Former Louisville detective Kelly Goodlett intends to plead guilty this month to federal charges in connection to the fatal police shooting of Breonna Taylor, in what would be the first conviction in a case that sparked months of racial justice protests in that city and across the country.
Marshall responded that Goodlett’s husband is also a police officer. He and Edwards agreed on an arrangement in which Goodlett’s husband will keep his service weapons in a safe but reset the combination to one that Goodlett does not know.
Goodlett is accused of helping falsify a search warrant and filing a false report to cover it up, which could carry a maximum of five years in prison and a $250,000 fine.
Goodlett’s testimony could be crucial as federal prosecutors pursue charges against three others — Sgt. Kyle Meany, former detective Joshua Jaynes and former detective Brett Hankison. They are charged with more serious civil rights offenses and could face life sentences if convicted.
Ben Crump, an attorney for Taylor’s family, expressed satisfaction after the court hearing. “The truth prevails!” he wrote on Twitter.
Goodlett resigned from the police department last week after she and her three former colleagues were charged in connection with Taylor’s death in March 2020. But unlike the others — Goodlett was not indicted. Rather, her charges were filed in a sealed “information,” which analysts said usually indicates a defendant has agreed to a plea deal with the government.
Meany, Jaynes and Hankison have pleaded not guilty, court records show.
Only Hankison was charged at the state level in connection with the fatal shooting, which was a catalyst for the massive racial justice protests that swept the nation in 2020. A jury acquitted him of wanton endangerment for shots that entered a neighboring apartment.
The federal government is trying a different approach, charging current and former Louisville police in connection with what court filings allege as an overzealous and imperious narcotics investigations unit that used reckless tactics and knowingly put local residents in danger with no legal justification.
Hankison is charged with violating the civil rights of Taylor, her boyfriend and their neighbors when he allegedly fired several shots through a bedroom window and through a sliding-glass door — both of which were covered with blinds and a curtain.
The federal case, built on an extensive FBI investigation, also targets three defendants who were not directly involved in the raid on Taylor’s apartment. Like Goodlett, Jaynes and Meany are charged with falsifying the search warrant affidavit as part of a Place-Based Investigations unit. Prosecutors allege that the two men knowingly included outdated and false information.
The charges against Goodlett, unsealed Friday, accuse her of conspiring with Jaynes to include false information in the affidavit, including the claim that a postal inspector had verified that a suspect in a drug investigation was receiving packages at Taylor’s address.
Prosecutors allege that Goodlett told Jaynes the affidavit did not include enough recent information to justify the claim, but also added a “misleading” paragraph stating that the officers had verified more recent package deliveries.
After Taylor’s death, news outlets reported that the drug suspect had not received packages at her apartment. Prosecutors allege that Jaynes and Goodlett met in a parking garage in May 2020 and concocted a false story to cover up the falsehoods in the affidavit. Goodlett allegedly told state investigators the false story on Aug. 12, 2020, and Jaynes allegedly repeated it to federal investigators this year.
Barbara McQuade, a former U.S. attorney for the Eastern District of Michigan, said the prosecutors’ decision to focus much of their legal attention on the preparation of the affidavit, rather than the shooting of Taylor, could offer better prospects for a conviction, since the criminal justice system broadly protects the use of force by police who believe they are in danger.
Taylor, 26, was killed when plainclothes police officers burst into her apartment to carry out a search warrant in a drug probe. Kenneth Walker, Taylor’s boyfriend, fired a shot with his legally owned gun, striking an officer in the leg. He later said he did not realize the people who had entered the apartment were law enforcement officers. Several officers shot back, killing Taylor.
Investigators believe the fatal shots were fired by Myles Cosgrove, who was fired by the department but not criminally charged.
The Justice Department’s strategy “was a clever one,” McQuade said.
“There was a shooting, and someone died, and perhaps it was a crime, but it’s very difficult, as everyone knows, to prove a case in a police shooting because police officers have the authority to use deadly force,” McQuade explained. “To focus on the shooting itself was unlikely to go anywhere. What Justice did here was go back a step.”
Thomas Clay, an attorney for Jaynes, said he’s concerned about the possibility that Goodlett may have provided information to prosecutors. He said the federal government should not be prosecuting anyone involved in the case — especially not those who applied for the warrant.
“The reaction I’ve gotten from people in the law enforcement community has been pretty much shock and outrage,” Clay said. “They think that these prosecutions are unjustified and they’re politically motivated.”
Attorneys for Meany did not respond to requests for comment. Court records do not list lawyers for Goodlett and Hankison.
The federal prosecution will also rekindle the spotlight on Kentucky Attorney General Daniel Cameron (R), who was criticized for his handling of the case at the state level and now is running for governor.
Attorney Kevin Glogower represents three former grand jurors who faulted Cameron for limiting the state probe of Taylor’s death to the shooting itself and not allowing them to consider broader charges, including related to the creation of the search warrant. Glogower said he spoke to two of those jurors after the federal charges were announced, and they expressed feelings of validation.
“They were like, ‘We told you so,’” Glogower said.
Although attorneys for Kenneth Walker, who was Taylor’s boyfriend, are pursuing a civil lawsuit against the former officers, Glogower said he does not expect more criminal charges.
“The question we have in the community is, ‘Does this show us anything for the pattern or practice investigation?’” Glogower said, referring to the Justice Department’s ongoing civil probe into the Louisville police department. That investigation, launched last year, is likely to lead to a court-ordered consent decree that will mandate a broad set of changes.
Walker, through his attorney, said in a statement that the charging of the four officers by the Justice Department was “bittersweet because, regardless, Bre isn’t coming back.”
“I want to thank the FBI and DOJ for believing me and for their honest commitment to justice,” he said.
Cameron, who is vying for a chance to unseat Kentucky Gov. Andy Beshear (D) in next year’s election, has defended his handling of Taylor’s case, saying his office had been tasked only with determining whether the officers who carried out the search warrant were criminally responsible for Taylor’s death.
Representatives of Cameron’s campaign did not respond to a request for comment, and a spokeswoman for his office said he was unavailable for an interview. But in a statement after the federal charges were announced, Cameron urged people not to “conflate what happened today with the state law investigation undertaken by our office.”
“There are those … who want to use this moment to divide Kentuckians, misrepresent the facts of the state investigation and broadly impugn the character of our law enforcement community,” Cameron said in the statement. “I won’t participate in that sort of rancor.”
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Before the federal indictments were announced, Taylor’s family had called for all the officers involved in the raid to be charged, said Crump, the family’s attorney.
“Anybody who pulled the trigger or a bullet hit Breonna Taylor, especially since the family believes that the officers should have never been at her apartment,” he said. “With that said, the family is grateful that the Department of Justice did bring some charges.”
Cliff Sloan, a Georgetown law teacher who is helping represent Walker, said the federal intervention “is exactly the important role that the Department of Justice can and should play in a case like this — vindicating very important constitutional principles and very important civil rights protections, and when it does seem like there was inadequate enforcement on the state and local level.”
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