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The United States recorded more than 100,000 new coronavirus infections in a single day for the first time on Wednesday as the nation waited to learn the results of a presidential election carried out in the shadow of a pandemic.

Here are some significant developments:
  • The United States reported more than 100,000 new coronavirus cases on Wednesday, according to data tracked by The Washington Post. Seventeen states — including Kansas, Tennessee, Virginia, Oklahoma, Montana, Iowa, North Dakota, South Dakota, Ohio, Nebraska, Minnesota, Indiana and West Virginia — on Wednesday reported record numbers of patients hospitalized with covid-19, the disease caused by the virus. In many of these states, hospital capacity is under serious threat.
  • Nationwide, more than 9,445,000 coronavirus cases and more than 232,500 covid-19 fatalities have been logged since February.
  • European countries such as England, Italy and Greece have announced new restrictions, including partial or total lockdowns as they face a sweeping second wave of infections.
  • Francis Collins, director of the National Institutes of Health, urged Americans to wear masks in the winter, arguing it could save up to 130,000 lives.
  • Coronavirus cases in American children increased by record numbers in the last week of October, according to data from the American Academy of Pediatrics and the Children’s Hospital Association.
  • A top scientist involved in the development of Oxford University’s vaccine candidate said there is “a small chance” that the vaccine could become available by late December, according to Reuters.

The election had a dystopian feel even before infections reached record levels. On Tuesday, voters in goggles and face shields handed ballots to poll workers clad in hazmat suits or sealed behind layers of plexiglass. On Wednesday, President Trump threatened lawsuits as election officials in battleground states labored to count an extraordinary number of mail ballots.

Despite the pandemic’s omnipresent specter, exit polls showed that voters were more concerned about the state of the economy than public health, according to data collected by Edison Research and reviewed by The Post.

About 4 in 10 voters said they would prioritize the economy over efforts to limit the spread of the coronavirus. Around one-third of voters said they were primarily motivated by the economy — a sentiment that was particularly widespread among Trump supporters, of whom 6 in 10 cited the economy as their top priority.

Health officials nationwide attempted to capture the attention of a distracted nation, warning that the steady increase of infections that began in mid-September is not slowing down, amid lingering uncertainty over potential vaccines.

Francis Collins, director of the National Institutes of Health, urged Americans “to do the right thing” and wear a mask in public to protect themselves and stop the spread of the virus as the country heads into the winter and flu season.

In a written statement, Collins referred to a new study published in the journal Nature Medicine that estimated that if most Americans wear masks, up to 130,000 lives could be saved by March. But if mask-wearing continues at its current rate of roughly 50 percent and social distancing measures are not followed, the study found, the total number of covid-19 deaths could reach more than 1 million by the end of February.

By early Wednesday evening, the United States had logged more than 104,000 new infections, even as hospitalizations and fatalities rose.

“We are in the midst of a very serious nationwide resurgence,” Dr. Caitlin Rivers, whose research at Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore focuses on improve public health response to infectious disease outbreaks, said on Twitter Wednesday.

At least 17 states — including Kansas, Tennessee, Virginia, Oklahoma, Montana, Iowa, North Dakota, South Dakota, Ohio, Nebraska, Minnesota, Indiana and West Virginia — reported record-high numbers of current covid-19 inpatients, according to data tracked by The Post.

“We are again in danger of losing control of this pandemic in Iowa,” Suresh Gunasekaran, chief executive of the University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics, wrote in an urgent appeal to the state’s residents. “Our COVID positivity rates skyrocketed twice before, but this is the first time we have seen rates this high while also dealing with record patient hospitalizations.”

Some hospitals in the St. Louis and Omaha metropolitan areas have started rescheduling elective surgeries to free up beds, while the head of the Arkansas Hospital Association said at a briefing Tuesday that the state was facing a critical shortage of health-care workers as states furiously compete for nurses.

Facing a sweeping second wave of infections, more European countries have ramped up restrictions as the continent’s tally of infections has surpassed 11 million. The Netherlands banned public gatherings with more than two people from different households, while Hungary shuttered bars and issued a nightly curfew, according to Reuters.

British lawmakers on Wednesday overwhelmingly voted for a month-long nationwide lockdown in England, to start Thursday. Unlike the one in the spring, schools and universities will remain open. But pubs, restaurants, gyms and nonessential businesses will close for four weeks.

Until recently, the administration of British Prime Minister Boris Johnson was reticent to impose a nationwide lockdown, preferring instead a targeted, regional approach. But Johnson said that, when confronted with fresh data showing cases and hospitalizations climbing rapidly, he had to act. “The curve is already unmistakable,” he told Parliament.

The politicians opposed to the new lockdown — many from Johnson’s own party — say they are too severe and will hurt the economy and civil liberties.

Kate Bingham, chair of Britain’s coronavirus vaccine task force, told Parliament on Wednesday that data on the two leading vaccine candidates — developed by Oxford University and AstraZeneca and by Pfizer and BioNtech — should be available by December, the Associated Press reported.

World Health Organization Director General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus said Tuesday that while a coronavirus vaccine is needed, other underlying problems that afflict nations worldwide are just as pressing.

“The need for a #COVID19 vaccine is very real,” he wrote on Twitter. “But it will not fix the vexing vulnerabilities afflicting us all. There’s no vaccine for poverty, hunger, inequality, climate change or misguided nationalism. Global commitment to end these scourges is urgently needed.”

Italy, one of Europe’s worst-hit nations, announced new restrictions Wednesday, including a nationwide curfew, and instituted a three-tiered system of regional restrictions that brought several hard-hit parts of the country into de facto lockdown.

The latest tightening, which will come into force on Friday, marks the fifth time since the beginning of October that the government has instituted new measures to slow the spread of the virus.

Italy has not yet followed several other Western European countries into nationwide lockdown. But the new decree requires bars, restaurants and shops to close in several regions — Lombardy, Piedmont, Calabria and Aosta — while stopping most travel between regions deemed highest risk. In areas deemed “red zones,” elementary schools will continue to operate, but older children will be required to take classes remotely.

The measures amount to a painful acknowledgment that previous steps, aimed at salvaging a measure of economic activity, have been insufficient to slow the virus’s spread.

France is reportedly also considering the reimposition of a nightly curfew in Paris.

In famously lockdown-averse Sweden, Prime Minister Stefan Lofven warned that the “very serious situation” would require a tougher approach and recommended that residents avoid public transportation, gyms and shopping malls in most parts of the country.

“The brief respite that we got during the summer is over,” Lofven said Tuesday, according to Bloomberg News.