The Georgia criminal investigation into Trump and his allies, explained

Former president Donald Trump holds a rally in Perry, Ga., on Sept. 25, 2021. (Demetrius Freeman/The Washington Post)

ATLANTA — Georgia prosecutors could soon announce charges in the criminal investigation into alleged attempts by President Donald Trump and his allies to overturn the 2020 election results in Georgia.

Fulton County District Attorney Fani Willis launched the investigation days after news broke in January 2021 that Trump had tried to pressure the Georgia secretary of state to overturn the 2020 election results. Since then, investigators have identified more than 100 people of interest as they probe what Trump or his allies did in the weeks after the election.

Willis asked a judge in January 2022 to convene a special grand jury that has broad investigative powers. Starting in May, jurors listened to testimony from dozens of witnesses. They finalized their work in early January and submitted a report, most of which has not yet been made public. Five pages of the report were released Thursday, revealing that a majority of jurors believe that one or more witnesses may have lied under oath and recommend that charges be filed.

Prosecutors are expected to decide in the coming weeks if they will issue criminal charges. In September, Willis told The Washington Post she believes targets of the investigation, if indicted and convicted, may face “prison sentences” given information already obtained by the grand jury.

Here’s what you need to know:

The Jan. 6 insurrection

The report: The Jan. 6 committee released its final report, marking the culmination of an 18-month investigation into the violent insurrection. Read The Post’s analysis about the committee’s new findings and conclusions.

The final hearing: The House committee investigating the attack on the U.S. Capitol held its final public meeting where members referred four criminal charges against former president Donald Trump and others to the Justice Department. Here’s what the criminal referrals mean.

The riot: On Jan. 6, 2021, a pro-Trump mob stormed the U.S. Capitol in an attempt to stop the certification of the 2020 election results. Five people died on that day or in the immediate aftermath, and 140 police officers were assaulted.

Inside the siege: During the rampage, rioters came perilously close to penetrating the inner sanctums of the building while lawmakers were still there, including former vice president Mike Pence. The Washington Post examined text messages, photos and videos to create a video timeline of what happened on Jan. 6. Here’s what we know about what Trump did on Jan. 6.