included five in Maryland and one in Virginia.

FAA officials said the shutdowns were needed to reach the $637 million in budget cuts the agency was obligated to make under the sequester. The FAA estimates that the closures will save $30 million to $40 million. Republicans, however, questioned whether the closings were necessary, saying they thought there were other areas cuts could be made. Contract towers were targeted in part because it is easier for the agency to shut them down and do not require the 12-month notice required for those staffed by FAA employees.

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More than 1,000 contract air-traffic controllers were expected to lose their jobs as a result of the closures.

From the start, the FAA’s decision drew sharp criticism from aviation groups, private pilots and affected communities. Despite assurances from FAA officials that safety would remain a priority, the groups worried that it would be compromised if the towers were closed.

The outcry prompted the FAA to delay its initial decision on which airports would lose their towers until late March. After the list finally was released March 22, airports in Washington, Indiana and Florida quickly filed a lawsuit to block the closures, contending that the FAA had not done proper studies before deciding to shut the towers.

“This has been a complex process, and we need to get this right,” Transportation Secretary Ray LaHood said in a written statement Friday. “Safety is our top priority. We will use this additional time to make sure communities and pilots understand the changes at their local airports.”

Even with the FAA’s decision to delay the closings, the fight to keep the towers open will continue.

Sen. Jerry Moran (R-Kan.) said that he and Sen. Richard Blumenthal (D-Conn.) plan to introduce legislation next week that would prohibit the FAA from closing any towers. Moran had made an unsuccessful attempt to secure funding to keep the towers open during the debate over the continuing funding resolution.

“While airports and air travelers across the country are breathing a sigh of relief, the Department of Transportation’s decision to delay the closing of air traffic control towers is not a solution,” Moran said in a statement. “Closing control towers is equivalent to removing stop lights and stop signs from our roads, and there is no reason they should be disproportionately targeted for an arbitrary and unfair 75 percent cut.”

Local officials said the extension gives them the opportunity to find other ways to fund their towers.

“We’re obviously excited, because it buys us more time to make our case,” said Kevin Daugherty, the manager of Frederick Municipal Airport, which was scheduled to shut April 21. Officials at Frederick and three other Maryland airports targeted for closure are appealing to the state for financial help to keep the towers operating until the end of September.

Said Daugherty: “It’s our ‘Hail Mary.’ ”