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What is an essential business?

D.C. Mayor Muriel E. Bowser (D) ordered the closure of nonessential businesses effective 10 p.m. Wednesday and banned gatherings of 10 or more people after leaders in the Washington region made similar moves to slow the spread of the novel coronavirus.

Maryland Gov. Larry Hogan (R) ordered the closure of all nonessential businesses Monday, the same day Virginia Gov. Ralph Northam (D) significantly restricted operations of businesses in his state.

But it isn’t always obvious what businesses are considered essential.

Here’s a rundown of businesses that are open and closed, according to the orders in place in Maryland, Virginia and the District.

Open across the region:

●Hospitals, nursing homes and other medical facilities.

●Grocery stores, convenience stores, pharmacies, farmers markets with restrictions

●Child-care facilities.

●State parks in Virginia and Maryland, and Rock Creek Park in the District.

●Banks and other financial institutions.

●Laundromats and dry cleaners.

●Home improvement, hardware, building supply retailers, auto repair shops.

●Plumbers, electricians, HVAC service and cable, phone and Internet providers.

●Pet stores.

●Liquor stores.

In Maryland and the District, table service at restaurants, food courts, bars and taverns, including fast-food and fast-casual establishments, is prohibited. Takeout and delivery are allowed.

In Virginia, effective 11:59 p.m. Tuesday, restaurant dining rooms, other dining establishments, food courts, breweries, microbreweries, distilleries, wineries and tasting rooms will be closed. Takeout and delivery are allowed.

Other brick-and-mortar retail stores in Virginia, such as bike shops, may stay open as long as they serve fewer than 10 people at a time.

Closed across the region:

●Theaters, performing arts centers, nightclubs, concert venues, museums and other indoor entertainment centers.

●Fitness centers, gyms and other indoor sports facilities.

●Beauty salons, barbershops, tanning salons, tattoo shops, spas, massage studios.

●Casinos (Maryland only), racetracks and historic horse-racing facilities.

●Bowling alleys, skating rinks, arcades, amusement parks, trampoline parks, fairs, arts and craft facilities, aquariums, zoos, escape rooms, indoor shooting ranges, public and private social clubs.

Closed in the District:

●Recreation centers and playgrounds, gated parks and athletic fields.

●Door-to-door solicitations and tour services.

●Clothing stores.

This file will be updated as new information becomes available.