The Border Patrol agents on horseback who confronted Haitian families last September along the riverbanks in Del Rio, Tex., did not strike migrants with their reins but used “unnecessary” force and lacked proper guidance from supervisors, according to a long-anticipated internal report released Friday.
Photos and video of the confrontation brought angry condemnation from President Biden and Democrats who said agents had whipped the migrants, likening the scene to the brutal imagery of American slavery. Biden said the migrants had been “strapped” and punishment would be meted out following a swift inquiry.
After nearly nine months, the Office of Professional Responsibility at U.S. Customs and Border Protection, which functions as the agency’s internal affairs division, determined in a 511-page report that no migrants were struck or denied their legal right to seek asylum in the United States. But the report found that agents used unnecessary force and their decision to assist Texas state troopers’ attempting to block the migrants was in conflict with the Border Patrol’s objectives.
The internal report found “failures at multiple levels of the agency, a lack of appropriate policies and training, and unprofessional and dangerous behavior by several individual agents,” CBP said in a statement.
Federal prosecutors who reviewed the incident announced in March that they would not bring criminal charges. The internal report issued Friday did not make specific recommendations for punishment.
Its findings have been sent to a CBP disciplinary review board, and a senior agency official will determine what sanctions, if any, will fall upon the agents, according to CBP officials who briefed reporters on Friday. The agents were reassigned to administrative duties after the incident.
Biden condemned the agents last year amid public outcry at the scene of horses charging at families and small children running out of the way.
“It’s horrible, what you saw. To see people like they did, with horses, running them over, people being strapped, it’s outrageous,” Biden said at the time. “Those people will pay,” he said, referring to the agents. “There is an investigation underway right now, and there will be consequences.”
Vice President Harris echoed those comments in an appearance on ABC’s “The View," saying the scenes "evoked images of some of the worst moments of our history, where that kind of behavior has been used against the indigenous people of our country, has been used against African Americans during times of slavery.”
Video footage did not show anyone being struck, but some agents acted in ways that were not in line with official conduct. In one instance captured by Al Jazeera and widely circulated on social media, an agent confronted a man whose family was carrying goods, shouting: “Hey! This is why your country’s shit! You use your women for this!”
The agent who used “derogatory and vulgar” language also put a child’s safety at risk with his horse, the report found.
CBP Commissioner Chris Magnus told reporters that the statements from Biden and Harris did not prejudice the outcome of the investigation. “I don’t believe there’s been any issues with outside influence,” said Magnus, who said he told investigators to disregard “anything they heard outside of their own work.”
The incident occurred during a moment of significant strain for the Border Patrol. Over the course of several weeks, thousands of migrants, mostly from Haiti, forded the Rio Grande, camping under a border bridge and building makeshift shelters out of brush.
As water in the camp ran low, migrants and vendors began crossing back and forth to Mexico for supplies, which the Border Patrol allowed.
Migrants arriving to the camp were issued colored paper tickets to indicate when they had arrived, and the families crossing back and forth to Mexico for supplies were attempting to show the agents on horseback their tickets as they crossed.
Texas Gov. Greg Abbott (R), a fierce critic of Biden’s immigration policies, had directed Department of Public Safety troopers to block off a different crossing point along the river by parking their vehicles is a tight formation he called a “steel wall.”
Border Patrol officials agreed with that decision, because the crossing point — across a spillway with dangerous currents — has been the site of drownings, officials said.
On Sept. 19, as migrants bathing in the Rio Grande attempted to reenter from Mexico at a boat ramp area, Texas state troopers attempted to block them. The Border Patrol agents on horseback had been told to assist the state troopers, and when they sought guidance from a supervisor, they were told to help, the report found.
That was not, in fact, what Border Patrol supervisors wanted, having determined that the agency couldn’t adequately supply the camp and that migrants should be temporarily allowed to cross back and forth to Mexico for provisions, according to the report.
The horse patrol agents gave “inconsistent answers” to investigators’ questions about whether the aggressive manner in which they swung their reins was in keeping with CBP training, the report found. They also gave uneven responses to questions about their preparation for crowd control events and operations, it said.
CBP officials who briefed reporters on the findings said many other agents in Del Rio performed their duties admirably under extreme duress.
“There is no justification for the actions of some of our personnel, including unprofessional and deeply offensive conduct,” Magnus said. “Unfortunately this incident overshadowed our agents’ incredible humanitarian and law enforcement efforts in Del Rio last September."
The Del Rio crisis ended after the Biden administration began flying many of the migrants from the camp back to Haiti under the government’s pandemic-linked Title 42 public health policy.
Some asylum seekers were released into the United States, but thousands of others crossed back to Mexico to avoid swift deportation to their devastated homeland.
The Sept. 19 confrontation along the riverbanks occurred on what officials described as the most challenging day of the episode, when crowds were largest, supplies low and tensions high.
The CBP disciplinary review board has proposed sanctions for four agents, according to the statement. Potential punishments for the agents could range from unpaid suspensions to a less severe “letter of reprimand” noting the improper conduct, according to former CBP officials familiar with the agency’s disciplinary process.
Rep. John Katko (R-N.Y.), the ranking GOP member of the House Homeland Security Committee, blasted the report’s findings and blamed Biden for the incident.
“This report is nothing more than a desperate attempt by the Biden administration to justify their initial knee jerk rush to judgment that these Border Patrol agents were guilty of misconduct," Katko said in a statement.
“Thus, they set out on a mission to save face and make an example out of these Border Patrol agents, who were only attempting to manage the untenable humanitarian and security crisis President Biden handed down to them," he said.
On Friday, the Border Patrol union posted statements on Twitter denouncing the Biden administration for “rank hypocrisy” and calling the president, vice president and Secretary of Homeland Security Alejandro Mayorkas “liars.”
The union’s top official did not respond to a request for comment but is expected to challenge any proposed disciplinary measures for the agents.